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conservatism of the nation and the vast, im- employed. While problems of education penetrable calm which that conservatism and sanitation, of internal improvements breeds do not prevent the British from tak and maintenance of order, press upon it, ing advantage of the valuable lesson which the government has yet to arrange for sethe Boers have taught them, they can deem curing funds to meet the ordinary expenses themselves fortunate indeed that their first of administration. Doubtless taxation will real war in more than half a century was have to be increased and a heavy loan will with a little people far from their borders. have to be negotiated. The Cuban congress It has shown them how to prepare for a has hastened to give its approval to all acts great struggle at some future time with of the American military government and Russia, Germany or France.

to grant amnesty to all American prisoners.
This latter action doubtless was taken in

the interests of Veely and Rathbone, con-
After its period of rejoicing, victed of postal frauds, on whose behalf
Cuba
Faces the

which culminated with the in powerful influences had been at work in Future auguration of President Palma Washington and Havana.

on May 20, and the transfer to his hands of the governing power of the island, Cuba has started bravely and hope

In Washington the attitude of fully to build up its public institutions. In

Opponents

American opponents of a liberal

of Cuban his message to the Cuban congress, de Reciprocity, reciprocity treaty with Cuba relivered May 28, President Palma expresses

mained unyielding. The senate, once more, as he had expressed feelingly in

when it disposed of the Philippine civil other ways, the republic's deep gratitud government bill on June 3, began to debate to the United States for its invaluable as the isthmian canal question, leaving sistance . "To recognize this debt of grati

Cuban affairs still in the background. Aptude to the great nation,” he says, "is an parently nothing would have been gained, act which exalts us and which makes us however, in taking up the reciprocity measworthy of the consideration and respect of ure at once, since a careful canvass of the the other nations of the world.” He asserts republican senators indicated that only that while the question of trade reciprocity thirty-eight or thirty-nine of them would with the United States is pending it is im

vote for a reduction of even 20 per cent. in possible to say what measures should be the tariff duties on Cuban sugar and totaken to meet the industrial crisis in Cuba bacco, which the house has granted. due to the ruinously low price of sugar. Forty-five votes are necessary to insure the This pathetic assertion indicates how com passage of the desired measure and anypietely the little republic is at the mercy thing less than a 25 per cent reduction is of the nation that brought it into being. In held by President Roosevelt to be utterly order that Cuban industry may give a re

inadequate as relief for the Cuban planters. turn on invested capital, low tariff duties The recalcitrant minority of republican enabling the planters to dispose of their senators, who were wedded to the interests sugar and tobacco at a profit in the markets of the beet sugar growers, under the forceof the United States must be granted by the ful leadership of Senator Elkins of West

This condition of Virginia, announced themselves ready to helplessness must not be permitted to en withstand all efforts of the administration dure if Cuba is to win for itself a measure forces to dislodge them. of internal strength and national independ President Roosevelt's personal appeals to ence. In his message President Palma them seemed to be without effect. The wisely takes up the question of cattle rais ridiculous suggestion that tariff rebates ing and of securing a diversity of agricul on Cuban products be paid out of tural products from Cuban farms.

This the national treasury to the Cuban most important subject deserves the best at government to be distributed to the tention of the Cuban government.

That planters was brought forward as the sole government, so full of hope, of gratitude measure of relief to which the beet sugar to the United States and of patriotic de- champions would consent. That grotesque, votion to Cuba, is afloat on deep waters. unjust and ineffective plan, if put in operaIts resources are wholly inadequate, even tion, naturally would be of small benefit to when the strictest measures of economy are

American trade. The assertion that such a

WAS TAKEN IN WEST AFRICA,

diderent districts were adopted, but the best and the one most STE Each chiel or bead man placed in a jar as many shells or wme for the women and for the children, He then brought the uber official counted the number of shells and thus obtained s

anvil of experience its own troops now liare been hammered into something resembling soldiers. But its army methods still are bad. Its men are poorly trained Vany of its officers are incompetent

. These things it has discovered with the active 2x sistance of the Boers. One must belier that England will profit by the lesson. A Official report issued since the peace au

based on the testimony of a large number 111 of British officers, from the commander-inal chief downward, gives overwhelming ett

dence that the officers of the army as a 75 class are stale, without enterprise and is

norant of their duties. It is declared to

be thought "bad formto apply one's seli in heenli to one's work. The incompetent

k dla wdler is as well placed as is the energetic To

officer who seeks to become proficient in all me things relating to his profession Sport

with the hounds, or on the polo field or the race track, is preferred to the tasks which go to make a good soldier. Great Britain is profoundly stirred in some quarters by revelations such as these. If the deadly

