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Christ—no beauty that they should desire him. In the all-wise dispensation of Providence, the || Even awakened souls have no true sense of excellent mother, after seeing her children grown Christ's perfect comeliness. If they saw how up in life, was laid upon the bed of affliction. Christ answers their need, they could not be There she exemplified, as might have been ex

pected, the power of the Gospel, in a meek subanxious. But to believers in darkness there is all

mission of herself and hers into the hands of comeliness in Christ—he is fairer than ever he God. But her departure was connected with was before. And when the sneering world, or the remarkable events I am about to detail. cold-hearted brethren, ask : “ What is thy be. She was ripening for glory about the time the loved more than another beloved ?” he delights missionary cause was first coming into notice. to enumerate his perfections, his person, his She had heard of the benevolent project of

those pious men who broached the then ridi. offices, his everything—he delights to tell that culed scheme of sending salvation to the “he is the chiefest among ten thousand”—“ his Heathen; and, just before her death, she called mouth is most sweet”-yea,“ he is altogether her daughter to her bed-side, and said, with all lovely.

the solemn but elevated feeling of a dying A word to believers in darkness. There may be Christian : “ Here are twenty pounds; I wish

It is

my some who are walking in darkness, not having to give them to the missionary cause. any light. Be persuaded to do as the bride did particular desire that, after my death, you give

them to that cause; and, depend upon it, you —not only to seek your beloved, but to com

will never have any reason to be sorry for mend him, by going over his perfections. having done so.”

1. Because this is the best of all ways to find “ After my mother's death I took the money," him. One of the chief reasons of your dark- said the daughter, “ and gave it according to ness is your want of considering Christ. Satan

the dying directions of my dear parent, not urges you to think of a hundred things before thinking

that ever that cause would bring com

fort to myself.” There appeared, indeed, no he will let you think about Christ. If the eye possibility of the benevolent act returning in any of your faith be fully turned upon a full Christ, shape to bless the family of the liberal donor. your darkness will be gone in an instant. But the daughter who had, with becoming dili“ Look unto me, and be ye saved.” Now, no- gence and care, fulfilled her mother's dying thing so much engages your eye to look at request, and who inherited no small portion of Christ as going over his perfections to others.

her mother's spirit, at length had a son, who, 2. Because you will lead others to seek him mind and heart as opposite to that of his

as he grew up, gave symptoms of a state of with you. Oh! dear brethren, the great reason mother and grandmother as can be imagined. of our having so many dark Christians now-a- As this youth approached man's estate he days is, that we have so many selfish Chris- became very profligate, and brought hearttians. Men live for themselves. If you would rending trouble upon his mother. It is useless live for others, then your darkness would soon

to describe the pangs a godly mother feels flee away. Commend Christ to others, and they her hope for her hoary hairs or her widow

when her first-born, perhaps her favourite son, will go with you. Parents, commend him to hood, turns out ill. This youth proved utterly your children; children, commend him to your unmanageable either by tenderness or antho. parents; and who knows but God may bless the rity. He threw off all regard for his friends word, even of a believer walking in darkness, - forsook them-entered into the army, and that they shall cry out :

vanished altogether from their knowledge. The

providence of God, however, at length led “Whither is thy beloved gone, O thou fairest among women Whither is thy beloved turned aside, that we may seek

him to India. Here, after some time, he fell into the company of a missionary. The man

of God dealt faithfully with the youth, who THE MISSIONARY LEGACY.*

was much impressed, and could neither gaingay In one of those lovely and fertile vales with his convictions mastered his conscience, and

nor get rid of the good man's words. At length which England abounds, and in a retired town, subdued his heart. He became an altered man, some years ago resided a happy and industrious and gave such evidences as satisfied the mispair, who, in the midst of their toils for daily sionary that a work of grace was indeed begun. bread, and their anxiety for the welfare of their

After a prudent trial of his stedfastness, the family, had not forgotten “ the one thing need, missionaries, influenced by a truly liberal and ful.” The house of God was their delight, and Christian-like affection for the young man, proin his ways they had long found a solace amid cured his discharge from the army, and took all their cares, which made their daily bread him under their own immediate care. At length, sweet and their daily toils light.

so satisfied were they of the devoted piety, the * We are not aware where this remarkable narrative first zeal, and the talents of this young convert, appeared. We met with it recently in a foreign journal. that they encouraged him in the design of

him with thee?"

