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158 is killed; that one man in about 12 is and the Burlington are virtually ignorinjured. Taking these facts and weigh. ing the age limit regulation, and, guided ing and considering them as you should by common sense, are hiring men more from a railroad standpoint, you can ap- with a view to their qualifications than preciate the manhood and the courage of to the exact number of years which they the men who enter such service. Yon

may have lived. can appreciate the necessity of treating Experience and capability are the real them with every consideration due a man tests of a man's fitness for any position, who is as brave and courageous as that and if a railway official makes the misclass of men must necessarily be. The take of hiring an incompetent man, there railway service is very much like the is no law compelling the company tɔ army. Men simply mast obey the order continue to employ him. Years in themof a superior, and each man obeys some- selves are no criterion. Some men are body else. Everybody must act in unison old at 40. Others are young at 60. In and in harmony. But as to that class of any event, it is safe to assume that a employees, I say if you treat them fairly lack of the suppleness of youth is often and not impose upon them, they respond more than made up for by the wider exto it. So that it is an asset from a financial perience of added years.Railway World. point to an extent you cannot appreciate. If I were the manager of a railroad I To Prevent Head-On Collisions. would rather have the good-will, friendship and loyalty of my men than any Otto Kloeeze, a locomotive engineer on other asset I could possess.”

the Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern,

has invented a device which it is claimed Roads Which Pay Pensions. is a positive preventive of head-on colli

sions. William Borders, another engiIt is said that the New York. Central

neer, is associated with him. The rails lines will at an early date be included

must be charged with electricity. Conamong the systems having pension depart- nection is made with the front tracks of ments. The list of those having these

the engines, and when an approaching and the year in which they became effec

train is within 3,000 feet the air is autotive are as follows:

matically applied, which stops the train Baltimore & Ohio, in 1884; Pennsyl.

almost instantly. As her feature is that vania Railroad, in 1900; Chicago &

if a train is not entirely within a switch Northwestern and Illinois Central, in

the approaching train is stopped.-Rail1901; Southern Pacific lines, Union

way World. Pacific, Oregon Railroad & Navigation, Oregon Short Line, Philadelphia & Read

When Grant Traveled. ing, Delaware, Lackawanna & Western, Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburg, and Maine Central car No. 980, formerly Canadian Pacific, in 1903; Atlantic Coast No. 17, the palace car on board of which Line, in 1904; Atchison, Topeka & Santa President Ulysses S. Grant traveled Fe, Jan. 1, 1907.Railway World.

through Maine in 1870, has been dis

mantled in the yards of the Maine Central Ignoring the Age Limit.

in Waterville, Maine, and will be used as

a hanty for railroad employees. According to the Railway Carmen's No. 17 was once the pride of the Maine Journal the demand for capable railway Central Railroad. At the time when men is such that many railroads are President Grant and his party made the ignoring the rules once adopted not to trip through Maine to be present at the employ new men who are over the age of opening of the North American and 35 years. The Journal says that the European Railway from Bangor to Boston & Maine, the Alton, the St. Paul Vanceboro it was freely decorated with gold leaf and had a large observation on the maintenance of which the security window at one end.

of their property depends. Accompanying General Grant on his “This corporation received large and trip was ex-Vice-President Hannibal valuable public privileges. It was under Hamlin, of Bangor. Beyond Bangor the the highest obligations to treat all citi. country was sparsely settled, and in some zens alike. Under these circumstances places mile after mile was passed without and for an offense so clearly flagrant it is the party seeing anything but rocks and the duty of the court to impose a penalty wilderness. Turning to Grant, Mr. Ham- commensurate with the gravity of the lin remarked: "Mr. President, this is the offense."-Ex. first time in my life that I have been out of sight of land.”Boston Herald.

Jury Holds Employees.

