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SKETCH OF THE LIVES, &c.

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were concealed in the house or about the pre- young female already mentioned, yearned to mises of Dr. Kalley. We believe that the partake again of the holy ordinance. Christian house of no British subject can be entered or friends were doubtful whether it would be safe searched by the officers of law in Madeira, un- for them to do so. But they were hungry and less the British consul be present, or at least thirsty, and thankful to Him, who had preserved have given his sanction to such an act. On them hitherto, and it was hard to forbid them. the occasion in question, the British consul in On the morning of the communion Sabbath, Funchal came up to Dr. Kalley's house with Dr. Kalley saw them. When he left them, we the police, and remained there whilst a minute asked him, “Well, what are they to do ?” and protracted search was made for Nicolau and “They have gone,” replied he,“ to pray togeFrancisco over the whole house and grounds. ther, and to ask direction from God; but I think But the search was in vain, and the Romanists they will go.” And so it was. They all three retired disappointed of their prey.

went quietly but openly to the Presbyterian Not long after this, Dr. Kalley himself, in Church and communicated. the end of July 1843, was thrown into prison, The authorities took no notice of this. Nicowhere he remained upwards of five months. lau now began to appear in public. He occaDuring this period Nicolau found it necessary sionally met the officers of police, but they did to remain in concealment. And even when not molest him. This was in the winter and Dr. Kalley was liberated on bail, on the 1st of spring of 1844. In the beginning of summer January 1844, it was not thought safe for poor Nicolau returned to his home in the Lombo das Nicolau to come forth ont of his hiding-place. Fayas. There he employed himself in the usual Meanwhile, there was no shrinking on his part, country labour, and as opportunities were preunder the trials wbich had come upon him. sented, he spoke to his neighbours of the Lord He was quite firm and resigned, and anxious Jesus Christ as he is made known to us in the to grow in acquaintance with the truth of God, Bible. He also commenced an evening school which comforts and makes wise unto salvation. for the instruction of the lads in the neighbour. When Dr. Kalley, after his liberation, resumed hood, which was soon numerously attended; his ordinary family exercises and his exposi- for deep interest had begun to be felt in the tions in his own house on Sabbaths and holy Bible througliout that district. Its statements, days, Nicolau durst not mingle with the people and doctrines, which were quite new to the who attended these meetings, nor enter the room people, had become almost the only theme of where they were met; but the writer of these conversation; and a very general and strong sentences has often seen him lingering about desire was felt to learn to read, that they might the window, which was usually open, on ac- peruse the Word of God for themselves. Nicocount of the heat, with his Bible in his hand, lau's school soon became exceedingly offensive and trying to catch some portion of the instruc- to the enemies of the truth, and he was accordtions which Dr. Kalley was giving, or devoutly ingly threatened with vengeance if he persisted. joining in the prayer which he was offering up. The school was, notwithstanding, continued, and His soul was hungering for the bread of life; measures were taken to prevent any sudden and though his fellow-men did all they could surprise when it was met. to deprive him of it, his heavenly Father's Things went on in this way till the middle of hand was dealing it out to him.

autumn. On the evening of the 16th of SepMeanwhile such proceedings took place in tember, fourteen men were despatched from Dr. Kalley's case as made it appear that the Machico to apprehend Nicolau. They reached courts did not consider what had been done by his house in the Lombo das Favas soon after Nicolau as a punishable offence. The Attor- sunset, and went straight to the school, where ney-General at Lisbon, in his argument on the the scholars were beginning to assemble. They case, expressed himself thus: " If these two carried a gun, a reaping-hook, and a thick cord. citizens (Nicolau and Francisco) have aposta- Their arrival at such an hour naturally produced tized from our religion, however great an injury considerable excitement. They told Nicolau they may have done to their own souls, they have that they were officers of justice, and produced committed no civil crime whatever for which an order from the Administrador of Machico they can be punished." This opinion he founded for him to go with them as their prisoner. The on that article of the Constitutional Charter Portuguese law provides, “that, in fulfilment which provides expressly “that nobody shall of mandate the imprisonment of those indi. be prosecuted on religious grounds."