THE MISSIONARY LEGACY.

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dedicating his talents to the missionary work. ready lost to her, and a second treading in his How delightful are the fruits of that grace steps ! 0 it was almost too much for nature which subdues the heart to the obedience of to bear, even though it was supported and sefaith! Even irreligious and worldly men must cured by grace! All that a mother could do, admire so illustrious a work—so lovely a change she did. She wept-she prayed-she entreated as that we are now describing, when, from being ---but all in vain. The youth was resolved, a vicious, abandoned profligate, a young man and it was hopeless to attempt to bring him to becomes orderly, virtuous, and religious. But a better mind. When things were arrived at how will the Christian reader triumph when he this point, she gave him up indeed as lost to finds that the grace of God has changed this herself and his family, but as still in the hands youthful warrior into a soldier of the cross, and of a merciful and gracious God. turned him from the kingdom of darkness into Like a mother, however, whose bowels yearned that of God's dear Son !

over the son of her womb, dear, though fallen, But to return to the narrative : As soon as she sent him a small sum of money, with as an opportunity occurred, he wrote to his af- many needful articles as she could procure, to flicted and bereaved mother, stating the great render him comfortable, and left him to wander change that had taken place, and detailing as far from his native home, and from the peaco well the merciful dealings of the Lord with his and simplicity of his native vale. He sailedsoul as the singular alteration which had taken he arrived in India, without any knowledge of place in his employment. All this was accom- what had befallen his brother, or even of what panied with the most humiliating expressions part of the world he might be in. respecting himself, and with entreaties for the

The youth bad not been long in India beforgiveness of that kind and pious mother, fore he, too, was brought in contact with some whose affection he had neither appreciated nor of the missionaries. After a short time, the improved. Let a parent conceive the mingled sight and conversation of these good men reemotions of joy and surprise, of rapture and minded him of scenes at home. He recollected astonishment, which filled the mother's heart his father's house the Gospel-the good inwhen she received this letter—when she read struction of his mother-her prayers, and tears, her profligate son's repentance, and his prayer and love. The seeds sprung up, though in a for her forgiveness. Forgive you, my son!” foreign clime, and though a long and threatenche cried out : “ O how easy it is for me to for- ing winter had passed over them. The result was give you !” What a moment was that !-what a decided change of heart and conduct, upon à gush of feeling overcame the good woman which I need not expatiate. Soon after this when she thought of her dying mother and the change it became evident that the climate disteenty pounds ! It was like Joseph's being sent agreed with his constitution. His health and into Egypt to prepare corn for the famished strength rapidly declined, and it became manihouse of his father and brethren. Here was fest that he would never return to tell his an answer to many prayers--here was a re- afflicted mother what the Lord had wrought turn indeed, more than a hundredfold, poured for his soul. In this situation he was affecimmediately into her own bosom. It was the tionately attended by the missionaries, who did Lord's doing, and it was marvellous in her all in their power to carry forward that work eyes.

of grace which was so auspiciously begun. But we have not yet done. This good woman They earnestly sought the peace of his mind had a young son, who in his early life had been and the good of his soul; and they had the | a child of great promise. He seemed likely to unspeakable happiness of reaping a rich re

be the stay of his father's house, and the prop ward of their labour. of his mother's age. His talents were supe. While this younger brother lay ill, the elder, rior; and all who knew him, and witnessed his who knew nothing of what had transpired, and boyish years, augured well for the future, and who resided several hundred miles in the inblessed the woman that had such a son. Butterior of the country, had occasion to come to the fairest flowers are often nipped in the bud, the very place where his younger brother was. or blighted as they begin to open and show Ile did not even know that he was in India, much their beauty and their fragrance. Henry, for less that he was ill, and least of all that he had that was his name, fell by that snare which become a converted character. But a mysterious ruins so many promising youths-evil company. and most gracious Providence directed his steps He became ensuared, fell into profligate habits, to the very place where his brother was now and resolved to go to India.

