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THE JESUITS AND EDUCATION.
order to inquire how their souls prospered, and liered to Catholicism. Even the constitutions to give such reproof or counsel as occasion of the Austrian States underwent changes de might require, and to receive what they were rived from the free principles of Protestantism,”
willing to contribute for charitable purposes. In the doininions of the electors ou the Rhine, ! In 1743, Mr Wesley drew up a set of rules, a Protestant party existed in every city;" observance of which was made, and continues "the same state of things prevailed in Weststill to be, the condition of membership. They phalia; in short, throughout the whole of Gerrelate entirely to moral conduct, charitable many, from east to west and from north to offices, and attention to the ordinances of reli- south, Protestantism decidedly predominated." gion; so that Evangelical Churchmen or Dis. "A Venetian ambassador, in 1558, reckons only senters might be members without any relin- a tenth part of the inhabitants of Germany requishment of their respective views of doctrine mained faithful to the old religion.” In Scotor discipline. The title “ United Societies,” in- land "it was poor, popular, and democratic, dicates the adoption, from the first, of that but so much the more resistless was the enthuConncciurul principle which has tended so mnich siasm it inspired. In England, on the contrary, to the consolidation and extension of Wesleyan. it had gained ascendency by its alliance with Slethodism, giving to the body the strength of the existing Government." “ The French had union, and providing means for the introduc- embraced the doctrines with their national tion and maiutenance of the system not only in vchemence," so that in 1561 the Venetian the populous towns where the formation of anbassador says : “ Three-fourths of the kinglarge societies might be anticipated, but also in dom were filled with them.”. In short, " the
the scattered villages of the poorer agricultural Protestant spirit had extended its vivifying | districts.
power to the most distant and obscure corners (To be continued.)
of Europe. What an immense empire had it conquered in the short space of forty years !-an empire reaching from Iceland to the Pyrenees,
and from Finland to the suinmit of the local.ch THE JESUITS AND EDUCATION.
Alps !" In his "Ilistory of the Popes,” Ranke gives The historian then traces from inde come an account of the retrograde of the Reforma- mencent the efforts of the Jesuits to turn tion on the Continent, which, at the present back this Reformation by the instrumentality juncture, ought to be universally known and of crucuriin, and their astonishing success. studied. Many Protestants, including perhaps This commenced by the Emperor of Germany somne of our readers, are wearied of the 11e addressing a letter to Ignatius Loyola, the quent statements made, and the many wirnings founder of the Jesuits, in which “ he expresses given, regarding the Jesuits, and are disposed his conviction that the only means of propping to think that there is much both of morbid the decaying cause of Catholicism in Germany, feeling and of unnecessary alarm regarding was to gite the rising generation pious Catholic them." Lei such pouder Kanke's account of teuchers." the mode in which Rome regained, to a large This plan was instantly adopted throughout extent, her ascendency on the Continent, and Europe. Three establishments were founded exchange their lethargic indifference for aların, at Viemma, Cologne, and Ingolstadt, and “from
when they are told, that at this moment, over these three metropolitan settlements the Jesuits | all the countries of Europe and in America, spread in all directions.” Above all, they
the Jesuits are vigorously at work, compassing laboured at the improvement of the unicersities, the overthrow of Evangelical Christianity by and in a short time they had among them the same or siinilar means.
