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bidder. Much of it we saw thus sold, and we doubt A distinguished and wealthy lawyer was kindly re

not all of it was. The captain was a bankrupt, nine proved for drawing declarations and doing other thousand dollars worse off, at least, than he was wben official business on the Sabbath; for he was surrounded he said, “I expect to repent before I die." with applicants, and crowded with business. At this

A FORWARDING HOUSE. he was offended, when the following conversation took place : “Sir, you too have a case, to be tried in

A few years since, in a northern city, great effort the court of heaven, which will come sooner or later,

was made to persuade forwarders, sailors, and boatand you are not prepared for it. Your witnesses are men, to give up their Sabbath occupations. Most of not summoned, your advocate is not secured, and all, the forwarders readily consented. One of the firms of any importance in insuring success, remains un- that did not, among the largest, and supposed to be done. The case is not a petty one, but involves your very wealthy, raised many objections, which called all- your eternal life; and it inay come on to-morrow.

for much labour with them, and from many inThe Sabbath is given you (for the conversation dividuals; but all without success. They opened their took place on Sabbath) that you may secure counsel, warehouse, ran their steam boats, vessels, and canal | and make every necessary preparation for the impor boats on Sabbath, notwithstanding all remonstrantant trial; but here you sit, drawing this declaration ces, and that one of the firm was not in favour of it, for your client-devoting the precious hours to the and another was a member of a Christian Church. comparatively worthless interests of your client, of But before the year came around, their large ware the consequence perhaps of ten or twenty dollars, to house, with everything in it, was burnt to ashes. the entire neglect of your eternal well-being. Now, Their steam boat was much damaged. During a heavy I would you, if you knew the summons would be gale, it is said, they lost a vessel and twenty thousand sent to call you to that dread trial to-morrow, sit dollars' worth of goods. Upon hearing this one of here and finish this declaration ?" After a moment's them exclaimed, “It is because we break the Sab pause, for he had been religiously educated, and bath.” Everything seemed to go against them. The could not easily do the violence to his conscience he firm was dissolved, and two of the partners of it, we was about to do, he tremblingly replied, “If I neglect believe, became bankrupt. the interests of my clients, I shall lose all my business." And here again he hesitated. The speaker beholding the struggle in his breast, witnessing the sudden

We have the names of nine stage men, all of whom, changes in his countenance, and fearing lest he would except one, have pursued their occupation in the now seal his damnation for ever, was about to relieve

same section of country, and were often reprored for him from his difficult and embarrassing position, when violating the Sabbath, but to no apparent benefit, for he resolutely proceeded—“Yes, I would; I would they impiously refused to let their stages rest on

that day. first do my duty to my client!” This was some fifteen years ago; and though he still lives—doing very little

Long since they have all been bankrupted, and in his professional business; from that time he began,

some of them over and over again. A few are dead; like the sturdy oak smittten by the fires of heaven, to

a few, it is hoped, have repented and found mercy, wane; his beauty has faded, his heart is hardened and a number are strolling about without character

or friends, long has he been nearly bankrupt in character, and quite so in present and future prospects, as to the riches of this world. His ambition and covetousness

ORIGIN OF METRICAL PSALMODY. have done him no good. The world is against him; God is against him; and he, a poor, miserable mis- | The leading feature of the Reformation was the anthrope, seems to be against both and himself also. rendering the expressions of devotion in a langriage i He complains of ererything-nothing gives him the people could understand. Luther, who was enpleasure; and it is to be feared that he will at last thusiastically fond of sacred music, and who composed appear at the judgment unrobed and without an both hymns and tunes, appears to have entertained advocate.