On January 9 the coroner's jury which Why Wabash Cars Were Red. held the inquest over the Terra Cotta

wreck of Sunday night, December 30, It is related of A. A. Tallmage, at one

tonight held for the action of the grand time general manager of the Wabash

jury Harry H. Hildebrand, engineer of Railroad, that he desired the equipment

the " dead” train, 2120; Frank F. painted a standard color. Summoning Hoffmier, conductor of that train; P. F. his superintendent of equipment he con

Dent, night train dispatcher at Baltisulted him as to the color in this wise:

more; William E. McCauley, division "I want every head of a department on

operator of the Baltimore & Ohio Rail. the Wabash to exercise his own judgment

way; B. L. Vermillion, engineer of local as to the work he does; that is what my

train 66, into which 2120 crashed; George policy is. Now you can paint those cars

W. Nagle, conductor of train 66; J. W. any color you want, so long as you paint Kelly, Jr., trainmaster of the Baltimore them red."- Railway World.

& Ohio, and William M. Dutrow, the The Courts vs. Railroads.

telegraph operator at Silver Spring.

Philadelphia Inquirer. Judge Holt, in the United States

The State and the Railroad. Circuit Court, New York, October 19, 1906, imposed a fine of $108,000 on the A system like the Great Northern is so New York Central Railroad Company for great, it has so many interests which granting rebates to Lowell M. Palmer, transcend the dimensions of any single who has charge of transportation for the State, its power for good or evil is so American Sugar Refining Company. extensive with transcontinental boundThere were six counts, and a fine of $18,- aries that it ought not to be bound down 000 was imposed in each.

to the dictates of a single State commisFrederick L. Pomeroy, assistant traffic sion in so important a matter as the raismanager of the New York Central, was ing of new capital for extension. This is fined $1,000 on each count, a total of a matter for the nation to pass upon. It $6,000.

may be that the Minnesota Railway Com“Such a violation of law,” said Judge mission will deal with this subject in a Holt in passing sentence, “is much more broad way, but if it deals with it simply heinous than the ordinary common from the standpoint of the prejudices of vulgar crimes usually brought before the a rural community which might imagine criminal courts. These are crimes of that because the Great Northern was sudden passion and temptation. These going to raise millions of new capital this crimes we are dealing with were com- would necessarily involve the charging of mitted by men of education, business ex- increased rate of freight to pay the perience and standing in the community, interest upon this capital, the whole and as such they should be expected to country would suffer a curtailment of its set an example of obedience to the law, growth.-Wall Street Journal.

Cost of Railroads in Great Britain. ship from 74,324 to 84,610, a gain of 10,

286. The number of buildings has inIn Great Britain you find both the creased from 130 to 162 and the valuation cheapest and most expensive miles of rail

from $2,250,000 to $3,000,000.

Railway way ever constructed. The eight-mile

Age. line known as the Wotton tramway, and which was built to the order of the late

Appointments. duke of Buckingham and Chandos, cost only £1,400 a mile. It is standard gauge

“SUPERINTENDENT C. L. EWING, of the and is now used as a light railway.

St. Louis division of the Illinois Central, The most costly piece of railway line in

has been made general superintendent of the world is that between the Mansion

the lines north of the Ohio River, with House and Aldgate, on the Underground, headquarters in Chicago. He has superLondon. It cost nearly £2,000,000. Be

vision of 3,000 miles of road. He is suctween Trinity Square and King William

ceeded as superintendent of the St. Louis statue the record rose to no less than 1,000

division by Superintendent A. E. Clift, guineas a yard, about £30 an inch.-Lon

of the Freeport division, who will have don Answers.

headquarters in Carbondale."

"Mr.EUGENE DALLEY has been appointed Railway Mileage in China.

superintendent Illinois Central lines with China now has a railway mileage of

headquarters at Freeport, Ill." about 9,000 miles. Of this 1,330 miles are “MR. E. PHENNEGER has been appointed in operation and the rest under construc

superintendent of the Richmond district tion, except 930 miles “in abeyance.” of the Atlantio Coast Line, with office at Last year the Chinese Imperial Railways, Richmond, Va., vice Mr. E. R. Wootten, 526 miles, paid 20 per cent on the capital transferred to Second division. Other outlay.-Railway Age.

appointments are as follows: Mr. J. O. ·

Murchison, superintendent, Wilmington Railroad Young Men's Christian Associa- district, office at Wilmington, N. C.; Mr. tions.