teachers who might claim to be ranked as the Ranke first shows, that the Reformation restorers of classical learning. They re-intro" had contioned, for forty years froin Luther's duced the practice of disputations which were firsi etforts, to make its way with irresistible held in public, and which were dignified, decoforce, far and wide over all the Germanic, rous, rich in matter; in short, the most brilliant Sclavonic, and Romana nations of Europe.” that had ever been witnessed. The Jesuits It “was hailed with delight” in Denmark; “ on devoted an equal assiduity to the direction of the eastern shores of the Baltic it had gained a the Lutin schools. It was one of their principal complete ascendency;" “ Prussia set the ex. maxims, that the character and conduct of the man abiple--Livonia followed it.” In Poland “the uere mainly determined by the first impressions he Jagellonian kings were prevented from oppos received. They chose men who, when they bad iay the progress of the Reformation.” In llun- once undertaken this subordinate branch of gary, “ Ferdinand I. never could prevail on the teaching, were willing to decote their lires to it; llungurian Diet to pass resolutions unfavour. for it was only with time that so difficult á able to Protestantisin.". In Bavaria " a large business could be learned, or the authority inmajority of the nobles had embraced the Pro- dispensable to a teacher acquired. Here the iesiaut faith.” In Austria, “all the colleges Jesuits succeeded to admiration. It was found were filled with Protestants, and it was assert- that their scholars learned more in one year ed that only one-thirtieth of the inhabitants ad- | than those of other masters in two; and even
Protestants recalled their children from distant
DEATH-BED OF THE MISSIONARY'S gymnasia, and committed them to their care."
WIFE. “ Schools for the poor, and modes of instruction suited to children, and also catechising, Dr Judson, the eminent American missionary, followed, which satisfied the mental wants of gives the following affecting account of the deaththe learners by well-connected questions and bed of his beloved partner, on the voyage from Burconcise answers. The whole course of instruc
mah to America:tion was given entirely in that enthusiastic, devout spirit, which bad characterized the This recollection of her dying bed leads me to say Jesuits from their earliest institution. The a few words relative to the closing scenes of her children who frequented the Jesuits' schools life. After her prostration at the Isle of France, were soon remarkable for the firmness with where we spent three weeks, there remained but which they rejected the viands on fast-days, little expectation of her recovery. Her hope had while their parents partook of them without long been fixed on the Rock of Ages, and she had scruple. It was once more regarded as an been in the habit of contemplating death as neither honour to wear the rosary; while relics, which distant nor undesirable. As it drew near, she re no man had dared for years to exhibit publicly, mained perfectly tranquil. No shade of doubt, or began once more to be held in reverence. The fear, or anxiety, erer passed over her mind. She sentiments, of which these acts were demon- had a prevailing preference to depart, and be with strations, thus carefully instilled in schools, Christ. “I am longing to depart,” and “what can were disseminated through the whole population I want besides ? " quoting the language of a familiar by means of preaching and the confessional. hynın, were the expressions which revealed the
“This is a case without parallel in the his spiritual peace and joy of her mind; yet, at times, tory of the world. All other intellectual the thought of her native land, to which she was movements, which have exercised extensive approaching after an absence of twenty years, and a influence on mankind, have been caused, either longing desire to see once more her son George, her by great qualities in individuals, or by the parents, and the friends of her youth, drew down irresistible force of new ideas. But in this case her ascending soul, and constrained her to say: "I the effect was produced without any striking am in a strait betwixt two-let the will of God be manifestation of genius or originality. The done.” Jesuits might be learned, and in their way pious, In regard to her children, she ever manifested the but no one will affirm that their acquirements most surprising composure and resignation, so much were the result of any free or vigorous exer- so that I was once induced to say: “You seem to cise of mind. They were just learned enough have forgotten the dear little ones we have left to get reputation, to secure confidence, to train behind.” “Can a mother forget ?” she replied, and attach scholars; but they attempted nothing and was unable to proceed. During her last days higher. Neither their piety nor their learning she spent much time in praying for the early conmoved in any untrodden paths. They had, version of her children. May her living and her however, a quality which distinguished them dying prayers draw down the blessing of God on in a remarkable degree_rigid method; in con
