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SKETCH OF THE LIVES, &c.

459

house of a neighbour with whom Francisco was to be done. There was no hope of Francisco intimate. In the meantime some one had has being permitted to return to his home; for in tened to Dr. Kalley's with information of what addition to what has been mentioned, he was at was going on; and Francisco immediately sought law with the vicar of the parish, who was superior a place of shelter and concealment.

of part of his fazenda, and it was not likely that Judge Negrað and the public prosecutor the vicar, in these circumstances, would allow were meanwhile awaiting the issue in the the charge of heresy and apostasy to drop. judge's house. Their disappointment and rage For want of his presence and superintenwere great when the officers came back without dence, also, his worldly affairs were by no their prisoner; for from the turret they had, means prospering; his fazenda was entered by with a glass, seen Francisco in his grounds at plunderers, his property stolen, and his law-suit, the very time that the officers were on their with the weight of the vicar's influence in the way to them; and they vehemently abused scale against him, did not improve his circumthem for a parcel of dogs, who had permitted stances. him to slip from among their hands.

Whilst Francisco's friends were daily becomChristian friends at one time thought that it ing more anxious on bis account, a most unexmight be advisable for Francisco to give him- pected opening was made in Providence for self up, and take his trial for the offences al- bis deliverance. A letter was received from a leged against him. But the unfairness of the minister of the Free Church of Scotland, on his decisions by the courts in these cases connected way to a sphere of duty in a distant part of the with religion, which was daily becoming more British dominions, stating that in the field of apparent, and the remarkable interposition of labour to which he was proceeding, there were | Providence, which had prevented Francisco's many Portuguese, expressing an anxiety for capture when it seemed inevitable, led them their spiritual welfare, and asking if he could afterwards to entertain a different opinion. be furnished with a converted Portuguese from Francisco, therefore, was received into the house Madeira, to labour among them as 'a catechist. of a British subject, where he remained con- Francisco was thought to be just the sort of cealed three months and a-half-shut up by person wanted — steady, intelligent, well achimself all day, and only stealing out occasion. quainted with his Bible, and willing to spend ally in the dark moonless nights, to pay a hur- and be spent in Christ's service. The situation ried visit to his family. Several times during was proposed to him, and at once accepted. that period the police surrounded and searched But then there was the difficulty of getting his house at dead of night, in the hope that the him off the island. A British steamer was yearnings of natural affection might have drawn going to Gibraltar with passengers, now leavhim thither; but the true place of his conceal. ing Madeira after their winter sojourn. By ment was never suspected.

the management of a relative, Francisco was During those anxious and trying months, got on board that vessel, and came to England Francisco's chief companion was his Bible. It under the care of a gentleman who felt a deep was his great delight to read and study God's interest in him. That gentleman brought him. Holy Word. The Portuguese Bibles have no to London, till arrangements should be made marginal references. Francisco had felt the for sending him out to the field of labour importance and benefit of comparing Scripture which it was designed he should occupy. There with Scripture. He had seen the marginal he met with much kindness. On an early references in the English Bible, and perceived Sabbath after his arrival, he communicated at their value. He did not understand English, and Regent Square Church (the Rev.James Hamiltherefore could not well himself use those refe- ton’s), and expressed himself greatly delighted rences, but many an hour did he spend with the and refreshed. gentleman in whose house he was concealed, But that crooked stinging serpent, Popery, got reading the Word of God, and marking on a her basilisk eye on poor Francisco, even in Propaper, for transference to his Portuguese Bible, testant London. Somehow or other, we cannot the parallel passages read off to him from the tell by what means, a Roman Catholic countrymarginal references. He also occupied himself man got access to him. That individual first betimes in a little handicraft work, at which he remonstrated with Francisco for renouncing was very expert-constructing and repairing Popery, and endeavoured to prevail on him little articles of furniture.

to return to the bosom of mother Church. It became now a serious question what ought Failing in this attempt, he tried to lead him to improper places. This plan, too, not May I say, Whom should you preach but Christ?

