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TABLE VI.

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TABLE VIa.

HEAVY SOVEREIGNS.

LIGHT HALF-SOVEREIGNS.

1817-20. 1821-30. 1831-40. 1841-50. 1851-60. 1861-70. 1871-81.

Total. 1817-20. 1821-30. 1831-10. 1841-50. 1851-60. 1861-70. 1871-81,

Total.

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176

352 2,704 6,820 18,166 33,686 61,904

176 2,939 2,529 7,407

10,759 11,993 2,293 | 38,096

13 48 27

23 42 120 68

114 550 2,015 | 24,227 | 26,929 77 913 3,666 9,209 30,944 44,864 337 1,711 9,928 | 21,615 34,265 | 68,024 259 | 2,260 | 7,611 | 15,510 | 52,887 | 78,622

275 2,931 4,397 12,526 108 4,373 3,6909,419 120 4,266 2,891 6,675 82 2,287 | 1,784 2,628

17,151 25,876 9,915 73,071 12,873 17,699 6,974 | 55,136 8,217 8,289 1,518 | 31,976 5,719 6,359 2,519 21,378

17

53

118 | 1,107 4,382 | 10,507 33,382 49,566

126 3,973 3,429 8,613 11,982 16,135 6,176 50,434

A.=Cities having a Branch

of the Bank of England
B.=London and Suburbs
C.=English Country Banks
D.=Irish Banks
E.=Scotch Banks

Mean

A.=Cities having a Branch

of the Bank of England
B.=London and Suburbs
C.=English Country Banks
D.=Irish Banks
E=Scotch Banks ....

11
39
24

19
35
98
60

Mean

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TABLE VII.

APPENDIX I.

A.D. 1870.

Short title.

Definitions of terms.

Standard of coins.

CHAP. 10.
An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the Coinage and Her
Majesty's Mint.

[4th April, 1870.]
WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law relating to the
Coinage and Her Majesty's Mint :

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the
advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in
this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as
follows:

1. This Act may be cited as “ The Coinage Act, 1870.
2. In this Act
The term “ Treasury" means the Lord High Treasurer for the time

being, or the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury for the

time being, or any two of them;
The term “ the Mint” means, except as expressly provided, Her

Majesty's Royal Mint in England;
The term “ British Possession means any colony, plantation, island,

territory, or settlement, within Her Majesty's dominions and not

within the United Kingdom ; and
The term “person” includes a body corporate.
3. All coins made at the Mint of the denominations mentioned in the
first schedule to this Act shall be of the weight and fineness specitied in
that schedule, and the standard trial plates shall be made accordingly.

If any coin of gold, silver or bronze, but of any other denomination than
that of the coins mentioned in the first schedule to this Act, is hereafter
coined at the Mint, such coin shall be of a weight and fineness bearing the
same proportion to the weight and fineness specified in that schedule as
the denomination of such coin bears to the denominations mentioned in
that schedule.

Provided that in the making of coins a remedy (or variation from the standard weight and fineness specified in the said first schedule) shall be allowed of an amount not exceeding the amount specified in that schedule.

4. A tender of payment of money, if made in coins which have been
issued by the Mint in accordance with the provisions of this Act, and
have not been called in by any proclamation made in pursuance of this
Act, and have not become diminished in weight, by wear or other-
wise, so as to be of less weight than the current weight, that is to say,
than the weight (if any) specified as the least current weight in the first
schedule to this Act, or less than such weight as may be declared by any
proclamation made in pursuance of this Act, shall be a legal tender

In the case of gold coins for a payment of any amount:
In the case of silver coins for a payment of an amount not exceeding

forty shillings, but for no greater amount;
In the case of bronze coins for a payment of an amount not exceeding

one shilling, but for no greater amount.

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Legal tender.

Our Gold Coinage.

A.D. 1870.

Nothing in this Act shall prevent any paper currency which under any Act or otherwise is a legal tender from being a legal tender.

5. No piece of gold, silver, copper, or bronze, or of any metal or mixed Probibition of metal, of any value whatever, shall be made or issued, except by the Mint, other coins and

tokens. as a coin or a token for money, or as purporting that the holder thereof is entitled to demand any value denoted thereon. Every person who acts in contravention of this section shall be liable on summary conviction to a penalty not exceeding twenty pounds.

6. Every contract, sale, payment, bill, noto, instrument, and security Contracts, &c., for money, and every transaction, dealing, matter, and thing whatever to be made in

currency relating to money, or involving the payment of or the liability to pay any money, which is made, executed, or entered into, done or had, shall be made, executed, entered into, done and had according to the coins which are current and legal tender in pursuance of this Act, and not otherwise, unless the same be made, executed, entered into, done or had according to the currency of some British possession or some foreign state,

7. Where any gold coin of the realm is below the current weight as pro- Defacing light vided by this Act, or where any coin is called in by any proclamation, gold coin. every person shall, by himself or others, cut, break, or deface any such coin tendered to him in payment, and the person tendering the same shall bear the loss.

If any coin cut, broken, or defaced in pursuance of this section is not below the current weight, or has not been called in by any proclamatiou, the person cutting, breaking, or defacing the same shall receive the samé in payment according to its denomination. Any dispute which may arise under this section may be determined by a summary proceeding.

8. Where any person brings to the Mint any gold bullion, such bullion Coining of shall be assayed and coined, and delivered out to such person, without any bullion taken

the Mint. charge for such assay or coining, or for waste in coinage. Provided that (1.) If the fineness of the whole of the bullion so brought to the Mint

is such that it cannot be brought to the standard fineness under this
Act of the coin to be coined thereout, without refining some portion
of it, the master of the Mint may refuse to receive, assay, or coin

such bullion :
(2.) Where the bullion so brought to the Mint is finer than the stand-

ard fineness under this Act of the coin to be coined thereut, there
shall be delivered to the person bringing the same such additional

amount of coin as is proportionate to such superior fineness.
No undue preference shall be shown to any person under this section,
and every person shall have priority according to the time at which he
brought such bullion to the Mint.

9. The Treasury may from time to time issue to the master of the Mint, Purchase of out of the growing produce of the Consolidated Fund, such sums as may bullion. be necessary to enable him to purchase bullion in order to provide supplies of coin for the public service.

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