their bereaved heads! formity with which everything was calculated, On our passage homeward, as the strength of Mrs everything had its definite scope and object. Judson gradually declined, I expected to be under Such a union of appropriate and sufficing learn- the painful necessity of burying her in the sea. But ing with unwearied zeal, of study and persua
it was so ordered in Divine Providence, that when siveness, of pomp and penance, of wide-spread the indications of approaching death had become influence and unity of directing principle and strongly marked, the ship came to anchor in the port aim, never existed in the world before or since. of St Helena. For three days she continued to sink They were industrious and visionary, worldly- rapidly, though her bodily sufferings were not very wise and full of enthusiasm, well-bred men and
Her mind became liable to wander, but a agreeable companions, regardless of their per single word was sufficient to recall and steady her sonal interests, and eager for each others ad- recollections. On the evening of the 31st of August, vancement. No wonder they were successful.” she appeared to be drawing near to the end of her
This writer goes on to show how, as soon as pilgrimage. The children took leave of her, and sufficient influence was gained, the powers of retired to rest. 1 sat alone by the side of her bed civil government were called in, and a course of during the hours of the night, endeavouring to aduniversal coercion and persecution carried out, minister relief to the distressed body and consolation wherever the Jesuit influence could secure it. to the departing soul. At two o'clock in the more He then remarks: “Such were the steps by ing, wishing to obtain one more token of recognition, which Catholicism, after its conquest might I roused her attention, and said: “Do you still love have been deemed accomplished, arose in reno. the Saviour?" “O yes," she replied, “I ever love vated strength. The greatest changes took the Lord Jesus Christ." Another hour passed-life place without noise, without attracting the continued to recede--and she ceased to breathe, serious observation of contemporaries, rilho t For a moment I traced her upward fight, and findiny mention in the works of historians, as if such thought of the wonders which were opening to her were the inevitable course of events."
view. I then closed her sightless eyes, dressed her,
for the last time, in the drapery of death; and, communicated to the writer. He spoke of her as being quite exhausted with many sleepless nights, I possessing much good sense, a mind deeply imbued
with undissembled piety, and evidently much accusthrew myself down and slept. On awaking in the morning, I saw the children standing and weeping inquiry into the principal events of her life, and took
tomed to meditation. The minister once made some around the body of their dear mother, then, for the
down from her lips the particulars of her little hisfirst time, inattentive to their cries. In the course tory, though she was unconscious of his doing it. As of the day a coffin was procured from the shore, in it is at least twenty years ago since the minister gave which I placed all that remained of her whom I had the account to the writer, and as he spoke of his ac80 much loved; and, after a prayer had been offered quaintance with poor blind Jane as having taken by a dear brother minister from the town, the Rev.
place several years previous to that time, she has, in
all probability, long ere this passed into that world Mr Bertram, we proceeded in boats to the shore. of light where there is no darkness at all, nor any
There we were met by the colonial chaplain, and obscurity of vision. Jane's simple narrative was as i accompanied to the burial-ground by the adherents follows:and friends of Mr Bertram, and a large concourse
“ I was the youngest of eleven children. My fa
ther was the manager of some lime-works; he was a of the inhabitants. They had prepared a grave in
man of very sober and industrious habits. I knew, a beautiful shady spot, contiguous to the grave of however, but little of him, as I had the misfortune to Mis Chater, a missionary from Ceylon, who had lose him when very yourg; and I was left, with died in similar circumstances on her paseage home. seven other little ones, to the care of my poor beThere I saw her safely deposited; and in the lan- reaved mother.
