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principles, may be curtailed or even extinguished legitimately form? We shall endeavour to at any hour. How imperfect, for example, must reply to this question in our next and conclud

that toleration be which, while it permits great ing article.
latitude of opinion within the pale of the Greek
Church, will not allow the party who has been

THE TWO SISTERS. born in it to leave it; and while allowing the presence of dissentients from it to reside in the (From a recent Letter by Madame Feller of the Grand Russian territory, visits with restriction and

Ligne Mission.) penalty all attempts to circulate their opinions, FREQUENT changes occur in our family circle. A and will not allow the humble and conscientious short time since we parted with one of its members, sectary the privilege, not to say the justice, of who had been with us for five years and a half, and defending himself when assailed. There is one

whom we tenderly loved. It was the daughter of fact mentioned by Dr Pinkerton in his Travels our good old Raphael, who was married to one of our which will convey a more vivid and correct young brethren, engaged for three years past in the idea than any mere general statement, of the missionary work, as an evangelical teacher. This 'very partial and unsatisfactory nature of the marriage gave us great pleasure, because we were toleration extended by the emperor to those

sure that she would be an important and valued aswithout the pale of the Greek communion. It sistant in her husband's labours. Her heart was all seems to be the common effect of great super- alive to the work, and glowing with the desire to stition and pomp in forms of religious worship, communicate to others the blessings which she had to drive thinking men to the opposite extreme

received. But although one of our daughters was of rejecting all forms whatever. We have an

thus removed from us, God has given us in her place example of this, in a very interesting sect called another, whom it is sweet to prepare for his service. the Duchobartsi, who, driven from the Greek I will relate the circumstances by which she was Church by disgust at many of its superstitions, brought to us. Sophronie L- belonged to one of and very closely resembling in their practices the respectable families in our vicinity. She was and tenets the Society of Friends among our

twelve years old when two of her brothers, who had selves, became extremely obnoxious to the Greek attended our schools, renounced Papacy, and empastors, especially by their solemn and energetic braced the Gospel. She participated in the evil feelprotests against their superstitious observances. ings indulged by her parents at the time of this What was to be done to extinguish this dan-change, which they considered the greatest possible gerous proselytism? The scheme was truly calamity. Sophronie thenceforward could only look Russian-worthy of the court which condemn's upon her brothers as if they were demons, and was men of enlightened sentiments in politics, un. greatly afflicted; for her heart was naturally tender : warned and untried, to slave-labour in the Si. and affectionate, and she had been much attached to

berian mines. No scaffolds were erected, or them. She continued to be very unhappy on the fires of martyrdom kindled. Russian despotism subject for a year, but at the end of that time she avoids with cautious instinct the severest forms could not but remark that her brothers had improved of intolerance. The members of this sect were by the change. It was with fear and mistrust that commanded to assemble on a certain day from she at first heard all that they said of the Word of all quarters of the empire, on the banks of the God, whence they drew all their arguments in supRiver Molochnia and the shores of the Sea of port of their renunciation of Romanism. By hearAsoff. They were formed, by order of the emperor, ing and reading the Bible for herself, she at last came into a colony of eight villages, and forbidden, to the conclusion that her brothers were in the right on the risk of the severest penalties, to wander way, and this conviction created great anguish of from their district, or to attempt the extension mind in regard to her own condition. She frequently of their faith. Even after this was done, this in- passed whole nights without sleep, terrified at the teresting community, though easily distinguished thought of death, which might surprise her before from the common Russian peasantry by their her conversion. She only saw her brothers occaneat dress, comfortable huts, industrious habits, sionally, because they did not live in the same place; numerous flocks, and well-cultivated fields, were but when they came home to see their parents, she exposed to constant danger from the plots and would pass a large portion of the night in talking to intrigues of base informers seeking to betray them of thạt Gospel which she loved, and longed to them into actions, or to provoke them to the understand. Sophronie was in this state when she i use of language, that might bring them within reached her fifteenth year, and had not the power to the complicated meshes of the law, and ex- conceal from her parents her inclination to follow in pose them to yet severer penalties. Religious the footsteps of her brothers. Her father manifested liberty, in such circumstances, is only in the no displeasure; for he was well acquainted with the first stage of its development, and seems rather errors of Romanism. Her mother was, however, a precarious accident than an essential element differently affected, and employed every effort to in the social condition of Russia. In the midst, bring her into conformity to the Church of Rome, then, of so many sombre details and discouraging and also another daughter a few years older, who was features, do we dare to hope at all? What is almost as deeply impressed as Sophronie. The latthe anticipation for the future that we may ter had only been at short intervals in the indifferent

