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regarded. The ancient Northmen were content to ron'"_“There is no tree in Paradise but its trunk look forward to the time when they should drink is of gold." On another occasion he speaks of a their mead out of the skulls of their enemies in the river in Paradise—“ Its waters whiter than milk, halls of Valbulla. The Oriental pictures of heaven and sweeter than honey, and in it are birds whose are less stern. Ask the Budhist, “ What are the necks are like the necks of camels.” On which blessings and the happiness in the heavens?" and his Omer (afterwards Khalif) asked, “ Verily, are those best answer is: “It is not possible to relate particu- birds fat and plump?” and was merrily answered, larly the nature of the happiness of heaven in a “The eaters of those birds are plumper and fatter summary way, but I will mention it so briefly as the than they.” Another time a Bedouin, or, more wise may comprehend, namely, everything that is properly, an Aarabi, came to the Prophet, with the in colour grateful to the eye, or in music melodious characteristic inquiry : “O messenger of God! I am to the ear—a smell grateful to the nose, a taste deli- fond of horses; are there any in Paradise ?” Ancate to the palate, a conscience wholesome to the swer: “ If you are taken into Paradise, you will be body, a proposal pleasant to the heart, are sponta- given a ruby horse, with two wings; and you will neously brought about according to the wishes formed. mount him, and he will carry you wherever you Another enjoyment of the divine felicities, is by in- wish.” Another asked if there were any camels? dulging the pleasure of feasting the eye on the and received the more sensible answer: “If God charms of the goddesses, dancing in the beautiful and takes you into Paradise, there will be everything for divine palaces, which are constantly illuminated by you which your senses can desire, and which can dethe rays of every kind of invaluable diamonds. ***

light your eye" . “He is the least in eminence of In the “Wisheat-al-Musalich” there is a chapter the people of Paradise who has eighty thousand ser(xiii.) collecting the terms in which various per- vants, and seventy-two women, and has a tent pitched sons had heard Mohammed describe Paradise and for him of pearls, rubies, and emeralds—the extent its people. It is singular that a chapter full of of which is like the distance between Jabiyah (in puerile and indecent notions begins with a de- Syria) and Sanna (in Yemen"). Again: “Verily, claration by Abukurairah that he heard “the there are in Paradise black-eyed damsels, who raise Prophet" say: “God said, I have prepared for my their voices, whose like was never heard, and say, good servants what no eye hath seen, or ear heard, We live everlastingly; we never perish or die; and por hath it entered the heart of any one;" which, we are ever at ease, and never see trouble or labour; being evidently taken from St Paul's declaration, and we are pleased with our husbands, and never evinces that Mohammed was well acquainted with dissatisfied; joy be to him that is for us, and we for the New Testament. A few sentences from this him!” The first disciples of the Arabian teacher chapter will exhibit the character of the intimations

seem to have been remarkably curious in the matter which this person has thought proper to supply of Paradise-although, perhaps, not more so than ,1" Verily there is a tent for a Mussulman in Paradise, any people would have been who supposed a source

of one pearl, its interior empty, its breadth sixty of authentic information respecting the hidden world cos, and in every corner of it will be his wives; and open to them. We will give but one more, which they will not see one another. . . . . . And there are

extracted a fine answer from Mohammed. “ Do the two paradises with silver vessels, and every other people of Paradise sleep? Answer: "Sleep is thing of silver; and there are two paradises, with death's brother, and the people of Paradise do not everything of gold in them; and there is no veil be- die." taceen ner and their Cherisher, except the mantle of his glory and greatness.” How badly does this grand image consort with the low ideas suggested by what