cated, their houses, and those of persons with When this pleading of the Attorney-General whom it is presumed they are, never shall be in the Supreme Court at Lisbon was known in entered after the setting or before the rising of Madeira, -it seemed unnecessary that Nicolau the sun;" and the Charter declares that " no should remain any longer in concealment. Still officer can enter any man's house, for any reathere was much apprehension and considerable son (except in cases of fire, flood, or screams caution. The period for dispensing the Lord's from within), between sunset and sunrise.” supper in the Presbyterian Church was at hand, Nicolau knew this law; and, therefore, objectand the hearts of Nicolau, Francisco, and the ing to the men the illegality of their

ings, he declined to accompany them. He ex-cutor, Senhor Mascarenhas, left Funchal for pressed a suspicion that there was a design to Santo Antonio da Serra, with fifty-six soldiers destroy him in the dark road, in the absence and three officers. Negra) and Mascarenhas of witnesses. He remarked that he had been remained with the priest at the Church of St. at work openly on the road-side all day, and Antonio; whilst the soldiers, guided by the that had they apprehended him then, all would church officers, pushed on about three miles have been fair. He told them that if they chose farther to the Lombo das Fayas, which they to wait till sunrise, he would go with them; reached ábout four o'clock in the morning, and that in the meantinle he would give them whilst it was yet dark. Some of the inhabi. their supper, and such accommodation as the tants, roused by the barking of the dogs, and house could afford.

alarmed by the tread of feet, hastily rose, The inen were not satisfied with this reason- and fled into the thicket. Among these was ing, and manifested some disposition to proceed Nicolau. From about twenty families, the to violence. One of the scholars, on observing soldiers took thirty prisoners, men and women. this, sounded a buzio, or spiral shell, with which Many of these they inhumanly beat; almost the country people are wont to make signals to all of them they bound, and drove them off to one another, and this called out the inhabitants St. Antonio, where the judge was waiting for of the neighbouring cottages to see what was them. There they underwent a sort of exethe matter. They were unfurnished with wea- mination and much ill treatment: eight were pons of any kind, but they were in considerable discharged; twenty-two, of whom five were numbers, and, they openly expressed their in women, were retained as prisoners. All access dignation at the officers for coming at such an was denied to them. They were known to be hour, and accused them of intending to murder suffering from hunger, and provisions were Nicolau if they had him once on the road alone. sent by two English families residing in the

The officers were overawed, and retired with neighbourhood, but were repeatedly refused, out any attempt to secure their prisoner. Not by order of Negraõ. On Thursday the 26th, the slightest violence was offered to them. On these twenty-two individuals were put on the contrary, as by that time it was very dark, board the Portuguese frigate Diana, and conand the paths through the yam beds were nar- veyed to the jail of Funchal. After an im-' row and difficult, Nicolau's step-father furnished prisonment of more than twenty months, these them with straw torches to light them on their poor people were brought to trial in June last way. When they were fairly gone, some of the (1846), and found not guilty, but were sent back lads raised a shout of triumph, but this was im- to jail till they should pay some prison-dues. mediately checked by Nicolau; and on his invi- After the soldiers had conducted their pri. tation, they all knelt down and gave thanks to soners to St. Antonio, on the morning of the God for having mercifully prevented violence, 24th, they were sent back to be billeted on and so far graciously protected them.

the cottagers in the Lombo das Fayas. There We may mention that this attempt to seize they perpetrated every atrocity that licentiousNicolau was, in every respect, illegal. The ness, cruelty, and rapine could prompt. They person signing the order was incompetent to stripped the dwellings of everything valuable, do any such act; the person who was intrusted consumed and destroyed the provisions and with the execution of the order was the church cattle, beat and maltreated the aged to make beadle, and not an officer of police at all; and them discover where their money was kept, the time at which it was attempted to be put and grossly abused the women. Infamous in force was an illegal time.

females from Funchal were loaded with the Dreadful consequences followed the transac- spoil, which they carried openly by day down tons of that evening. During the immediately to the city; and when the Hon. F. Scott, M.P. succeeding week, reports began to be circulated for Roxburghshire, Dr. Kalley, and another that soldiers were to be sent up and billeted English gentleman, visited the Lombo das on the inhabitants of the Lombo das Fayas. Fayas, on Monday the 30th, after the soldiers The proprietors of the lands are paid in kind, and had left it, they found it presenting all the some of them who had cattle and grain in the appearance of a sacked village-locks forced hands of the people of that district, had them open-doors broken—the wreck of furniture removed. The landlord of a part of the grounds strewed about the floor-empty chests, &c. possessed by Nicolau's family sent for the por- In the cottage of Nicolau's mother everything tion of grain and potatoes which belonged to had been either carried off or destroyed; the him, though in former years he had allowed very floor had been torn up in search of prothem to remain till February or March; and perty, or out of wanton mischief. there is reason to believe, that the authorities Whilst this was going on, Nicolau and segave the hint to their friends to secure their veral others were concealed among the furze property, in the prospect of what was about to and brushwood which abound on the Serra of take place.

