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endanger the lives of the miners employed therein, it shall be the duty of the mine inspector, upon the same being made known to him, to proceed at once to make a careful examination of the ventilating apparatus of the said mine, and if he shall find that the gases and impure air existing in said mine are occasioned by the bad condition of the ventilating apparatus connected therewith, he shall immediatedly notify the owner, lessee or agent, to expel from the said mine all noxious gases and impure air existing therein, and to properly ventilate the same.

SECTION 206. The mine inspector shall also be inspector of weights at all the mines now or hereafter operated in said Allegany and Garrett counties, and shall have power to weigh the coal mined therein, from time to time, on the scales at the different mines in said counties. and to test the accuracy of such scales, and to do any other act that he may deem necessary to ascertain whether or not the miners are allowed full weight of coal in the mining cars when placed upon the scales of the different mines;

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SECTION 207. It shall be the duty of every person or body corporate, operating a mine or mines in either of said counties, as owner, lessee or agent, to provide correct and accurate scales for weighing the coal mined therein before the same shall be taken from the mine cars used by the miners therein.

SECTION 208. Any owner, lessee, agent or operator of any coal mine in said counties of Allegany or Garrett, or any other person therein, neglecting or refusing to comply with or violating in any manner any of the provisions of sections 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207 and 209, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon indictment and conviction thereof may be fined for each and every said offence a sum not less than ten dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, in the discretion of the court.

SECTION 209. It shall be lawful, however, notwithstanding the provisions. of sections 206 and 207, for any corporation or individual engaged in mining coal in Allegany and Garrett counties, in this State, in or by a shaft, to contract with miners to dig the coal therein or therefrom by measurement; and in all cases where the wages of the miners are by contract or agreement ascertained by the cubic yard or other measurement, it shall not be obligatory upon such corporations or individuals so contracting to provide scales, or any weighmaster or weighmasters at such shaft, or to weigh any coal therein or taken therefrom; but the miners' cars used in any mine worked by a shaft shall be measured by a sworn measurer, and the capacity of each car shall be stamped or branded thereon.

ARTICLE 4.-Seats for female employés.

SECTION 398. It shall be the duty of all employers of females in any mercantile. or manufacturing business or occupation in the city of Baltimore to provide and maintain suitable seats for the use of such female employés, and to permit the use of such seats by such employés to such an extent as may be reasonable for the preservation of their health.

SECTION 399. Any violation of the preceding section by any employer shall be deemed a misdemeanor, and shall be punishable by a fine of one hundred and fifty dollars, to be collected as other fines are collected.

ARTICLE 4.—Inspection etc. of steam boilers in Baltimore.

SECTION 509. The governor shall biennially appoint two suitable persons who are well skilled in the construction and use of steam engines and boilers, and in application of steam thereto, whose duty it shall be to inspect steam boilers in the city of Baltimore, as hereinafter specified and directed; said inspectors before entering on their duties, shall make oath before a justice of the peace, that they are not, and will not during their term of office, be connected with, or interested in the manufacture of steam boilers, engines or machinery applicable thereto, * *.

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SECTION 510. The city of Baltimore is divided into two districts, which shall be known as the first and second steam boiler inspection districts;

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SECTION 511. The inspectors, before entering on the discharge of their duties, shall provide themselves with an office in a central part of said city, also with the necessary apparatus and appliances for the testing of steam boilers; and they shall give notice for three successive days, through the two daily papers having the largest circulation in said city, of the time and manner in which they shall receive the reports of the locations of steam boilers.

SECTION 512. E.ery owner or renter using a steam boiler in said city, shall, within ten days after the publication of the aforesaid notice, report to the in

spector of the district the location of such boiler, under a penalty of fifty dollars for each day a boiler is used and neglected to be reported.

SECTION 513. The inspector of each district shall give six days' notice in writing to each owner or renter of a steam boiler, or the engineer or person in charge, of the time when he will inspect such boiler; and such owner or renter shall have such boiler ready for inspection, in compliance with the requirements of said notice, and shall furnish such assistance as the inspector may require, under a penalty of fifty dollars for such failure or neglect, and a further penalty of fifty dollars for each day any such boiler is used without a certificate of inspection.