M. Riddle, general superintendent of the

Third division, with headquarters at The Secretary of the railroad depart

Jacksonville, Fla., vice Mr. H. A. Ford, ment of the International Committee of

assigned to other duties, and reporting to Young Men's Christian Associations, Mr.

the general manager; Mr. J. N. Brand, E. N. Willis, has sent out the annual

general superintendent of the Second pamphlet, “Progress and Outlook,” re

division, with headquarters at Savannah, lating to the affairs of the railroad depart

Ga., vice Mr. Riddle, transferred.” ment. It contains illustrations of the railroad Young Men's Christian Associa

“MR. ALFRED WALTER, president of the tion's new buildings built during the past

Seaboard Air Line, died Feb. 12 at his year, including one at 59th Street,

home in New York City. He had been Chicago, costing $35,000; one at Boone,

ill with kidney troubles for some weeks, Ia., on the Chicago & Northwestern,

but was at his office until Jan. 29, when costing $17,500; one at Concord, N. H.,

he suffered a collapse from which he did on the Boston & Maine, costing $30,000;

not recover. one at East Las Vegas, N. M., on the “MR. W. A. WITT, heretofore trainSanta Fe, costing $25,000; one at Brad- master of the Seaboard Air Line at Richford, O., on the Pennsylvania lines, cost- mond, Va., has been appointed superining $30,000, besides a number of other tendent of the Fourth division, with good sized buildings in other towns. The headquarters at Jacksonville, Fla., sucsummary of the year's growth shows that ceeding Mr. H. W. Stanley, promoted. the number of associations had increased Mr. J. W. Keyes has been appointed terin 1906 from 207 to 230 and the member. minal trainmaster at Jacksonville, Fla."

“MR. HENRY M. WAITE, superintendent vice of the Santa Fe Central, with office of the Chattanooga division of the Cin- at Estancia, N. Mex." cinnati, New Orleans & Texas Pacific, "MR. J. J. CURTis bas been appointed has resigned to go with the Seaboard Air

master mechanic of the Chicago Union Line as superintendent of the Atlanta &

Transfer, with office at Clearing, Ill., Birmingham division. His successor has

succeeding Mr. D. Anderson, resigned.” not yet been appointed.”

MR. P. C. MORALES has been appointed “MR. B. M. MUSSER has been appointed acting master mechanic of the Vera Cruz general superintendent of the Loring & & Pacific, with office at Tierra Blanca, Western, with office at Loring, La., to

Mex." succeed Mr. J. T. Burlingame, resigned.” "MR. R. H. RUTHERFORD, master me

chanio of the Mexican Central at Torreon, "MR. J. H. Scott has been appointed superintendent and chief engineer of the

Mex., has been appointed master mechanic Tremont & Gulf, with office at Tremont,

of the Aguascalientes division, with

headquarters at Aguascalientes, Mex." La."

“M. J. MOGRAW, master mechanic at “Mr. R. W. MILLER has been appointed

St. Louis, Mo., has been appointed mas. superintendent of the Neame division of

ter mechanic of the Missouri Pacific at the Missouri & Louisiana, with head.

Sedalia, Mo., succeeding S. M. Dolan, requarters at Neame, La.”

signed. T. F. Carbery succeeds Mr. MR. HOMER Eads, assistant general McGraw. R. G. Long has been appointed freight agent of the International & Great master mechanic at Fort Scott, Kan., Northern, has been appointed division succeeding W. C. Walsh, resigned.” superintendent at San Antonio, Tex., to "T. RUNEY has been appointed mechan. succeed Mr. Thomas Hume, assigned to ical superintendent of the Erie, to succeed other duties."

George W. Wildin, E. A. Wescott as “MR. L. G. CURTIS, division engineer of

assistant mechanical superintendent in maintenance of way of the Baltimore &

charge of the car department and William Ohio at Chicago, has been appointed

Schlafge as general master mechanic, all assistant superintendent of the Chicago

with headquarters at Meadville." division, with office at Chicago."