the notion of a metrical translation of the Psalms

into the vernacular language of his countrymen. The captain of a long line of packet boats, being the credit, however, of taking the first decidei step much laboured with to keep him from contracting to in introducing metrical psalmody belongs to a widely

run them on Sabbath, said, “If I should cause the different character. About the year 1540, Clement » teams to lie by on Sabbath, it would cost me three | Marot, a valet of the bed-chamber to Francis I., anů

hundred dollars at least, and I am not able to sustain the favourite poet of France, tired of the vanities of the loss." “ But, sir," it was answered, "there will profane poetry, and probably privately tinctured be nothing lost in the long run, in obeying the laws with Lutheranism, attempted a version of David's of God and our country touching the Sabbath.” “I Psalms into French rhymes. The author had no dedon't know if there would be, but I cannot now sign of obtruding his translation into public worship, sustain any loss." "But, sir," it was replied, "if you and even the ecclesiastical censors so little suspectel violate in this way the law of God, and infringe on what followed, that they readily sanctioned the work, the rights of those you employ, how will you answer as containing nothing contrary to sound doctrine. it at the bar of God?" As quick as thought he re- Marot, thus encouraged, dedicated his Psalms to his plied, “Oh, I expect to repent before I die!" Poor royal master, and to the ladies of France. After a man, and so he did; but the repentance was not unto sort of apology to the latter, for the surprise he was life.

prepared to expect they would evince on receiving The next day, being a civil man, he called to apo- the sacred songs " from one who had heretofore des logize for the remark. No doubt, his conscience sent lighted them with “love songs," the poet adds in home the answer that he might die suddenly, lose his fluent verse, “that the golden age would now be rereason, or become hardened in iniquity, and die ac- stored, when we should see the peasant at his plough, cursed. Nevertbeless his line was fitted out in fine the carman in the streets, and the mechanic in his style-run on Sabbath as on other days, but as we shop, solacing their toils with psalms and canticles; are informed, at a loss of nine thousand dollars. The and the shepherd and shepherdess reposing in the next spring, the entire concern, horses, boats, furni- shade, and teachivg the rocks to echo the name of ture, &c., was sold at auction to the highest the Creator."




There was much more prophecy in these lines of large number of persons, whose testimony would be Marot than he probably intended-certainly much received on any other subject, should say that they more than those who first read them anticipated. had been cured of a fever by a particular remedy, In short, Marot's psalms soon eclipsed the popularity there is no man who would say that their testimony of his madrigals and sonnets. Not suspecting how prejudicial the predominant rage of psalm-singing was of no account in making up his mind respecting might prove to the ancient religion of Europe, the that remedy, though he had not himself had the exCatholics themselves adopted these sacred songs as perience upon which the testimony was founded. If serious ballads, and as a rational species of domestic it is said that the evidence to the Christian himself is mertiment. They were in such demand that the printers could scarcely supply copies fast enough that point be fairly settled. But if it be a good argu

not well founded, and is fanatical, very well. Let În the festive and splendid court of Francis, of a sudden nothing was heard but the psalms of Clement ment for him, then we ask that his testimony should Marot; and with a characteristic liveliness of fancy, be received on this subject as it would be on any other. by each of the royal family and the principal nobility The testimony is that of many witnesses ; and I am of the Court, a psalm was chosen, and fitted to the persuaded that a fair examination of facts, and a ballad tune which they liked best. Meanwhile, Luther was proceeding in Germany

careful induction, after the manner of Bacon, would with his opposition to the discipline and doctrines of settle for ever the validity of this argument, and the Rome; and Calvin was laying at Geneva the founda- proper force of this testimony. Every circumstance tions of a system of Church polity more rigid and conspires to give it force. It is only from its truth uadorned even than that contemplated by his illus- that we can account for its surprising uniformity, I trious fellow-Reformer. Both appear to have been disposed to supersede the old Papistic hymns, which may say identity, in every age, in every country, and were superstitious and unedifying, with some kind when given by persons of every variety of talent and of singing in which the congregation could bear a of mental culture. Compare the statements given, part The publication of Marot's psalms taking respecting the power of the Gospel, by Jonathan place at the precise juncture when contemplating Edwards, by a converted Greenlander, a Sandwich the introduction of some kind of hymns in the ver- Islander, and a Hottentot, and you will find in them nacular language, in connection with plain melodies all a substantial identity. They have all repented and being the language of the canton, the Reformer forth- | believed, and loved and obeyed, and rejoiced ; they with commenced the use of the French psalm-book in all speak of similar conflicts, and of similar supports. his congregation at Geneva. Being set to simple and And their statements respecting these things have almost monotonous music, by Guillaume de France, the more force, because they are not given as testithey were presently established as a conspicuous and mony, but seem rather like notes, varying, indeed, in popular branch of the Reformed worship. Nor were they only sung in the Generan congregations. They fulness and power, which may yet be recognised as exhilarated the convivial assemblies of the Calvinists, coming from a similar instrument touched by a single were commonly heard in the streets, and accompanied hand. If I might allude here to the comparison by the labours of the artificer. The weavers and Christ of the Spirit to the wind, I should say that woollen manufacturers of Flanders, many of whom in every climate, and under all circumstances, that left the loom and entered into the ministry, are said divine Agent calls forth the same sweet notes whento have been the capital performers of this science. Thus was the poetical prediction of Clement Marot. And this uniform testimony does not come as a naked

