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cail to submission, as well as to favour, having this whole passage to have been threefold. been sounded through all the rebel-ranks-nou, First, His proper and eternal Godhead, inde. alas! it has become necessary for the great pendently entitiing and emporering Him to susGod Ilimself to vindicate His right, and to pro- tain, in both the old and the new creation, the claim His evill, to reign. Let this thought charge of universal empire. Seconlly, His always impress us, when “the word preached” Divine Sonship, which is represented as havstrikes on our ear. The provision of a Gospel, ing, in some ineffable sense, entailed on Him, even apart from the peculiar duties and bless. by the will of the Father, the inheritance of all ings which it reveals, pre-supposes, and entirely things, and especially the love and allegiance arises out of, the fact of man's defection from of all sanctified intelligences. For “the Father God, and attempted independence of His go- loveth the Son;" and delighteth to honour Him vernment. And hence, this fact, disgraceful as such, and to endow Him, having become inand mortifying as it is to human nature, forms carnate, with rights and riches suitable to that the matter of one of the first and fundamental uncreated relation. The same collocation of dortrines of the Gospel and its ministry. Even the kindred ideas of Sonship and Heirship is when they address their converts—when they observable in the Second Psalm. Then, thirdly, “say unto Zion, Thy God reigneth”- they are His obedience unto death, by which He has careful to premise, “ Ye were sometime alien-“purchased” back the long alienated “possesated and enemies in your mind by wicked sion,” and acquired a new and most affecting works;" ye yourselves also “were sometimes title to rule those whom He has redeemed. foolishı, disobedient, serving divers lists and And this claim is freely allowed in the court pleasures;” and “when ye were the servants of heaven. God hath highly exalted Him, and of sin, ye were free from righteousness!” placed both the governing of the Church and

(2.) Observe, next, that this disastrous state the judging of the world, immediately and adof things——the now natural alienation of all man- ministratively, in His hands. To Him personkind from their rightful Lord, and the enormous ally, therefore, gave all the prophets witness, amount of criminality incurred in consequence, in their innumerable predictions of the coming (so destructive of complacency on the one side, kingdom of God. The Baptist prepared lis and of confidence on the other)—renders media- royal way in the wilderness, when he preached, tion indispensable to re-union. lience, the “ The kingdom of heaven is at hand.” With Lord, with whom there is mercy, proposes to the same announcement did Christ commence, re-establish llis dominion among men “in the and continue, Ilis own incomparable ministry. hand of a Mediator." “The kingdom of our And soon, His“ baptism” of blood having been God” is, by special delegation,“ the power of “ accomplished,” and Himself “ brought again His Christ.” And who is He? “His Son, whom from the dead," and "received up into glory," he hath appointed IIeir of all things; by whom Peter pointed to the moral miracles of Pente also He made the worlds; who, being the bright-cost in proof of His being actually “exalted ness of His glory, and the express image of Ilis with the right hand God," and by Himmodo person, and upholding all things by the word both Lord and Christ.” This perfected Gos! of His power, when Ile had by Himself purged | pel—the Gospel of His attained supremacy, as ! our sins, sat down on the right hand of the well as of llis finished righteousness—the other ! Majesty on high. ...... Unto the Son,” | apostles took up, and embodied in every sertherefore,“ lle saith,” first declaring His Divine mon they preached; they committed it to their dignity and rectitude, “Thy throne, O God, is ministerial successors ; and, blessed be God! for ever and ever; a sceptre of righteousness the feeblest aud meanest of those ministers is the sceptre of Thy kingdom :" and then rati is still found preaching Christ Jesus THE fying Ilis Mediatorial claim, “Thou hast loved LORD. righteousness, and hated iniquity”-(0 Jesus! This, brethren, is one of the great characteristic who“ knoweth either love or hatred” of Thine, truths of an apostolical ministry, by whomsoever till taught by the Atonement? Where was sin exercised. We do not show you the dead body ever so condemned, or the majesty of the law of Jesus, that your dead souls may "touch" it, so enthroned, as on Tue Cross ?)—“ Therefore and at the touch “revive;" but we lead you God, even Thy God, hath anointed Thee with into the presence of a risen and living Lordthe oil of gladness above Thy fellows.” The “ever living” to claim, and to dispense, the ground and reason of Christ's inauguration, as blessings which he “died once," and needs “die the official “ Lord of all,” would appear from no more,” to obtain-almighty to mediate with