Brother, he laid aside his robes of light and glory, succeeding, he offered to lend him money, and came from heaven on an errand of mercy for in the hope, it is supposed, of entangling him, you: he assumed human flesh, took upon him the and getting him into his power, and at the form of a servant, and tabernacled on earth for yon :

he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, same time causing him to lose the confidence

even the death of the cross, to save your precious but and countenance of his Protestant friends. sinful soul: he gave you his good Spirit, called you By the grace of God, Francisco was enabled out of darkness into his marvellous light, counted you to escape the snares thus laid for him, and honour he can conter upon a mortal—and he intende

faithful, and put you into the ministry--the highest to resist all the wicked and cunning schemes to purify and glorify you, and keep you for ever in of Popery to pervert his principles, entangle his presence in mansions of eternal peace and joy! him in its meshes, and involve himn in ruin. about him? Why, his very name, as Bernard says, But though disappointed and hitherto foiled, should be "honey in your mouth, melody in your ear, the agent of Popery determined to make and a jubilee in your heart." The very stones would

cry out against you, if you should hold your peace, one effort more. He called with a cab for and not magnify Christ with the best member that Francisco, and invited, pressed him, to take you have. Therefore, let the deity and glory of a drive with him. This Francisco absolutely Christ, which, like a mine of gold, runs through the declined, and he began now to be seriously is the basis of a sinner's hope; and the example of

whole of Scripture; the atonement of Christ, which alarmed at the persevering attentions of his Christ, the perfect model of a saint's deportmentPopish countryman. In this alarm his friends be the leading and constant topics of your ministrs.

Faithfulness to your commission, and love to your in London in some measure participated. When Master, demand that you should' “

fully preach the the unscrupulous means which Popery is ķnown Gospel of Christ.”. to employ for accomplishing her ends are con

Do not be afraid of introducing the distinguishing

doctrines of the Gospel often into your sermons. sidered, it is not surprising that fears began to Many pious ministers, from a dread of Antinomianiem, be entertained for poor Francisco's safety. Once that worst of Satan's heresies, spreading among their in the hands of the agents of Popery, the poor sparingly, mentioned the truths which are the great

congregations, have occasionally only, and then very stranger, who could neither speak nor under- source and motive of all evangelical holiness. But stand a word of our language, could easily be the apostles did not so preach Christ. They preached disposed of so as to cause no farther trouble as

the doctrines practically, and the precepts evangeli

cally. They based practice upon doctrine. Froll a convert to Protestantism, and a witness for what in modern language would be termed the high' the truth. Francisco dreaded lest he should doctrines, they drew the most powerful incentives to

holiness. be kidnapped. Under this fear he refused to

Will preaching the sovereign love of God, lead' leave the house, and became very sad and dispi- men to sin against him?—" According as he hath rited. In this state Dr. Kalley found him when chosen us in him, that we should be boly, and with:

out blame before him in love "_" We are bound, he came to England in July 1845. Right glad to give thanks always to God for you, brethren, bewas poor Francisco to see again his old friend loved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginand teacher. Arrangements were now made ning chosen you to salvation through sanctification

of the Spirit, and belief of the truth." for his leaving England, and in a few weeks he Will the finished salvation of Christ ?-No; it is sailed from London to occupy a sphere of labour represented as producing similar fruits: “Who gave in the far distant land to which he had been himself for us, that he might redeem us from all ini

quity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zescalled.

lous of good works.” Will the doctrine of justification by faith in the imputed righteousness of Christ

-Our Saviour publishes the doctrine of justificativi PREACHING CHRIST.*

as a motive to abstinence from sin: * Neither do I condemn thee; go, and sin no more.” Licentiousca

cannot abound among your hearers if you thus preaco DEAR BROTHER, let Christ have a prominent place applied to the conscience by irresistible motives, pro