LETTERS FROM ITALY. precedes and by what follows, which is this: “Verily [We have been favoured with the perusal of an inthere is a huzum in Paradise; and then the north teresting series of letters from Rome, by a gentlewind blows, scattering musk, and a variety of per- man well known and highly esteemed in this country, fumes upon their faces and clothes; and they are and who resided part of two winters in that city. They more beautiful than before. Then they return to contain many things which we doubt not will be new

their wives, more handsome and beautiful than to our readers, and may assist in showing them the before; and their wives say, "We swear by God, true character of the Popish system, as founded on you are become much handsomer since leaving us;' the grossest superstition, and characterized by all the and they say, “You are more beautiful than you marks of Antichrist. The first department of the were."" This is better: "A crier will proclaim to letters gives an account of various of the ceremonies, the people of Paradise, saying, “For you is everlast- many of them gorgeous and imposing, which take ing health-you shall never be sick; for you is ever- place on particular occasions. Of these we mean, lasting life-you will never die; for you is perpetual from time to time, to avail ourselves. The first reyoath-you will never grow old; and for you is ease gards the ceremonies performed on occasion of the and comfort, and never labour and trouble."" This death of a Pope :-) is Forse : "I asked his majesty (Mohammed), What is Paradise made of ?' He said, 'Of gold and silver | February 10, 1829; and notice was soon given by the

Pope Leo XII. died on the morning of Tuesday, bricks; and its mortar is pure musk, of a sharp smell; tolling of the bells of every church in Rome. As the and its gravel pearls and rubies; and its earth saff- Pope died in the Vatican, the splendid ceremony of

• Sacred and Historical Books of Ceylon, iii., 73. transporting his body thither could not take place;

cessor.

but when a Pope dies in the Quirinal or any other last three at the foot of the catafulco, which has by palace, his body is carried by torch-light in great this time been erected in the middle of the centre state, on an open bier, to the Vatican. It is un- nave of the church. This is a sort of temporary mo derstood that while the Pope's body remains in nument, and varies in form and size according to the his private apartments, a servant enters the room at taste of the architect, and the sum of money allowed the usual hour, and asks what his Holiness chooses to be expended upon its erection. to have for dinner, and one of the attendants gravely That in honour of Leo XII. was in the form of an replies: “ His Holiness does not dine to-day, because Egyptian pyramid, standing on a lofty base, and he is dead." On Friday 13, the body was brought slightly truncated--the whole erection being about down to St Peter's from the Sistine Chapel, on a bier one hundred feet high, and having a candelabrum of accompanied by the cardinals, an immense number the same height at each corner. On these candelabra of other ecclesiastics and attendants, and all the an immense quantity of wax lights were placed, conmagistrates of Rome, and deposited in the Chapel of suming, it is said, one thousand pound weight each the Holy Sacrament, dressed in a handsome ponti- day. Had this been exhibited at night instead of fical robe, and so placed that the feet projected through noon, the effect would have been striking; as it was, the iron railing which encloses the chapel. A space it looked poor, as artificial lights must always do when immediately in front of the body was kept clear by contrasted with the clear light of day. The catafalco the Swiss guards, and those who desired were allowed was adorned by various water-colour drawings, in to enter at one end of this space, kiss the Pope's imitation of bassi relievi, representing the Pope's slippers, and pass out by the other end. The cere- bust, and the principal actions of his reign, long inmony was well arranged, and went on without con- scriptions in his praise, in not very classical Latin, fusion. I entered and stood some time near the body, and also emblematical statues, which I found were which was in a most unpleasant state, notwithstanding composed of hay covered over with stucco-perhaps the profuse application of perfumes. The face was the only materials which could be brought into use inuch discoloured, its features nearly gone, and it in so short a period. appeared to be covered by a tine transparent mem- After the mass of requiem is finished, the five brane to keep it together.

absolutions prescribed by the ceremonial * are proThe crowd around seemed anxious to show their nounced. This service is repeated on the two respect to the dead body, and pressed forward as following days; and on the ninth day, a prelate rapidly as possible to kiss the slippers. All ranks, appointed for the purpose pronounces a funeral orafrom the highest to the lowest, seemed actuated by tion on the deceased Pontiff. This concludes the the same feelings; and before I left the church, many services connected with the dead body. After which, thousands had gone through the ceremony, which the attention of all Rome is naturally drawn to the continued during the next day. Meanwhile, work- proceedings connected with the election of a sucmen were employed in preparing a niche for the reception of the Pope's body, in the wall on the north side of the church, above a small door leading to the YOUNG MEN! TAKE WARNING. robing-room of the singers. The body of the Pope I Am better than many around me, says the heart of last deceased is always thus deposited, until either a proper mausoleum is prepared for him, or his suc- the young man. cessor dies; in the latter case, his body is taken out Alas! if you were not, you would be poorly off. and delivered to the Canons of St Peter's, who give You have had greater advantages, greater mercies, a formal obligation to produce it at any time on de- greater protection than others, and you ought to be mand.+ A strong tackle and pulleys were erected over the niche, in order to raise the coffin to its better than many others. The question is not place. A requiem was also sung for the repose of

whether this be so-no man is so far gone in sin the Pope's soul, in the Chapel of the Choir. The that he does not feel this to be true; but are you so music was very solemn, and beautifully executed. living that you are to become a credit to your friends,

