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means of these heavenly communings his spirit the approach of the soldiers. In soine of the was refreshed. One day a company of these mossy parts of the hills and moors there are pious persons met at Blairfoot, for the purpose deep gullies, worn by the impetuous streams of engaging in religious exercises, and they that descend from the heights after the meltadopted the common precaution of stationing a ing of the winter snows, or during the gushing friend as a warder, to give notice in case of of a great thunder spate. These water-courses danger. At this time, Dalziel of Kirkmichael are in some places covered above with the and Lieutenant Straiton, with a party of fitty tufted lieather, which, decked with its purple soldiers, were ranging the country in quest of blossoms, waves on each margin of the narros fugitives. Muncie of Durisdeer, the informer, ditch. It was into one of these slippery conhaving received notice of the meeting that was duits that an individual of the fleeing party was being held in Daniel's house, lost no time in endeavouring to creep, when the troopers came communicating information of the circumstance in view of the dark and rugged peat ground. to the commander of the troops, who led his This circumstance was observed by one of the company without delay to Blairfoot. The dragoons only, who, being unwilling, it would watchman, however, observed their approach, seem, to expose the life of the poor man, fell to and hastened to the house with the unwelcome the rear of his party, and allowing them to protidings. The party within instantly prepared ceed, advanced cautiously to the mouth of the for flight; but in their haste to be gone they mossy outlet, and seeing the cowering fugitive forgot not their sickly brother. They knew stretched at his full length in his murky hidthat if he were left alone his sickness would | ing-place, accosted him in a suppressed and procure him no exemption from the ill usage gentle tone, saying: “Friend, I know you are with which the soldiers might be.disposed to one of the party whom we are pursuing; I treat him, and therefore they determined to have no desire, however, to reveal you: creep remove him from his bed, and carry him along farther into the hole, and stir not till the danger with them. Accordingly they wrapped him in be overpast.” He then rejoined his companions the warm bed-clothes, and conveyed him with in the pursuit, and how the affair ended with all speed, and unobserved, to the cave.

this branch of the fugitives tradition has not But there was another informer beside said. Muncie, and one who pretended to belong to Meanwhile, the party who were carrying their party, and who, under the mask of friend. Daniel were pushing westward in the direction ship and of piety had connected himself of Durisdeer. On this company the dragoons with them, with a view to accomplish his own easily gained ground, as their motions were nefarious designs. This individual left the necessarily impeded by means of the burden

cave to give certain information to the party that with which they were charged. It was obviwas in quest of the fugitives. Another of the ous to every one, and to none inore than the company having left the hiding-place shortly sick man himself, that escape was nearly imafter the departure of the traitor, and having possible, and it was his urgent request that they occasion to call at a smitly in the neighbour- should leave him, and provide for their own nood, was informed that their nameless associate safety. This they were unwilling to do, but

was a wolf in sheep's clothing, and that he finding that their remaining would endanger would to a certainty conduct the troopers to their own lives, and could not save his, they, at their place of concealment. On receiving his earnest desire, concealed him in a cave unthis report, the man hastened back to his com der the projecting brow of a mountain stream, panions in the cave to expedite their retreat in hopes that the foe would not find his retreat, before the soldiers should arrive. The friends while the pursuit would be directed chieti y in hiding agreed instantly to vacate the cavern, after themselves. How long, and with what and to separate themelves into two companies success, the troopers pursued the fleeing party the one party, conveying Daniel, who was un- is not said, but had anything of a tragic nature able to walk, to move in the direction of Duris- occurred, it is likely that tradition would have deer; and the other party to flee towards the preserved it. dark moss hags of Kirkhope.

Daniel, however, was soon discovered. The It was the design of the latter party to act soldiers, as was common, were accompanied as a decoy to the dragoons, and to draw them with dogs, which were often found very useful away from the party that was conveying their in leading to a discovery of persons in concealfriend Daniel towards Durisdeer. The dra- ment, and these animals scented out the place goons, lowever, having observed the movement, where he was hid. The dragoons laid hold on divided themselves also into two parties, the their victim, and mercilessly dragged him from

one pursuing the fugitives that were hastening his retreat. Their eye was unaccustomed to to the wilds of Kirkhope, and the other follow. spare, and their heart was unused to pity; ing in the route of the company that were without resistance, for it was impossible, and moving slowly with their sickly charge. without remonstrance, for it was needless, this

