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its power.

bitants will rejoice in the privilege, and bring effectual fervent prayer; we must always pras, forth the fruits of it. To them that have, in and not faint. There was in a certain city a others words, that rejoice in their spiritual posses. widow, and there was a judge who neither feared sions, shall be given, and they shall have abun- God nor regarded man; but she succeeded by dance; but from them that have not zeal and her importunity: and shall not God avenge ivia anxiety to defend the blessings of God, shall be

own elect, who cry day and night to him? Is it taken away even that which they have. It is reading the Scriptures!—we must search tbnadness for men to say, Why should we defend Scriptures—we must delight in them as those theexternal ordinances of religion-the Sabbath- who have found great spoils. O how I love thy day, a standing ministry—these are not the law! it is my meditation all the day. My son, essence of religion, and it is for that we should if thou criest after Knowledge, if thou seekest be zealous. O fools and blind! do you not see her as silver, in search after which men descend that for the same reason we should give up into the bowels of the earth, piercing rocks and the Bible itself, all prayers, all sacraments, mountains, then shalt thou find the knowledgť these are not the essence of religion, they are of God. We must not only do good works, but merely helps to religion, and manifestations of “.be zealous of good works,” clothing ourselves

with zeal as with a garment, and making way To bring these remarks to a close, we say, through all opposition. No doubt, in regard to If anything is clear from Scripture, it is, that all matters indifferent our zeal is unnecessary: zeal is essentially necessary in all Christian if the dispute be about eating of flesh, or cir undertakings. In regard to our own salvation, cumcision, or any frivolous matter, let it pass how clear is this! All the figures under which If any man contend for these, the apostles had personal Christianity is set forth are made to no such custom, neither the Churches of God; indicate it. If heaven is a house—if there is a but if it be a Christian principle or duty, our door by which that house must be entered, we whole souls and all that is within us must be must strire, ask, knock at the door-force our stirred up; if it be a question affecting the way as it were into everlasting blessedness; for glory of God or eternal interests of the men, the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and there must be no compromise-friend and for the violent take it by force! Is it a battle must be rebuked, if necessary, even as Paul withagainst the depravity of our own hearts, ene- stood Peter to the face when he was to be mies without, enemies within, spirits of darkness blamed. in mid-air, and spirits embodied who go about watching for our halting?- we must take the

A SABBATH SCHOLAR'S REWARD. whole armour of God, that we may stand in the evil day, and having done all, may stand. Is it

(From the Christian Spectator.) a work to be done ?-it must be done with our DESCENDING Cairn Mountain to the farm-house, might; we must give all diligence to do it. where we had left our chaise, we were warmly Cursed be he that doeth the work of the Lord invited to enter. Though I have designated negligently. Is it a race to be run ?-we must thus, let no English reader imagine to himself ay aside every weight, and the sin that doth most thatched, substantial buildings that a bound in

anything approaching to the so-called neatly 1 easily beset us, and run this race. If we are this country, and that in their internal arrange

cold, or neither cold nor hot, we are rejected by ments and comfort can generally vie with the God. If we have no earnestness, it is an evi. conveniences of houses in town, and sometimes dence that we have neither part nor lot in the surpass them. This was a genuine Irish cabin. matter, but are as yet in the gall of bitterness with blackened rafters, hard clay floor, aud open and bond of iniquity.

chimney, up which the peat smoke ascended in Not only is zeal in general required in prose- of its favours, more readily than welcome, in

volumes; dispensing at times, however, a few cuting our personal Christianity, but every parti- the direction of the door." Yet here was the cular duty is required to be discharged with zeal. ready, hearty welcome by the inmates

, to their Is it love ?—the Scripture says, Have fervent dish which consisted of potatoes and salt her

