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strike or to the investigation of the trust adian government will put its arbitration feature of the coal roads' operations, re- plan in operation. Canada's experience at mained a subject for speculation far into least would be of much value to our own July

legislators. Of course if the law should

work satisfactorily in the case of railways Anti- Recent action by the Canadian it would be extended to all other industries Strike minister of labor looking to the with little delay. Bill in establishment of compulsory arCanada bitration for all railways oper- The

Year by

year the words ated by steam, electricity or other power, Young

spoken by leading educators at has aroused wide interest in that country.

Man at the college commencement seaIn introducing in parliament a bill providing


son are weighed by the public for such arbitration the minister of labor with increasing care. This is one of the said: “Trouble in any other business affects striking proofs of the wide influence which only the employers and the workmen, but a the great institutions of learning have come strike on a railway affects a third and more to wield in directing the thought of the peoimportant interest. The public interest, be- ple in certain important lines. While the ing by far the most important, requires the smaller colleges and schools do their full greatest measure of protection." Since rail- share in the upbuilding of national characways are the creatures of parliament, the ter, it is the university with traditions of Canadian government officials urge in sup- culture, a vast endowment and a president port of the compulsory arbitration bill of renown, to which the whole nation turns that parliament has the power to keep them for an inspiring word on life and the best running in the interests of the public. The uses to make of it, on education and the plan outlined establishes a Dominion board purpose which it serves. The heads of the of arbitration having five members, two institutions of higher learning liave spoken elected by the railways, two elected by the wise words in profusion during the late railway workmen and one chosen either by commencement season. Among the wisest agreement of the two interests or by the were those which demanded that the colleges government. There are also established pro- develop in each student the spiritual side vincial boards of three members each, to be of his nature, turn his imagination to a chosen in a similar way. These boards are useful purpose and awaken in him a hunger authorized to arbitrate any labor dispute in for knowledge leading to usefulness in the which a railway is involved, their decisions world along some particular line. The holding good for one year unless changed by curse of many colleges is that the student the boards themselves before the expiration finds in them no thoroughfare for his strugof that period. No court is to have the gling caravan of hopes and ambitions. power to review the findings. Severe pen- Those possessions are sternly put in pound, alties are provided for violations of the law, while their shamefaced owner grubs away a company being fined twice the sum of its

at tasks that give him no outlook on the workmen's wages in case of a lockout, while world. That sort of treatment renders him strikers are held liable individually for a dull and pointless instrument and when twice their wages.

It is made unlawful to the world gets him at the end of his college agitate in favor of a strike. The govern- course he does not matter. It is the great ment does not urge prompt action on the bill merit of those American universities which by parliament, preferring that it be dis- have the clearest conception of their miscussed for at least a year before it comes to sion that they try to draw out the best ima vote. Compulsion as a feature of arbitra- pulses of the student, to accentuate his indition in labor disputes is practically unknown viduality and assist him to make of himself this side of New Zealand. It is looked up- something resolute and significant, a force on by most persons as a device that must de- directed in a definite line and on a lofty stroy individual freedom. It would, of plane. The democracy of the university is course, settle many grave problems in the its most valuable attribute. There the boy industrial world if it were to be accepted as who can barely pay his way and the son of feasible and put in general operation. Since the millionaire must find their respective a thorough test of it would be of the great- levels by the tests of character and intellect est possible interest to all students of indus- without the slightest regard for differences trial questions, one must hope that the Can- in wealth and social standing. If they fail

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to do this there is something seriously classes, at least during a part of the college wrong with the institution. Dr. Patton of course, is a long stride toward the abolishPrinceton expressed the matter well by say- ment of coeducation. That President Haring that "a large part of a university edu- per and his associates in the management of cation consists in training the desires and the university's affairs ought to do as they educating the tastes and in teaching men to have determined to do if they deem it the scorn what is base and mean.”

proper course, is equally certain. It is sin

cerely to be regretted, however, that they
An outcry has arisen over the seem to be lacking in frankness when they
What of

determination of the authorities speak of their plans. Surely there is nothçation?

of the University of Chicago to ing that they should wish to hide, since it is

make certain changes in the their duty to make the university training methods of that institution as they relate to

as valuable as possible to the young men and coeducation of the sexes.

Great alarm is young women who take advantage of it. felt by many advocates of the higher edu- Friends of higher education for women have cation of women at that significant action. taken alarm mainly because of the lavish use Much of the indignation which has devel- of diplomacy which has preceded the conoped is due to the belief that coeducation is templated changes. Since they suspect the to be abolished there by indirection and on president and his associates of plotting to the sly. President Harper, however, insists subordinate the educational needs of the wothat coeducation is not to be abolished at all, men students to those of the men their but that the condition of women students at alarm is easily understood. Very likely their the university is to be materially improved. fears are groundless. The truth of the mat

secretary of the University of Chicago ter is that coeducation in universities has Alumnæ Association, which is leading the been thoroughly tested and has been found fight against the policy of “segregation" of unsatisfactory, for the sufficient reason that the sexes, asserts that "the whole course of a man is a man and a woman is a woman, proceedings has been misleading and under- Proper education for the one is not neceshand.” Certainly the establishinent of sep- sarily proper education for the other

. It is arate quadrangles for men and women stu

fair to suppose that President Harper by dents and the plan to teach them in separate his new policy hopes to make of the Uni