The doctrines will necessarily, when thus practically in your sermons. Rather be accused of sameness, duce the most correct morality. As Bishop Horze tautology, and wandering from your subject, than fail to introduce him. Why, he is the bread of life,

beautifully remarks, “ To preach practical sermons on which starving souls are to feed, and hunger no

as they are called—i.€., sermons upon vices and vir more-the water of life, which thirsty souls are to

tues—without inculcating those great Scripture truth: drink, and never die; he is the “ tree of life," under enable us to forsake sin and follow after righteous

of redemption and grace, which

alone can excite and which weary souls are to repose, and find his fruit sweet to their taste. Omit him, and you cease to be

ness; what is it but to put together the wheels and a good minister of Jesus Christ. Rather adopt the is to make them all go ?” Whatever, therefore, "ou

set the hands of a watch, forgetting the spring which language of Paul as your motto: “Whom we preach, find in the Bible, dear brother, preach. It will

to warning every man in all wisdom, that we may pre- be necessary that you should give undue prominene sent every man perfect in Christ Jesus."

to offensive truths, or that you should confine your* From a useful selection, for ministers and preachers far as in you lies, preach the whole counsel of God

self to the phraseology of particular schools; but, ** just published, by the Rev. Dr. Burns of London.

BY THE REV, JAMES SHERMAX.

RECOLLECTIONS OF A MISSIONARY.

461

| Then, as Robert Hall eloquently remarks,“ a mora- whole of that period in which I made no attempt

Jity more elevated and pure than is to be met with against the natural enmity of the mind to God; while ll in the pages of Seneca and Epictetus will breathe I was inattentive to the way in which this enmity is

through your sermons, founded on a basis which dissolved, even by the free offer on the one hand, every understanding can comprehend, and enforced and the believing acceptance on the other, of the by sanctions which nothing but the utmost stupidity Gospel salvation; while Christ, through whose blood can despise; a morality, of which the love of God, and the sinner, who by nature stands afar off, is brought a devoted attachment to the Redeemer, are the plas- nigh to the heavenly Lawgiver whom he has offended, tic soul, which pervading every limb, and expressing was scarcely ever spoken of, or spoken of in such itself in every lineament of the new creature, gives it a way as stripped him of all the importance of his a beauty all his own. As it is the genuine fruit of character and his offices: even at this time I cerjust and affecting views of divine truth, you will never tainly did press the reformation of honour, and truth, sever it from its parent stock, nor indulge in the fruit and integrity among my people; but I never once less hope of leading men to holiness, without strongly heard of any such reformations having been effected imbuing them with the spirit of the Gospel. Truth amongst them. If there was anything at all brought and holiness are in the Christian system so intimate about in this way, it was more than ever I got any ly allied, that the warm and faithful inculcation of the account of. I am not sensible that all the vehemence one lays the whole foundation for the other." with which I urged the virtues and the proprieties of

social life, had the weight of a feather on the moral haBY THE REV. J. A. JAMES.

bits of my parishioners. And it was not till I got imPREACH CHRIST.---The pulpit is intended to be a

pressed by the utter alienation of the heart in all its

desires and affections from God; it was not till reconpedestal for the cross, though, alas ! even the cross itself, it is to be feared, is sometimes used as a mere

ciliation to him became the distinct and the prominent pedestal for the preacher's fame.

object of my ministerial exertions; it was not till

We may roll the I took the scriptural way of laying the method of rethunders of eloquence, we may dart the coruscations conciliation before them; it was not till the free offer of genius, we may scatter the flowers of poetry, we

of forgiveness through the blood of Christ was urged may diffuse the light of science, we may enforce the precepts of morality from the pulpit; but if we do through the channel of Christ's mediatorship to all

upon their acceptance, and the Holy Spirit given not make Christ the great subject of our preaching, who ask him, was set before them as the unceasing we have forgotten our errand, and shall do no good. object of their dependence and their prayers; it was Satan trembles at nothing but the cross: at this he does tremble; and if we would destroy his power, and not, in one word, till the contemplations of my peoextend that holy and benevolent kingdon, which is ple were turned to these great and essential elements righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, it God, and the concerns of its eternity, that I ever heard

in the business of a soul providing for its interest with must be by means of the CROSS. CHRIST CRUCIFIED.-Yes! give me but a barn, the

of any of those subordinate reformations which I very shadow of St. Paul's Cathedral, and give me a

aforetime made the earnest and the zealous, but I man who shall preach Christ crucified, with some

am afraid at the same time, the ultimate, object of

my earlier ministrations. thing of the energy, which the all-inspiring theme is calculated to awaken; and in spite of the meanness of the one, and the magnificence of the other, you