ever he touches the Æolian harp of a soul renewed. relative to the popularity of his psalms, literally realized. By this time, too, the Catholics had become expression of mere feeling ; it is accompanied with a painfully sensible of the danger of allowing the peo- change of life, and with fruits meet for repentance, ple to indulge in the sweetness of religious themes showing a permanent change of principle

. This taken from the Scripture, to be sung in the vulgar testimony, too, is given under circumstances best fitted tongue. At length the use or rejection of Marot's

to secure truth; given in affliction, in poverty, on the psalms became a sort of test between Catholics and Protestants. Those who used them were considered bed of death. How many, how very many, have heretics; those who rejected them, were esteemed testified in their final hour to the sustaining power of faithful.

the Gospel! And was there ever one, did anybody ever hear of one, who repented at that hour of having

been a Christian? Why not, then, receive this testiEXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE.

mony? Will you make your own experience the WHEN the believer speaks of the evidence for the truth standard of what you will believe? Then we invite of Christianity from the experience of its power on his you to become a Christian, and gain this experience. own soul, the unbeliever may say, This may be all very Will you be like the man who did not believe in the well for the Christian himself, but it can be no evi- existence of Jupiter's moons, and yet refused to look dence to me. Let us see, then, whether it would be through the telescope of Galileo for fear he should no evidence to a candid man; whether an attempt is see them ? Put the eye of faith to the Gospel, and not made in this, as in so many other cases, to judge if you do not see new moral heavens, I have nothing of religion in a way and by a standard different from

more to say. Will you refuse to believe that there those adopted in other things. To me it seems that is an echo at a particular spot, to believe that the the simple question is, whether this kind of evidence lowest sound can be conveyed around the circuit of a is good for the Christian himself; for if it is, then whispering gallery, and yet refuse to put your ear at the candid inquirer is as much bound to take his the proper point to test these facts ? Put your ear testimony as he is to take that of a man who has been to the Gospel, and if you do not hear voices gathered sick, respecting a remedy that has cured him. If a from three worlds, I have nothing more to say. Will you refuse to believe that the colours of the rainbow DISGUISED VICES.-For all the several gems in are to be seen in a drop of water, and yet not put Virtue, Vice hath counterfeit stones wherewith she your eye at the angle at which alone they can be gulls the ignorant. seen? Or, if you think there is nothing analogous to

CHEERFULNESS. I know we read of Christ's weepthis in moral matters, as there undoubtedly is, will ing, not of his laughter; yet we see be gracetha

feast with his first miracle, and that a feast of joy. you hear men speaking of the high enjoyment they

ARROGANCE.- Arrogance is a weed that ever grows derive from viewing works of art, and think them

in a dunghill. It is from the rankness of that soil deluded and fanatical till your taste is so cultivated that she hath her height and spreadings. that you may have the same enjoyment. Surely Humility.-Of all trees, I observe, God hath nothing can be more unreasonable than for men to chosen the vine, a low plant that creeps upon the make their own experience, in such cases, a standard helpful wall; of all beasts, the soft and patient lamb; of belief, and yet refuse the only conditions on which of all fowls, the mild and galless dove. Christ is the that experience can be had.-Hopkins.