: charity-cast thy bread upon the waters,give a rings. The mountain air, and three hours' portion to seven and also to eight-give cheer- walking and climbing, had given me a keen apfully, for the Lord loveth a cheerful giver. Is it meal with more zest than I did the potatoes

petite, and I do not remember ever enjoying 3 hope?—we must abound in hope; it must bean an- and butter-milk which were set before me; chor of the soul, sure and stedfast, entering into made doubly sweet by the glad looks of the that within the veil. Is it prayer ?-it must be mother of the family who sat round the table,



and whose honest sunburnt countenances cor- cause of the time passing heavily; and under roborated her expressions of pleasure, that the the promptings of a kind and benevolent heart, | English gentleman should honour their poor she resolved to go over to the old man's cabin, cabin by taking a meal in it. Whatever the and offer the loan of her treasure for him to read.

honour was to them I could not divine : the Murray, more with the design of gratifying the 'benefit to me of their hospitality was real and child, and glad to have something that might substantial.

help to relieve the weary days of sickness, acļ While sitting at the table, my attention was cepted her book, and promised to peruse it. directed to a venerable old man, who appear- | He did so. As he read, he became conscious ed to have recently risen from his bed, and who of unusual emotion. It was neither old age nor was sitting by the side of the My feebleness from his affliction, that made his companion bad greeted the patriarch with a hand tremble so, as he turned over the pages; ! familiar expression of esteem as he entered, and neither was it a natural dimness that at times i as soon as we were fairly seated, I got into con- hid the words from him. Tears were swelling versation with him ; and from him and his up from his heart, deep convictions were strug. pastor (for such was the relation my friend gling in his soul; and, like Felix, he trembled sustained towards him) I learned the few par- as he read of righteousness, temperance, and ticulars of his history. With these I shall con- judgment to come. That was a memorable day clude the chapter.

to him. Mightily did the Spirit of God strive Thomas Murray—that was the old man's with him; the neglects, the transgressions of a name-was born near Belfast, and wrought as long life were brought home to his conscience;' a farm-labourer from his boyhood. At the age the terror of the law flashed upon his guilty of forty-two he came to reside in the cabin spirit, and everlasting ruin seemed inevitable. where I found him, which he had not left for Le wept, and read, and prayed ; he prayed, and above a day for forty years. IIis dwelling was read, and wept again. Ile regarded his sickness half a mile from any other; and the intercourse with alarm—it might be unto death, and he which he and the members of his family held felt unprepared; and the prayer of his trem with any others was infrequent and short, ex. bling heart was, “O spare me, that I may recept at times when mutual aid was given and cover strength before I go hence, and be no required in the harvest seasons. His farm con- more.” Eagerly now did he thirst for instruc-' sisted of forty Irish acres—“a power of acres,” tion, and again and again was the book perused he called them; for he had regarded himself, which had at first awakened him. It was in and was esteemed so by others, a large land- tended more for direction than conviction; yet holder, although half was mountain land, and as it had produced the latter, so also did it give more productive of heather than anything else. the former. Light broke in upon the old man's Still here he obtained a subsistence for himself soul, and a Bible was now prized that had been and family, until “auburn locks” gave place to before disregarded. The child when she heard “ reverend grey.” Seventy-five years had pass-that Murray had recovered his health, called ed over him, and left their traces in many a for her book. He had learned very highly to furrow on his bronze brow; and yet, although value it, and was therefore unwilling to part so near the close of his career, he was "without with it. Misunderstanding his refusal, she reGod in the world.” No