The company that fled to the moss expected holy man, who was ready to seal his testimony o secure themselves in its deep trenches from with his blood, resigned himself into the hands



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of his enemies. He did “ not think it strange which were befitting a person in his situationconcerning the fiery trial which was to try him, a favour not granted to every one. When he as though some strange thing had happened had ended his devotions he addressed himself unto him.” No; for he was already in the fur. in a very grave and solemn manner to Dalziel, nace, and already had he endured much, and who lent himself to work wickedness and to by grace he was prepared to endure more. He make havoc of the Church. What impression heard frequent reports of the martyrdom of his his discourse made on the commander's mind dear friends and beloved brethren, who bad is not said, but he shrank not from the perpeembarked in the same common cause, and he tration of the deed which he meditated. himself expected to be numbered with those When the napkin was tied about his face, who were daily falling in the wild moorlands | this faithful witness for Christ, who " loved not around him, and his time to be offered was now his life unto the death,” lifted up his voice, and

He was carried by the soldiers to Duris- said aloud: “Lord, thou broughtest Daniel deer, where he was kept a prisoner during the through many trials, and hast brought me, thy night, in the silent hours of which he expe- servant, hither to witness for thee and thy rienced much sweet communion with God, pre- cause; into thy hands I commit iny spirit, and paratory to the bloody death which he was to hope to praise thee through all eternity." The suffer on the following day.

signal was then given, and four soldiers poured Next day he was taken from his place of the contents of their muskets into his body, and confinement, sickly as he was, and carried off the warm blood flowed from the wounds in by the soldiers, with a view, it would appear, purple streams on the grassy sod. The green to convey him to the garrison in Crawford heights of Dalveen resounded with the startling Moor. The feeble state of his body, however, report, and the echo leapt from hill to hill, as rendered this impossible, and the troopers were if to announce to those who dwelt afar in the obliged to halt with their charge at the entrance wilderness that another honoured witness for of the pass of Dalveen, where his persecutors the truth had fallen. His pains were of short determined to ease themselves of their burden continuance, and his happy spirit, emancipated by putting an end to his life.

from its frail tenement, and exulting in glorious Many questions were put to him, which he victory, winged its way to the regions of eternal declined to answer; and many things were laid bliss. to his charge, which he denied. He was told, says Wodrow, that unless he owned the king's

AT EVENING TIME IT SHALL BE LIGHT. supremacy in Church and State, and took the

Though earth-born shadows now may shroud oaths that inight be put to him, he must die. “Sir," said he to the commander of the party,

Thy thorny path, a while,

God's blessed word can part each cloud, " that is what, in all things, I cannot do, but

And bid the sunshine smile. very cheerfully I submit to the Lord's disposal as to my life.” Dalziel replied: "Do you not

Only BELIEVE, in living faith,

His love and power divine; know that your life is in my hand ?" "No,

And ere thy sun shall set in death, Sir," answered he; “I know that my life is in the Lord's hand, and if he see good he can

His light shall round thee shine! make you the instrument to take it away."

When tempest-clouds are dark on high, He had been told the night before to prepare His bow of love and peace for death, for he should die on the morrow. Shines sweetly in the vaulted sky, To this he said, with the utmost calmness, “ If Betokening storms shall cease! my life must go for llis cause, I am willing; Hold on thy way, with hope unchilled, God will prepare me.” And his confidence was By faith and not by sight; not disappointed, for He who calls his servants And thou shalt own His word fulfilled to the endurance of sufferings and death for his At eve it shall be light! sake, did not desert him in tbe hour of trial.

Barrox. Wodrow says, that the night previous to his martyrdom," he enjoyed a sweet time of com

THE SOULS OF CHILDREN. munion and fellowship with God, and great outlets of joy and consolation ; so that some of beseeching you, that you go and study what you have

1. To you, natural parents, I first address myself ; the soldiers desired to die his death, and not a few convictions were left in their bosoms." Byl to do; and do all that

you shall know, for your children's

I am of the mind, that this means the Lord strengthened his servant, gallant language never did God's work;” and do whom he had called forth to witness for his find it what you call “wild note," ruther than “set truth, and prepared him with spiritual fortitude music,” that I can ever move you by. Wherefore and hope and joy for the fiery trial which was plainly I tell you, We may thank you for earth's

becoming thus unlike heaven, and like to hell. We

may thank your negligence, and worse, for the ruin On the green spot where he was doomed to of more children than ever Herod slew, or the liar die he was permitted to kneel, and to engage and murderer of France himself. We may thank you for a brief space in those devotional exercises that children be so generally beasts, before they are