• To her I was always the source of much anxiety guage of prayer, which we had often presented to
and sorrow, as I was blind from my birth. She felt gether at the throne of grace, I blessed God that
more for me than for all her other children. I have her body had attained the repose of the grave, and heard her say, that as my eyes were apparently bright her spirit the repose of paradise. After the funeral, and good, she did not discover my want of sight till the dear friends of Mr Bertram took me to their I began to walk, and that she then immediately took houses and their hearts; and their conversation and
me to some of the principal medical gentlemen; but
all their kind efforts were utterly in vain; they left prayers afforded me unexpected relief and consola
me as they found me—surrounded with total darktion. But I was obliged to hasten on board the ship, ness. and we immediately went to sea. On the following I have also heard my mother say, that she had morning no vestige of the island was discernible in some neighbours who were so unfeeling and so the distant horizon. For a few days, in the solitude
wicked as to reproach her on account of the blindof my cabin, with my poor childre crying around
ness of her child; intimating, that it was a judg
ment on her for her sins. She used to tell me that ine, I could not help abandoning myself to heart
she felt much consolation on this subject from John breaking sorrow. But the promises of the Gospel ix. 2, 3. Our Lord's disciples asked, him saying, came to my aid, and Faith stretched her view to the Master, who did sin, this man or his parents, that bright world of eternal life, and anticipated a happy he was born blind? Jesus answered, Neither hath meeting with those beloved beings whose bodies are this man sinned, nor his parents; but that the works
of God should be manifested in him.' This, my mouldering at Amherst and at St Helena.
mother said, she hoped would be the case with me. Those dear sympathizing Christian friends who
My poor mother struggled hard to procure us a livreceived the body of the deceased from my hands as ing. She laboured diligently through the day, and often a sacred deposit, united with our kind captain (John through the night, and fared hardly too. She made Colman, junior, of Dorchester) in defraying all the gloves, and took in knitting, and I used very early expenses of the funeral, and promised to take care
to take care of the neighbours' children. My mother of the grave, and see to the erection of the grave- and sisters, and read a chapter or two, and then she
used every morning to take me and my little brothers stone which I am to forward, and on which I pro- knelt down and prayed with us. She was accustomed | pose to place the following inscription:
to say that prayer never hindered anybody, and that “Sacred to the memory of Sarah B. Judson, she found it fitted her for the labours of the day. I member of the American Baptist Mission to Bur- was about twenty years of age when she was taken mah; formerly wife of the Rev. George D. Boardman with the fever. She was very happy in her affliction, of Tavoy, and lately wife of the Rev. Adoniram delirious. Her memory will be ever dear to me; ard
till three days before she died, during which she was Judson of Maulmain; who died in this port Sept. 1, I earnestly hope to follow her to glory. I well recol1845, on her passage to the United States, in the lect kneeling down, and commending her departing forty-second year of her age, and in the twenty-first spirit into the hands of my dear Saviour. of her missionary life.
“ The Lord early sought me, and taught me to love
his great and holy name. When I was about ten "She sleeps on this rock of the ocean,
years of age, I was deeply convinced that my heart Far away from the home of her youth
must be changed by the grace and Spirit of God, or Far away from the land where, with heart felt devotion, that I could never be happy. I also saw that I must She scattered the bright beams of trutn."
tiee for refuge to Jesus Christ as my only Saviour, and have an interest in his love. I knew I was a
sinner, and I was greatly alarmed lest I should be BLIND JANE;
cut off in my sins, and finally perish. I employed
many hours of the day, and of the night too, at a THE GAIN OF GODLINESS WITH CONTENTMENT."
throne of grace, crying to God that he would have
mercy upon me through Jesus Christ. One evening, Poor blind Jane was a frequent visitor at the house of as I was particularly overwhelmed, I cried with great a well-known and highly respected minister, recently earnestness to the Friend of sinners. Suddenly hope deceased, by whom the following account of her was sprang up in my heart, and I thought I heard a voice
repeatedly uttering the promise : ‘I will not, I will hurt I cannot help praising (iod for it. Oh, I can
AN EVENING PRAYER.
When slumbers, soft as noiseless snow,
Descend upon mine eyes,
Lord! let me sink to rest as though “ I shall never forget this period of my life: it
I never more should rise! was a season of peculiar joy to me. I often rose at
Let thy blest Spirit from my breast four o'clock in the morning, and walked in our little
The world and sin have driven, garden for prayer and meditation. I was delighted with the singing of the birds; and what I had heard
So that if death these lids have prest, of the work of creaticn occurred to my recoliection,
My soul may wake in heaven! and raised my thoughts to God.