St. Antonio. He did not dare to seek shelter On the evening of Monday the 23d of Sep- in any human babitation, thongh suffering from tember, Judge Negra), and the public prose- both cold and hunger. Occasionally, and with

MARIA, OR DUTY DEFERRED.

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the utmost caution, and for a few minutes, he those who live under British law possess, and ventured into the houses of friendly indivi. embracing such opportunities of usefulness as duals in the neighbourhood; but, like our own are placed within his reach. persecuted forefathers, he had to make his bed at a distance from human habitations, and snatch a hasty and precarious meal where and MARIA, OR DUTY DEFERRED. how his heavenly Father provided it for him. The friends of the Gospel had looked for ing school for young ladies. The school was flourish

In the early part of my life I was attending a boardward to Nicolau being of use among his coun- ing, and we were a peculiarly united and happy trymen, in teaching them to read, in reading to them and with them the Word of God, and company. We enjoyed much in the society of each.

other, and in the instructions of our teachers. in making them acquainted with the things which belonged to their peace. But it was

In the early part of the term, the school was now felt that all hopes of this kind were at an

visited by the power of the Holy Spirit. Some of end. He was personally and thoroughly ob.

our number were hopefully converted to God; and noxious to the authorities; they were on the many others were deeply impressed with the necesalert for his capture; he could not appear in sity of attending immediately to the concerns of the

soul, one of whom was Maria B Her natural public without the certainty of being appre. hended; it was extremely difficult to conceal temperament was rather gay and lively, but her dishim for any length of time; and such con

position very amiable, and she readily won the affeccealment would be very irksome to himself

. tions of all who became acquainted with her. In these circumstances, he could be of no use strove to impress upon those of us who were profes

Our principal laboured with us all faithfully. She to the cause of truth in Madeira. It was thought desirable, therefore, that he should be

sors of religion, the duty of seeking earnestly the salgot off the island, and, if possible, conveyed to vation of our dear companions. She reminded us, some place where he might be in safety, and not only of our duty to converse with them, and pray serve the cause of Christ. This, however, was

for them and with them, but that we ought constantly a matter of no small difficulty. But it pro

to exhibit our principles, and live religion before videntially happened that a vessel bound for

them. one of the British West India possessions

But after a season this special religious interest called at Madeira ; and it was ascertained thạt died away, and among those who were left unconthe master was willing to receive Nicolau, if verted was Maria. Her health was always delicate, he could be put on board. Friends undertook and towards the close of the term it began materially to manage this. Boatmen were engaged, who,

to decline. She appeared uniformly gentle and without being told who the individual was, amiable, and with a spirit somewhat subdued. I were promised a handsome remuneration if often thought I ought, in some way, to manifest the they succeeded in putting a person on board desire which I still felt for the salvation of her soul; the ship in question after she had cleared out and resolved, repeatedly, that I would entreat her to from Funchal. At a late hour, Nicolau and a consecrate herself to the service of God, and become brother went on board the open boat at a

a sincere friend and follower of the Saviour. But as. retired part of the coast, and put out to sea.

no very favourable opportunity occurred for a long Their movements were not so secret as to time, I continually delayed what I felt to be an imescape the notice of some of the custom-house portant duty. or police employees, who are always on the

She was frequently absent from the table on acoutlook for smugglers, or for persons leaving count of ill health; and on one such occasion I obtained the island without passports. They gave chase, permission to carry her some light food, and sit with but were unable to come up with the boat her while the family were at tea. When I entered

which carried Nicolau. The period of the the room I found her alone, and very sad. She apchase was one of intense anxiety to the poor peared grateful for my attention, and it seemed to fugitives; but the chief boatman bade them be me a favourable opportunity to direct her thoughts of good cheer, and, laying his hand on his to the Saviour, and to dwell upon the realities of pocket, said, that he had there a pistol which eternity. But I felt reluctant to commence the conwould secure their liberty. He referred to a versation, and allowed the time to pass by without supply of dollars, with which he made no saying one word on the subject which was weighing doubt he would be able to bribe their pursuers, so heavily upon my heart. After tea was over some should they be overtaken. At length, after gay young ladies came in, and I withdrew. A few days having been some hours in the open boat, they after this she left us, and returned to her parents, sick. reached the vessel, which had lain-to for them, We frequently heard that she still remained feeble; and she then spread her sails, and soon carried but we heard nothing of the state of her mind. poor Nicolau far from his persecutors, and in The close of the term was rapidly approaching, a few days landed him safe under the protec- and with it the excitement of the coming examination of British power. He is now living in one tion, sorrow that we must so soon be separated, and of the British possessions, enjoying that liberty joy at our anticipated meeting with our beloved of conscience which, through God's goodness, families and friends. Soon we were all come