dying. Having himself become a missionary, and All this transpired before any information being, of course, on terms of the strictest intireached the family of the fate of the first son. macy with the brethren at this station, it will Of course, the loss of a second, and he the be easily imagined that he would soon become youth of fairest promise and fairest gifts, was acquainted with the case of the youth who was enough to break the heart of such a mother. the daily object of attention and solicitude, The announcement of his resolution to go to In- and whose growing piety was to them a source dia was like tearing away the tenderest strings of so much exalted gratification. that were entwined around her heart. One al- I need not detail his surprise at the discovery that this person, to whom their intercourse and Describing her feelings at this juncture, she instruction had been made so great a blessing, says: “I could not weep_I could not pray-I was his own brother.

seemed to be stupified with horror and agony. It will be readily conceived that these two At last I opened the letters, and when I saw brothers, now united by the strong ties of the hand-writing of my eldest son, whose letter Christian affection, as well as by those of nature, the day before had given me so much comfort, would feel an indescribable satisfaction, the one I was confounded. As I read on, and found in administering, and the other in receiving, that the brothers had met; that the eldest had the attention and services which such circum- witnessed the last moments of the younger; and stances dictated. The eldest continued to the that this, my second son, had been met with by last, administering to his younger brother all the missionaries, and by them turned from the the comfort, both for body and soul, which was error of his ways; that there was no doubt of in his power; and the younger continued to re- the safety of his state; and that he had died in ceive, with unutterable delight, the brotherly his brother's arms—0,” said she, “it was indeed attentions and the spiritual assistance which a cordial to my soul. How marvellous are the had been so mercifully provided for him in a ways of Heaven, that both my sons, after turnstrange and Heathen land. At length he died, ing aside from the ways of God, and from every and the surviving brother who had written means of instruction at home, should be consome time before to his mother the detailed verted to God in a Heathen land ! O the twenty account formerly mentioned concerning him- pounds," she thought; "and the last declaraself, and who had also written, during his tion of my dear dying mother! O what blessbrother's illness, an account of the circum- ings to me were hidden in the twenty pounds! stances in which he had found him—of their What do I owe to her for that saying, “ You meeting, and of his brother's change of heart, will never have cause to repent of giving it to now despatched a third letter, to announce to the Missionary Society! Could i have forethe bereaved mother the peaceful end of her seen all this, what would I not have given !" son, and to console her for the loss, by the de- The influence of these occurrences in conscription of the happy days they had been per- firming the faith and hope of this good woman, mitted so unexpectedly, and almost miracu- may be easily imagined. She could not look lously, to spend together.

back without astonishment at the dealings of This last letter was committed to the care of God with herself and her children; and she a person about to sail for England, and who un- could not recount these remarkable particulars, dertook to deliver it himself. The former com

without connecting them with the last solemn munication, which the elder son had written request of her pious mother. The privilege of many weeks before, respecting himself, had met having two sons rescued in so remarkable 3 with delay on its passage. The last written manner from the profligate and destructive letter, announcing the death of Henry, arrived courses into which they had entered; the disthe very day after that first mentioned. The tinguished honour of having one of them emperson who had undertaken the delivery of the ployed in the missionary work among the packet, took it to the good woman, and said, Heathen; and the fact of having them both "I have brought letters from your son in India.' rescued from vice and destruction, by the She replied with astonishinent, “ I received one friendly and pious labours of English misbut yesterday.”. “ Then,” said the stranger, sionaries, as well as the happiness of know:

you have heard of the death of Henry?” She ing that the one who was torn from her had had not even heard of the meeting of the experienced, in his last hours, every attention brothers. She had only just heard of the con- and solace that the affectionate hand of a version of the son that first went abroad. The brother could supply;-all these were so intisudden announcement, therefore, of the death mately connected with the legacy of her mother, of Henry, quite overcame her. Though the day and the almost prophetic words with which it before, the delightful intelligence had arrived was delivered, that she could not refrain from that her eldest son had become a Christian, and considering the whole a singular fulfilment of a Christian missionary, yet now this beclouded prayers long since recorded on high, and as a all. She thought, “ My child is dead-dead in sin singular illustration of the special providence against God-dead in a foreign land, among of God toward his people. strangers, Heathens-not one to speak a word of divine truth, to tell him of mercy, of a

THE LAST HYMN. Saviour's dying love, of hope for the chief of sinners—no kind Christian friend to pour out a (From Home of the Heart," and other Pocms, by prayer for his forgiveness, or to direct his de

Miss Aird). parting spirit to that throne of grace where

“ Cease fond nature, cease thy strife, none ever plead in vain.”

And let me languish into life." A torrent of such thoughts rushed into her

0! sing once more before I go mind, and filled her heart with an anguish not

That old familiar hymn, to be described. She retired to her room over

With Sabbath tone so sweet and lost, whelmed with sorrow, and sat for many hours.

Ere morning songs begin.

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BURMESE CUSTOMS ILLUSTRATIVE OF SCRIPTURE,

31

Sing of the love that never dies,

tration to the Word of God. This is one of the enThe friends who never part,

joyments peculiar to those who are familiar with the Ere earthly love in silence lies,

Scriptures; and the satisfaction is varied and exWhile leaning on thy heart

tensive in proportion to the degree of our acquaint0! sing that holy hymn.

ance with the Sacred Volume. The more we know

of Scripture, the more ready and frequent will be I learned it at my mother's knee,

our recognition of similar or illustrative facts, cusAnd sung it to my sire;

toms, and sentiments, in other writings; and this reAnd I have sung it oft with thee,

cognition, by the frequent recollections of Scripture Beside our evning fire;

which it calls up, refreshes the mind, even in its Like odour from a faded rose,

comparatively secular studies and readings, which, 'Twill breathe of beauty gone

in a certain degree, are sanctified by it. Sing, ere earth's twilight shadows close,

To show how this habit acts, and, at the same time, For hearts must die alone

to impart to the reader some of the benefits we have Sing low that parting song,

ourselves derived from it, we will, in this and some Of faith's adoring mastery,

ensuing papers, conduct the reader with us through A victor crowned in dust;

a few books which might not, at the first view, seem That love's triumphant agony

likely to furnish satisfactory materials for this exerWhich seals our meeting trust,

cise. Let us begin with “ Malcolm's Travels in the When broken is the golden bowl,

Burman Empire," and with that part of the work
The silver cord is riven;

which treats of Burmese Leprosy and Lepers.
Of One who binds the widowed soul -
One, only One in heaven-

Mr Malcolm states that in Burmah the population
To Him our song be given.

is divided into eight classes –“ the royal family, great

officers, priests, rich men, labourers, slaves, lepers, The ocean shell, though distant, sings

executioners." Excluding the last, this division is not, The music of the wave,

in its general features, unlike that which prevailed And sanctified affection springs

among the Jews under the monarchy. Indeed, with In song beyond the grave;

the exclusion intimated, we should be disposed to The Star that led us all our way,

make little other alteration in it, for the purpose of Whose light I praised with thee,

illustration, than to introduce another class, consistWhich lit our path with pillar-ray

ing of the family chiefs, or heads of families and Thou'lt sing where is “no sea,”

tribes. These, however, held public employments Of all that light with me.