SECTION 514. It shall be the duty of each inspector, once at least in every year, to inspect all stationary steam boilers of three-horse power and upwards, used within the limits of his district, subjecting them to a hydrostatic test of at least twenty-five percent. in excess of the steam pressure allowed, and satisfy himself, by a thorough external and internal examination, (if possible) with a hammer, that the boilers are free from danger from corrosion or other defects, are well made of good material, the openings for the passage of water and steam, respectively, and all pipes and tubes exposed to heat are of proper dimensions, and free from obstruction; that the flues and tubes, if any, are circular in form, the furnaces in proper shape, and the fire line of the furnace is at least two inches below the minimum water line of the boilers; and shall also satisfy himself that the safetyvalves are of suitable dimensions, sufficient in number and well arranged, and that the weights are properly adjusted so as to allow no greater pressure in the boiler than the amount prescribed in the certificate of inspection: that there is a sufficient number of gauge cocks, a steam gauge, a coupling-cock in suitable position for attaching the hydrostatic test, that means for blowing-out are provided, so as to thoroughly remove the mud and sediment from all parts of the boilers when they are under the pressure of steam, and that fusible metals are properly inserted so to fuse by the heat of the furnaces when the water in the boilers shall fall below the prescribed limits, and that adequate and certain provision is made for an ample supply of water at all times: when the inspection is completed and the inspector approves the boiler, he shall make and subscribe a certificate of inspection, stating the condition of the boiler, the number of years or months it has been in use, and the pressure steam allowed; and no greater pressure than that allowed by the certificate shall be applied to such boiler. In limiting pressure, whenever the boiler under test will, with safety, bear the same, the limit desired by the owner shall be the one certified; and such certificate of inspection shall be framed under glass, and kept in some conspicuous place on the premises where said boiler referred to is used; and if the inspector shall deliver or cause to be delivered to the owner or renter of any boiler a certificate of inspection without having first subjected the said boiler to the tests as herein provided, he shall forfeit his bond, and upon conviction shall be removed from office by the governor.

SECTION 515. In addition to the annual inspection, it shall be the duty of the inspector to examine all boilers within the limits of their respective districts once at least in every three months, and if deemed necessary, apply the hy drostatic test; and if on such examination the inspector shall find evidence of deterioration in strength, he shall revoke the certificate and issue another, assigning a lower rate of pressure; and if the defect be of such character as to make the boiler dangerous, the inspector shall notify the owner or renter in writing, stating in the notice what is required, and order the use of the boiler discontinued until the necessary repairs are made; and if he considers it beyond repair, he shall condemn it; and if the owner or renter shall refuse or neglect to comply with the requirements of the inspector, and shall, contrary thereto, and while the same remains unreversed, use the boiler, he shall be liable to a penalty of not less than one hundred dollars for each day such boiler is used, and in addition thereto shall be liable for any damage to persons or property which shall occur from any defects, as stated in the notice of the inspector.

SECTION 516. Any owner or renter of a boiler, who shall consider himself aggrieved by the action of the inspector, under the provisions of the preceding section, may, within ten days after such inspection, notify the inspector, of the fact, and demand a re-examination of the said boiler; the owner or renter shall select a practical engineer, who, with the inspector, shall select a third person, skilled in the manufacture and use of steam boilers, which said two persons, after taking an oath as reviewers, shall, together with the inspector, carefully examine the said boiler, and the decision of any two of these shall be final; should the decision of the inspector be sustained, the said owner or renter shall pay the expense of such review; but should it be reversed, the inspector shall restore the certificate, and the expense of the review shall be paid by the State; such

reviewers shall receive five dollars for each day or part of a day they are engaged in making such review.

SECTION 517. Any person erecting or using a steam boiler without having the same inspected by the inspector of the district in which the said boiler is located, shall pay a fine of one hundred dollars, and fifty dollars for each day any such boiler is used without being inspected; and any person who shall alter or change a steam gauge or weight on a safety-valve for the purpose of carrying a greater pressure of steam on a boiler than that allowed by the certificate of inspection, shall be liable to a fine of five hundred dollars; and any owner or renter of a steam boiler who shall neglect or refuse to place his certificate of inspection on the premises, as prescribed in section 514 hereof, shall pay a fine of five dollars for each day's refusal or neglect.

SECTION 518. The inspector shall have power to examine the engineers and assistants in charge of boilers, and if any engineer or assistant is found incompetent or addicted to intemperance, the inspector shall notify the owner or renter, and withdraw the certificate of inspection until such engineer or assistant is displaced.

SECTION 520. It shall be the duty of each inspector to keep a correct record of the locations of all boilers in his district, when each boiler was inspected, the condition of the same at the time of inspection, the instructions given to the engineers in charge, the certificates issued, and the amount of steam pressure allowed in each certificate, and the boilers condemned or ordered to be repaired; also a correct account of all money received or paid out; and they shall report the same annually to the comptroller of the State.

