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again advance its standard. It has been within the memory of us all that an uneducated young man could spend four months in each year for two years in a medical college and receive a diploma. Since then, step by step, the standard has been advanced, until now there is no respectable medical college that does not require eight months each year for four years.

It will always be a satisfaction to the friends, the faculty and the alumni of the medical college of the University of Southern California to contem

enforcement of rules in asepsis will be of great advantage to the barbers themselves.

As

it is at present we all advise our patients to shave themselves and avoid disease, but with the enforcement of the following rules, which are being promulgated by this State Board of Inspectors, we shall not fear contagion:

"Mugs and shaving brushes shall be sterilized by immersion in boiling water after every separate use thereof.

“Razors shall be wiped with alcohol before and after being used.

"Hair brushes known as “sanitary brushes' must be used after first being sterilized.

“Razor strops must be kept clean and never wiped off with the hand or blown upon with the breath.

"A separate clean towel shall be used for each person.

“Barbers shall not blow away with breath any hairs after cutting, but use a towel or bulb or hair brush.

"Barbers shall keep their finger nails short cut and clean. Alum or other material used to stop the flow of blood shall be so used only in powder form and applied on a towel.

"The use of powder, puff, finger bowls and sponge is prohibited.

"No person shall be allowed to use any barber shop as a dormitory.

"All barbers' instruments must be disinfected after using.

"These rules shall be placed in a conspicuous place in the shop.”

plate the fact, that this, our local college was one of the first to make this great advance. We should not stop here, the cry is still onward and upward. The medical profession should be notably an educated profession, or we might say a profession whose members are men and women of cul

ture.

We believe the time is at hand when our local medical college should more intimately associate itself with the College of Liberal Arts of the University of Southern California, and also, at the same time, with the Occidental College, the college at Claremont, in Los Angeles county, and the St. Vincent's College, so that the student who starts in one of these colleges and takes a six years' course in that college, combined with a course in our medical college, will at the end of the six years be entitled to both the degree of A.B. and M.D.

Many of us feel guilty and acknowledge to ourselves frequently our regret because had not before beginning our medical course,

A SIX YEARS COURSE. We believe that the time has come for the medical profession to still

we

re

ceived a thorough preliminary education.

Let us then urge upon the faculty and officers of our own medical college, of which we may well be proud, the importance of being among the first

to advance the educational standard of medical students. L.

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LORD BYRON'S CLUB FOOT. A writer in the New York Saturday Times Review declares that Lord Byron did not have a club foot, but in speaking of the unhappy relations between Lord Byron and his unlovely mother says:

"In view of Byron's character and of that of his mother, it was a peculiarly hard fate that imposed lameness upon him, as it superinduced moroseness and brooding, and rendered it difficult for him to check a tendency to obesity which he succeeded in holding in abeyance only by the practice of a rigid regimen detrimental to health. "He was the only human being I ever knew,' said Trelawney, 'with selfrestraint enough not to get fat.' The tendon of Achilles of each foot, it seems was so contracted that he could walk only on the balls of the toes, the right foot being, in addition, smaller and bent inward, necessitating the wearing of a high-heeled boot. The trouble was partly congenital and partly due to improper treatment in infancy; indeed, according to the poet himself, the malformation was owing to the false delicacy on his mother's part at a time when nature's mistake might have been rectified. Be that as it may, certain it is that throughout

BRITISH CONGRESS ON TUBER

CULOSIS. We have received abstracts of the work of this congress and fully realize that it has been very important gathering. The data given forth by the various participants will prove of great use

in the contest with the great white plague.

One of the most notable papers was by Dr. S. A. Knopf, of New York City. His subject was “Tuberculosis during childhood and the need of Children's Sanatoria." He describes how the child in the home of an unclean, ignorant or unscrupulous consumptive has multiple chances of taking the disease into his system by inhalation ingestion and inoculation. The author's views concerning the so-called hereditary predisposition are set forth

and may bé summarized here by saying that there is inherited very often from a tuberculous mother, much more rarely from a tuberculous father, a physiological poverty which may handicap the offspring in its development and offers, when occasion presents itself, a suitable soil for the invasion of the bacilli of tuberculous. These chil

time is not distant when man will expect to live and retain his faculties until he is a hundred years old.

dren can be protected from contracting the disease by being placed from early childhood

in proper

sanitary surroundings and given prophylactic, hygienic and dietetic treatment. Respiratory exercises for the development of the lungs are of great importance. The hygienic and dietetic treatment

should,

however, begin with the mother while the child is still unborn. A most healthful life, generous diet, comfortable garments, and breathing exercises in the open air should be prescribed for the mother during the state of pregnancy. The duties of the state are outlined and the urgent need of children's sanatoria advocated.

INCREASING LONGEVITY. Mr. J. Holt Schooling, an English actuary, makes the statement that when Victoria became queen the average male life was under forty years, today it is forty-six years. The lite of the average woman was forty-two years today exceeds forty-eight years. Similar statements have been made by American actuaries through general scientific observation. The Southern California Practitioner has from time to time noted this decided increase in longevity which is steadily going on. Hygiene, sanitation, good wages, quarantine and abundartce of food are all working together for the prolongation of life. We believe that the comparatively recent discoyery of the disease carrying attribute of mosquitos and flies, with the fight against them, which is the result of this knowledge, will also have a favorable effect on longevity. The

EDITORIAL NOTES. Journal of Medical Research. Continuation of the Journal of the Boston Society of Medical Sciences. Edited by Harold C. Ernst, M.D. Editorial office, 688 Boylston street, Boston, Mass., U.S.A. Volume VI number 1. (New Series Volume I, No. I.)