a

and temporary schools of their neighbourhood, but ers by sending upon her, just at the last moment, a had always manifested a great desire to qualify het- severe illness, from which she did not recover for self to be a teacher of a school. Her mother and several weeks. Then, fortified in mind, she told her some other individuals of her family, who were very mother that she would never go to a convent, and bigoted, and greatly under the influence of the priests, that she had made up her mind to come to us, and concluded that the best method of alienating these receive the instruction which she needed. Her young women from us (for they sometimes visited us), mother, fearing the notoriety consequent upon such and of putting them beyond the influence of their a step, did all she could to prevent it, and told her brothers, and of the Gospel, was to send them to a daughter that she would never see her face again, if convent, where they might receive the education she carried her purpose into execution. Sophronie, which they desired so greatly. The arrangements who had already experienced the bitterness of living were soon made. Two cures in the neighbourhood beyond the influence of the Gospel, felt that for its' agreed to pay their board, and represented to them sake she ought now even to forsake the mother whom

the advantages of the instruction which they would she loved. She had just reached her sixteenth year,
receive in the convent, and the great obligations they when one day, while her mother was sleeping, she'
were under in enjoying it gratuitously. It was a left the paternal roof for ours, with the single object
severe struggle for these young girls. Their under- of saving her own soul, and qualifying herself to be-
standings, enlightened by the Gospel, could not but come the teacher of the children of her people.
appreciate the loss they would suffer, in being de- Since her arrival among us, she has been like "
prived of sound instruction, and in only hearing and bird escaped out of the snare of the fowlers," and the
seeing error and superstition; but they had a strong first use which she made of the blessed light and
desire for knowledge, and believed that a residence liberty into which she had entered was to seek her
with us was out of the question. They were sur- Saviour, whom she speedily found. Her hungry and
rounded by priests, who employed every means to thirsty soul was at once satisfied in him, and her hap-
convince them, and to induce them to go to the con- piness and joy were overflowing. She has been with
vent. Their relatives, who were zealous Romanists, us more than four months, and her heart, filled with
implored them—their mother insisted, commanded, love and gratitude, ceases not to praise the God of

and even threatened them, in case of their not com- her salvation. This dear child affords us, from her
plying; and the young women, at last wearied out in promising character, much satisfaction and hope.
the contest, and flattering themselves with the idea She is intelligent and amiable; and her artless and
that it was possible to hold fast the truth which they confiding disposition facilitates everything in regard
had received, consented. It was determined by to her, and gives good promise of her future Chris-
Romish sagacity that the two sisters should be sepa- tian course.
rated, by being placed in different convents; but as
there were approaching vacancies, some delay in their

DEATHS OF THE RIGHTEOUS.
admwission occurred, and they were both placed, for a
time, in a convent of the Sisters of Charity. There

The Rev. Richard Baxter, when near the close of they realized the miseries of being in darkness. “No his course, exclaimed, “I have pains—there is no arGospel, no Jesus," said these dear girls to us on their guing against sense; but I have peace, I have peace." return, but only the Virgin, whom they adored, and

“You are now drawing near your long desired home, " to whom they directed us. One day the sisters ex

“I believe, I believe," was his reply.

When asked “How are you?" he promptly answered, pressed their discontent to the bishop, who recom

"ALMOST WELL!" To a friend who entered the mended them to the Virgin for consolation, But chamber he said, “ I thank you, I thank you for com| how, said they to each other, can we pray to a being ing.” Then fixing his eye upon him, he added, “The in whom we do not believe? and they prayed to the Lord teach you how to die!" These were his last God of the Gospel, and implored him to deliver them words. from the snare into which they had fallen. The

Another said, “Dying is hard work; but DEATH IS thought of being compelled to remain in this situa

DELIGHTFUL." tion was agonizing. They passed there three long old age, one morning, after breakfasting with his

The Rev. Robert Bruce having lived to a venerable weeks of anguish; and then finding it no longer sup- family, reclined a while in his chair, silently meditatportable, they asked permission to return to their ing. Suddenly he spoke: “Daughter, hark! doth parents, promising themselves never more to go where not my Master call me?" Asking for his Bible, he they would hear nothing of Jesus or of his Word. perceived that his eyes were dim, and that he could Some days after their return home, it was proposed said he, the 8th chapter of Romans, and lay my

no longer read its precious words. « Find for me," to send them to the convents to which they had been finger on the passage, “I am persuaded that neither previously assigned. The eldest ventured to express death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor her determination not to go, and the mother irritated powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor by her refusal, insisted at least upon the compliance height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be of Sophronie. Trembling, and fearing to displease able to separate us from the love of God, which is in her mother, she did not dare to declare her wishes, Christ Jesus our Lord.' Now, is my finger placed but awaited in prayer the day appointed for her de upon these blessed words ?" Being assured that it parture. This dear child was not alone in her sup- dear children. I have refreshed myself with you this

was, he said, "Then God bless you, God bless you all, plications. We, as well as her brothers, ceased not morning, and shall be at the banquet of my Saviour to cry unto God for her, and he answered our pray- ere it is night." And thus he died.

said one.