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and I returned to my home, far away from all my while he gives little; and confirm the too readily school-fellows. I occasionally heard from one and adopted notion, that religion is a dull and gloomy another of them, with much interest; but nothing thing, the death of all pleasure, and the grave of all from Maria; until at length a paper was sent me,

enjoyment. And if we go to the discharge of every

duty, as if there were a " lion in the way," and go to and in the list of deaths was the name of Maria

meet trial and temptation with feelings like those B — My pen would vainly attempt to describe with which Saul went from Endor to Gilboa, what my feelings on beholding it. A remembrance of my but discomfiture can we expect, when we engage unfaithfulness came over me with crushing weight. under the depressing influence of anticipated defeat ? She had gone into eternity! and all further opportu

-Dods on the Incarnation, nity to beseech her to come to a merciful Suviour was gone for ever. I might have besought her once, but THE FAULT OF MANY PRAYERS. now it was too late. I eagerly examined the few words which were said

We are invited to come, and that even “with boldof her, to catch, if possible, some ray of hope that she ness, to the throne of grace.” And why should we had, in her last days, made her peace with God; but

not do so? If, indeed, we depended for obtaining I only found a notice of the sweetness of her disposi- the petitions that we ask upon our own merits, and tion and of the general loveliness of her character, might ask nothing but what we deserve, then it while nothing was said of a change of heart, or re

would be useless to go to a throne of grace, or to pentance for sin, of faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, or

take the name of God into our lips at all, since we of hope of salvation through the efficacy of his aton

have deserved only wrath. But if our petitions be, ing blood. I took the paper and retired to my

founded on the merits of Christ, then we can ask chamber, to weep and ray over my neglect of duty, nothing that he has not deserved, and nothing that, to seek forgiveness from God, and implore his as

if it be really good for us, he is not willing to beston. sistance to enable me in future to obey, without

In this case, to come to God with fear and hesitation, hesitation, the voice of conscience and of his word.

-to limit our petitions to small matters, because wel For a long time the day of judgment was vividly feel that we have no claim to ask larger-or to make before me. The mild eye of Maria seemed resting

our own merits, in any degree, the measure of our upon me, with a look unutterably expressive-a look acceptance-or to ask, as if God would grudge what which pierced my heart with anguish; for it seemed

he bestows-in all this we are just dishonouring our to say, “You saw my danger, but you warned me

great High Priest, and living far beneath the privinot. You knew the way of life, but you directed me

leges which he bestows upon us. To consider relinot to walk in it. You had experienced the love of gion as being our business, but the world .as tio the Saviour, but you invited me not to come to him.

source from which we must draw our pleasures--to Now it is for ever too late.” The record of my un

approach God in prayer as a duty which it is right, faithfulness was in the book of God, and my sin was

and proper, and profitable to perform, but w' hout continually before me. I did not attempt to relieve any notion or feeling of its being a privilege which it. my overburdened heart by expressing its anguish to is delightful to enjoy—to come to him as a judge, any one, but to my God. I felt that through his whose good-will it is our interest to conciliate, withmercy he might forgive me, and grant mc grace to

out being able to look upon him as a Father, whose be more faithful. That he would do so, for the Re

power, and riches, and kindness, it gives us pleasure deemer's sake, was my earnest prayer.

to contemplate and celebrate, and whose approving Oh! if we lived with eternity constantly in view; smile, the light of whose countenance, is a greater if we felt at all times the infinite value of the soul,

treasure than corn, and wine, and oil-is to take a we could not be so negligent and unfaithful as we are

view of that communion to which God calleth us, prone to be; but should work while it is day, knowing and of the privileges which he has conferred upon us, that "the night cometh when no man can work."

that must greatly mar both our peace and our proAmerican Messenger.

gress in the Christian life. While, therefore, every. thing approaching to presumption, or to that affected

familiarity with God which some appear to mistake GIVE THANKS.

for filial confidence, is to be guarded against with the In everything does it become the Christian to give

most sedulous care; with equal care ought we to thanks, even for those trials which call into exercise, guard against that distrust of our High Priest, which and thus strengthen his graces; for though “10 makes us dread to exercise and to enjoy, with the chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but most perfect confidence and freedom, the privileges grievous, nevertheless, afterward it yieldeth the which in Christ Jesus we possess.-Ibid. peaceable fruit of righteousness to them which are exercised thereby." The Christian can, therefore, “glory in tribulation,” well knowing, that when he