On Sabbath evening the Pope's body was deposited a blessing to yourself, and an eternal recipient of in the niche. I was not present, but the ceremony God's mercy and goodness? If not, do not tell us is described at length in the “ Funzioni in Morte dei about your being better than others. Sommi Pontefici," pp. 19, 20.

Whence it appears that the body is placed in a coffin of cedar wood

But, says the heart, there are so many differences enclosed in one of lead, and outside of all is another among Christians, so many imperfections, that I wooden coffin.& Thus provided, the Pope was deposited had rather abide as I am. in his temporary resting-place, the broken plaster And are there not differences among sinners too? of the wall was soon repaired, and the spot marked

Do they agree about politics, or men, or measures, or by the simple inscription, “DEPOSITUM LEO XII." The funeral service for the Pope continues nine days, finances, food or clothing? Yet they all agree that commencing on the day after the body is laid out in government is necessary, and that certain measures state in the Chapel of the Sacrament. Each morning and laws are necessary—that money, and food, and the cardinals, assisted by the Papal Chapel, perform clothing are necessary. And so do Christians agree a solemn mass of requiem. This takes place on the that the highest end of man is the service of Godfirst six days in the Chapel of the Choir, and on the that sin is his abomination, and that holiness is • Funzioni per la Morte, &c., p. 8.

essential to eternal life. If you are perishing in the See Funzioni, pp. 21, 21. * It is the belief of the lower classes in Rome, that when

cold waters, and just about to sink, will you quarrel the body of the former Pope is taken out of the niche, it is because of the dozen boats which put off to save you put into a carriage, and driven round the city, before being

no two are shaped precisely alike, or are painted with consigned to its place of repose, and that a salute is fired from the guns of St Angelo, as the body passes the fortress. every shade of colour alike? Of what consequence The guns certainly were discharged that evening, but I can. are these trifles to the drowning man? not positively vouch for the cause.

s Three velvet purses are placed beside the body in the in- But, say you, after all, there are so many hype nermost coffin, containing gold, silver, and copper coins- crites in the Church of God, that I do not like them. bearing on one side the impress of the Pope's countenance, and on the other, the most celebrated events of bis reiga.

* See Funzioni, p. 21.

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cause.

What then? Does this prove that there is not a is this a reason why Michael and all the holy angels God under whose eye you must live, and by whom of heaven should do so too ? What if some do proyou must be judged? Does it begin to prove that fess to enter upon the service of God and soon draw

there is no hell and no heaven? Hypocrites in the back, is this a reason why you should do that, or "Church! And are there not counterfeit bills, coun- even worse than that? terfeit gold, and silver, and precious stones ? Would But I do not, say you, believe in that strictness you refuse a beautiful diamond, if offered you, be- and severity of God which you so unceasingly hold cause there are a great many counterfeits ? Hypo- up. I do not believe in that eternal hell for the sins crites in the Church of God! And is this a reason of a short life. why you should be a hypocrite in that Church, or Ah! and where did you find the notes of that seropenly serve the devil without the Church? There mon? Precisely the sermon which Satan, the great is a man at your right hand whom you acknowledge liar, delivered in Eden six thousand years ago :

Yo to be noble, great, kind, and good. He asks you to shall not surely die !" God will not fulfil the threatenenter his service, and you refuse. Why do you? ing, and send his curse upon you for this one little

Is his service difficult? No. Are his wages poor? sin, if it be sin! What! if you do not believe that No, none could be better. Is he unfaithful to his God will turn the wicked into hell, and all the nations word? No, he never yet broke a promise. Why, that forget him, does this make it certain that he then, do you hesitate ? Because, say you, I am afraid will not? Because, in the buoyancy of youth, and that all who serve him are not his sincere friends! under the strong stimulus of hope, you are able to