rose of the field, and the lily of the valley. When God appeared to Moses, it was not in the lofty cedar,

nor the sturdy oak, nor the spreading plane; but in a THE JEW.

bush—an humble, slender, abject shrub; as if he

would, by these elections, check the conceited artoTalk of pedigree, forsooth! tell us of the Tal- gance of man. bots, Percys, Howards, and like mushrooms of yes- FORTITUDE.-A wise man makes a trouble less by terday! Show me a Jew, and we will show you fortitude; but to a fool, it is heavier by his stooping a man whose genealogical tree springs from Abra- to it. hanu's bosom, whose family is older than the decalogue, and who bears incontrovertible evidence, yet is there a reason to be given of our faith. He is

FAITH.—Assuredly, though faith be above reason, in every line of his Oriental countenance, of the

à fool that believes he neither knows what nor why. authenticity of his descent through myriads of successive generations. You see in him a living ar

RECONCILIATION.-It is much safer to reconcile an gument of the truth of Divine revelation; in him enemy, than to conquer him. Victory deprives him you behold the literal fulfilment of the prophecies; is less danger in a will which will not hurt, than

but reconciliation of his will; and there with him you ascend the stream of time, not voyag. in a power which cannot. ing by the help of the dim, uncertain, and fallacious light of tradition, but guided by an emanation of the

IDLENESS.- When one would brag of the blessings of same light which, to his nation, was “ a cloud by day the Roman State, that since Carthage was razed and and a pillar of fire by night:" in him you see the re

Greece subjected, they might now be happy, as barpresentative of the once favoured people of God, to ing nothing to fear, says the best Scipio: "We now whom, as to the chosen of mankind, he revealed him

are most in danger; for while we want business, and self their legislator, protector, and king; who brought

have no foe to awe us, we are ready to drown in the them out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of mud of vice and slothfulness." bondage. You behold him established, as it were,

PRIDE IN HUMBLE LIFE.-Too great a spirit in a for ever in the pleasant places allotted him; you man born to poor means, is like a high-heeled shoe trace him, by the peculiar mercy of his God, in his to one of mean stature; it advanceth his proportion, transition states from bondage to freedom; and by but is ready to fit him with falls. the innate depravity of his human nature, from pros. PRIVILEGE OF PRAYER.- What if I be not known perity to insolence, ingratitude, and rebellion; follow- to the Nimrods of the world, and the peers of the ing him on, you find him the serf of Rome; you trace earth? I can speak to their better-to their Master, him from the smouldering ashes of Jerusalem, an and by prayer be familiar with him. outcast and a wanderer in all lands; the persecutor of Christ, you find him the persecuted of Christians, bearing all things, suffering all

things, strong in the ASSOCIATING WITH WORLDLINGS. pride of human knowledge, stiff-necked and gainsay. Serious people often complain of the snares they ing, hoping all things. “ For the Lord will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set meet with from worldly people, and yet they must them in their own land; and the strangers shall be mix with them to get a livelihood. I advise them, joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house if they can, to do their business with the world as of Jacob."--Blackwood's Magazine.

they do it in the rain. If their business calls them

abroad, they will not leave it undone for fear of being EXTRACTS FROM FELTHAM'S RESOLVES. a little wet; but then, when it is done, they presently

seek shelter, and will not stand in the rain for Danger of Good FORTUNE.–Felicity eats up circumspection; and when that guard is wanting, we lie

pleasure.— Newton. spread to the shot of general danger. How many have lost the victory of a battle, with too much confidence in the good fortune which they found at the

A MORTAL SIN TO READ THE BIBLE. beginning! Surely it is not good to be happy too some time ago, a friend of ours was talking with a

very inoffensive old man, a Roman Catholic, who was DANGEROUS FRIENDS AND ENEMIES.— I will take employed at one of the public departments, when, the heed both of a speedy friend and a slow enemy. Love conversation turning on some religious subject, a reis never lasting, that flames before it burns; and hate, mark of the old man induced our friend to exclaim like wetted coals, throws a fiercer heat when fire gets with surprise, “ What! do you never read the Bible ?" the mastery.