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THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.

253

THE PERFECT AND UPRIGIIT MAN.

BY GEORGE PAYNE, D.D., EXETER.

The admonition of the Psalmist, “ Mark the “escheweth evil,” exhibit the happy influence perfect man, and behold the upright: for the of that principle in preventing what the God of

endof that man is peace,”lays an obligation upon holiness cannot fail to condemn. And certain us to seek to ascertain the character of the per- it is that, generally speaking, there will not be son to whom the sacred writer refers, to reflect rectitude in the life, unless there be rectitude upon the high privilege which he is said to en- in the heart. The fruit will not be good if the joy, and to consider the attention we are bound tree be not good. The stream will be impure to give both to the one and to the other. In if the fountain be not cleansed. Hence our this paper we propose to delineate the charac-Lord said: “Woe unto you, scribes and Phariter we are required to mark—“ The perfect and sees, hypocrites! for ye make clean the outside apright man.”

of the cup and the platter, but within they are It would minister little to personal edification, full of extortion and excess.

Thou blind Phato indulge in critical remarks upon the mean- risee, cleanse first that which is within the cup ing of the original terms, translated “perfect” and platter, that the outside of them may be and " upright.” It is, however, necessary to clean also.” The phrase,“ a perfect and upright state, that some regard them not as intended man,” may thus be considered as a brief though to express different qualities, but a high degree pregnant description of an individual whose of the same quality, in conformity with a well- heart has been made right in the sight of God, known Hebrew idiom, which expresses what we and whose conduct is right in the sight of men. call the comparative and superlative degree by The connection between the two has been two words of the same or equivalent import. already glanced at; and the reader is again very Understood in this way, the words would denote earnestly reminded of the necessity of the for“a perfectly or sincerely upright man-a Na- mer in order to the latter; for if, in any case, thanael indeed, in whom is no guile.”

the heart be not converted to God- if there be Other writers, again, conceive that the two not a right state of feeling towards God, little terms indicate perfectly distinct ideas—that reason is there to expect a right course of con" perfect” points to that which is internal, and duct towards man. If the claims of God upon " upright” to that which is external; the former a person be disregarded, how can it be thought exhibiting the principle of action, and the latter probable that the claims of man will be respondthe mode in which that principle should develop ed to? If he respect not the rights of God, is itself in the various relations an individual sus. he likely to regard the rights of man? if he tains to the family, the Church, and the world. rob God of his heart, ought we not to expect

It will, perhaps, be recollected that the terms that he will rob his neighbour of his property, employed by the Psalmist to denote the man or his influence, or his fair name and reputawhose end is peace, are those by which the tion? When the great moral guard against sin blessed God described his servant Job to the --the fear of God-does not exist, or when it enemy and the accuser: “ Hast thou considered has been broken down, what can be rationally my servant Job, that there is none like him in looked for but an inundation of vice! It is one the earth, a perfect and an upright man?" In of the most natural things in the world to exthis case, it has been considered that the two pect that an irreligious man will be an immoral terms simply mean a sincerely upright man; man--that there will be something visibly and and there might be reason for thinking so, were obviously wrong in his spirit or his conduct; it not for what follows: “ One that feareth God, for, though a veil of hypocrisy may cover a and escheweth (or departeth from] evil.” This multitude of sins, it can seldom be so ample, "last clause seems to be explanatory of the for- and so constantly worn, as to secure perfect conmer, so that the phrase, "one that feareth cealment. Or, it ought to be added, if the case of God” may be taken to denote the religious a person who has effectually deceived all around principle--the principle of piety implanted in him could be produced, the man would not be the heart by the Holy Spirit; while the words, a sincerely upright man—a Nathanael indeed.

No. 22.•

without guile. On the contrary, his whole life individuals who lay claim to it, mean, after all

, li would be an outrageous lie. The exterior no more than we do, or that they have brought would contradict the interior. His visible con- down perfection to their level, instead of rising duct would be a practical acknowledgment of to the height of perfection! In that case it is' what he ought to be; and his heart, could it be very easily obtained. When a mountain is re-li laid bare, as it will be at the day of judgment, duced to the size of a mole-hill, the slightest a development of what he is thus showing effort will place us on its top. chat the woe denounced by our Lord against the Pharisee rests with all its weight upon him.