But, say you, many commence the work of being persuade yourself that the Bible is not God's word, Christians, and then fall back, and disgrace the or that some part of it is not his word, does that

prove that you can live and die as you now are, and And do they not do so in every other cause ? Do be eternally happy? all make good merchants, good mechanics, good But, says one, I am my own master, and I am husbands, good fathers, or are all good in any de determined to have my own way. partment into which men enter? We know that Are you your own ? Did you create yourself? many went back, and walked no more with Jesus Why, then, did you not give yourself an angel's Christ; but would that have excused Peter and intellect and an angel's greatness? Why will you, John if they had done so? We know that one of the in a few years, be in the grave, or be a feeble old twelve apostles was a hypocrite, and sold his Master; man, creeping towards the grave? Why can you bat would that have excused the other eleven if they not ward off the strokes of disease and the arrows of had left Christ? We know that the unclean spirit death? may go out of a man for a time, and he may profess, Have you your own way, my young friend! Ah! during that time, to enter into the service of God; it is your own way, in distinction from the way of and the unclean spirit may return with seven others wisdom, the way of life-the way of God. And ncore wicked than himself, and they may make the where will that way lead you? At what place will last state of that man worse than the first; but is it land you? And to what kind of existence in the this an excuse for standing off, and not serving or eternal world will it lead you? Will my young, obeying God?

inexperienced friend thus tear himself away from Then, as to the sins and the imperfections of Chris God's protection, and, like the foolish beast that tians, on no point, probably, do men deceive them- takes the bit between his teeth, imagine that he 1 selves more than on this. They profess to admire can run away from his destiny, and shake the the religion of Jesus Christ, but cannot endure the government of the infinite God ?—Todd. faults of his people. Bat they will palliate and excuse all these faults, and many more, in their com

REMEMBER THE CORK. panions and associates. They will cherish the same sins in their own bosomg. So that it is not the sing WHEN Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, was unwell, of the Church of God that troubles them so much. King James II. sent an Irish priest to convert him to It is not that Christians have too little religion, that Popery. The Duke apprized of the visit and its

object, very courteously received the priest, and exdisqualifies them for your taste, but because they pressed great willingness to be instructed. But have so much. Let a professed Christian commit an before they entered upon religious discussion, it was open sin, and you are shocked, and proclaim it from agreed that they should drink a glass of wine together. I the house-tops; let an irreligious man do the same

After they had drank a while, the Duke took the

cork out of the bottle, and stroking it with great thing, and you do not grieve over it. I speak of this to show you that you greatly deceive yourself when gravity, asked the priest : “ How do you like this

horse ?" The priest was confounded and silent. The you suppose that it is the imperfections of God's Duke continued all the while to stroke the cork, and people that keeps you from obeying him. Imperfec- praise his beautiful horse. “ Your grace," at length tions they have, and most deeply should they be said the priest, “ has chosen an unseasonable time to mourned over; but can he sincerely mourn over be merry.” “Merry !" cries the Duke; " Merry! I them, when he does not mourn over the sins of his

was never more serious in my life.

Does not your

reverence see that this is a beautiful horse ?” “ Your unconverted companions, or of his own heart?

grace," replies the father, “ should compose yourBecause, after serving God for a time--a mere self, and consider.” “ Consider ?" answers the Duke, moment, compared with eternity-Satan and his smartly, “what must I consider ? Don't you see ' angels chose to draw back and serve him no longer, now fine a horse it is ?” “Oh," said the priest, don't