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young men; and young devils, before they are old difficulty and impossibility, as to our endeavours,

We may thank you for vitiating the most be left but to drive us to diligence, and dependence numerous, the most ductile, and the most hopeful on Him to whom nothing is difficult or impossible. part of the world—for robbing God of his first-fruits The more we do look for success, the more it will in the world.

come. Let not catechising, that is praised by all, I beseech you, by God's tender mercies, repent of be unpractised by any. And in preaching, let none your cruelties. And I charge you before God and of us make need, where we find none, to shoot over the Lord Jesus Christ, reform ye straightway, and young folk's heads, and use a language which we do as aforesaid. The light of nature, that guides you must needs know they understand not. Lore of God to help your children to go, and to speak, and to do and of them would make us willing rather to be what is necessary for this life, guides you also to trampled under scorners' feet for our faithfulness, help them for the divine life. Nor can you doubt than to ride over their heads in figures of vain-glorious but God's ordinance in the old Church for the ap- impertinence; the which wise hearers do no more pearance of the male children before him thrice in commend than weak hearers do understand. Neither the year, was to bring them to an early acquaintance be it any more grievous to us than it was to St. Austin, with himself; and there is still both need and ob- to have now and then, “Young people, this is for ligation to keep the substance of that precept now you." I would be glad to see wanton wits have less under the Gospel. O let it not be said any longer, sauce, and weak souls hare more meat, in all our that your care is more for your children's clothes sermons; and to discern that our pains in making than their souls! For shame, sirs, for shame! let converts did exceed the Papists in making proselytes. them not be wicked without your pity, nor converted For it must be owned, it is an uncolourable profanewithout your pains! Think ye daily of both the ness, to baptize infancy and not to teach youth, or advantages and engagements to do it.

but slightly: because otherwise we shall starve the Dying Dr. Harris said, he was at peace with nursery; and then what becomes of Jesus Christ's God, and told his children that his sins should not family? hurt them therefore, unless they made them their The good Lord awaken us all, and set ministers, own. Can you say so, if you were now to die? Well; parents, young people themselves, all a-doing, and very nature also engages you. Ay, and equity binds well-doing! Our Churches then shall be beautified, you; for your children are God's, more than yours: and joyed, and strengthened with abundance of and, surely it is to him, and for him, that you should young meditating Isaacs; young Jacobs, seeking the educate his children. Truth also engages you. For blessing; young Solomons, choosing wisdom; young you promised you would so educate them, when you Obadiahs, fearing the Lord; young Johns, lying in had them baptized; did you not ?

Christ's bosom; yea, young children, crying " Hos The fear and love of God, if any be in you, do en- anna;" stilling, or shaming at least, and balking, gage you. And so doth your own interest also. Yea, God's enemies and ours. Origen's father, Leonides. lastly, shame engages you. For it is a shame-is it would sometimes uncover his breast as he lay asleep, not?-to teach children to honour and serve you, and solemnly kiss it; blessing God, that had given and not to honour and serve their God and yours. him to be a father to so excellent a child. And to I have bid many children ask you, whether, if they shall many of us have warrant to do. Upon our were too young to be bound to keep God's commands, houses, schools, and churches, it shall be writ and they were not also too young to be bound to keep read of all, “ Jéhoval-shammah-The Lord is there." yours. Listen not to the white devils that will sug- -Burgess. gest, “ If your children take not to religion of themselves without your a-do, your pains will do but little good." Do horses or camels tame themselves ? Do

ILLUSTRATIONS OF INFIDELITY. men tame beasts of the wilderness? and do you not tame the children of your own bodies and families ?