The old man, as much astonished that he should ask TIME TO ADMONISH.—To admonish a man in the such a question, raised his hands, and, with great height of his passion, it is to call a soldier to counsel solemnity and emphasis, replied, “ The Lord forbid in the midst, in the heat of a battle. Let the combat that I should be guilty of such a mortal sin as to read slacken, and then thou mayest expect a hearing. the Bible!!"- Investigator.






Ir is now fifty years since Willie Watson re- read. Some of their parents were poor, and turned, after an absence of nearly a quarter of some of them were careless; and he saw that 'a century, to his native place, a sea-port town unless they learned their letters from him, in the north of Scotland. He had been em- there was little chance of their ever learning ployed as a ladies' shoemaker in some of the them at all. Willie, in a small way, and to a

districts of the south; no one at home had heard very small congregation, was a kind of misof Willie in the interval; and there was little sionary; and what between his stories and his

known regarding him on his return, except pictures, and his flowers and his apples, his | that when he had quitted town many years labours were wonderfully successful. Never before, he had been a neat-handed, excellent yet was school or church half so delightful to

workman, and what the elderly people called the little men and women of the place as the la quiet, decent lad. And he was now, though shop of Willie Watson, “ the poor lost lad.” somewhat in the wane of life, a more thorough Years of scarcity came on; taxes were high, master of his trade than before. He was quiet and crops not abundant; and the soldiery and unobtrusive, too, as ever, and a great reader abroad, whom the country had employed to of serious books. And so the better sort of the fight in the great revolutionary war, had got an people were beginning to draw to Willie by a appetite at their work, and were consuming a kind of natural sympathy. Some of them had great deal of meat and corn. The price of the learned to saunter into his workshop in the long boll rose tremendously, and many of the townsevenings, and some had grown bold enough to people, who were working for very little, were engage him in serious conversation, when they not in every case secure of their little when the met him in his solitary walks; when out came work was done. Willie's small congregation the astounding fact--and, important as it may began to find that the times were exceedingly seem, the simple-minded mechanic had taken bad. There were no more morning pieces no pains to conceal it—that during his resi- among them, and the porridge was always less dence in the south country he had left the than enough. It was observed, however, that Kirk, and gone over to the Baptists. There in the midst of their distresses Willie got in a was a sudden revulsion of feeling towards him, large stock of meal, and that his sister had and all the people of the town began to speak begun to bake as if she were making ready for of Willie Watson as a poor lost lad."

a wedding. The children were wonderfully The “poor lost lad,” however, was unques- interested in the work, and watched it to the tionably a very excellent workman; and as he end-when, lo! to their great and joyous surmade neater shoes than anybody else, the prise, Willie began and divided the whole bakladies of the place could see no great harm in ing amongst them! Every member of his wearing them. He was singularly industrious, congregation got a cake; there were some wlo too, and indulged in no expense, except when he had little brothers and sisters at home who got now and then bought a good book, or a few flower- two; and from that day forward, till times got seeds for his garden. He was withal, a single better, none of Willie's young people lacked man, with only an elderly sister, who lived their morning piece. The neighbours marvelled with him, and himself to provide for; and what at Willie : to be sure, much of his goodness between the regularity of his gains on the one was a kind of natural goodness; but certain it | hand, and the moderation of his desires on the was, that independently of what it did, he took other, Willie, for a person in his sphere of an inexplicable delight in the Bible and in relife, was in easy circumstances. It was found ligious meditation; and all agreed that there that all the children in the neighbourhood had was something strangely puzzling in the chataken a wonderful fancy to his shop. He was racter of " the poor lost lad." fond of telling them good little stories out of We have alluded to Willie's garden. Never the Bible, and of explaining to them the prints was there a little bit of ground better occupied which he had pasted on the walls. Above all, -it looked like a piece of rich needlework. he was anxiously bent on teaching them to He had got wonderful flowers, too—

No. 34.