God, alınighty to succour redeemed man. We and touched by faith, gives both life and law bid you, beloved penitents, look towards His to the believer. Let us “walk in the fear of blessed Cross, and behold it still stained with the Lord” Christ! Let us "kiss the Son, lest atoning blood, yet now happily vacant; but, He be angry!” And let those of us who, lately, thus emboldened and assured, we bid you go in the skirts of a noble army of His more loyal, to His gracious Throre, and kneel for a present or more enlightened, subjects, have rallied for pardon, and be sure He lives and listens to you, the rights of His crowu—and who, unfeignedly and expect His answer in your hearts. Enter scandalized by the prevailing opposition or una mass-house, and you feel as if the priests faithfulness to them, have felt as if the pure were keeping guard over a dead Saviour, lying and passionate loyalty of England's old churchin state, amidst pomp, and perfume, and fune- martyrs, or even of Scotland's twice-chosen ral twilight,—and the people, as they approach martyr-church, had kindled its altar-fire on aud retire in slow succession, mistaking so- our hearts-dear brethren, let us bear to be lemnity for worship, and sympathy with human reminded of what the most ardent in this holy suffering for faith in the impalpable and immor- controversy are just in the greatest peril of tal Sacrifice. And it may be feared, that minds forgetting; that the first and dearest of all the under some considerable measure of Evangeli. crown-rights of the Redeemer, and that, in the cal training are, nevertheless, not wholly proof disregard of which ecclesiastical theory and against the delusion of looking for comfort and national enthusiasm would alike be a “ fiattery” acceptance, rather in the act of weeping over and an offence to Him, is His claim on each one the Crucified, than in that of believing in the of us for a personal submission—in repentance, Glorified, Redeemer. Now,“ we preach Christ in faith, in holiness--to the laws, and to the Crucified;" but by that we intend and declare grace, of His government! his crucifixion as long past, and the whole virtue (3.) More briefly,ou the nature of “the reign of of His Cross as drawn up into, and to be spiritu. God,” as re-established in the souls of men.-It aly drawn forth from, Ilis living person, and pre-supposes their formal reconciliation to Him priesthood, and propitiation. Turn to the 10th by the blood of the Cross, the free pardon chapter to the Koinans, and compare the 9th, of all their past traitorous rebellions against 12th, and 13th verses with the 15th, which Him, and the renewal of their forfeited right simply recites our text. “We preach—that if of access to His gracious presence. For a rebel, thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord unreconciled to His favour, would be unconciJesus, believing in thine heart that God hath liated to His future service. Besides that he raised Him froin the dead,raised Ilim again for would not be in a judicial position to render an our justification, “thou shalt be saved.

• . acceptable obedience, while yet answerable for For the same Lord orer all is rich,” in the rights, past sins, and under the custody and curse of the resources, and the tender mercies of a the law-the spirit of bondage were fatal to the Saviour, “unto all that call upon Him. For very inpulse and principle of obedience, which whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord is a trusting love. They only are freed from shall be saved. ..... How beautiful are the the dominion of sin, who are no longer “under feet of them that preach” this “Gospel of peace; the law,” but “under grace.” They only " serve that say unto Zion, Thy Saviour-God, Jehovah God in righteousness and true holiness,” who Jesus, reigneth!”

can serve Him“without fear,” their“conscience At the same time, “our Gospel" teaches that being purged from dead works,” and that, the Lord liveth to govern, as well as to bless; simply by the applied “ blood of Christ.” They and that only “unto them that obey Him is lie only are “translated into the kingdom of God's the author of eternal salvation.” He reigns for dear Son," who“ have redemption in Him,” not as in vain, unless He reign over, and among, and provisional merely, but appropriated, actual, within us.

