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and in her right senses. The people Ward on her arrival that Saturday told me, too, that she had had no more evening from Bezwada, little thinking fits. I told them this was all in the next day would bring with it the answer to prayer.

experience of such deep and unutter. In some houses they utterly refuse

able sorrow. Towards the early hours to listen or have anything to do with of the morning she was taken with

One woman was always on the cholera, and although we did all for point of going to sleep when I called, her that was possible, shortly before and it was quite absurd to see her three o'clock in the afternoon she attempts at feigned sleep! At last, passed away.

passed away. She bore her sufferings after trying to persuade her to leave and extreme pain with true Christian off her lazy habits, and give a little fortitude, and constantly put her hands time to learning with me, she grew up in prayer. Towards the end she very angry, and told me not to come cried, “Oh, Lord, come quickly.” to her house any more.

Eight Christian men bore her to the In conclusion I must tell of the grave, and the funeral service was a goodness and mercy of our loving most solemn and impressive one in Father in thus sparing us to work a Telugu, by the Rev. J. Stone. I am little longer for Him, and preserving sure it was all done just as she would us so wonderfully from cholera here. have wished herself. No one has My fellow-worker, Miss Clara Helen taken her place here yet, and I am Ward, was called to her rest on living with the Rev. J. B. and February 1st, 1894, from cholera, in Mrs. Panes of the C.M.S. Mission for the town of Kummamett.

the present ; but we trust God may Miss Ward finished her first Telugu send some one soon to fill the gap. examination in the latter end of the It is not an unhealthy station, as month of Dec., 1893. Hard study, Mrs. Panes and other ladies can combined with a not over-robust con- testify, and with care any lady of stitution, had obliged her to seek rest ordinary strength of constitution may, and change in Bezwada and Masuli- under God's blessing, live and do patam ; and the evening of January much work for Him here. Miss Ward 31st, 1894, found her once again in our was in a very delicate state of health midst, looking stronger and brighter, when she arrived from Australia, and filled with an earnest hope to go on contracted cholera on her journey with the work she so dearly loved. back from Masulipatam as she passed But even then the grey messenger through Bezwada, where it was very of death was on his way, bearing the prevalent at the time of her death.

Home,” and soon her lov. We long for the time when a fullying Saviour would say to her, “ Well equipped Zenana Missionary staff of done, thou good and faithful servant, workers may be systematically workenter thou into the joy of thy Lord.” ing in this large native town in the


I was at the station to meet Miss Nizam's Dominions.


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An Erpedition to the lkhyber Pass.


T is only within about fifteen years that the Khyber Pass has

been opened to the English. Exciting as it may seem to us to read of the need of a military guard for British travellers

in our own empire, the time is well within the memory of military men when even to approach the Pass, the greatest precautions were necessary, and the thought of venturing into it for pleasure was not to be entertained. Miss White's account of a holiday shows how God has opened the way for the spread of the Gospel and increased the responsibilities of His people.

I want to interest every one possible I think we shall leave Doudzai and in our villages and encampments. come to the Khyber Pass. A visitor There are

many encampments of came to the C.M.S. house who was people scattered over the country on sight-seeing intent, so we made a and in the hills, living in tents made party-two clergymen, two doctors, of a few poles stuck carelessly in the two nurses, and two Zenana missionground, and dark brown sacking aries. pulled over to make a sort of covering. We set off about 8 am, and drove As yet they are very seldom visited, straight for the mountains. As we and very few of them have ever heard drew near them, we could see what the Name of Christ.

had looked like one chain of mounHow I wish you could have seen tains in the distance, proved to be one encampment-how the women tier upon tier rising up until lost in gathered round us, and laughed, and the distant sky-line. We counted in chatted, and asked questions! They one place six mountains one behind told us they came from Cabul, which the other, each of varying shade. is a long way off. These Afghan When we arrived at Jumrood, where tribes are a splendid race of people. , there is a fort, we were joined by our They have a very fine physique, and guard, and soon with a jolt and a are most intelligent and affectionate, bump of our tum-tums, or native dogand their free, wild life seems to give carts, we were over the border and in them a freshness and health which we the Amir's dominions. do not find in city folk. They are We had two guards, Khyber Rifles, more than ready to receive kindness who had the most magnificent horses, as a rule.

and wore a very picturesque costume. You will wonder when I shall begin Their dress was brown, with brown to tell you of our expedition, but now leather boots (Wellington), and steel

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ornaments on their shoulders. The name “Khyber Rifles” was in brass

their cartridge-pouches, which were slung at their waists. For headdress they wore a dark-blue turban with one end hanging down, and a crimson peaked cap, showing in the middle of the turban. All Afghans as a rule wear these peaks. Our guard had two pouches of ammunition attached to his saddle in front, and at the left side hung his sword, while to the right were his rifle and his spear. The point of the spear seemed to be sheathed in his stirrup, and it was also slung 'to a leather strap which was on his arm, and kept it in place.

The horse was such a splendid animal. Our special guard had difficulty in keeping him in pace with the hacks which we drove, and soon it became quite white with foam. He said it was because he was angry at being kept from galloping. The man rode bea

ully, and he beamed all over when I told him his horse was beautiful. He said it cost Rs. 400. There are very good breeds of horses in the hills--Arabs, and another kind of which I forget the name. However, it seemed to us when we got farther into the Pass, that the name of English protection did more for us than our guard, for it would have been casy to shoot us a hundred times over from behind the cliffs.