RECOLLECTIONS OF A MISSIONARY. shall see the former crowded with the warm and pious hearts of living Christians, while the matins (From the Presbyterian Missionary Chronicle.) and vespers of the latter, if the Gospel be not preached there, shall be chanted to the cold and It was a very hot day in August 184-, and I was cloistered statues of the mighty dead.

lying on a couch suffering from debility induced by the heat of a tropical summer. While thus reclining,

the physician of the place, a serious and moral man, I cannot but record the effect of an actual though but at that time making no professions of piety, called undesigned experiment which I prosecuted for up

to see me. He said he had a patient recently brought wards of twelve years. For the greater part of that

from a neighbouring city, and dangerously ill of a time, I could expatiate on the means of dishonesty on the villany of falsehood-on the despicable arts of

disease at that time prevailing, who expressed a wish calumny-in a word, upon all those deformities of to see an evangelical clergyman; and that he (the character which awaken the natural indignation of physician) would be much pleased if I wuld call on the human heart against the pests and disturbers of him. I went immediately, and on being shown into buman society. Now, could I, upon the strength of the sick-room, found a young-looking man, who held these warm expostulations, have got the thief to give up his stealing, and the evil speaker his censorious

out his hand and expressed much gratification that I ness, and the liar his deviations from truth, I should had called. His Bible was lying on a chair at his bedhave felt all the repose of one who had gotten his side, and it was not many minutes before he had told ultimate object. It never occurred to me, that all me fully and frankly his state and feelings. He was this might have been done, and yet the soul of every

the son of a pious man, who had done much for the hearer have remained in full alienation from God;

cause of missions in his own land. He himself bad and that even could I have established in the bosom

united with the Church in his youth, and for several of one who stole, such a principle of abhorrence at the meanness of dishonesty, that he was prevailed years maintained a fair character, and thought himupon to steal no more, he might still have retained a self a Christian. Of late, however, and especially heart as completely unturned to God, and as totally since coming to this heathen land, he had greatly unpossessed by a principle of love to him, as before. backslidden, and, as he said, had so far forgotten his In a word, though I might have made him a more

open

sin. While in this | upright and honourable man, I might have left him profession as to fall into as destitute of the essence of religious principle as

state he was attacked with a disease which had ever. But the interesting fact is, that during the already proved fatal to several persons; and though

BY THE REV. DR. CHALMERS.

there was at first nothing very alarming in his own there were none in the place who knew him. He case, yet it had aroused him to think on his ways, and had but recently arrived in this country; and, as we the Spirit of God seemed to have brought his sins found in a day or two after, his partner died of the strongly to his remembrance,

same disease on the same day. When I saw him he was in great distress, fearing Soon after his death I wrote to his mother (his lest he had committed the unpardonable sin, and that father being dead) an account of his last moments, there could be no hope for him. A few minutes' con- and of the hope I had that he had found the

versation showed that the instructions of his excellent great salvation. Several months passed away, and father had sunk deep into his heart, and that he was amidst other events, the above was almost fortolerably well acquainted with the doctrines of reli- gotten, when one day a small package from a distart, gion, so that it was an easy and a pleasant duty to land came into my hands. It contained a beautiful give him the instructions his case required. Doubt- copy of the memoir of Mr. M'Cheyne, and a bote less there are those in our days who commit a sin for breathing “the most heartfelt gratitude," and the which there is no repentance, and for which we are assurance of “earnest and constant prayer for my not commanded to pray; but there was no evidence welfare.” For some reason unknown to me, the that such was his case, and on this point his mind writer wished to be unknown; but I could not avoil was relieved. He feared, however, that he was not associating her (for it was a lady's hand) with the one of the elect-could there be hope for him? I person spoken of above. Is it not true that bread told him my belief in the doctrine of election was as cast upon the waters is found after many days; and firm as my belief in my own existence; but God's that often in a way not anticipated? The parents secret decrees were not the rule of our faith and of that young man “bestowed much labour" in forpractice. Repent and believe, and be saved; let him warding the cause of missions, and the dying hours make his calling sure, and the question of his election of their son were cheered and consoled in a strange need not trouble his mind. To this he freely assented, land by a missionary of a different country, and a and then, with tears in his eyes, and the utmost ear- different denomination. I went in weakness to visit nestness, asked if I thought it possible God could or him, without a thought of reward; but how often would forgive so vile a backslider as himself. Tak- has the thought cheered me since, that in a distant ing up his Bible, I opened it at the beautiful pas- land there is one (or more) whom I have never seed,

