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the Liberals hope to see their party throw off its lethargy and become powerful once more. Though the government should have before it a long lease of life in view of its great majority in parliament, the return of peace may change conditions so materially as even to justify the hopes of the opposition.

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nia and Kansas, to mention no others, pledged themselves unequivocally to work for the renomination of

President Roosevelt THE REGULATION ROBES WORN BY THE PEERS AND PEERESSES AT present office in 1904. The

moment of hesitation in regard to the

president's avowedly as a war government. With the future, which noticeable coming of peace, its foundations, laid by the earlier in the present year,

to peculiar methods of the last general elec- have passed. Those influential forces that tion, must begin to crumble. It will no

were on the verge of taking up Senator longer be able to tell the country that it Hanna as a candidate very likely have abanmust be kept in power for fear of encour doned the plan. The rapid improveaging the Boers. It will have to rely on a ment of conditions in the Philippines, domestic policy which is the sharpest chal the president's fearless attitude toward lenge offered to Liberal opinion during the oppressive trusts, his outspoken

declast twenty years and which is already be- larations of opinion current subginning to call up the old Liberal reserves." jects, the high degree of prosperity While the peace for which England has which remains with the people--these have yearned so long now gives the ministry a radiance which must make it popular for the time being, it is a sort of popularity that will be lost sight of in the interest aroused by questions of home policy which are waiting to be considered. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, chief of the Liberals, already is telling the people that it was the strong insistence of the opposition that the Boers be allowed fair terms of surrender that compelled the ministry to offer peace on lines that the Boers could accept. If the workingmen and others in humble circumstances who make up the chief strength of the Liberal party are not influenced by this claim, at least they will have a deep interest in the agitation against Sir Michael Hicks-Beach's bread tax and what it foreshadows in the early adoption of a tariff serving rather to build up colonial trade than to benefit the English masses at home. The education bill has aroused serious opposition also. For these various reasons

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SENATOR M. A. HANNA.

the Liberals hope to see their party throw off its larg and become powerful once more. Though the goverrment should have before it a long lease of life in view of its great majority in parliament the return of peace may change conditions so matci ally as even to justify the hopes of the opposition.

given no opportunity for the growth of needless increase in the heavy expenditures political opposition to the administration authorized by the present congress, declarwithin the party. The Pennsylvania re ing that a serious deficit in the revenues is publicans' declaration that they favor an threatened next year because of appropriaother term for Mr. Roosevelt, coupled with tions already made. This deficit, together their demand that there shall be "no tariff with the expense of the Panama canal, tinkering," implies that the president's opin- must cut deep into the surplus. For reaion on that subject jumps with theirs. sons of political and financial prudence it is Therefore the most hopeful issue for the

likely that from this time forward thc redemocrats continues to be tariff reform publican majority will endeavor to keep which shall take away from harmful trusts

from putting into the hands of the demosuch protection as the tariff now affords crats a campaign argument based on an them. The republicans have withdrawn the empty treasury due to legislative extravaship subsidy bill, its warmest friends realiz gance. The showing is bad enough aling that its enactment would be bitterly re

ready. By the middle of June the ap sented by the public. Chairman Cannon, priations for the session aggregated $700,of the house appropriations committee, has

000,000, surpassing by $51,000,000 the made an impassioned protest against any estimated revenues for the coming year.

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RS AND PEERESSES AT
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earlier in the present year, seems 10 (lec- have passed. Those influential forces that

were on the verge of taking up Senator nat it Hanna as a candidate very likely have abancour- doned the plan. The rapid improve

of conditions in the Philippines chal- the president's fearless attitude toward the oppressive trusts. his outspoken der

be- larations of opinion on current subves." jects, the high degree of prosperity

has which remains with the people—these iave

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" TIE LAST REBELS,' BY BENJAMIN CONSTANT, THE GREAT FRENCII PAINTER, WHO DIED MAY 26. (SEE PAGE 1521.) The Emir of some African state, wearing the burnous or hooded cloak, covered by the umbrella-of-state, and attended by his court, has ridden out on a richly caparisoned steed

to survey his fallen enemies.

1494

residents of the district surrounding their

The World In General.

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has been as quiet as its birth, until now,
the tireless energy of a woman upon whose
mind and heart has been laid a sense of
social obligation, reach between three and
four thousand men, women and children
advantages and companionship of the set-
tlement life. Nothing is undertaken be-
fore the need of it arises; nothing is made
permanently a part of the work until its
usefulness has been tested; the interests of
Hull-House are completely identified with
those of their "neighbors," as they call the
Ethics," which has just appeared, Miss Amelioration. In the great railroad strike
Addams presents a set of six studies of of 1894. Miss Addams was one of the citi-

DDAMS, JANE.—As the head of Hull “various types and groups, who," to use the
House, Miss Addams has, for a words of the author, "are being impelled by

number of years, been closely iden the newer conception of Democracy to an tified with practical philanthropy and acceptance of social obligations involving in sociology

each instance a new line of conduct" in its She was born in Northern Illinois in a

particular field, whether that of Charitable small village called Cedarville

. Her father, Effort, Household Adjustment, Political Rea man of great ability and of the highest form, Industrial Amelioration, or Educacharacter, was prominent in State politics, holding the office of State Senator for many years.