“He shall rule upon His throne," and assured—“ even the forgiveness of sins." says the Spirit of prophecy; while yet, in con: “I will run the way of Thy commandments, descending provision for our infirunities and when Thou shalt enlarge my heart.” This is a fears," Ile shall be a priest upon His throne :" | vital truth of Evangelism; omnipresent in the yes, and “the counsel of peace" is as essen- system of the holy Apostles Paul and John; and, tially connected with Ilis government as with after ages of comparative obscuration, brought His mediation. That hand, on whose pierced out with surprising luminousness, as well as palm is graven the unknown number of liis with unweariable energy, by John Wesley in redeemed, holds a sceptre, which, extended, the last century, and by the greatest living master of philosophic theology in this. In just" to bring presents unto Him,” forbids them, the simplest formula that we can cull, at the especially on the indecent pretext of this very service, moment, from the volumes of the latter: “ It to modify or invade lis laws! And, once more, is not a regeneration originating with himself, UNIVERSAL CREATION is Christ's empire. Happy that has reconciled the believer unto God; for the world ! the Supreme power and provibut it is a sense of this reconciliation that has re- dence are both in Mediatorial hands; and there generated him.And again : “That we may be are “tender mercies” at this moment brooding able to love God, we must first know that God over all ” its unbanished rebels ! Happier for has loved us. We cannot harbour this affection “the Church, which is llis body!” Her“Head” so long as there is the suspicion and the dread is high “over all things;" and that eye-it of a yet unsettled controversy between us and God. looks along and watches over her whole path Peace with our offended Lawgiver is not the through future time; and that nod-it beckouts fruit of our love, but of our faith; and faith, if legions of angels to her aid, and aves her adit be a reality, worketh by love. We have versaries into submission. “ Zion, tuy God peace with God through Jesus Christ our Lord; reigneth,” for thy safety and consolation, “in and we love much when we know that our all the earth.” “Sing praises to God, sing sins are forgiven us.' Yes! and, loving, we praises; sing praises unto our King, sing praises: are born of God; and, born of God, we “enter for God is the King of all the earth; sing ye into," or "receive,” His heavenly kingdom, praises with understanding!” and begin to keep His commandments. This (4.) But, to return to Christ's interior kingdom kingdom properly consists, however, in the in men's souls—it has its duties, as well as its complete prevalence of righteousness over sin powers and privileges. There are two classes of in the hearts and habits of the regenerate, the former connected with a personal enjoyment through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. It of the latter. The first class regards our quali. is not more true that the Father rules admi- fication for becoming Christ's subjects; the nistratively by the Son, than that the Son rules second, the regulation of our behaviour as such operatively and efficiently in llis people by the To all who have not yet received the kingdom, Holy Ghost. Sent forth from Christ's throne on the call of “the Preachers” is, “The time is high, He then enthrones Christ objectively, so to fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; : speak, in the understanding and heart of each. nay, it is among you; repent ye, aud believe the And “the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Gospel.” And to all the children of the king. Jesus makes them free from the law of sin and dom, the counsel of the same men, in their death."

capacity of “pastors and teachers,” is such as

this : “Walk worthy of Tue LORD), unto all “ Then grief expires, and pain, and strife; 'Tis nature all, and all delight":

pleasing, thanks unto the Father,

who hath delivered us from the power of darkfor “ the kingdom of God” is “ His righteousness, and liath translated us into the kingdom ness,” and, consequent on “righteousness, peace, of His dear Son.” So“ say they unto Zion, Thy and joy in the IIoly Ghost.”—Exterior to this

God reigneth.” kingdom in the soul of man (which is the cen

2. And, such being the purport of their mez. tral and favourite sphere of the Saviour's sage, can it be needful to descant upon its Cugovernment), and in various relations and de

racter? Is it not in the highest degree welcome grees subsidiary to it, are other provinces of in- and attractive! Are not these “ good tidings;" fuence, wherein IIe claims the sole supremacy, yea, “ good tidings of good," of "peace," of The visible Church is called “the kingdom of salvation”? Alas! the bulk of mankind reGod,” and, with an emphasis which we have yard them with a very different sentiment. not room to expound, the kingdom of God They are at a loss to perceive in what the at

“ The kingdoms of this world” also traction consists. Real Christianity in any view are, of riglıt, and in revers (though none of is not congenial to them; but under the name them have yet properly. become), “ the king of rule it is actually repulsive and unpopular. doms," severally, and as such,“ of our Lord and Let it be set before them, in certain moods, as of His Christ.” And does it need to be argued, “a treasure to be desired,” or “a feast of fat that the same fealty which binds“ kings,” things,” or a state of “liberty” from ceremonial and “nations,” and constitutional states, to bondage, or, in short, a religion of promises, “ fall down before Him,” to “serve Ilim," and privileges, and consolations; and their worldly • Dr Chalmers' Lectures on Romans, and Tron Sermons. imagination may associate with it some agree