of a future paired with tears in her eyes to her minister, eternity appear to have stirred the depths, or and told him her tale. IIe, quickly discerning even to have rufiled the surface of his mind. how matters stood, cheered her with the promise He seemed to be “let alone :" "but God, who of another volume, and immediately repaired is rich in mercy,” remembered him. At the to the mountain cabin. It proved as he had age of seventy-five, he was laid aside from his anticipated. Thomas Murray had become a accustomed duties by an affliction which confined new man, and was bending over the pages of hiin to the house; and he who had always led the precious volume the child had lent him.' an active life, and to whom the healthful breezes Mr. B- took it up; it was “The Anxious Inof the mountain were as necessary as food, felt quirer” that had found its way into the old man's the irksomeness of his detention at home; and hand, and its truths had penetrated his heart. having nothing wherewith to while away the From that day he grew in divine knowledge tedium of the lagging hours, he became exceed with a rapidity as delightful and satisfactory ingly irritable and impatient. The tidings of as it was surprising. When I saw him he spoke his sickness were communicated to the inmates as one who had caught glimpses of “the land of the next cabin, in which dwelt a little girl, that is very far off," and of “the King in his who was a scholar in the Sabbath-school at beauty." Our intercourse was refreshing to Strade. For her attention in the class, she had my soul; and I parted from him with a reve| received a reward from her minister-one of the rence for his piety as well as for his grey hairs. publications of the Tract Society. When she A few weeks ago, I received from his pastor heard that old Murray was ill and fretful, be- the intelligence of his death. His last illness cause he knew not how to spend his time, she was short, and his departure sudden. The day thought that the absence of books might be one prior to his death he visited his neighbours, and

gave each member of the family a tract, with a and near to Jerusalem the advancing population suitable admonition. “He sent for me in the became as a Nile or a Ganges, rolling in al its accuevening,” says Mr. B--," and in my presence

mulative might before emptying itself into the ocean.

“They go from strength to strength," says the requested his family with his dying words to turn

Psalmist; every one of them in Zion appeareth from that refuge of lies (they were Arians), before God." The marginal reading is, “ They go and come to the Lord Jesus Christ; and early from company to company;" and if this translation in the morning he breathed his last. Such was be correct, it conveys the sentiment I have expressed. the death of poor old Thomas !” “At evening and represents one band as joining with another, time it shall be light.” “Let me die the death till they presented in Zion one general assembly."

It appears that they relieved the tedium of travelof the righteousness, and let my last end be ling by devotional exercises, and more particularly like his !!"

by celebrating God's praises : to which allusion may be made in such sayings as these: “ Thy statutes

have been my songs in the house of my pilgrimage" JERUSALEM DURING THE FEASTS. -“ They shall sing in the ways of the Lord; for great

is the glory of the Lord "_" The ransomed of the JERUSALEM, in ordinary circumstances, was compara- Lord shall return, and come to Zion with songs, and

tively tranquil: in the language of Isaiah it was a everlasting joy upon their heads.” When the fatig| quiet habitation.” The laws of Moses, with all their ing marches were nearly concluded; when their

particularity, gave no directions about internal com- hardships and perils were almost surmounted; and merce; and a foreign trade, bringing Jews and Jerusalem, the object of their longing, the completion Gentiles into ensnaring communication, was wholly of their hopes, burst on the view, we can readily | antagonist to the genius of that economy.. Besides, imagine that the ardour of the worshippers would Jerusalem was not a sea-port town, nor did any con- uplift the strains of rapturous salutation. The city siderable river flow in its vicinity, to facilitate inter- of their God was before them! There stood its walk, | course with distant localities. Indeed, the Holy City its gates, its battlements, its palaces, and, most conhad ceased, in the days of our Lord, to be the capital spicuous of all, towered the temple, with its courts of the country. Cæsarea, of Palestine, so called by and pinnacles, and holy of holies, from the golden Herod the Great, who enlarged and adorned it, in covering of which the sun reflected far and wide its honour of his patron, Cæsar Augustus, had become beams, as if to conduct, by messengers of light, to the the residence of the Roman governor, and was the God of glory. Every Hebrew had his native town principal seat of fashionable resort, and civil adminis

or country district; but here was Jerusalem, the tration. It may be supposed, then, that on common mother of them all. Now every pilgrim was at home occasions the old metropolis was sufficiently quiescent; --and what a home! “ Beautiful for situation, the and wore something of a sombre and deserted joy of all the earth, was Mount Zion.” On descrying appearance.

