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In general there may be said to be developing in the several States definite types of schools which hitherto have not been recognized in this country in the previous growth of education. For ordinary purposes these schools may be classified into three distinct types:
1. Day Vocational Schools, in which the pupils attend school the greater part of the working day for at least five days each week. In these schools are taught both the actual operations and the theory underlying these operations. These schools may again be classified according to (a) the place where instruction is given, and (b) the type of responsibility. If all of the work is carried on under one roof, the school may be a unified, full-responsibility, or part-responsibility school. The specific designation will depend upon the amount of responsibility assumed or conceded to the school officials. These schools again may be dual schools, that is to say, part of the work may be done in the school building and a part carried on in the shop, with a possible change in responsibility.
2. Evening Vocational Schools, in which, as the name implies, the instruction in the school is given in the evening. It may be given in the same operation or in some operation connected with the occupation in which the pupil is employed in the daytime, but in which he wishes further instruction to increase his efficiency. On the other hand, it may be in some occupation which the student wishes to enter, which differs materially from his regular daily work. As indicated in the previously given analysis, schools for the first type of students are trade extension schools and for the latter, trade preparatory schools.
3. Continuation Schools, which, as generally carried on in this country, are schools in which the pupil receives some form of day school instruction at the same time that he is employed in the shop. Like the evening schools, the work in these schools may be preparatory or extension. In addition, it is possible in these schools to offer work for general improvement or culture.
The school at Beverly, Mass., furnishes one of the best examples of the day vocational, full-responsibility school. In this school the pupils receive theoretic or related instruction under the direction of their foreman during one week; and during the following week, under the direction of the same foreman, they receive definite instruction in the shops of the United Shoe Machinery Co. The instructor or foreman employed by the city is at all times responsible directly to the school authorities and has entire charge of the work of the group of pupils with whom he is associated.
The school at Quincy, Mass., carried on in connection with the Fore River Ship Building Co., is illustrative of the dual-responsi