Here we have begun the most valuable scientific medical journal in the English language. It is to be devoted to the prompt publication of original investigations in medicine, and will be published as rapidly as material accumulates. This number before us contains most of the papers read at the annual meeting of the American Society of Pathologists and Bacteriologists in April, 1901. Succeeding numbers will be published as material accumulates, each containing fifty pages at least. Volumes will consist of about five hundred pages, and when one is completed another will be begun. Subscriptions will be received for complete volumes only-single numbers can generally be obtained at special prices. The subscription price for each volume is four dollars ($4.00.) The price of this volume is two dollars and fifty cents, ($2.50.) We congratulate the profession on the inauguration of this publication.

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tions or personal predilection will appreciate this generous work of Dr. Lane in providing the means of giving this brief post-graduate course

each year.

marred by Dr. Moore suffering from an attack of rheumatic iritis, from which he is now rapidly recovering. The account they give of yachting, trout ashing and deer hunting is certainly very fascinating. Dr. Hitchcock has also taken a trip East, from which he has just returned. These vacations have been a great thing for the members of the profession, and they are now all settling down enthusiastically to their professional work.

The general assembly of the State of Tennessee has passed a law, which has been signed by the Governor, making it a misdemeanor for which there shall be a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars and not more than one hundred dollars for druggists to substitute anything for the drug prescribed by the physician. We think this is a step in the right direction, but we believe that the attention of the physicians to this matter will be of far more effect than the passing of laws. Whenever a physician finds that a druggist substitutes then is the right time for him to change druggists.

In the war against the mosquito it seems that the castor bean plant is to cut quite a figure. This plant is said to be one of the most efficient methods of driving away the mosquito. In Chicago they are planting it extensively in the parks for that purpose. In Southern California where the castor bean is indigenous and grows to great size it would be very easy for

our Park Commissioners and city authorities to have it planted in abundance around our little lakes, and it would also be an excellent thing to put in all school yards throughout the cities, towns and villages.

We received the announcement of the sixth course of the Lane Medical Lectures, in Cooper Medical College, too late for announcement in our August issue. The lectures were given September 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th by Mr. Malcolm Morris, F.R.C.S., Edinburgh. The lectures were

on the pathology of the skin in relation to certain social problems. We trust that the profession of Southern California irrespective of college affilia

Dr. and Mrs. J. M. King of Los Angeles, Dr. and Mrs. 0. J. Kendall of Riverside, Dr. and Mrs. W. W. Beckett of Los Angeles, Dr. A. L. Macleish and family of Los Angeles, Dr. and Mrs. F. T. Bicknell, Dr. and Mrs. Philp of Los Angeles; Dr. Geo. L. Cole of Los Angeles, have all spent their summer vacations at Idyllwild.

At the next annual meeting of the California State Medical Society, Dr. W. T. F. Wakefield, 116 Twelfth street, Oakland, will have a paper in the section of gynecology, the subject of which will be “Conservatism in Gyne. cological Surgery."

August 12, Dr. Ernest A. Bryant hanaed in his resignation as superintendent of the County Hospital, and source of great satisfaction to the operator.

Dr. O. O. Witherb 12 was elected as his guccessor, Dr. Witherbee has resided in Southern California for eight years con, ng here from Chicago, where he graduated from the Chicago Medical College, now a department of Northwestern University, in 1893. While in Chicago he served as interne in the Mercy and St. Luke's hospitals and for the last four years has been a member of the faculty of the Medical College of the University of Souu.ern California.

At the first meeting of the State Board of Medical Examiners under the new law, Dr. E. C. Buell of Los Angeles, was elected president and Dr. C. C. Wadsworth of San Francisco, secretary. With a homeopathic president and a regular for secretary we have exemplified the old saying "how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity." Dr. Buell is a good fellow and popular with us all down here in this country, regardless of race, color or previous condition of servitude.

Dr. John R. Haynes has returned from a two months' eastern outing. He spent four weeks at Manchesterby-the-sea, which is the Newport of Massachusetts. While he had a delightful time there with friends, yet at the same time he says there is no comparison between the summer climate on the Atlantic Coast and on the Pacific. He says that he did not actually suffer from heat very much while at this resort, but that the atmosphere was murky and oppressive and he constantly longed for the clear, stimulating air of Santa Monica.

Coeducation at Rush Medical College-An important change in the policy of Rush Medical College, Chicago, which is now a department of the University of Chicago, is reported by President Harper. Women will be admitted hereafter to the first and second classes on an equal footing with the men. This action takes effect at once. When new buildings and new facilities are provided women will be admitted also to the last two years of the course.

We have received from Dr. F. W. Vowinckel, the thirty-third annual report of the Californian Woman's Hospital of San Francisco. This report shows that this Woman's Hospital is a useful charity There is an ustration showing the free ward in which is a very good picture of Dr. Towinckel himself. There are also hables showing the surgical work of Jr. Vowinckel for the year. Such lata is very valuable and must be a

We have received the fifty-ninth annual announcement of the Rush Medical College, and under the courses of instruction we see that Dr. Norman Bridge, who is emeritus professor of medicine in Rush, gives a course on Medical Tuberculosis. These lectures are given during the autumn at 9 o'clock a.m., Tuesdays and Thursdays, Professor Bridge taking his classes into the hospital wards.

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