This Pass, though in the Amir's dominions, is held by the English, and on two days of the week, the English send Native soldiers to protect the caravans all through. At intervals we could sce men stationed

by twos and threes up the mountainsides on guard. We had to get a special pass from the Deputy.commissioner, and have our special guard besides.

The Pass is, I think, about twenty miles long, but I am not sure, as the miles here are not the same as at home. I do not know how to describe it; I had never seen or imagined anything like the Kbyber Pass for grandeur and wildness. All that I had seen on the voyage seemed quite ordinary and flat in comparison. Instead of one or two mountains in the Pass, there are mountains over mountains. Some towered steeply over our heads; more lay below us in a valley, and the road wound above and below, and backwards and for. wards, onwards in wonderful

As we went on tiere were more mountains, more valleys, until one felt almost a sense of oppression. We went about twelve niles into the Pass, as far as Fort Ali Musjid, where we stopped to rest our horses and have tiffin. We walked part of the way and gathered some everlasting flowers.

A great part of the cliffs seemed to be a sort of slatey stone lying in close, thick layers, and some was chalkylooking. The people of the caravan wore sandals made of a thick kind of coarse gras; which protected their feet, and the road was not at all bad. It was very curious to see the strings of camels loaded with merchandise going up to Cabul. One carrel I observed had very large basl:ets at each side, covered over with a cloth. Presently the cloth incred, and I saw it





was covering a number of women smoke curling out of ihem. The and children who looked out at us with vegetation seemed to consist of a eager curiosity. Some of the camels little brown grass, like very small carried wooden boxes containing a pampas grass, everlasting, and gist of cartridges from the English glaucous-looking plant-very little of Government to the Amir. We met even this, and no trees or shrubs, some people coming down from Cabul. nothing but mountains, mountains The women rode on mules, and they everywhere. I enjoyed the day more wore black veils like little window. than I can say, and selt inclined to blinds, bordered with a bright colour. envy my friend the Khyber Rifleman. I think they were made of horse hair, However, I hope, when I learn and they completely concealed the Pushtoo, that I may go there again. features.

Perhaps I shall

a burk x After we had gone to the fort and go on a pony as the Natives do and had enjoyed the distant view of here. A burka is a very voluminous the valley with its patch of vege- white garment which the Mohamtation and streamlet, and the dis- medans wear, with lacework over the 'tant caravan winding among the eyes to enable them to see out of it. hills, we felt it was time for lunch! It forms a complete disguise, comTo our dismay we found we had for- pletely covering them. gotten the teapot. However, I put the We sometimes have patients in tea into the kettle, and it was very from the Khyber Pass and from the nice. For the benefit of friends at villages. One of our patients, a blind home I will mention that when we girl, seems truly to wish to declare wanted more tea we just put in more

herself a Christian. She went yesterwater from the stream and boiled the day to stay in the house of one of the kettle, and found it still very good ! Native Christians, for she, of course, A group of Afghans watched us with needs instruction. I hope she may be admiring interest. One man wanted made a blessing to the other patients ; to sell us a knife with which two men they are much attached to her. One had been killed. It certainly did look girl who is here permanently, and very murderous, and nobody was in- who we hope may learn more about clined to buy.

the Lord Jesus Christ, and may also Beyond Ali Musjid I believe the become a Christian, cried very much Pass narrows, and is more steep if at parting with her blind friend. She possible; but we were obliged to re- has had a kind of leprosy which is turn home without venturing farther. now healed, but which often causes At Ali Musjid there were

her pain, and has left her hands much holes in a bank which we found were deformed. Her face is sweet and the homes of some of the people. bright, and she is loved by everybody. They looked just like dens with blue She calls me her beloved mother,



foreign Hotes.


AJNALA. We hear with satisfaction that Miss Abdullah will go to Ajnala to take charge of the dispensary on Miss Dixie's return to Batala.


It has been a great pleasure to see a letter in the handwriting of Miss Charlotte Wheeler, M.D., whose serious illness we have mentioned in recent Numbers. It is not thought advisable for her to remain at Peshawar; but with the energy and courage she has shown at the Duchess Connaught Hospital, she is ready for work at another station. As we go to press, it is not decided to which of the many places pleading for a fully qualified medical missionary she will be appointed. Miss Mitcheson will, we hope, return to the medical work she founded at Peshawar with ful qualifications. The date of her sailing is not yet decided.



The Committee have decided to build a house at Srinagar. The cost will be Rs. 4000. This expense is a serious matter, but far more serious might have been the consequences if the good site obtained from the Government had been allowed to lapse. Can our readers save the C.E.Z.M.S. from being burdened with the whole expense ? Contributions towards this object will be gladly received by the Financial Secretary.



With great regret we hear of the serious illness of Miss Chettle. The following extract from a letter from her, dated May 28th, 1894, shows what great opportunities for work she has found at Mavelicara : Mavelikkara,

and we feel how much cause we have Near Kayangalam, to praise and thank the Giver of all

Travancore. good for His faithfulness and goodness It is now eleven months since Miss to us. Not only have we realised His d'Albedjhll and I began work here, abiding presence with us and in our

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