DAVID HUME. But, all in a word : does God set you a work, and promise you success; and do you dream it to no pur

NO. V. pose to set about it? Read you Prov. xxii. 6: “Train We must now attend to a few of the INCONSISTENCIES up a child in the way he should go : and when he is old, he will not depart from it.” “ Withhold not

AND CONTRADICTIONS OF HUME, AS ILLUSTRATIVE OF! correction from the child: for if thou beatest him

HIS CHARACTER. In some measure this has been with the rod, he shalt not die. Thou shall beat him done already. It is impossible not to mark his stronie with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell.” prejudices. These, combined with a low sense of the (Prov. xxiii. 13, 14.) “The rod and reproof give claims of truth, naturally conduct to inconsistener wisdom : but a child left to himself bringeth his mother to shame. Correct thy son, and he shall give of prejudice than the fact, stated by himself

, that in

and contradiction. What can afford a stronger proof thee rest; yea, he shall give delight unto thy soul." (Prov. xxix. 15, 17.)

the second edition of part of his History, he made a 2. As for you, ministers, Church fathers, may I hum-hundred material alterations from the first edition, bly assume to stir up your minds but in way of remem- and all in favour of one side? --Marvellous to add, the brance ? You know, if the lambs be lost, the Lord side of despotism against freedom! What haste and of the flock will with great anger ask, “Where were inaccuracy must there have been in the first edition. I the shepherds all the while? what were they doing?" Nor will our highest feeding of the sheep compound and prejudice in the second, or both; and this is the for the loss of his launbs. And I doubt it will not spirit and conduct of a philosophical historiaa!! suffice to say, “Lord, we were the while digging for What could be expected of the consistency of a com! profound notions, or disputing nice questions, or position in regard to which he says, wounded at once studying polite sermons, for people whose peace and whose praise we could not have cheaper."

with the want of success, and the opposition which Brethren, for the Lord's sake, let us all do some

was provoked by the first volume: “After a long what weekly, and set the parents of our congre- interval, I' at last collected so much courage as to gations doing somewhat daily, for young peoples renew my application to the second volume, thorush souls. And let both set to it horefully. Let the with infinile disgust and reluctance; and I am sensible



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that in many passages of it there are great signs of ficient in the former as to need no further teaching. that disposition, and that my usual fire does not The language which he einployed in characterizing everywhere appear.” And this spirit of prejudice opposing minor systems, especially if religious, be. did not leave him. It was not a temporary ebulli- trayed anything but a candid and tolerant mind. tion. Thirteen years after, when he was a man of He had no mercy for the violence of the Reformers; sixiy, we tind him, to use his biographer's language, and yet, amid all the literature and refinement of

again busy in sifting his History of all remains the eighteenth century, aided by French póliteness, of popular principles; and there is a tone through- he could indulge in such mild language as, “I leave cut the letter, as if it were satisfactory to him to be that to him and his gang; for he is a flatterer, I am able to overturn the objects of popular idolatry, told, of that low fellow Warburton.” Again : “ Lord

which a people he so heartily disliked (as the English) | Milton can with his finger stop the foul mouths of had endeavoured to set up in the alleged antiquity of all the roarers against heresy"_“I wish that the their constitution." What a spirit of prejudice was parsons would confine themselves to their old occu- s this in which to write history, and to review it after pation of worrying one another, and leave philosoit was written! Could the author, a stranger mean- phers to argue with temper, moderation, and good while to the love of truth, and therefore without manners”—“Our government has become a chimera,

guiding principle, fail to fall into grievous inconsist- and is too perfect in point of liberty for so rude a jency and contradiction ? No. Accordingly, besides beast as an Englishman, who is a man, a bad animal the conflict between the liberal principle of his too, corrupted by or above a century of licentious

Essays and the despotic principles of his History, to ness.” In his essay, again, on suicide, the Christian which reference has been already madle—a History religion is evidently pointed at under such names as which Gilbert Stuart pronounces “to be, from be- “the modern European superstition,"

“ virulent zinning to end, a plausible defence of prerogative;" poison,” “cruel enemy," " inhuman tyrant," what and which no friend to humanity or freedom can “chiefly contributes to render life miserable.” Such il consider without feeling a lively surprise and patriotic is the calm and tolerant spirit of Inčidel philosophy. indignation; and which Lord Gardenstone declares, Could Christians be much worse in their speech or in so far as the llouse of Stuart is concerned, is writings ?

not the statement of an historian, but the memorial But Hume proceeded farther than the language of a pleader in a court of justice," besides the incon(sistency in regard to civil freedom rising out of strong