A. M. PORTER. “ After the death of my mother, a brother who resided at B wished me to live with him. He
CONVERSION. was always very kind to me; but his wife treated me very cruelly, often denying me the necessaries of Wury a sinner is converted, he not only lays down
Even when exceedingly ill, she refused to his arms, but repairs to the camp of Immanuel to bring me a little water. For five or six years my fight for him. Thus it is said of the celebrated sister-in-law did all she could to make my life miser- Jerome, Orison, and Tertullian, that they came into able. But God brought me out of this house of. Canaan, ladden with Egyptian gold; thiat is, they bondage. A person who knew my situntion, in- came into the Church, full of excellent learning and vited me to live in her family. I went. There were abilities, with which they eminently served God. O five children; I endeavoured to make myself useful, blessed victory, where the conqueror and the conand i taught them to repeat many chapters in the quered both triumph together.--- Dr Nitlleton. Bible, and to knit. Here I was indeed at home; but the husband of my friend, through the impru
GOD IN ALL THINGS. dence of a partner, was cast into prison, and died soon after. The widow and children were then in
Is carth, in ocean, sky, and air, much atHiction, and I was olliged to leave them.
All that is excellent and fair, But I hear that God has appeared for them, and
Seen, felt, or understood, they are now in very good circumstances; so true is
From one eternal cause descends, the promise, “ Leave thy fatherless children, I will
To one eternal centre tendspreserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.' Jer. xlix. 11.
With God begins, continues, ends, “ The blessed God provided for me another habi
The source and stream of good. tation. A person who lived in the neighbourhood
NiONTGOMERY. with my brother, was inclined to give me house-room, on condition that I would help him in the family affairs. The mistres: used sometimes to read the
FRETFULNESS UNDER TRIAL. Bible to me, which was a great privilege and com- IMPATIENT fretting, murmuring, and quarrelling fort.
against God's dispensations--this w:18 poor Jonai's ** Soon after this I took unwell, and went into the great stumble. Veevish man! “ Daest thou well to hospital. I thought I should have died, but (iod had be angry," and that with thy God? * Yea," saith mercy on me, and raised me up again; and a poor he, eren unto death."-Jonah iv. 9. The most family gave me lodging for three months. I was foolish answer that ever dropped from the mouth of then advised to go into the country, when I caine a holy man! Ilunble Aaron way better lastructed. into this neighbourhood, where God has raised up lle knew it was no sufe kicking against the pricks; many friends, as you well know.
that nothing was to be got by striking naiin, ly “ I got much better from my visit, and about a repining against God, but more blows; and therefore, fortnight after I heird that, through the interfer- when God hnu billed both his sons at a blow, he ence of some kind friends, there was a room allotted humbly “ holds his perice," his heart and tongue were to me in an alm-house.' I had been seeking this both silent.--Lev. 1. 2. 3. True, indeel, we may with much anxiety for five or six years, but had, for not be senseless and stupid under sutierings. Badal some time, given up all hope of obtaining so desir- the martyrs lind the dead palsy before they went to abie a home; and now, without any effort on my the stake, their sutierinys had been for leoz glorious. part, God sent it me. It is, I assure you, a very But yot, though we may not be stupid or stoical, we comfortable, nice, clean place, for which I am very must be patient and submissive. Though we may not thankful. How merciful, and how astonishing have be like the Caspian Sea, that neither elbs nor flows, been the ways of Divine Providence !
yet wo musi toke heed of being like swelling, roaring “ You have often been so kind as to pity me on waves add billows. Though God's turtic3 nay, account of my blindness; but I am not so helpless through infirmity, tutter, yet they may not be like as you imagine. There is a poor old woman who bulls, when caught in a net, raving. " I wiselumb, lives in the next room to me in the alm-house, who saith David, " because thon didet it."-P's. xxxix. cannot do much for herself; but I wait on her, wash 9. Away, ther, with those surly looks, that do, as her clothes, sweep her room, light her fire, cook it were, enter a protest against what we suiter; nay, her victuals, and pour out her tea for her. I am more, beware of these murmuring echoes and replies able, too, to mend my own clothes, and in every of spirit within, against God, who, though they seem way to do for myself. Perhaps I ain more thankful to yield and run, yet, with the flying Parthian, shoot than I should be even if I could see. When I have their arrows backward in discontent against God.made a tire, and it burns up without my having been | Lye.
THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.
THE MISSION, THE TRIALS, AND THE CLAIMS, OF THE EVANGELICAL MINISTRY.
BY THE REV. W. M. BUNTING, LONDON.
low beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him, beauty, and make us” exclaim, with sympa.
that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace, that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salva. thizing and grateful emotion, “ How beautiful
saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth! - are the feet of him, that bringeth good tidIsaian lii. 7.
ings !” *W': preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus Now, viewed in its secondary, but expressly The LORD, and ourselves your servants for authorized, application, in the 10th of Epistle to Jesus' sake.' Yet will it be readily allowed, the Romans, to the Preachers of the everlasting hat, for Jesus' sake, the Christian Ministry Gospel, the text describes, or suggests, Their ahould be honoured by all who enjoy its ad- public ministry—Their personal hardships and vantages, and even “magnified” and commended humiliations in the faithful exercise of it-And by those who—not having chosen their Mas the respect which is due to the latter, conter, but having been chosen by Him--sustain sideration of the former. its responsibilities. For, still, we commend not ourselves unto you, but give you occasion to I. The purport, the character, and the method glory on our behalf.”
of their PUBLIC TEACHings demand our chief Proceeding on such grounds, and regarding attention. right feelings towards what may be termed the 1. The Purport of their message is thus central institution of Christ's Church as both described: they “say unto Zion, Tay God significant and promotive of a mature piety, we REIGNETA!” invite you,“ holy brethren, partakers of the Their great business, honour, and delight is, heavenly calling," to join in the glorying of the to proclaim to the Christian Church the reign text. Glorify God in His faithful servants. of Jehovah in the hearts of its happy members Believe them-esteem them in love—for their - to proclaim to those who statedly or occaworks' sake. Yea, as you would prosper in sionally assemble with the Church, though not your own souls, drink more and more deeply yet sacramentally and spiritually incorporated into the spirit of the sentiment, “Ilow beauti- with it, His willingness to reign in them — to ful are the feet of him, that bringeth good tid. proclaim to all the certainty, in due season, of ings!"
His universal dominion over mankind. Perhaps the energy of the sentiment is not (1.) Observe, first, that, as proclamations are generally perceived. Campbell, M‘Knight, and mostly made at the commencement of a new other eminent critical commentators, agree reign, or else on the occasion of a great and in the following exposition of it, which we general revolt, so the very announcement of recite nearly in the words of the first-men- this spiritual dominion implies the precious (8tioned: “The prophet's design undoubtedly trangement from it of those to whom it is an. was, to deliver it as an universal truth, that nounced. In man's original state, a formal law the message of peace to those, who had been was given forth; but the principle of the Divine long afflicted by the ravages of war, was so government was assumed -- not asserted, or charming, that it could transform a most pleaded for- because the principle of a duteous disagreeable into a pleasing object. The feet and loving obedience was then natural to man. of those, who have travelled far over rough Now, on the contrary--sin having entered, and and dusty roads, present a spectacle naturally its curse having descended, in a corrupt nature, unpleasing to the beholder. Nevertheless, the not less than in a doomed and dying life, to consideration, that the persons themselves are the whole race of Adam-and yet, wonderful to us the messengers of peace and felicity-and to tell! “ thoughts of peace” having broken that it is in bringing those welcome tidings from their secrecy in the Divine bosom on the that they have contracted this sordid appear- very day of condemnation, (for that sun went ance_can in an instant convert deformity into not down on the Creator's wrath), and a new No. 8. *
April 17, 1816.