THE SINGULAR COMBINATION OF THE The perfect and upright man is, then, one

ENEMIES OF CHRIST AND OF HIS

CHURCH-THE UNION OF INFIDELITY || who is pure internally as well as externally;

AND POPERY. who respects the rights of God as well as of man; who gives to his Maker his due-his constant, BY THE REV. J. G. LORIMER, GLASGOW. devoted, supreme affections. He is one in whom the commander-in-chief of an army does not conthe love of Christ is the controlling and impel- tent himself with knowing in general that he has ling principle, placing its restraint upon every certain enemies with whom to contend. He seeks to unhallowed propensity, bringing every thought know their number, their position, their character, into obedience to it, swaying the entire affec- their relationship to one another — the possibility tions of the soul-guiding the conduct, prompt. or probability of their combination against him. ing to abstain from the appearance of evil, to There is wisdom in this course. It enables him act with sincerity, integrity, justice, and kind- much better to provide against danger-more skil. ness, and to consecrate those high powers which fully to marshal his troops, and with greater certaints

to take the steps which may be expected to issue is divine grace bas renovated to the promotion of

success. As it is with the earthly warrior, so it is the divine glory.

with the individual Christian and the collective visible A single word or two on the origin and the Church on their higher field. Both are essendegree of the perfection to which we have re- tially militant. The Word of God takes this for ferred, must close this paper.

granted, and encourages them, by exhortation and First, then, let it be remembered, that there example, to be well informed of the character and is no perfect and upright man by nature. We combination of their foes, and to make their arrange

ments for defence or war accordingly. need not merely to be born, but to be born again In accordance with this idea, we propose to throw -converted to God by the special influence of out a few observations, not on the distinctive cha the Holy Spirit--ere we become possessed of racter of all the enemies of the Redeemer and his that exalted attribute of character of which this Church, but only on the remarkable union of two of paper treats:

That which is born of the flesh them; these, however, leading adversaries of the is flesh.” No instrument but the Gospel can

truth. We allude to Scepticism and Superstition; or. effect the new birth; and no agent but the

to speak more popularly, Infidelity and Popery. All

are aware that Infidelity consists in a denial of any Divine Spirit can so apply this instrument as to written revelation from God, and a consequent reli secure the certain result of its action. “Ex- ance, for all moral and religious light, on reason and cept a man be born of water and of the Spirit, natural conscience; while Popery admits a divine he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.” revelation, but adds to it such traditions of its own.

Secondly, let the degree of this perfection be oral, written, and in ordinances, as substantially recollected. I need scarcely remind the reader to subvert divine revelation, and bring back the that it is not absolute but comparative perfec- great mass of its adherents to the same position as if

no such revelation had been vouchsafed. The one tion-maturity of Christian character, evinced system believes too little--believes nothing; the other by unblamable and holy conduct. “If we say believes a great deal too much, and what it believes we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the is inconsistent with itself. Christ and his Churct , truth is not in us." The acknowledged experi- occupy the centre between these extremes. They ence of the most advanced Christian, and the constitute the divine, as against the human, whether in general tenor of divine revelation, are so utterly the form of reason or superstition. Now, ad interestat variance with the dogma of sinless perfection, ing and withal important point to notice, especially that it is difficult not to apprehend that the few combine together with all cordiality against those

at the present day, is, that these extremes meet, and * There is a considerable amount of popular misapprehen. occupying the middle position-in other words, an sion regarding this doctrine as held by the Wesleyan ray themselves against the Lord and his Anointed. Methodists. The reader will find an explanation on this point at p. 118 of this volume, from the pen of our esteemed

One would naturally have expected, that scepticiens correspondent Dr Bennett.

and superstition—the believing nothing and the be

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THE SINGULAR COMBINATION, &c.