sage in the 14th chapter of Hosea : "Take with you whose fervent prayers are offered up on muy behalf. words, and turn unto the Lord: say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously,” &c., and read and explained the whole chapter. Never JOHN BAPTIST'S MESSAGE TO CHRIST. did it appear so rich and precious to my own soul, and the sick man heard it with entranced attention.

BY THE REV. P. FAIRBAIRN, SALTON. When it was finished, he exclaimed, “What pre- "Now when Jolin had heard in the prison the works of

cious words these are! Will you not pray with me?" Christ, he sent two of his disciples, and said unto him. After prayer, and a little further conversation, I left

Art thou he that should come, or do we look for him, promising to see him again in the evening.

another?"--MATT. XI. 2, 3. About sunset I called again, and found his disorder Tuis message of John to Christ is so different from making rapid progress, so that occasionally he seemed what we are naturally disposed to look for in John, to be wandering in mind. But his thoughts were on that the great majority of commentators will not his soul's concerns, and towards Christ; his mind believe that he was properly the author of it; they was calmer than when I first saw him, and though think it must have proceeded from his disciples he expressed much fear of death, yet he seemed to rather than himself, and that only for their satisfacapprehend fully that the grace of Christ was his only tion did he allow the question to be submitted bs refuge, and I could not but hope that his faith was them to Christ's consideration. This supposition,

fixed on the Saviour; and with a mind much light- however, made for the purpose of saving John's ened in regard to him, I returned to my room. The credit at the expense of his disciples', derives exposure and exertions of the day, in my weak state, countenance from the words of the inspired historian. were too much for me, and a sleepless night left me There the whole matter is referred to Jo!ın himself, with but little strength in the morning. As the day as distinctly as language could do it. He does not proved stormy, it seemed imprudent to venture out, simply authorize the disciples to go, but sends them and accordingly I wrote a note to the physician, re- with words which he himself puts into their mouth; questing him to inform me if his patient should wish and the circumstance that led to his doing so was, for me, as otherwise I could scarcely leave the house. not their, but his having heard in prison of the works The kind-hearted physician himself had some con- which Christ was performing. Nor, when our Lond

versation with him, and finding him (in the intervals replied to the question put to him, did he seem to of his delirium), to be much more peaceful, and ap- entertain the least idea that others, rather than parently hopeful, did not send for me. He died in John, were here concerned. On the contrary, as if the night, and when I called early the next morning to exclude the possibility of this supposition, be I found him laid out, with an expression of counte- gives the reply a very pointed and personal applicanance like one who had gone in peace.

tion: “Go and show John again those things which Among strangers, we buried him in a stranger's ye do hear and sec." It is not conceivable tbat the grave; for, excepting the physician and myself, mild and tender Jesus would have aggravated the

JOAN BAPTIST'S MESSAGE TO CHRIST.

463

distresses of John's situation by thus plainly charg- dead raised to life, how natural was the thought, i ing upon him the ignorance or unbelief implied in Why, then, am I not rescued from this miserable

the message, unless it really and properly belonged dungeon ? why are all receiving comfort and deliverto him.