very generally under the kings, and might, therefore, Then touch my heart no more with gloom, be merged in the class of “great officers.” We have Of passionate farewells,

selected this fact, however, chiefly for the sake of For through the love-illumin'd tomb coming through it to the further statement, that A flood of glory swells;

none of the classes constitute an hereditary caste, I hear One calling me by name:

except lepers and the slaves of pagodas." The Hebrews “ Thou'rt mine-I've ransom'd thee; had other hereditary castes, or rather orders, namely, Fear not, I'm with thee in the fame; priests and family chiefs; but they seem to have also I Seba guve for thee.”

had these two of the Burmeso, and no more. The Hush! hush! my loved One, see ! Nethinim, or servants of the Jewish temple, answered

very nearly to the slaves of the pagodas; and that their I come, like the o'er-wearied dove,

condition was hereditary is very well known. We My Ark, my Covenant-home; O! clasp me in the arms of love,

feel most interested, however, respecting this heredi

tary caste of lepers. Was there such a caste among O'er floods no more to roam. But, hark! the angel-chorals swell,

the Hebrews? We know that the Hebrew lepers

were excluded from towns, and lived apart; but we Sing, glory! glory, sing ! O Grave! where is thy victory ? tell,

know, also, that when any one became clean of this

disease, he was, after due examination and probation, And where, O! Death, thy sting? Earth! earth! dim earth, farewell!

re-admitted to the general society of his fellowcitizens. Such a provision does not exist among the

Burmese; and it seems incompatible with the idea BURMESE CUSTOMS ILLUSTRATIVE OF

of an hereditary caste. Still the idea of establishing SCRIPTURE.

such a caste, among a people who do not habitually separate themselves into castes, must, we apprehend,

have been founded upon the impression that the LE PERS.

children of lepers were themselves leprous. It may

not have been always so; but it must have been BY JOHN KITTO, D.D.

generally so before such a caste could have been It is the privilege of one who knows the Bible well established. Now a careful consideration of the to render all his other studies subservient to it, and to particulars concerning leprosy and lepers, which make all his readings in the great book of nature, the Scriptures contain, may lead to the conclusion and in the books of men, yield their tribute of illus- that there was something of this kind among the

* Un

Israelites, with little other difference than that with of the children are sound and healthy, but it is said them there existed a provision for the restoration frequently to re-appear in the second or third geneto society of such as could show themselves free from ration. Lepers, and those who consort with them, the taint of this remarkable malady.

are obliged to wear a conspicuous and peculiar hat, In connection with this subject, the words of Elisha made like a shallow, conical basket. The children, to Gehazi forcibly recur to the mind: “ The leprosy whether leprous or not, are allowed to intermarry of Naaman cleave unto thee and unto thy seed for only with their own class." * ever.”—2 Kings v. 27. This, as we take it, signifies The chief interest of the above passage lies in this, that Naaman's leprosy was of an hereditary and in- that it enables us to discover the object and motive of curable kind. He had been miraculously cured of it; the minute regulations respecting leprosy contained but now it should be transferred to Gehazi and his in the 13th and 14th chapters of Leviticus. They are descendants, without the hope of cure or relief. all framed upon the sacred principle, that none but

Now Gehazi and his descendants must, in the such as were actually subject to a disease supposed to course of time, have formed one hereditary caste of be contagious should be placed under the disabilities lepers of themselves; but there were probably others and exclusion which it involved; and that, for the in the same casc, even in his time, unless we suppose, benefit of society, none who really suffered under the which we have no reason to do, that the disease was malady should be allowed unrestricted intercourse in this instance miraculous not only in its transfer with their fellow-citizens. This discrimination could from Naaman to Gehazi, but in its hereditary cha- only proceed upon a clear apprehension of the signs racter. But if the leprosy of Gehazi was of such character, and that of Naaman was not, then the * Since writing the above, we have been reminded leprosy of Naaman was no longer that of Gehazi. of a passage in the “ Narrative of the Scottish MisBut we are told that it was the leprosy of Naaman, what is described above as the prevalent form of