it, well might their collecting hosts sing and shout: But if a traveller, taking up his abode there, had “ His foundation is in the holy mountains. The remained for some months, he would have seen a Lord loveth the gates of Zion more than all the wonderful alteration in the aspect of affairs. There dwellings of Jacob. Glorious things are spoken of were three annual feasts, named respectively the thee, O city of God!" As the travellers came from Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles, which all the

all directions, these accents would break on the city males of the Jews were imperatively required to from all sides, so that it would be literally celebrate " in the place which the Lord had chosen, passed about with songs of deliverance."* to put his name there." Besides these, there were two other annual feasts—those of Trumpets and Expiation—which were celebrated in Jerusalem; and

MEMORIALS OF THE INQUISITION. though attendance on these last was voluntary, they were numerously frequented. When any of these

NO. I. solemnities was at hand, it gave note of its approach. Houses of merchandise were taking in stores. The BY THE REV. W. K. TWEEDIE, EDINBURGH. various sections of the priesthood were all activity POPEry has been called the masterpiece of about the temple. The streets resounded with the Satan, and the Inquisition is the masterpiece of bleeting of sheep and the lowing of cattle that were to be offered in sacrifice. Not only were inns and | Popery. As the deceiver of mankind has similar establishments put into condition to receive | lavished all his ingenuity on the system of visitants, but almost every family were providing for which the Man of Sin is the head, he has con

others besides themselves, and striving to make the centrated all his malignity against the truth of most of their spare accommodation.

God in that engine of Satanic cruelty, conA glance at rural districts was sufficient to show that the excitement and commotion were not con

structed and employed by Dominic, who has fined to the town. Every footpath had its passengers. long been worshipped as a saint by the Church of Thiey travelled in companies, and carried with them Rome on account of this invention. It was not tents and kindred insignia of lengthened pilgrimage enough to corrupt or caricature the revelation In eyeing them more carefully and extensively, it which Jehovah gave, and substitute the counmight be seen that they were moving towards a

terfeits of an alleged infallibility for the simple coinmon centre; and that, although coming from the east, and from the west, and from the north, and truth as it is in Jesus. To complete, if possible, from the south, they had all their faces " as going to the extirpation and overthrow of what God had Jerusalem.” They had many partial gatherings and planted-to rob man of his sole hope of escape comminglings, short of their final destination. As from the wrath to conne-to leave him as the smaller rills of water lose themselves in the larger, victim of superstition, groping his own darkand these again coalesce to form more considerable | rivers, so the tributary by-ways furnished each its * From work on " The Lord's Supper," by Dr. King of scores or hundreds of pilgrims to the principal roads; Glasgow.

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ling way through this world to the second death, at Castres de Termes they burned the wife, the instead of allowing him to move onward to sister, and the daughter of Raymond its lord, in' glory in the light which God in Christ shed the same fire, because they would not embrace down, the Gospel must be perverted in all its the creed of Rome. Successes like these predoctrines. And not only so. Some might still pared the way for the thorough and secure keep hold of the truth. The felt need of it on establishment of the Inquisition as a system of the one hand, or the felt blessedness of it on murder. Toulouse, Narbonne, and some neighthe other, might have rendered some victorious bouring places were among the first to be scourgover all Satau's wiles. But to stratagem anded with this terrible curse. In 1232 the Inquicnnning he added violence and bloodshed. sition was established in Spain: in 1251 in Italy, What could not be corrupted by the Papal | under Innocent IV.; and the whole of Christenheresy, or erased from the mind by a false dom was parcelled out by the spiritual despot creed, was crushed by the tortures of the body among his ghostly executioners. In 1475 a Rome, in short, by her Inquisition, extirpated new extension and greater consolidation was the truth from Christendom; and having all given to the horrid system, under Ferdinand but succeeded in her diabolical crusade, she sat and Isabella of Spain. The Jews were redown like the fallen hero among the ruins, morselessly afilicted, and within a few years and rejoiced in spirit amid the devastation she two thousand of both sexes were burnt. The had made.