* Hume, in his hatred of revclation, contends, in one of

his essays, that old Pagan sm was tolerant, while Chris. prejudices, we are compelled to mark the inconsist

tiani:y was persecuting. Supposing this to have been the ency, not less conspicuous, in regard to religious liberty. case, it could bave been explained, as we shall shortly

Taking into account Hume's professed charac- notice; but the statement is discreditable to the writer's ter_his principles of Infidelity-the uncertainty, historical knowledge. It is notorious to well-informed men in his view, of all religious belief, we would have

that Paganisın was persecuting. The "divine" Plato, among thought him the last man to be intolerant. He maintaining a uniformity of religion, at all times and places

the laws of his ideal republic, embraced enactments for seems to be the very paragon of religious neutrality - in all writings and conversations; others for compelling and indifference. Certainly this is the spirit and all men to worship the gods with the same ceremonies--proposition which he ought to have maintained, and inhibiting, at the same time, private sacrifices; others for which he delighted to represent himself; but, alas !

severely punishing such sceptics as would dare to maintain

that the wicked could be happy. Would Hume himself for the practice. Few men, perhaps, were ever

have been safe under this regiine? It is well known, to more thoroughly uncandid and intolerant. We do

use the language of Dr. M Queen, that even the Greeks, 200 refer merely to his immovableness in controversy with all their noble sense of liberty, and at the period of when obviously beaten, but to the spirit of religious time in which they had the warmest sense of it, would not vigotry and even persecution which can be traced in

suffer any one to condemn the public system, and far less his writings . He admits himself that he was a bigot openly spread the tenets of Atheisin." The fearful persecu- !!

tions of Christianity by Paganism in the first three centuries to his own views and prejudices; and Horace Wal

of the Christian era, are notorious persecutions, in which pole well remarks of the Infidel school to which he nearly two millions of Christian lives were sacriticed. We belonged, that "they hate priests, but love dearly to meed not, however, appeal to independent sources of proof. have an altar at their feet.” Even his biographer,

Hume answers himselt when, in his Note-Book, founding on

the 39th book, 16th chapter, of Livy, he records that “ex. speaking of him at twenty-seven, candidly remarks :

terior superstition was punisired by the Romans." He may, ** Though his philosophy is sceptical, his manner is

perhaps, be regarded as strengthening the statement in favour frequently dogmatical, even to intolerance; and of Christianity, when he writes, as he does in his Essay on the while illustrating the feebleness of all human rea- Liberty of the Press, in 1741, in these terms :soning, he seems as if he felt an innate infallibility

" Before the united provinces set the crample, toleration in his own. He afterwards regretted this peculiari

was deemned incompatible with good government; and it was

thought impossible that a number of religious sects could ty," &c. At forty-five years of age, we find his live together in harmony and peace, and have all of them an biographer saying: “The toleration which forbids equal attection to their common country and to each other." us to punish our neighbour on account of his creed It is scarcely necessary to remind the reader, that the be had fully learned. That still higher toleration,

united provinces which sel the first example of toleration, on which forbids us to treat our neighbour's creed with

Hume's own showing, was not a Pagan, but a Protestant

Evangelical. Presbyterian country; and that the creait. disrespect, he had not yet acquired.” It is certainly therefore, of exemplifying toleration does not belong to true that Hume had not learned the latter lesson, Paganism, but to its only efl'ectual antagonist-reas Chrisbut we are by no means sure that he was such a pro- tianity.