“R. G. LONG has been appointed mas

ter mechanis of the Missouri Pacific sys“MR. J. A. CHRISTIE, trainmaster of the

tem at Fort Scott, Kan., in place of W. Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Coast Lines

C. Walsh, resigned. He was

the at Barstow, Cal., has been appointed act

Memphis division." ing superintendent of the Valley division,

“R. M. GALBRAITH has been appointed with office at Fresno, Cal., succeeding

superintendent machinery, Kansas City Mr. J. W. Walker, granted leave of

Southern with office at Pittsburg, Kan., absence.”

succeeding F. Mertsheimer, resigned. “MR. D. CROMBIE has been appointed R. F. JAYNES, general shop foreman, master of transportation of the Grand

has been appointed to the new office of Trunk at London, Ont."

master mechanic, Lehigh & Hudson "MR. H. M. FICKINGER has been ap

River, with office at Warwick, N. Y. pointed assistant general manager of the

While most of the State Legislatures are Cuba Eastern and allied railroads and

passing anti-pass legislation Oregon has assistant to the president of the Cuba

passed a bill which makes free transporEastern, with headquarters at Guantana

tation compulsory for district officers and mo, Cuba."

county judges, and puts it up to the gov. “MR. T. J. TONGE has been appointed ernor for his signature, or if he is so dissuperintendent of motive power, rolling posed state his objection. The Hepburn bill stock, bridges, buildings and water ser- doesn't seem to count in Oregon.-EDITOR.

on

The flumors of Railroading.

posite the baggage car front platform;

and in case of an overflow the water boils In a recent issue, the editor of the

out through this opening in a perfect Scientific American in describing a ride on cataract. the locomotive of the Twentieth Century When the Twentieth Century train Limited, over the New York Central and

was first run over the road, it happened Lake Shore roads, ventured, with many

the tank was overfilled and the water misgivings, to attempt the role of an im.

rushing out, fell against the front end of pressionist. On casually reading over the

the baggage car, burst open the door, cold-type result, it has occurred to him

rushed through the baggage compartment, that the "impressions” are a little out of

poured into the barber shop, and so balance, inasmuch as he had failed to

scared the tonsorial artist that he fled touch upon the lighter side of the very headlong into the smoking compartment, strenuous life on the footplate; for al- with the foaming flood at his heels. though the handling or a crack, modern

Thereafter, to provide against another acexpress train on an American railroad is a

cident of the kind, the front door of the task calling for the highest qualities of

baggage car was battened; and the bagcourage, judgment and eternal vigilance, gagemaster and the barber henceforth and although in the background of chang. pursued their respective callings dry shod. ing sights, sounds and scenes to make up The scoop is lifted from the tank by the engineer's life there is always visible means of an air cylinder. On the occathe specter of sudden death or shocking sion when we made the run, the “air injury, life on the road has still its lighter failed to act” (at least so said the fireand humorous phases. One of the "sights” man), with the result that the water conwhich the privileged guest in the locomo- tinued to rush into the tank long after it tive cab of an express train will be told to was filled, and the writer witnessed a watch for, is the taking of water from display that was simply magnificent. the trough tanks between the tracks. It Tons of water, as it boiled over, fell is an interesting and even a spectacular against the front end of the baggage car, sight, particularly if the scoop should be and dividing, rolled off in a splendid cataleft down a little too long, and the tank ract at each side of the track. should overflow. On the occasion of our Now, subsequently, a certain tramp ride, when we were making fast time stole up on the front platform as the over a stretch of the magnificently kept train was starting, and coiled up for roadbed and track of the Lake Shore the trip. There are two water troughs system, we took water at a trough while on this run, at each of which the scoop is we were running at considerably above used; and whether it was that the fire. the regulation speed of 45 miles man actually caught sight of the "deadhour, to which enginemen, as a rule, head,” history saith not; but it is a fact are expected to slow down. Now, when that by a curious coincidence, at each a forwardly-projecting scoop is pushed trough in succession there was an overthrough standing water at a speed of flow of the most violent character. At 60 miles an hour, it can be understood the end of the run, when the engineer that the inrush of water to the tank is in was looking over his engine, he was consuch a volume as to fill it op in an exceed- fronted by what he described as the most ingly short space of time, and hence it re- absolutely washed-out specimen of huquires considerable judgment on the part manity that he had ever seen, who with of the fireman to raise the scoop at the the water still in the act of draining "psychological moment” and avoid an itself out of his hair and tattered clothoverflow.

ing, placed his hand on the arm of the To provide against rupturing the tank engineer, with the query: “Say, mister, there is a large square hole cat in the what was the naines of them two rivers top of the tank at its rear, just op- we run through back there?”

an

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