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be foolish—it is surely a poor joke to call a cork extreme. He prayed fervently, but mentally, bea horse !" “ What! would you persuade me that so cause his difficult respiration did not permit him to fine a courser is nothing but a cork?” Nothing speak. In a moment of agony he exclaimed: “ Lord, but a cork," says the father. “ Well," replies the support me by thy grace !” At the same instant his Duke, calmly, as if recovering from a dream," I countenance resumed its calm expression, and he will not be too positive--my illness may have dis- said with a strong voice: “O Death, where is thy composed my mind; but how do you prove that sting? O Grave, where is thy victory? Thanks be it is not a horse ?" And saying this, he looked as to God, who giveth us the victory, through our Lord if very insane. The priest, by way of settling the Jesus Christ." In a minute after repeating these question, replied : “My dear Lord Duke, you must words, he slept-to awake in the resurrection of the see the thing is nonsense. You took what you call just. your horse out of that bottle a few minutes ago; and if you are not out of your senses, you must know that it is simply a cork." “ Oh, well, well," said the

TO A DAISY. Duke, “your reverence may be right, I am subject to Lowly crimson-crested flower, whims; let us talk no more of the cork, but proceed to

Devoutly offering up, the holy business which brought you hither.” The prieat then entered on points controverted between

In thy gold-lined cup, Papists and Protestants, and continued until the Duke Pearly dews at the matin hour, said: “ If your reverence can prove to me the doctrine

To heaven's pure shrineof transubstantiation, I can easily believe all the rest."

Sweet monitor! be mine: This the priest commenced to do in the best way he

Thus may I offer up from earth's dark lawn could, and concluded by asking the Duke if he did

The orison divine at early dawn, not think the transubstantiation believed inby the Romish Church both possible and true. The

With spirit-dews my heart-cup filled, Duke listened very attentively to all he had to say, From glory's altar-cloud distilled ! and answered the question thus : “ You thought me Like morning incense may it rise, foolish, perhaps suspected me getting insane, when I Perfum'd above these sapphire skies, spoke of a cork as a horse--your assertion of bread

To yonder haven ! and wine being the actual body and blood of Christ

MARION AIRD. is every whit as absurd, and a little more profane. Out of your own mouth are you condemned. You take a piece of bread out of a box, pronounce a few

A CHILD'S REBUKE. words over it, and then declare it changed into flesh and blood. You must see that the thing is nonsense, SEVERAL years ago, a country town was blessed with if not worse. If you are not out of your senses, it a revival of religion. One evening Mrs and cannot but be evident to you that it is bread still, and her little daughter attended a meeting, and while the nothing else. Remember the cork, father; remem- minister was speaking of the neglect of family duties, ber the cork!”

of reading the Scriptures, and of family prayer, the little daughter, who listened attentively, and per

ceived that the preacher was describing a neglect THEODORE N

that she had noticed herself, whispered to ber THEODORE N was the son of a French Protestant mother, “ Ma, is the minister talking to you ?" To minister, and died only a few months ago. He was

the mother this simple question was more powerful

than the sermon. eleven years of age, and his father in writing to a

She was immediately brought unfriend about his death, says :

der deep convictions of sin, which resulted in her

hopeful conversion to God. During the last two months of his illness, no day passed in which he did not on several occasions render testimony of his faith. Toward the end of that JOHN NEWTONS TABLE-TALK. time especially, he showed great eagerness for the reading of the Bible and praver. He usually accom

In divinity, as well as in other professions, there panied it with remarks full of feeling. He expressed

are the little artists. A man may be able to execute his thankfulness to the Lord for having given him the buttons of a statue very neatly, but I do not call pious parents, and prayed him to comfort them con

him an able artist. There is an air, there is a taste. cerning his death." He prayed for his brothers and to which his narrow capacity cannot attain. Now, sister-for his friends-for the sick—for the poor; in the Church there are your dexterous buttonindeed he forgot nobody. One day he sent for one of makers. of his friends, and addressed him with the most urgent exhortations to prevail on him to give his

I would not give a straw for that assurance which heart to the Lord. Three days before his death, he sin will not damp. If David had come from his adu! caused the little money he had collected to be brought terous bed and talked of his assurance at that time, I him, and he bequeathed part of it to two religious should have despised his speech. societies, and the rest to his brothers and sister. On When a man says he has received a blessing under another day he called his father, and said to him : a sermon, I begin to inquire who this man is. The “I would address some words to my sister and Roman people proved the effect they received from brothers; but they are too young to understand me. This, then, is what we shall do. I shall dictate to a sermon of Antony, when they flew to revenge the you a letter for each of them, and when they shall be death of Cæsar. more advanced in age, I shall be no more; but you The Lord has reason far beyond our ken, for openwill show them my letter, and in this way they willing a wide door, when he stops the mouth of a useful remember a brother who loved them, and God may preacher. John Bunyan would not have done half bless it to their souls." Accordingly, on the second day following, he dictated the proposed letters to his

the good he did, if he had remained preaching in father. On the morning that he died his pains were

Bedford, instead of being shut up in Bedford prisou.