SECTION 523. Every steam boiler insurance company doing business in this State shall have a resident inspector, whose duty it shall be to make inspections of steam boilers submitted for insurance to such steam boiler insurance company and any owner or renter of a steam boiler who has the same insured in a steam boiler insurance company doing business in this State, in compliance with the laws thereof, and having a resident inspector and an established system of inspection, must immediately after the first annual inspection in each year by such resident inspector of such steam boiler insurance company, present to the State inspector of the district in which the said steam boilers are located, the certificate of inspection of the said company; and the said company shall be charged and chargeable with a fee of one dollar for each and every boiler so inspected and insured, which shall be paid to the State inspector with such certificate: Provided, That when there is more than one steam boiler belonging to the same owner or renter so insured, then the fee so chargeable to the insurance company shall be one dollar per boiler for the first five, and one dollar for each additional five or fraction thereof over and above the first five; and upon the acceptance of the provisions of this section by the owner or renter of said steam boiler, the said owner or renter shall be exempted from the requirements of this sub-title of this article.

ARTICLE 12.—Wages unpaid for thirty days—Remedy of employé in Garrett County.

SECTION 145. If any individual engaged in mining or manufacturing in said County [Garrett], or any association or body corporate engaged in any business whatever therein, shall for the space of thirty days be indebted to the persons in their employ, or to furnishers of any raw material, in the aggregate sum of twenty-five dollars, and shall neglect or refuse to pay the same for the space of thirty days, the circuit court for said county, as a court of equity, or the judge thereof in vacation shall, upon the petition of the employés or furnishers of raw material, or any number of them, appoint a receiver to take charge of the affairs of such individual, association or body corporate, with a view to their liquidation and settlement under the authority of said court.

MASSACHUSETTS.

PUBLIC STATUTES OF 1882.

CHAPTER 11.-Exemption from taxation.

SECTION 5. The following property and polls shall be exempted from taxation:

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Sixth. The wearing appar 1 and farming utensils of every 1erson; his household furniture not exceeding one thousand dollars in value; and the necessary tools not exceeding three hundred dollars in value of a mechanic.

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Tenth. (as amended by chapter 169, acts of 1885). The property, to the amount of five hundred dollars, of a widow or unmarried woman above the age of twentyone years, of any person above the age of seventy-five years, and of any minor whose father is deceased, whether such property be owned by such person separately, or jointly or as tenant in common with another or others: Provided, That the whole estate real and personal of such person does not exceed in value the sum of one thousand dollars exclusive of property otherwise exempted under the provisions of this section: And provided, further, That no property shall be so exempted which in the judgment of the assessors has been conveyed to such person for the purpose of evading taxation.

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Eleventh. Mules, horses, and neat cattle, less than one year old; and swine and sheep less than six months old.

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CHAPTER 16.-Contractor's bond-Security for wages of employés on public works.

SECTION 64. When public buildings or other public works upon which liens might attach for labor or materials, if they belonged to private persons, are about to be constructed or repaired for the Commonwealth by contract, the offi cers or agents contracting in behalf of the Commonwealth shall obtain sufficient security, by bond or otherwise, for payment by the contractor and by all subcontractors for all labor performed or furnished and for all materials used in such construction or repair.

CHAPTER 28.-Payment of wages.

SECTION 12. Cities shall, at intervals not exceeding seven days, pay all laborers who are employed by them at a rate of wages not exceeding two dollars a day, if such payment is demanded.

· CHAPTER 31.—Bureau of statistics of labor.

SECTION 13. A chief appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the council, and a first clerk appointed by the shall constitute a bureau of statistics of labor: * * *

The bureau shall collect, assort, arrange, and present in annual reports to the general court, on or before the first day of March in each year, statistical details relating to all departments of labor in the Commonwealth, especially in relation to the commercial, industrial, social, educational, and sanitary condition of the laboring classes and to the permanent prosperity of the productive industry of the Commonwealth.

SECTION 14. The bureau shall have power to send for persons and papers, and to examine witnesses under oath; and such witnesses shall be summoned in the same manner and be paid the same fees as witnesses before the higher courts of the Commonwealth.

SECTION 16. The chief of said bureau may employ such assistants and incur such expense, not exceeding five thousand dollars in each year, as may be necessary in the discharge of the official duties of said bureau.