CUNNING OF SATAN. comes to the end of his course, and looks back on all his blessings, and on all his trials, when he sings of SATAN would seem too mannerly and reasonable, mercy, he will see reason to sing of judgment too. making as if he would be content with one-half of But when we drag on heavily, as if there were dis- the heart; whereas God challenges to all or none, as heartening difficulties to be met, and heavy penalties indeed He has inost reason to claim all, that made all. to be endured at every step, we bring up an evil re- But this is nothing but a crafty fetch of Satan; for port upon the good land; and make the world believe he well knows, that if he get any part, God will hare that we serve a barsh master, who demands much none.-Hall.

TIE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.

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HOW TO READ THE BIBLE WITH PROFIT.

BY THE REV. THOMAS WATSON,*

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The grand question I am to speak to is this : caused him to be executed who said he would How we may read the Scriptures with most make his son heir to the crown, meaning the spiritual profit. It is a momentous question, sign of the crown: much less will God endure and of daily use.

to have his word jested with. Eusebius relates For the resolution of this question, I shall of one who took a piece of Scripture to jest lay down several rules and directions about with, that God struck him with frenzy. The reading of Scripture.

Lord may justly give over such persons “to a | 1. If you would profit by reading, remove reprobate mind.” (Rom. i. 28.) those things which will hinder your profiting. 2. If you would profit, prepare your hearts to There are three obstructions that must be re- the reading of the Word.—The heart is an inmoved, if you would profit by Scripture. strument that needs putting in tune. “Prepare

(1.) Remove the love of every sin.—Let a your hearts into the Lord.” (1 Sam. vii. 3.) physician prescribe never so good receipts, if The Heathens (as Plutarch notes) thought it the patient takes poison, it will hinder the vir- indecent to be too hasty or rash in the service tue and operation of the physic. The Scripture of their supposed deities. This preparation to prescribes excellent receipts; but sin lived in reading consists in two things: (1.) In sumpoisons all. The body cannot thrive in a fever; moning our thoughts together to attend that nor can the soul under the feverish heat of lust. solemn work we are going about.—The thoughts Plato calls the love of sin “a great devil.” As are stragglers; therefore rally them together. the rose is destroyed by the canker which (2.) In purging out those unclean affections breeds in it, so are the souls of men by those which do indispose us to reading.–The serpent, sirs they live in.

before he drinks, casts up his poison. In this (2.) Take heed of the thorns which will choke we should be “wise as serpents;" before we the wyrd read.–These thorns our Saviour ex. come to these “waters of life,” we should cast pounds to be “the cares of this world.” (Matt. away the poison of impure affections. Many xiii. 22.) By “cares" is meant covetousness. come rashly to the reading of the Word; and no A covetous man is a pluralist. He hath such wonder, if they come without preparation, that diversity of secular employments that he can they go away without profit. scarce find time to read; or if he doth, what

3. Read the Scripture with reverence.| solecisms doth he commit in reading! While Think every line you read God is speaking to

his eye is upon the Bible, his heart is upon the you. The ark, wherein the law was put, was world. It is not the writings of the apostles he overlaid with pure gold, and was carried on is so much taken with, as the writings in his bars, that the Levites might not touch it. (Exod. account-book. Is this man likely to profit? xxv. 10–15.) Why was this, but to breed in You may as soon extract oils and sirups out of the people reverence to the law? When Ehud a flint, as he any real benefit out of Scripture. told Eglon he had a message to him from God,

(3.) Take heed of jesting with Scripture.--This he arose from his throne. (Judg. iii. 20.) is playing with fire. Some cannot be merry

The Word written is a message to us from Jeunless they make bold with God. When they hovah; with what veneration should we receivel are sad, they bring forth the Scripture as their : it! liarp to drive away the evil spirit; as that 4. Read the books of Scripture in order.| drunkard who, having drunk off his cups, called Though occurrences may sometimes divert our i to his fellows, “Give us of your oil, for our method, yet for a constant course it is best to lamps are gone out.” In the fear of God be observe an order in reading. Order is an help ware of this. King Edward IV. would not to memory: we do not begin to read a friend's endure to have his crown jested with, but i letter in the middle.

5. Get a right understanding of Scripture.* The author was one of the Puritans, and the work

“ Give me understanding, that I may learn t y from which we take this paper is at once valuable and

commandinents." (Ps. cxix. 73.) Though No. 37.*

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rare. - Ep. C. T.

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