bones of some were even taken from their It may serve to manifest more clearly the graves and reduced to ashes; but their lot was 'spirit of false religion, and warn men against a happy one compared with that which awaited its subtle and insinuating wiles, if we lay be the living sufferers. In 1494 the ferocious fore our readers some Memorials of the Inqui- monarchs of Spain ordered all the children of sition. That institution has been subjected to Israel to quit their dominions in four years; various changes. It has at one time been and death was to be the award did any one established, at another abolished, at a third dare to linger or return. One hundred and restored. Its spirit has on some occasions seventy thousand families—eight hundred thouappeared even among Protestants. Let us try, sand individuals—were thus driven into exile, then, to delineate its character, its principles, to poverty, to death, and all the ills that perseand doings; for what if the Inquisition were cution could inflict or humanity endure. The to be restored, even in the land in which we Moors of Granada shared a similar fate. The

dwell, before a quarter of a century roll away? foundations of the Inquisition were laid in ľ It was Dominic, the founder of the Popish murder, and its walls cemented with blood. seet of Dominicans, that was the author of At length, under the gradual development this infernal machine. Born at Calaroga, in of truth, the Inquisition came to be regarded the diocese of Osma, in Spain, about the year as the only safeguard of Popish kingdoms. 1170, he became in due time a fit apostle of Charles V., who had wielded its awful power Popery by the cruelty of his dispositions, and with tremendous severity against heretics in the ferocity with which he assailed and put to some parts of his vast dominions, bequeathed death all who dissented from the Church of it as a legacy by will to his son, the fierce and Rome. The pope of the day saw that what he bigoted Philip II. During his bloody reign called heresy was spreading, in spite of all his it was no longer solitary heretics that were efforts to repress it. The bishops in detail consumed at separate places. All the conwere not sufficiently exterminating. For that demned throughout the kingdom of Spain were reason, the universal bishop took the matter collected like sheep droved for the slaughter, into his own hands, and soon found a fitting and kept till the king should return from the ally, as the executioner of his remorseless will, Netherlands to Spain, when they were immoin Dominic of Calaroga. He and some others lated at Seville and Valladolid, in an Auto-de-fe were instructed to seek out all who were sup-to grace and give pomp to the entry of the monposed to be infected. Their number, their arch. Iu the wholesale butchery on that occarank and influence became objects of inquiry; sion, men and women of all ranks were cast into and hence the name Inquisitors and Inquisition. the flames; and on another, in the presence of The secular arm was called in to aid them in King Philip, twenty-eight of the chief nobility this work of inquest and extermination. It was of Spain were tied to stakes and burnt. Such the early announced resolution of Dominic to were the proceedings of one whom Pius I. eradicate the very memory of heretics; and called his “most dear son in Christ"--proceedTonlouse and other districts in France soon | ings which were extended to both elements; for bled at every pore amid his murderous cam- in his ships on the ocean, as well as his cities paigns against the followers of Christ. Carcas- by land, did Philip set up the Inquisition, and sone, La Vaur, Villeneuve, Castres de Termes, urge the Inquisitors to ply their horrid work. Avignon, and other places, were sacked, burned, In Peru and Mexico (1571) the Spanish invaor razed to the ground, because they were re- sion brought with it the Spanish religion and puted the haunts of heretics. As a specimen its tortures. In the Marquesas, an Auto-de-fe-of the method of procedure, we mention that the name impiously given to these murders-on one occasion lasted from six in the morning mercy had on their san-benito the figure of flames till five in the evening; and from year to year ascending, with the images of devils fanning the these acts were repeated, under the prostituted fire. A cap of pasteboard covered the victim's name of religion, with princes and princesses head, marked with the same insignia of torture among the spectators, nay, stimulating the bar. and disgrace, and thus arrayed, the unhapp! barity by their words and example. Portugal men were, in horrid mockery, invited to parand Spain long vied with each other in perpe- take of a sumptuous breakfast previous to their trating these enormities.