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versity of Chicago at once a Yale and an assisting at the devil's work, should inspire
Ogoniz. If he shall succeed in accomplish- lawmakers and public officials to do all in
ing this great and desirable end he will have their power to crush out the blood-lapping
scored a triumph for the higher education mania. A Christian nation can put down
of women as well as for the higher educa- crime only by Christian methods. To at-
tion of men. It is a plan so worthy of tempt other methods is to lose not only its
praise and of the best endeavors of a great Christianity but its humanity as well. Are
educator that regret must be felt because it we a nation of hypocrites? Disapproving
has not been declared boldly.

of murder, we rise in mobs and commit that

crime, or we permit others to commit it
North Carolina's enlightened and then to go their way boastfully and in
Lynchers chief executive, Governor Ay- safety. There is no north and south in this
and the

cock, recently offered rewards problem. Offenses of this sort are com:non
amounting to $30,000 for the ar-

in both sections.
rest and conviction of persons who partici-
pated in the lynching of a negro at Salis-

That the

government of bury in that state. This action, whether or

Misrule of American cities presents many

American not it shall prove effective in securing the


varieties of failure, ranging punishment of the offenders, is in striking

from bald incompetence to contrast with the languid show of displeas- clever crime, is notorious. Philadelphia ure or hints of secret approval drawn from has usually been given the palm for corrupauthorities in other commonwealths when tion in its local institutions, but Tammany's such crimes are committed by murderous misrule in New York and evil practices by mobs within their jurisdiction. Affairs like governing agencies in other cities have furthat at Lansing, Texas, last May, where a nished a discouraging array of sordid deeds. negro was tied to a stake, tortured with al- St. Louis recently uncovered a startling sysmost inconceivable cruelty and then burned tem of bribery. Now Minneapolis has folto death in the presence of throngs of peo- lowed with the indictment of its mayor, its ple, including many women, would be in chief of police, who is the mayor's brother, credible if their frequent occurrence did not a number of police detectives and one special make them a conspicuous feature of Ameri- officer. The mayor is charged with having

Nowhere else except in the wilds offered a bribe to certain county commisof Africa can such savagery be found. Yet sioners to secure the election of his secthe crime of lynching has had its defender retary to the office of Sheriff, which was on the floor of the United States senate dur- vacant. With the policemen he is accused ing the recent session of congress. Despite of levying blackmail on the criminal classes, the horror which such acts arouse it is the the evidence showing that a system of corrule rather than the exception for public of- ruption had been perfected which yielded ficials to close their eyes to these atrocities. them a large revenue. While the public The Louisiana legisfature recently declined officials were enriching themselves in this to pass a bill giving to the governor of the shameful manner the citizens were left pracstate the right to grant a change of venue tically with no protection from those who to a prisoner when he was in peril of his life had purchased the privilege of preying upon from a mob, though assurances were given the community. Though exposures of this to it by the attorney general that the meas- sort are saddening they are not surprising, ure would prevent lynchings in nearly all

since the singular patience of the citizens in cases. Sympathy for the motives of mobs permitting politicians to exploit the public in stultifving their own tribunals of offices is a standing invitation to unscrujustice and reddening their hands with hu- pulous men to plunder to their hearts' conman blood was too strong and the bill was tent. The dwellers in a city are entitled to not passed. Van killing as a neighborhood

no better government than they exact at pastime, with the attendant refinements of the hands of their officials. When thev pertorture which have been invented in recent mit their private affairs, the preservation of years to add piquancy to such festivals, is their health, the protection of their prop. 100 robust for the present age. A proper erty from fire and thieves, the regulation of regard for its victims, who number not only public service corporations, to be thrown inthe shrieking wretches that are done to to the noisome vat of ward politics they indeath but every man and woman and child vite uncleanness. Not until the rule of

can life.

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large expenditures on its army and navy. It appears likely, however, that Italy secures important commercial benefits from the treaty as well as assurances of support in its African ventures. The flattering attentions which Italy and France lavished on each other recently must have made Count Von Bülow rather eager to furnish agreeable assurances to Germany's Latin ally. In Franz Joseph's . empire also there were strong influences working against the alliance, so that the German chancellor is entitled to all the praise he is getting from his fellow countrymen for the outcome of the negotiations. The Russian-French alliance is à factor of too great importance in the affairs of Europe for Germany to permit the Dreibund to lapse. The alliance of Great Britain and Japan, since it relates particularly to the remote east, does not have any direct bearing on European matters, except that the restless spirit shown by Germany in its colonization plans would have to subside before that alliance could be regarded with indifference in Berlin.

Germany, sitting in the midst of armed EuAmerican cities is made a task for experts

rope, can never afford to ignore the uncouth who in their official capacities have no connection with politics can good government

energy of Russia and the historic hatred

which France has for its old enemy. In be had. To bring about this reform calls

the hands of Von Bülow, as in the hands of for the earnest work of every citizen. In

Bismarck, the Dreibund will be a pacific the meantime the argument that the municipalization of public service corporations bition of the Slav, while lending boldness

instrument, very useful in curbing the ammust not be proceeded with until cities are

to the world-wide activities of Emperor Wilwell governed is of doubtful force. Very

likely the people would hasten to rid them-
selves of the ward politician's rule and to
employ in his stead the able man of af-
fairs if by notable increases in public ser-
vice responsibilities they were inade to see
that their interests too important
longer to be made a vehicle for private


M. COMBES. The new Premier of France.

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The oldest of the existing poof the

litical agreements among the naDrei

tions of Europe, the Triple albund.

liance of Germany, AustriaHungary and Italy, has been renewed. The treaty was signed in Berlin June 28 by Chancellor Von Bülow and the Austrian and Italian ambassadors. The able German chancellor is properly given high credit for his success in securing the renewal of this important instrument. Much doubt had been expressed as to whether Italy particularly would consent to continue its expensive association with the two empires, since it has no money to waste in unnecessarily

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