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III. Clayton-Bulwer treaty-Continued.

5. Mr. Seward's course.

$ 357.

Suggestion as to Tigre Island.

Treaty with Nicaragua, 1867, and other treaties.

6. Negotiations of Mr. Fish. $ 358.

Circular of 1877.

7. Messages of President Hayes. $ 359.

8. Discussions of 1881–1883. $ 360.

9. Frelinghuysen-Zavala convention. $ 361.

10. President Cleveland's message, 1885. $ 362.

11. Executive utterances, 1889-1894. $363.

12. Mr. Olney's memorandum, 1896. $ 364.

13. Recommendations by President McKinley. $ 365.

14. Hay-Pauncefote treaty, 1901. § 366.

Treaty of Feb. 5, 1900.

Negotiation as to amendments.

Treaty of Nov. 18, 1901.

Message of President Roosevelt.

Resolution of Second International American Conference.

15. Mosquito question, since 1860. $ 367.

Instructions of Mr. Fish, 1873.

Award of Emperor of Austria, 1881.

Mr. Bayard's representations.

Lord Salisbury's reply.

Mr. Foster's representations.

Insurrection of 1894, and subsequent events.

IV. American routes and grants. $ 368.

V. Suez Canal. $ 369.

VI. Corinth Canal. $ 370.

VII. Kiel Canal. S

$ 371.

CHAPTER X.

NATIONALITY.

I. Sources of nationality. $ 372.

II. Citizenship.

1. By birth.

(1) By right of place. $ 373.

(2) By right of blood. $ 374.

2. By naturalization. $ 375.

3. By revolution. $ 376.

III. Naturalization.

1. Legislative and conventional regulation. $ 377.

2. Voluntary individual action. $ 378.

3. Collective naturalization.

(1) By political incorporation. $379.

Louisiana cession.

Florida treaty.

Annexation of Texas.

Annexation of Hawaii.

Porto Rico and the Philippines.

(2) Provisions for individual election. $ 380.

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo.

Alaskan cession.

Treaty of Frankfort.

Treaty with Spain, 1898.

IV. American naturalization.

1. Regulated by Congress. $ 381.

2. Committed to the courts. $ 382.

3. Persons capable of naturalization. $ 383.

4. Usual legal conditions. $384.

5. Declaration of intention.

(1) Usual requirement. $385.

(2) Exceptions. 386.

Immigration during minority.

Service in Army.

Service in Navy or Marine Corps.

Special case in Hawaii.

(3) Does not confer citizenship. $ 387.

Judicial decisions.

Executive action.

Cases of Italians.

6. Residence.

(1) Five years' rule. $ 388.

Meaning of “continued term.”

(2) Exceptions. $ 389.

Seamen.

Service in Army.

V. Conventional arrangements.

1. Treaties with the German States.

(1) Negotiations. $390.

(2) Conditions of change of allegiance. $ 391.

(3) Question as to Alsace-Lorraine. $ 392.

(4) Practice of expulsion. $ 393.

(5) Operation of treaties. $ 394.

2. Belgium. $395.

3. Sweden and Norway. $ 396.

4. Great Britain. $ 397.

5. Austria-Hungary.

(1) Conditions of change of allegiance. $ 398.

(2) Practice of expulsion. $ 399.

6. Denmark; Ecuador. $ 400.

VI. Naturalization not retroactive.

1. General priciples. $401.

2. German treaties.

(1) Military cases. § 402.

(2) Statutes of limitation. $ 403.

3. Austro-Hungarian treaty. $ 404.

4. Belgian treaty. $ 405.

5. Danish treaty.

$ 406.

6. Treaty with Sweden and Norway. $ 407.

VII. Nationality of married women.

1. Marriage of American women to aliens.

(1) Effect on status. $ 408.

(2) Reversion of nationality. $ 409.

2. Marriage of alien women to Americans.

(1) American law. $ 410.

(2) Reversion of nationality. $ 411.