able ideas, though still their heart and will are visible Church, the endearments of a special 1 slow to appropriate its benefits. But, “the Providence, and the assurance of future glory;Gæpel of the kingdom"—the good news of the all, all proclaim our Saviour's mercy. We rereign of God in the soul; of Ilis reassumed ab- joice, then, that He is both our Conqueror and solute dominion over its understanding, its our King : we account “ His yoke easy, and His | belief, its meditations, its choices, its motives, burden light;" His “law" one“ of liberty," and its universal movements-His unsparing treat- His“ Cross, whereby the world is crucified unto ment of the world as an enemy, and of the us, and we unto the world,” the one worthy world's idol-god as a murderer, and of nature theme of our glorying : and, in our estimation, as a tyrant, and of self as a robber-His impo- they " that say unto Zion, Thy God reigneth, sition of a yoke,” and of a “cross ”—His bring good tidings”--they “ publish peace”— connection of discipline and of suffering with they“ bring good tidings of good "—they “pubrecompense, and even with final salvation-lish salvation !" the Gospel of the kingdom !—it is a hard say- 3. Mark the Method of their ministrations. ing, who of them can hear it? They seo no They “bringthese tidings to myriads, who, beauty in holiness; no subject of gratulation or but for the Divine provision of a stated Ministry, desire in their propensities being repressed, would never have received them. They “ seek;" their will broken, or their reason prostrated that they may“ save, that which is lost.” They before the throne, or condemned at the tribunal, go forth, clothed with no light authority, and of Revealed Truth. Alas! they love sin; they sustained by more than ordinary promises, to are “friends of the world;" they are “ taken evangelize all nations. For, “having reconciled captive by the devil,” not only “at his will,” them to Himself by Jesus Christ,” (and no unbut equally with their own; they feel no chains, saved man was ever yet commissioned to preach save those of occasional religious restraint; and salvation to others), “God hath given to thein 80 far, therefore, from hailing Christianity as the ministry of reconciliation; to wit, that emancipation, or its government as a blessing, God, in Christ.”—not hath reconciled, that is, they accustom themselves to the most dis- simply, restored to favour, but—"is” in course honouring and abhorrent impressions of it, as of so “reconciling, the world unto Himself,” fatal to freedom of spirit, to cheerfulness of man by man, as he “repents and believes,” on temper, and to a full use and enjoyment of the gracious plan of “not imputing their treslife.

passes unto them,” and for the infinitely affectBut oh! to souls whom God's good Spirit ing reason, that they have been imputed to, and hath chastened, and undeceived, and made to borne by, His Blessed Son. groan under the bondage both of the flesh and But, more than this, they “ publish salvation." of the law, the proclamations of the reign of This seems to denote their direct, earnest, and, grace are good tidings! We recognise the in the Lord's name, authoritative offer of that whole procedure of Christianity as one of the salvation to all, to whom they have made it purest benevolence. Its first step, the embassy known; their pressing it, while they yet preach, of reconciliation; the very assurance of God's on the acceptance of their fellow-sinners; their tillingness, instead of at once proceeding to ex- bold, pointed, pungent, searching, importunate tremities of justice, and destroying us for our appeals to the conscience; their solemn claimsins, to meet millions of poor, broken-down ing of every heart, there and then, for “the Lord rebels more than half-way between heaven and that bought” it, and pleading for its consent hell, in our own bad world, and in our own and surrender. They not only “testify,” but abject pature, even in the Person and at the “exhort;" not only " teach,” but “preach,” inCross of His Incarnate Son, and, having there vite, entreat, expostulate, woo, warn, and even pronounced our pardon, to resume His paternal lovingly rebuke, and tremblingly and with rule over our ravaged and unhappy spirits; ) tears denounce. They are not amateur lecthen, the infallible tendency of that rule to turers on Christianity, but constrained rectify or remove every cause of deep-felt un- bassadors for Christ; as though God did beseech happiness, to pacify the conscience, to calm you by them, they pray you in Christ's stead, be and harmonize the passions, and to give uni- ye reconciled to God! Accept His mercy on versal “rest unto the soul,” by bringing all its His own terms. “For He hath made Him to be energies and affections under the sway of holy sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be love;—and, furthermore, the many collateral made the righteousness of God in Him." blessings of His kingdom; the privileges of the

(To be continued.)


mestics brought one of the brethren and me, who DEATH-BED OF CALVIN.

had only just left him, this intelligence, I re(From Beza's Life of Calrin.)