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undue prominence by American historians. of thanks to the president and the natio: That accomplished soldier and his well for the aid promptly given to the sufferers drilled forces acted in hearty accord with on the French island of Martinique, were the Americans, many of whom were any- striking features of the addresses. Among thing but soldierly, at least in their ap the other ceremonies which marked the visit pearance. Senator Lodge · dwelt particu- of the representatives of France was the larly on the earnest coöperation of the placing by General Brugere of a wreath of French general with Washington, to whose laurel on the tomb of Washington at Mount leadership he subordinated his brilliant tal Vernon and the planting there by Count ents willingly and cheerfully that the best de Rochambeau of a tree taken from the results might be obtained. That it was due battlefield of Yorktown. to the influence of Rochambeau that the French fleet under De Grasse was sent to

President Loubet having reAmerican waters to assist the allied armies

France's
Change of

turned from his visit to the Czar against Cornwallis, cutting him off from

Ministry. in the last days of May, M. the British ships and compelling his surren

Waldeck-Rousseau on June 3 der at Yorktown, is a portion of history presented his resignation as premier, the that ordinary gratitude should fix in the members of his cabinet, of course, resigning memory of every American. All the also. Ill health and the accomplishment of speeches at the unveiling were most cordial his purpose in accepting the premiership in their expressions of the mutual regard three years ago, which was to preserve the in which the world's two great republics republic, then in peril because of the pashold each other. President Roosevelt's ref sions aroused over the Dreyfus affair, were erence to the chance which brought the given by that eminent statesman as his rearepresentatives of France to the United

sons for retiring. No more auspicious time States just at the time when this nation in for his withdrawal could have been chosen. its turn had assisted the republic of Cuba to The enemies of the republic and of the minestablish itself even as France has assisted istry, driven to subterfuge in order to get the United States, and M. Cambon's word

evel a hearing from the people, had been

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badly defeated at the spring election. Call-
ing themselves nationalists and dealing
very generally in outrageous misrepresenta-
tion, the reactionary leaders mainly had
failed to win the confidence of the voters,
their successes being for the most part at
the expense of the conservative republicans
who had been lukewarm in their support of
the ministry. That the rancors of the
campaign are not forgotten has been shown
by violent scenes in the chamber of deputies
and by the majority's adoption of the policy
of unseating those of their opponents who
won their places by methods to be im-
proper. The new premier, M. Combes,
senator and former vice president of the
senate, a progressive republican, was in-
vited to form a cabinet after M. Brisson
had declined to do so. He has brought to-
gether a ministry of considerable strength,
in view of the radicalism which rules the
chamber. He has been able to retain the
services of M. Delcassé as minister of for-
eign affairs, which affords satisfactory
proof that France's dealings with for-
eign governments will be conducted with
skill. The minister who handled the Fash-
oda affair and directed the demonstration

THE LANDING PLACE AT PETERHOF.
at Mitylene against the sultan is well M. Loubet crossing the footbridge from the "Alexandria'

with the Czar, and saluting the Grand Duke Alexis. worthy of the nation's confidence. General Andre, minister of war in the old he is at once conservative and able. The cabinet, also remains. M. Rouvier, by ac other ministers are advanced radicals and cepting the portfolio of finance, added ma two of them are socialists. That the comterially to the stability of the cabinet, since position of the ministry accords tvell with

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ENT LOUBET OF FRANCE TO RUSSIA. ng President Loubet at the landing.

rians. of thanks to the president and the nation

well for the aid promptly given to the sufferers
with on the French island of Martinique, were
any- striking features of the addresses. Among
r ap- the other ceremonies which marked the visit
articu- of the representatives of France was the
f the placing by General Brugere of a wreath if
whose laurel on the tomb of Washington at Nomt
"It tal- Vernon and the planting there by Court
e best de Rochambeau of a tree taken from the
as due battlefield of Yorktown.
at the
ent to

President Loubet having ti
arinies
France's

turned from his visit to the Cat
Change of
from
Ministry.

in the last days of May, M.
uren-

Waldeck-Rousseau on June
history presented his resignation as premier

, the
in the members of his cabinet, of course, resigning
1 the also. Ill health and the accomplishment of
cordial his purpose in accepting the premiership
regard three years ago, which was to preserve the
ublics republic

, then in peril because of the pas
's ref- sions aroused over the Dreyfus affair

, were
at the given by that eminent statesman as his rez-
L'nited sons for retiring. Vo more auspicious time
ion in for his withdrawal could have been chosen.
uba to

The enemies of the republic and of the mi-
ssisted istry, driven to subterfuge in order to get
word evei a hearing from the people, had been

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SHIPPING IN THE RIVER NEVAAT ST. PETERSBURG.
The Czar's yacht is seen in the foreground flying the flag of St. George, the patron saint of Russia.

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