ance, me alone excepted ?" And labouring, as in No doubt, it seems at first sight strange and al- all probability he did, under the idea, which had most unaccountable, that after the revelations which more or less taken possession of the whole Jewish John had not only received, but publicly declared, people, that the Messiah's course was to be distinconcerning Christ, he should have of himself pro- guished by splendid victories of an earthly kind, ah ! posed such a question, especially if that question, then, how unbefitting that his chief herald and fore* Art thou he that should come?" be understood as runner should be permitted to lie bound in chains ! asking whether he were really the Messiah; for If thou art he of whose triumphs the prophets have John had obtained the most explicit and certain written in such lofty strains, why should I be left to information of Christ's person, as well as of his pine in a prison ? Art thou indeed he, or must we great mission to the world. When Christ presented still look for another, from whom such things may

himself for baptism, it was with reluctance that be expected ? (Lightfoot.) Such thoughts, it must John administered the ordinance, feeling his own at once be seen, were extremely natural at such a vast inferiority; he then also saw the heavens opened time to John; and if he allowed them to get a footover the head of Jesus, and heard the voice pro- ing in his mind, he was only giving way to the claiming from the most excellent glory, “ This is temptation to which his peculiar situation exposed my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased;” and, him. We know what power there is in strong tempwith the fullest confidence of his being the Messiah, tation to disturb even the clearest views of the he had pointed him out to the assembled multitudes mind, and bring into doubt for a time its most settled in the striking and solemn announcement, “ Behold convictions. And yet, perhaps, it were saying too the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the much of John's misgiving, to represent him as actuworld.” After all this, we are naturally disposed to ally doubting of Christ's divine character and mission. ask, How could he possibly doubt concerning the Perhaps he only sought by the message to remind Messiahship of Jesus, without, at the same time, Jesus of the unhappy contrast his situation afforded belying the testimony he had himself received and to what his high office might have warranted him to delivered? But why should we think it more likely expect, and of the propriety of Christ's proving for his disciples to do so ? They had seen what he himself to be “he that should come,” by rescuing saw, and heard what he testified; advantages in this his servant from the pit. And, indeed, there may respect were even possessed by them which he could have been as much of perplexity as of doubt or disnot enjoy; for while he was shut up in prison, they satisfaction in this question of John. He may have were enabled to attend upon the ministry of Christ, been quite convinced still of Christ's being the and witness the wonderful works that proceeded | Messiah, the Messenger of the Covenant predicted from his hand. It is clear, by comparing one part in Malachi, of whom John was the immediate foreof the narrative with another, that they were present runner going before his face; and the very fact of while he was performing some of these, or, at least, his proposing such a question to Christ for an authoin the immediate neighbourhood where they were ritative settlement implied as much-implied that he done; and so great was the impression made upon still had faith in Christ as one greater than himself. their minds by what they had seen and certainly But when he saw so little appearance of a fulfilment knew, that they could not refrain from going to give of the purposes, those, namely, of blessing and judgan account of the whole to their master. (Matt. ix. ment, for which the coming of that Covenant-mes1431; Luke vii. 11-18.) So that, from the whole senger was announced; when he saw, and in his own circumstances of the case, we would say, it was less experience felt, how still the righteous were afflictlikely for John's disciples to fall into doubt than for ed, and the wicked allowed to reign and prosper, he John himself; and, indeed, our Lord's message to could not understand how Christ could be the John renders it plain that it was he, and not they, one that should come, as foretold, suddenly to his who needed the information: “Go and show John temple, to confound his adversaries, and elevate and again those things which ye do hear and see." You bless his faithful people. Seeing that he was so have already, indeed, shown him of them, but with- slow in doing the expected work, while he manifestly out the suitable impression being produced; go and had power to do what he pleased, might he not, after do so yet again.

all, have come for a different, an inferior purpose ? Besides, it is not to be forgotten that the situation and might there not still be another to come for the of John at present was such as peculiarly tended to execution of the great work, which he seemed to be raise improper feelings, if not unworthy suspicions, leaving undone ? regarding Jesus. The sad and depressing cloud Such, there is every reason to think, were the which his imprisonment threw over his career, must thoughts and feelings which at this time agitated necessarily have formed a strong temptation to this, the bosom of John in prison a mixture of perplexiand one which the report brought to him of the ties and doubts, and probably also in part of personal wonderful works of Christ was precisely fitted to chagrin or disappointment. And the reply of our stir into new strength and activity. For when he Lord to his question was perfectly suited to meet heard of the blind receiving their sight, the devils such a state of mind; first going over the miracles of being cast out of their possessions, and even the mercy he was engaged in performing, and his

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