3. Law in other countries. $ 412.

VIII. Effect of parents' naturalization on infants.

1. American law. $ 413.

2. Marriage of alien widow to American. $ 414.

3. Adoption of children. § 415.

IX. Naturalization internationally ineffective as to absent family.

1. Married women.

$ 416.

2. Infants. $ 417.

3. Good offices for emigration. & 418.

X. Proofs of nationality.

1. Evidences of citizenship. $ 419.

2. Proof of naturalization.

(1) The judicial record. $ 420.

(2) Loss or destruction of record. $ 421.

Question of fact.

Practice of Department of State.

3. Impeachment of naturalization.

(1) Rules of municipal courts. $ 422.

(2) Rule of international action. $ 423.

Repudiation of naturalization improperly obtained.

(3) Authority to make decision. $ 424.

(4) Disposition of fraudulent certificates. $ 425.

XI. Double allegiance.

1. Foreign-born children.

(1) Act of 1855. $ 426.

(2) Particular applications of principle. $ 427.

2. Native-born children.

(1) Double allegiance at birth. $ 428.

(2) Change of parents' nationality. $ 429.

3. Election at-majority. $ 430.

XII. Question of expatriation.

1. Common-law doctrine. § 431.

2. Judicial decisions.

(1) Prior to 1868. $ 432.

(2) Since 1868. $ 433.

3. Governmental doctrine.

(1) Executive declarations down to 1845. $ 434.

(2) Mr. Buchanan's assertion of unqualified right. § 435.

(3) Reversion to earlier doctrine.

§ 436.

(4) Reassertion of unqualified right, 1857-1861. $ 437.

(5) Course during civil war.

$ 438.

(6) Act of 1868. $ 439.

(7) Subsequent statements. $ 440.

4. Law of particular countries.

(1) China. $ 441.

(2) France. $ 442.

(3) Germany. $ 443.

(4) Greece. $ 444.

(5) Guatemala. $ 445.

(6) Italy. $ 446.

(7) Morocco. $ 447.

(8) The Netherlands. $ 448.

(9) Nicaragua. $ 449.

(10) Persia. $ 450.

CHAPTER XII.

PASSPORTS.

I. Nature and functions. $ 492.

II. Authority to issue.

1. In the United States. $ 493.

2. In foreign countries. $ 494.

III. To whom issued.

1. Issuance forbidden to any but citizens. $495.

2. Inhabitants of annexed or occupied territory. $ 496.'

3. Indians. $197.

4. Persons of color. $ 498.

5. Persons included in passport. S 499.

6. Women. $ 500.

7. Minor children. $ 501.

8. Declaration of intention. $ 502.

IV. Applications.

1. Forins and evidence. $ 503.

2. Native citizens. $ 50.

3. Naturalized citizens. $ 505.

4. Citizenship through parent's naturalization. $ 506.

5. Evidence of previous passport. $ 507.

6. Oath of allegiance. $ 508.

7. Nane of applicant. $ 509.

8. Titles, personal or official. $ 510.

9. Fees. $ 511.

V. Grounds of refusal.

1. Discretion as to issuance. $ 512.

2. Renunciation of allegiance. $ 513.

3. Effect of foreign domicil or residence. $ 514.

4. Foreign residence of citizens by birth.

(1) Persons born in the United States. $ 515.

(2) Persons born abroad. $ 516.

5. Foreign residence of naturalized citizens..

(1) In country of origin. $ 517.

(2) In third country. $ 518.

6. Statement as to intention to return. $ 519.

7. Connection with American business interests. $ 520.

8. Missionaries. $ 521.

9. Effect of extraterritoriality. $ 522.

VI. Duration of passports.

1. Time limit. $ 523.

2. Cancellation. 524.

VII. International effect.

1. Evidential force. $ 525.

2. Visé. $ 526.

3. False use. $ 527.

VIII. Special passports. $ 528.

IX. Local papers.

1. European countries. $ 529.

2. American countries. $ 530.

3. China. $ 531.

X. War regulations.

1. American civil war. $ 532.

2. Other cases. $ 533.

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