255

lieving too much-would have been sworn enemies. may, in the meanwhile, be regarded as the represenThey are evidently entirely opposed to each other, tatives of the superstitious or self-righteous principle.

and there has always been sufficient proof, in fre- Their cry was, “ Crucify him, erucity him.” Here quently recurring outbreaks between them, of their was a remarkable combination of enemies—not to uative and mutual enmity; but this renders their refer to Herod and Pilate, long hostile, being on the combination against another system, which does not same occasion reconciled. What a meeting of exprovoke reason nor reject revelation, the more mar- tremes !-the men who believed nothing, and the men vellous.

who could and did receive everything, however abWe shall first shortly state the fact, and then surd, combined as devoted friends. All that was attempt to explain the cause. The union of scepti- necessary to harmonize them was the mutual pleacism and superstition (wbatever may be the parties sure of slaying Him who was emphatically “The ranged under these general denominations) against Truth." the Son and kingdom of God is no matter of accident The Redeemer intimated, that the servant was not -we find it as a matter of fact in every age. The better than the Master - that his disciples were to combination is too uniform and regular to be unob-expect not only to be persecuted, but to be perseserved or explained away. Who were the great cuted in the same way in which the Master had been ieziemies of the Redeemer in the days of his flesh? called to suffer before them. Hence, in fulfilment Passing by others of minor consequence, were they of the prophetic intimation, the confederacy of foes not the Pharisees and the Sadducees? And who.were against the living evangelical Church of Christ—the these? Were they not substantially the representa- only Church which he acknowledges—has ever since tives of the two principles to which we have alluded ? been substantially the same. The Pharisees received the entire Old Testament After the resurrection, the infidel Sadducees,

revelation--they did not reject a single book; but wounded with the increased preaching of that docalong with it they combined the traditions of the trine, grew in their violence. In spite of all pretenfathers, which, both in regard to Law and Gospel, sions to superiority to prejudice, liberality, and love of to faith and practice (as our Lord's teaching and reason and candour, Peter and John were very soon denunciationis clearly show), subverted and neutral called to endure their intolerant and persecuting rage; ized the truth of God. This party laboured, by every while the old superstitious and self-righteous Pharimeans in their power, to entrap, weaken, and destroy sees were awfully represented by the young Saulthe Christ. It was they who at length succeeded in the straitest of the sect of the Pharisees—to whom delivering him to the Roman governor for crucifixion. violence and bloodshed seemed to be at once a prin||The Sadducees may not have professedly rejected ciple and a pastime. Here was a union of the same divine revelation-they may have received some, at parties in the same atrocious work. least, of the Books of Moses, but they held sentiments Do any imagine that the combination may still have which were entirely subversive of their truth. They been accidental--the exhibition of a peculiar case at were Materialists, denying angel and spirit, and the a peculiar time? What is the testimony of John, at resurrection of the body; in other words, they were nearly the latest period in the history of the sacred Infdels. John the Baptist warned against them as canon? He informs us that in his day there were a generation of vipers. Christ denounced them as “many antichrists;" and the definition which he hypocrites; and no wonder--not outwardly rejecting gives of an antichrist is, “one who denies the Father revelation, and yet really trampling its essential and the Son.” Without excluding other errorists, truths in the dust.

who can doubt that the sceptic and the self-righteous Now, how did these parties stand to each other? superstitionist are included under it? The antichrist As might have been expected from the opposition of spoken of by John is evidently not a single individual, their creeds, they were keenly hostile. When Paul but a succession of individuals, forming a system. wished to create a legitimate diversion in favour of Moreover, it is an apostate system, bearing the Chrishis own safety and deliverance, all that was needful tian name. The context (1 John ii. 18) teaches that in a miscellaneous meeting was to exclaim: “ I am a the parties had belonged to the true Christian Church, Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee, called in question for but had gone out of it—thereby showing that they the doctrine of the resurrection of the body," and had never been really of it. To what party can the inmediately there was an uproar, and wide-spread description better apply than to those described by the confusion; the Sadducees were expelled, and the Apostle Paul in the 21 chapter of Second Thessaloniapostle saved by the hands and voices of the Phari- ans ? in other words, the superstitious system of Romesees. But how did the same parties' stand affected | Papal, which by that time had begun to work, showing to Christ? They were bitter enemies, and combined itself in affected humility, and worship of angels, and in their enmity. While in the murder of the Son of distinction of meats, &c. This is eminently “tte Man scepticism was represented by Pilate, who con- falling away," or apostasy. Then, again, in regard to temptuously asked, “What is truth?"-plainly con- the Infidel antichrist, we read of heretics denying veying his own conviction, that there was no such that Jesus had come in the flesh-denying the Lord thing as truth-it was represented also by Caiaphas, who had bought them. It is plain that though such who, though high priest, was generally reputed a parties continued to wear the Christian name ani Sadducee, and who pronounced sentence as well as observe the ordinances of a Christian Church, they Pilate. The moh, who were under the influence of were not truly entitled to the designation of Christian. be Pharisees, as well as the Pharisees themselves, If a man, by sceptical and Socinian errors, denies what

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