turned immediately with all speed, and found

he had died in so very tranquil a manner, that, Calvin spent the remainder of his days, until without his feet and hands being in any respect death, in almost constant prayer. His voice, discomposed, or his breathing increased —his indeed, was interrupted by the difficulty of re- senses, judgment, and in some measure his spiration ; but his eyes, which retained their voice, remained entire to his very last gasp—he brilliancy to the last, uplifted to heaven, and appeared more to resemble one in a state of his serene countenance, were certain proofs of sleep than death. the fervour of his devotion, and of his trust and Thus this splendid light of the Reformation confidence in God. He often in his prayers was taken from us with the setting sun. Durrepeated the words of David: “ Lord, I opened ing that night, and the following day, great not my mouth, because thou didst it;" and at lamentation prevailed throughout the city; for times those of Hezekiah: “I did mourn like a the Republic regretted the want of one of its dove.” Once also I heard him say: “ Thou, wisest citizens, the Church deplored the death Lord, bruisest me; but I am abundantly satisfied, of its faithful pastor, the College sorrowed for since it is thy hand." His doors must have stood such an incomparable professor, and all grieved open day and night, if all had been admitted, for the loss of a common parent and comforter who, from sentiments of duty, were desirous to bestowed upon them by God himself. Many of see him; but as he could not, from difficulty in the citizens were desirous to see him after he speaking, direct his discourse to them, he re- was dead, and could with difficulty be torn from quested they would rather pray for him, than his remains. Some strangers, also, who had be solicitous about paying their visits. Often, come from a distance with a view to see and also, though I always found him glad to receive hear him, among whom was the very distin. me, he was very serupulous respecting the least guished English ambassador to the French interruptions thus given to the duties of my court, were very desirous to see only the body office, so sparing was he of the time which he of the deceased. At first, indeed, they were lenew ought to be spent in the service of the admitted ; but afterwards, because the curiosity Church; and his conscientious feelings, lest he was excessive, and it was necessary to silence should give the smallest trouble to his friends, the calumnies of enemies, his friends considered exceeded the bounds of moderation. Such was the best plan would be to close the coffin next the manner of comforting both himself and morning, being the Lord's-day; his corpse, as friends, until the 19th of May, when we minis-usual, liaving been wrapped in a linen cloth. ters were accustomed to meet relative to the At two o'clock in the afternoo11, on Sunday, his censure of morals, and to take a friendly meal body was carried to the common burying place, together two days before Whitsuntide, and the called Plein Palais, without extraordinary pomp. celebration of the Lord's supper. He expressed lis funeral, however, was attended by the mem. a wish that the common supper should on this bers of the senate, the pastors, all the professors day be prepared at his house, and rallying his of the college, and a great proportion of the little strength that remained, was carried from citizens. The abundance of tears shed on this his bed to the adjoining chamber, when he said: occasion afforded the strongest evidence of the “I come to see you, my brethren, for the last sense which they entertained of their loss. Actime, never more to sit down with you at table.” cording to his own directions, no hillock, no Such was the commencement of one of the most monument, was erected to his memory; on which solitary repasts we ever took. He then offered account I wrote the following epitaph :up a prayer, took a small portion of food, and

“ Why in this humble and unnoticed tomb discoursed with us at supper in as cheerful a

Is Calvin land-the dread of falling Rome ? manner as his weakness permitted. Before

Mourn'd by the good, and by the wicked feardsupper was fully finished, he ordered himself to

By all who knew his excellence revered ; be carried back to the adjoining chamber, and

From whom ev'n Virtue's self might virtue learn, addressing the company with a distinctly smil

And young and uld its value may discern?

'Twas Modesty, his constant friend on earth, ing countenance, said: “ This intervening wall

That laid this stone, unsculptured with a name; will not prevent me from being present with

On! happy turf, enrich'd with Calvin's worth, you in spirit, though absent in body.” His pre- More lasting far than marble is thy fame !" diction was fulfilled, for from this day he always lay in an horizontal posture, his small body, He lived fifty-four years, ten months, and except his countenance, which was very little seventeen days, and spent half of this time in changed, being so much emaciated that breath the sacred ministry of the Gospel. His stature only remained. On the 27th of May, the day was of the middle size; his complexion dark of his death, he appeared stronger, and spoke and pale; his eyes, brilliant even till death, ex. with less difficulty ; but this was the last effort pressed the acuteness of his understanding. His of nature, for, about eight o'clock in the even dress, neither highly ornamented nor slovenly, ing, certain symptoms of dissolution suddenly was well suited to his singular modesty ; his manifested themselves. When one of his do- | victuals were so moderate that they were very

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