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CHAPTER 44.-Use of hand tools to be taught in public schools.

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SECTION 1, (as amended by chapter 69, acts of 1884). In every town there shall be kept, for at least six months in each year, at the expense of said town, * a sufficient number of schools for the instruction of all the children who may legally attend public school therein, * the elementary use of hand-tools shall be taught * * in all the public schools in which the school committee deem it expedient.

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CHAPTER 48.-Certain employments of children forbidden.

SECTION 8. Any person who employs or exhibits, or who sells, apprentices, or gives away for the purpose of employing or exhibiting, a child under fifteen years of age, in dancing, playing on musical instruments, singing, walking on a wire or rope, or riding or performing as a gymnast, contortionist, or acrobat, in any circus or theatrical exhibition, or in any public place whatsoever, or who causes, procures, or encourages any such child to engage therein, shall be punished by fine not exceeding two hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the

county jail not exceeding six months: Provided, That nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the education of children in vocal and instrumental music, or their employment as musicians in any church, chapel, or school, or school exhibition, or to prevent their taking part in any concert or musical exhibition on the special written permission of the mayor and aldermen of a city

or the selectmen of a town.

SECTION 9. No license shall be granted for a theatrical exhibition or public show in which children under fifteen years of age are employed as acrobats, contortionists, or in any feats of gymnastics or equestrianism, or in which such children belonging to the public schools are employed, or allowed to take part as performers on the stage in any capacity, or where, in the opinion of the board authorized to grant licenses, such children are employed in such manner as to corrupt their morals or impair their physical health; but nothing herein contained shall prevent the giving of special permission as provided by the preceding section.

CHAPTER 74-Employment of labor.

SECTION 1. Any person or corporation engaged in manufacturing, which requires from persons in his or its employ, under penalty of forfeiture of a part of the wages earned by them, a notice of intention to leave such employ, shall be liable to the payment of a like forfeiture if he or it discharges without similar notice a person in such employ except for incapacity or misconduct, unless in case of a general suspension of labor in his or its shop or factory.

SECTION 2. Whoever by intimidation or force prevents or seeks to prevent a person from entering into or continuing in the employment of a person or corporation shall be punished by fine of not more than one hundred dollars.

SECTION 3. No person or corporation shall, by a special contract with persons in his or its employ, exempt himself or itself from any liability which he or it might otherwise be under to such persons for injuries suffered by them in their employment and which result from the employer's own negligence or from the negligence of other persons in his or its employ.

SECTION 4, (as amended by chapter 280, acts of 1887). No minor under eighteen years of age and no woman shall be employed in laboring in any manufacturing or mechanical establishment more than ten hours in any one day, except as hereinafter provided in this section, or when a different apportionment of the hours of labor is made for the sole purpose of making a shorter day's work for one day of the week; and in no case shall the hours of labor exceed sixty in a week. Every employer shall post in a conspicuous place in every room where such persons are employed a printed notice stating the number of hours' work required of them on each day of the week, the hours of commencing and stopping such work, and the hours when the time or times allowed for dinner or for other meals begins and ends, or in the case of establishments exempted from the provisions of chapter two hundred and fifteen of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, the time, if any, allowed for dinner and for other meals; the printed form of such notice shall be furnished by the chief of the district police, and shall be approved by the attorney-general; and the employment of any such person for a longer time in any day than that so stated shall be deemed a violation of this section, unless it appears that such employment is to make up for time lost on some previous day of the same week in consequence of the stopping of machinery upon which such person was employe or dependent for employment. But no stopping of machinery for a shorter continuous time than thirty minutes shall authorize such overtime employment, nor shall any such stopping authorize such employment unless or until a written report of the day and hour of its occurrence, with its duration, is sent to the chief of the district police or to the inspector of factories for the district. Any person who makes a false report of such stopping of machinery shall be punished by fine of not less than fifty nor more than one hundred dollars. If any minor under eighteen years of age, or any woman, shall, without the orders, consent or knowledge of the employer, or of any superintendent, overseer, or other agent of the employer, labor in a manufacturing or mechanical establishment during any part of any time allowed for dinner or for other meals in such establishments, according to the notice above mentioned, and if a copy of such notice was posted in a conspicuous place in the room where such labor took place, together with a rule of the establishment forbidding such minor or woman to labor during such time, then neither the employer, nor any superintendent, overseer, or other agent of the employer, shall be held responsible for such employment.

H. Rep. 1960—14

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