death! In subsequent Numbers we hope to lay before Thus marshalled and prepared, the mournfu! our readers some accounts of the principles on procession began. In some countries, the which the Inquisitors acted, the regulations Dominican monks marched first, in honour of adopted for their guidance, the cruelties and St. Dominic, the founder and inventer of the tortures practised on their victims, the method Inquisition. The banner of the Holy Office, a in which the trials were conducted, and to sub- name for this diabolical invention, was carried mit some specimens of the murders which they before them, with the figure of St. Dominik committed. Meanwhile, we describe an Auto-de- wrought in needle-work, holding a sword in oce se, as practised by the myrmidons of Rome on hand, and an olive-branch in the other. On thousands of those who dared to trust the God other occasions, other standards were employei. of truth, and follow the Lord fully, while re- The crucifix was borne before those who were jecting the abominations and the bondage of appointed to die. Each one of them was an. Popery.

companied by a Familiar, a servant of the InA general Auto, then, was conducted with all quisition, and by two Jesuits, who constantly the pomp and circumstance with which Popery preached the duty of abjuring the heresies imknows so well to invest its ceremonies, whether puted to the victims; and if they offered to speak to awe or to attract.

in their defence, they were immediately gagged. A number of heretics were collected together, “ This I saw done,” says Dr. Geddes,“ to a priand the pomp of their execution was partly an soner immediately after he came out of the imitation of a Roman triumph, and partly of gates of the Inquisition, upon his looking up to the judgment-day. The Lord's-day, or some the sun, which he had not seen for yours, and high festival, was selected by the Inquisitor, crying out, in rapture, “ How is it possible for that the largest possible confluence of specta- people who behold that glorious body, to wor tors might be present. The ceremony was pre- ship any being but its Author ?" viously announced in the churches and made After the prisoners the Familiars rode 01 public by criers, and all was done that could horseback; after them the Inquisitors and other give effect and grandeur to the coming scene. officers of the Court, and last of all, the InquisiA public square or a spacious church was se tor-general, upon a white horse led by two lected. The clergy, secular and regular, at- men, and attended by all the nobles who were i tended in crowds, and, in order to render the not employed as Familiars. When this imposaffair yet more impious and yet more Popish, an ing cavalcade reached the place of execution, Indulgence of forty days was promised to all the Inquisitors took their place on a scaffold who took part in the act. At midnight, pre- erected for them, and the prisoners were sts. vious to the day of execution, a Confessor en- tioned opposite to their judges or persecutors, tered the cell of those who were doomed to die, and all the spectators around them. A sermon and intimated for the first time, the lot that was next preached by some distinguished preawaited them, urging them to recant and re- late. The penitents were absolved, though that turn to the faith of Rome. If they did so, they did not imply acquittal; they were punished by

were strangled before they were committed to banishment, whipping, hard labour, or imprisonthe flames; if they held fast their opinions, they ment, according to the sentence of the Inquisiwere left to perish; and the most callous heart tors. The next part of the ceremony consisted may easily credit what is written regarding the in an oath administered by the presiding Inheart-rending scenes which then took place. quisitor to all assembled, binding them to live

On the morning of the Auto, all the bells of and die in the faith of Rome, and to uphold and the churches were early tolled. The Inquisitors defend it against all gainsayers. The sentences proceeded to the prison, and clothed the pri- of those who were to die were next publicly soners in the vestments to be worn at the spec-read. Those who were in orders were publicly tacle. The less heretical were dressed in black degraded, by being stripped of their vestments

: garments. Those whose pravity was signal, and ignominy and execration, we are told, arwore the san-benito, a loose garb of yellow cloth companied every step of that procedure. They and in the case of those who were to be merci. were next delivered to the secular judge to be fully strangled before they were cast into the punished by the civil arm, and it was now tha flames, the vestment was marked with the that hypocritical farce was acted which would, figures of fire burning downwards, to indicate that of itself, have been enough to brand the system the wearer had escaped from the bitterest form with which it stands connected with indelible of death; while those who were to perish without ignominy.

In handing over the victim of

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