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THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.

205

SCIENCE AND CHRISTIANITY COMPARED.*

BY F. A. COX, D.D., LL.D., HACKNEY.

Tue power of thought, the capacity of acquiring | lent in science and in religion. Nor are these, knowledge, and the prerogative of immortality, though commonly disjoined, incompatible or constitute the greatness of man. Instinctive opposed. nature, indeed, appears to be possessed of facul. Without in the least degree disparaging that ties which are allied to thought; but there is which is excellent, we may point out that which no eridence that animals can appreciate what is more so, in order to persuade to the pursuit is invisible and future, or that they are capable of it-to impress the reader with a due sense of of making progression in knowledge; and if its superiority—to urge him, while giving the unable to traverse the paths of science, much intellect to science, to give the heart to Christ; less can they attain to spiritual understanding and while, perhaps, he is virtually saying, with and religion.

a laudable curiosity, “O that I knew the chaThe eagerness with which men of science racter of yonder celestial appearances, or the pursue their object is admirable. It is a fine law of those secret affinities, or the peculiarities cxercise of the intellectual powers to engage in of those subtle essences and powers,” to induce the study of the Creator's works--to trace the the devouter, more needful, more spiritual decauses of external phenomena—to dive into the sire breathed forth in the words of an apostle : arcana of nature—to watch the wandering “ That I may know Him, the power of his replanet, and calculate the movements of the surrection, the fellowship of his sufferings, and eccentric comet-to ascertain the various subtle be made conformed to his death!” We proinfluences that pervade the universe, magnetic, pose, then, to consider the pre-eminent worth electrical, chemical, or of whatever kind, and of the knowledge of Christ, understanding by thus to fill the mind with subjects of noble con- that knowledge, not only the truth of his cha templation and useful inquiry. Instead of racter and the facts of his personal history, but depreciating the pursuits of general science, that also which is distinctively termed experive hail them, and feel our spirits elevated and mental knowledge, implying faith in him, union dignified, as a part of common humanity, when to him, and a personal interest in the blessings tracing the splendid discoveries of men whose he came to bestow. The knowledge in quesnames are dear to fame, and bright with tion partakes of a peculiar character, arising honour.

from the nature of the case, that is, from the i There is, however, an evil incidental to this general purpose for which the Saviour visited class of intellectual pursuits which ought not our world; and this imparts peculiarity to the to be overlooked, and an inherent character of apostolic language. It cannot simply mean inferiority to religious knowledge manifest in what may be known historically or biographithem to be seriously pondered. The incidental cally, as we become acquainted with the lives evil is the too frequent exclusiveness and the of ordinary persons; for it would seem a strange, 100 absorbing influence of natural science, so unwonted, and somewhat unintelligible utter. that while the mind is cultivated the heart is ance of enthusiasm to say, That I may know neglected—while the book of Nature is explored Peter, or Paul, or John, or Wickliffe, or Luther, the book of Scripture is unread—while trea- or Whiteficld, or Knor; but to exclaim, “That sures of knowledge are accus

cumulated, the un- I may know Christ,” involves ideas of a subsanctified philosopher does not become “rich lime character and touching interest, which towards God.” But there are happy instances have relation to the entire scheme of Christiin which the two kinds of wealth in question anity, and which connect themselves with the are secured; for some persons are at once opu- vast realities of eternity.

• These remarks contain the substance of a discourse I. Our first observation is, that the system of delivered at Cambridge, during the meetings of the Scientific Christianity, in its outward principles and in; and personal advantage. His highest desire is to see, in ward power, is more absolutely certain and every instance, as he had then the opportunity of witnessing indubitable than any other kind of knowledge la some, the scientific mind associated with the sanctified

or science in general. Human science has, in No. 18.*

beart.

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