After her graduation from Rockford College (of Rockford, Illinois), Miss Addams made two extended European journeys, during which time she carefully studied the Toynbee Hall movement inaugurated by Canon Barnett in the East End, London, together with its numerous aids for the amelioration of the condition of the surIn September

, 1889, she and Miss Ellen Gates Starr went to live at 335 South Halsted Street, Chicago, a district settled largely by hard-working foreigners, Jews, Italians, and Irish predominating in numbers. The place was a convenient center for the work that Miss Addams had in mind to do, work based upon the creed that social service to those destitute of social privilege

The growth of Hull-House settlement covering an entire block, it is the seat of various activities, which, emanating from every week, who avail themselves of the

rounding poor.

(SEE PAGE 1521.... THE GREAT FRENCH PAINTER, WHO DIET) MAY 26. BY BENJAMIN CONSTANT. Tud ny the umbrella-of-state, and attended by thin court, has ridden on on

1494 burnous or hooded clouk, contirveġ his fallen enemies. • THE LAST REBELS." The Emir o tome African state, woring the

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must be personal service.

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MISS JANE ADDAMS.

tional Methods; for the underlying basis of present procedure is often a denial and insult to Democracy.

The most valuable of these studies, because the most inclusive and dealing with the broadest average of humanity and its

hicket book on “Democracy and Social identificades athena gome fentitlen 't Industrien

1495

zens' committee which labored with Mr. of people; it protests against the academic Pullman in the vain endeavor to induce standards of education for persons whose him to submit to arbitration the dispute lives are to be industrial; it protests against in which the strike originated. That his the injustices that pertain between domestics toric contest is presented in the most tem and their employers in the matters of inperate and impartial manner possible, but definite duties, unlimited hours and the she stands unflinchingly for the social good sundering of family ties. and voices the demand that in our social The book would extend Democracy berelations the individual must be willing to yond its merely political expression; it says lose the sense of personal achievement and "you must live the life of those you would shall be content to realize his activity only serve, for action is indeed the sole medium in connection with the activity of the many. of expression for ethics.” A careful reading Nearly twenty centuries ago Marcus of this book emphasizes the thought that one Aurelius wrote: “That which is not for individual can put into words within sinall the interest of the whole swarm is not for compass what will take millions of men centhe interest of a single bee." Miss Addams' turies to carry out. It is the doing of great experiments in her attempt to add the so things that takes time; at least for huinan cial function to Democracy led her to say: beings. Men have spent six thousand years “We have learned to say that the good must in trying to rebuild the social part of the be extended to all of society before it can world, but the work is not yet complete. be held secure by any one person or any one Lecky, maintains, in his “Rationalism in Euclass; but we must learn to add to that rope, that no great and radical social statement, that unless all men and all classes change ever takes place except by a gradcontribute to a good, we cannot even be ual, silent, undemonstrative preparation for sure that it is worth having.”

it in the public mind. That preparation is It is Socialism that Miss Addams being made now for the new conception of preaches, but it is Catholic Socialism, that

Democracy. is, all-round Socialism. Socialism that is The Idea is abroad. It is a reasonable not hemmed in by conventional, artificial and idea, and being reasonable, here and there narrow bounds; Socialism that takes in and everywhere, it seizes upon a reasoning everything; Socialism that leaves nobody mind and compels it into adherence and out. She insists that there are not two kinds then into action. It is in the schools; it of folks, except in their point of view ; she cries in legislative halls; it demonstrates itinsists that we are all commoners; that the self to men of business enterprise; it apdifferences are only incidents and accidents; peals through morals; it applies in its behalf that all men are of essentially the same the sanctions of religion; and it will become stuff; and that the stuff is woven substan universal to regard Democracy "not merely tially on the same form.

She recognizes as a sentiment which desires the well-being with Carlyle that all possess "the same of all men, nor yet as a creed which believes great Need, great Greed and little Faculty,' in the essential dignity and equality of all and all are, therefore, candidates for so men, but as that which affords a ruie of cial betterment, and that there should be a living as well as a test of faith.” continual effort to attain an ethical stand "Democracy and Social Ethics" is the ard.

gospel of The Open Road: “To know the This large toleration finds reiterated ex universe itself as a road, as many roads, as pression in every chapter of "Democracy roads for traveling souls.” In this vast proand Social Ethics.” It realizes that legisla- cession of souls along the Open Road all are tion amounts to little till it becomes the there—the old, the young, the good, the bad, practical voicing of an aroused public con the wise, the foolish, the weak, the strong, science; till the enactments rest on moral the sad, the gay-all are pressing forward in convictions that the duty of the hour is to the belief that they are journeying toward bring man nearer to man, to bridge the gulf something greater and something better between rich and poor, so that they shall than they have ever known,

We shall folmeet as citizens without regard to their

low after the great companions, and whomoccupation; it protests protests against social

soever we meet on the Road shall be our ostracism; it considers that zeal mistaken neighbor. This is the pith of the message which spends its energy in offering aid to in “Democracy and Social Ethics." workmen as such, or, in fact, to any “class"

Eva V. Carlin.

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