sion of Inquiry to the Jews,” which shows that and not another leprosy, which clove to Gehazi and

leprosy among the Burinese is also common in Palesto his seed; and if so, it is not pressing the argument tine. "That it cannot be recognised in the description too far to infer that it was hereditary leprosy, and given in Leviticus, is doubtless because we have there that, consequently, a caste of hereditary lepers existed the first signs and symptoms of the disease, whereas in Syria, and among the Hebrews, in and before the these facts describe the condition to which the leper,

under this form of the malady, is eventually reduced. time of Gehazi.

The incident occurred at Shechem or Sychar: The rule seems to have been, that when a man not

der a spreading nabbok tree near the gate, we came born in leprosy became infected by that disorder, upon five or six miserable objects, half-naked, dirty, lis children previously born were considered clean, and wasted by disease. Immediately on seeing us, 80 that they kept themselves separate from him they sprang up, and stretched out their arms, crying (2 Chron. xxvi. 21); but his children afterwards

most imploringly for alms. We observed that some

had lost their hands, and held up the withered stumps, born, or any children born of a leprous parent, were

and that others were deformed in the face; but it did considered as lepers till they could satisfy the proper not occur to us at the time that they were lepers. We authorities that they were not in that condition. were afterwards told that they were so-lepers on the !

It is so rarely that we find a satisfactory account outside of the city gate, like the ten men in the days of the condition of lepers at the present day, that

of Jesus, who lifted up their voices, and cried, ‘Jesus, there is a peculiar interest in the few facts respect

master, have mercy on us !'" ing their condition in Burmah which Mr Malcolm before, Maundrell saw ten lepers; but from the de

At the same place, one hundred and forty-two years furnishes, as they may help in some degree to com- scription he gives (in a letter at the end of some ediplete our idea of the condition of the Hebrew lepers, tions of his “ Journey"), it does not appear that any of which we know little more than has been already

of them exhibited this loss of hands, &c., which so stated, namely, that they lived apart, but might, strikingly demonstrates the presence of the Burmese

form of leprosy in Palestine. Maundrell states that when healed, be restored to society. This is his

the leprosy seen by him, “not only defiles the whole statement: “Leprosy, in several forms, is seen at the

surface of the body with a foul scurf, but also de great cities, where its victims collect in a separate forms the joints of the body, particularly of the wrists quarter, and live chiefly by begging—the only beggars and ancles; making them swell, with a gouty scrofuin the country. The general form is that which lous substance, very loathsome to look upon." This attacks the smaller joints. I saw many who had haps a stage in, that kind of leprosy under which the

would seem to be merely a modification of, or perlost all the fingers and toes, and some both hands hands and feet are sometimes lost. and feet. In some cases the nose also disappears. Out of all this arises a question of some interest. It does not seem much to shorten life, and is not very Had any of the lepers whom Christ healed lost their painful, except in its first stages. Those with whom hands or feet? and if so, did the cure restore these i conversed declared that they had not felt any pain precious members to them? The answer would seem for years. In many cases it ceases to increase after

to be in the negative. It appears from Mr Malcolm's

account of the Burmese leper, that the disease is in a tiine; the stumps of the limbs heal, and the disease fact cured, as soon as the wounds arising from the is, in fact, cured. I could not hear of any effectual exfoliation of the limbs are healed, and in that case remedy--it seems in these cases to stop of itself. It they would have been re-admitted into general socan scarcely be considered contagious, though in- ciety, under the law of Moses. If, therefore, any of stances are sometimes given to prove it so. Persons

the lepers whom Christ healed laboured under this

species of leprosy, they had not yet lost their hands suffering under it are by law separated entirely from

or feet; but they were in danger of that great calaother society; but their families generally retire with mity, and would have suffered it, had not his mercy them, mingling and cohabiting for life. The majority I interposed.

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