loured carnations, streaked with red, and roses they had learned that he was dying, and the of a rich golden yellow. Even the commoner feeling had deepened immensely with the intelvarieties-auriculas and anemones, and the ligence. They found him lying in his neat party-coloured polyanthus-grew better with little room, with a table bearing the one beWillie than with anybody else. “A Dutchman loved volume, drawn in beside his bed. He might have envied him his tulips, as they was the same quiet, placid creature he had ever stood, row above row, on their elevated beds, been-grateful for the slightest kindness, and like so many soldiers on a redoubt; and there with a heart full of love for all-full to overwas one mild dropping season, in which two of flowing. He said nothing of the Kirk, and these beautiful flowers, each perfect in its kind, nothing of the Baptists; but earnestly did he and of different colours too, sprung apparently urge on his visitors the one master-truth of from the same stem. The neighbours talked revelation. O to be secure of an interest in of them as they would have talked of the Sia- Christ! there was nothing else, he assured mese twins; but Willie, though it lessened the them, that would stand them in the least stead, wonder, was at pains to show them that the when, like him, they come to die. As for him. flowers sprung from different roots, and that self, he had not a single anxiety; God, for what seemed their common stem was in reality Christ's sake, had been kind to him during all but a green hollow sheath formed by one of the the long time he had been in the world; and he leaves. Proud as Willie was of his fowers- was now kindly calling liim out of it. Whatand with all his humility he could not help being ever He did to him was good, and for his good; somewhat proud of them--he was yet conscien- and why, then, should he be anxious or afraid ! tiously determined to have no miracle among The hearts of Willie's visitors were touched, them, unless, indeed, the miracle should chance and they could no longer speak or think of to be a true one. It was no fault of Willie's him as “the poor lost lad.” that all his neighbours had not as fine gardens A few short weeks went by, and Willie bad as himself-he gave them slips of his best gone the way of all flesh. There was silence flowers, flesh-coloured carnations, yellow rose, in his shop, and his flowers opened their breasts and all; he grafted their trees for them, too, to the sun, and bent their heads to the bee and and taught them the exact time for raising butterfly, with no one to take note of their their tulip roots, and the best mode of preserv- beauty, or to sympathize in the delight of the ing them. Nay, more than all this, he devoted little winged creatures that seemed so happy whole hours at times to give the finishing touches among them. There was many a wistful eye to their parterres and borders, just in the way cast at the closed door and melancholy shutters, a drawing-master lays in the last shadings and by the members of Willie's congregation-and imparts the finer touches to the landscapes of they could all point out his grave. Need we a favourite pupil. All seemed impressed with point out the rationale of the story, or the moral the unselfish kindliness of his disposition; and which it carries? Willie had quitted the north i all agreed that there could not be a warmer-country a respectable Presbyterian, but it was hearted man or a more obliging neighbour than not until after meeting in the south with some i Willie Watson, “the poor lost lad.”

pious Baptists that he had become vitally reli- || Everything earthly must have its last day. gious. The peculiarities of Baptist belief had Willie was rather an elderly than an old man,

no connection hatever with his conversion; and the childlike simplicity of his tastes and higher and more generally entertained dochabits made people think of him as younger trines had been rendered efficient to that end; than he really was; but his constitution, never but, as is exceedingly common in such cases, a strong one, was gradually failing; he lost he had closed with the entire theological code strength and appetite, and at length there came of the men who had been instrumental in the a morning on which he could no longer open his work; and so, to the place which he had left shop. He continued to creep out at noon, an unconverted Presbyterian, he returned a however, for a few days after, to enjoy himself converted Baptist. Certain it was, however, among his flowers, with only the Bible for his though until after his death his townsmen failed conipanion; but in a few days more he had de to apprehend it, that Willie was better fitted clined so much lower, that the effort proved for Christian union with the truly religious portoo much for him, and he took to his bed. The tion of them in the later than in the earlier neighbours came flocking in; all had begun stages of bis career. Willie, the Presbyteto take an interest in poor Willie; and now rian, was beyond comparison less their Chris

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