of intolerance. He approved of the deeds of gation of “the parsons," what would he have said ? intolerance. What other interpretation can be put how loud and bitter his complaints of intolerance and upon the following language applied by him to the persecution ! but there is not a whisper of either! persecuting course of Queen Elizabeth? Would a when he himself is to be the favoured party. Was real enemy of intolerance, a real friend of candour Hume, then, a truly tolerant man, even to the extent and religious freedom, have expressed himself in of forbidding to punish our neighbour on account of such terms? “ That renowned princess, whose good his creed? taste gave her a sense of order and decorum, and The inconsistency of intolerance in Hume and his whose sound judgment taught her to abhor innova- school is gross-far more flagrant than similar intotions, endeavoured, by a steady severity, to curb this lerance on the part of Christians. Infidels hold that obstinate enthusiasm, which from the beginning there is no discovering religious truth with certaints, looked with an evil aspect both on the Church and and that no man is responsible for what he believes Monarchy. By an act of Parliament in 1593, all or disbelieves, and hence, that it is a matter of no persons above the age of sixteen, who were absent great moment ; consequently, all men, whatever from church a month, or who by word or writing their religious opinions, should be treated alike. declared their sentiments against the established Hence we find Humne gravely stating : “ To all apreligion, were to be imprisoned till they made an open pearance, the sentiment of Stock holm (on moral and declaration of their conformity.'” Is this the language religious questions), Geneva (that is, Calvinism), or the spirit of toleration ? Is this philosophy, or love Rome Ancient (Paganism), Modern (Popery), Athens of freedom ? Our readers do not need to be reminded (Philosophy), and Memphis, have the same characof the persecuting cruelties of Elizabeth's reign. It ters; and no sensible man can implicitly assent to any would seem that Hume regarded them only as illus- of them, but from the general principle, that as the trations of “good taste” and “sound judgment." truth on these subjects is beyond human capacity, How would he himself, or his Infidel friends, have and that as far as one's own case goes, he must adopt liked the steady severity which would have curbed some tenets, there is most satisfaction and conveniitheir obstinate enthusiasm in scepticism ? Such ence in holding to the Catholicism we have been sentiments are quite of a piece with the softened tirst taught. Now, this I have nothing to say against.“ and varnished character which he gives to Laud in a Having nothing to say against this system of universal subsequent reign, where of a merciless instigator to indifference, everything like uncharitableness and se persecution it is said: “He was in this respect verity, much more intolerance and persecution, should happy, that all his enemies were also declared ene- have been utterly excluded from Hume's spirit-writmies to loyalty and true piety, and that every experi- ings—conduct. These are outrageous contradictions ence of his revenge by that means became a merit and of the professed creed. How different is the state of a virtue."

things in the view of true Christians! They hold, on Nor did Hume disdain the aid of intolerance when divine authority, not only that truth in morals and it came nearer home. We say nothing of his quarrel religion can be certainly known, but that it is all-imwith Rousseau—of the bitterness and vindictiveness portant that men are responsible for receiving or which it discovered; these are anything but credit- rejecting itthat they who believe shall be saved, able, though Hume may have been in the right. If that they who believe not shall be condembei. Rousseau was, as some believe, a monomaniac, the In these circumstances, is it wonderful that thes spirit of the controversy, in so far as Hume is con- should be anxious and earnest about the salvatic cerned, was so much the worse; but we ask whether of others as well as their own--that that anxiety and the following statement indicates very enlightened earnestuess should, to the careless and indispeed, views of toleration-whether it does not savour very wear the aspect of dogmatism and intolerance and strongly of what is usually, when applied to reli- that sincere and upright zeal should really sometimes gion or religious men, called persecution? Hume, pass into severity? Above all, is it wonderful that at fifty-six years of age, says: “A gentleman told they should be stirred to anger against Infidels, wanme that he heard from the French ambassador that tonly and sportively it may be, attempting to rod his most Christian majesty (the king of France) them and their children of their only hope amid the had given an arrêt, prohibiting, under the sererest | trials and sorrows of the world? No doubt, in giving penalties, the printing, vending, or dispersing any way even, in these circumstances, to severity or anger, paper of Rousseau or his partisans against me. I they are forgetting the spiret of their Master; and dine with the ambassador to-day, so shall know the the results of experience, but surely intolerance

, is truth of the matter which scarce appears credible.infinitely more pardonable in the one case than in It is surely very honourable to me, but yet will occa- the other ? The truth is, and all laistory attests it, sion that strange man to complain that he is op- that the persons who are most excusable in forcing pressed with power all over the world.” (Vol. ii. p. their opinions upon others - we mean real Christians 365.) There is not a word of disapprobation here of -are the very persons who have least yielded to the the reported procedure of the French king. All temptation. intolerant and unjust as it was, Hume is quite satisfied. He even accounts it honourable for him to be

GOD A DEFENCE IN BATTLE. favoured at another's expense! Had the same conduct been pursued by the King of Britain against broke out, and the army were ordered to march to

IN Madagascar, some time ago, an insurrection Hume's works in this country, especially at the insti- quell it; but before they set out, the great national

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