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“No receptacle shall when filled contain more than two cubic feet of material nor weigh more than one hundred pounds, and a sufficient number of receptacles shall be provided by the owner, lessee or occupant of a building to hold whatever ashes or other waste materials may accumulate thereat during sixty hours next preceding the removal thereof.

"Newspapers, wrapping paper and other light rubbish likely to be blown or scat. tered about the street shall be securely bundled, tied or packed before placed for removal. Yard sweepings, hedge cuttings, grass, leaves, earth, stone, bricks or trade waste shall not be mixed with household waste.

'Accumulations of household refuse resulting from failure to take advantage of the regular collection service shall be removed at the expense of the person or persons concerned."

DEATH RATE FOR THE WEEK. There were 1,343 deaths and a death rate of 13.04 reported during the past week, as against 1,333 deaths and a rate of 13.44 during the corresponding week of 1912, an increase of 10 deaths, but a decrease of .40 of a point in the rate, equivalent to a relative decrease of 41 deaths.

Most of the infectious diseases, such as measles, scarlet fever, diphtheria and croup, whooping cough and typhoid fever showed relative decreases. Organic heari and kidney diseases and lobar pneumonia showed material decreases. Cerebro-spinal meningitis, diarrhoeal diseases and other digestive diseases and broncho-pneumonia showed material increases.

Viewed from the point of age grouping, there were 34 more deaths of infants under one year of age; between the ages of one and five years there were 8 less deaths; between five and sixty-five years there were 32 less deaths, and 4 less deaths over sixty-five years of age.

The death rate for the first fifty weeks of this year was 13.75 per 1,000 of the population as against 14.07 for the corresponding period of 1912, a decrease of .32 of a point.

1

VITAL STATISTICS
Summary for Week Ending Saturday, 12 M., December 13, 1913.

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*Corrected according to borough of residence.

1. The presence of several large institutions, the great majority of whose inmates are non-residents of the city, increases considerably the death-rate of this Borough.

Deaths by Principal Causes, According to Locality and Age.

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and Over. 65 Years

Manhattan The Bronx Brooklyn Queens Richmond..

Total....

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Cases of Infectious and Contagious Diseases Reported.

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Tuberculosis.....
Diphtheria and Croup...
Measles.
Scarlet Fever ..........
Smallpox.....
Chicken pox..
Typhoid fever..
Whooping Cough.
Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis..
Syphilis ..
Gonorrhea
Chancroid

Total.......

392
256
160
147

389 383 287 270 179

102 171 148

I 203 251 51

65 12

30 320 35 2

66 107

159
58

58

52

36 41

38

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386 301 25

8

12

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1,274 1,386 1,349 1,254 1,199 1,686 1,236 1,496 1,744 1,356 1,628 1,949

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permitted or suffered to work unless an employment certificate shall have been obtained and subsequently filed in the office of the employer at the place of employment of such child.

Not infrequently children who apply for employment certificates at the Department of Health are found, upon the physical examination required by the Labor Law, to be in poor physical condition because of anaemia and mulnutrition. In such cases, certificates are denied on the ground of physical incapacity.

Every effort is at once made to get these children into proper physical condition and to fit them to assume their place in the mercantile world. Many of these cases can be remedied within a reasonable time by proper treatment and are referred to a school nurse who visits the home in order to instruct and advise the parents and to call their attention to the necessity of treatment. The nurse also points out the importance of contributory defects such as decayed teeth, enlarged tonsils and adenoids, which may also be present. Instruction is given as to hygiene, sanitation and the proper quality, quantity, preparation and preservation of food and should the home conditions seem to preclude rapid improvement in the physical condition of the child, efforts are made to send it to some convalescent or Fresh Air Home for as long a period as possible.

Several charitable organizations have given special attention to these cases at the request of the department and have kept the children at the various country homes as long as the regulations and facilities of the latter would perinit, usually a period of from one to four weeks. At present, some of these organizations are further cooperating with the department by endeavoring, through special arrangements, to extend the period of stay for as long a time as may be necessary to put the child in good physical condition.

Further assistance is given to these children by the New York Child Labor Coinmittee, which, after an investigation of home conditions, grants a scholarship to worthy cases from a special fund and in amounts varying from $1.50 to $3 weekly pending the child's continuance at school.

DEATH RATE FOR THE WEEK. There were 1.372 deaths and a death rate of 13.32 (per 1.000) of the population reported during the past week as against 1,420 deaths and a death rate of 14.32, a decrease in absolute figures of 48 deaths, equivalent to a relative one of 100 deaths and a decrease of one point in the rate.

The following causes showed material decreases, scarlet fever, diphtheria and croup, whooping cough, typhoid fever, lobar pneumonia, broncho pneumonia, tubercu. lous diseases other than pulmonary tuberculosis, and Bright's disease and nephritis. Those causes showing material increases were measles, organic heart disease and vinlence.

Viewed from the point of age grouping, there were 44 less deaths of infants under one year of age. 9 less deatlıs between one and five years of age, 7 less deaths between the ages of five and sixty-five years; over the age of sixty-five years there was an increase of 12 deaths.

The death rate for the first forty-nine weeks of the year was 13.76 as against 14.08 for the corresponding period in 1912.

VITAL STATISTICS
Summary for Week Ending Saturday, 12 M., December 6, 1913.

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*Corrected according to borough of residence.

1. The presence of severai large institutions, the great majority of whose inmates are non-residents of the city, increases considerably the deatb-rate of this Borough'.

Deaths by Principal Causes, According to Locality and Age.

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Cases of Infectious and Contagious Diseases Reported.
Week Ending

Sept. Sept. Oct

Oct. Oct. Oct. Nov. Nov. Nov Nov. Nov., Dec. 27 4.

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Total.

1,386 1,274 1,386 1,349 1,25+, 1,199 ' 1,686 1,236 1,496 1,744 1,356 1,628

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1. Typhoid Fever....
3. Malarial Fever...
4. Small-pox..........
5. Measles..
6. Scarlet Fever...
3:

Whooping Cough.
Diphtheria and

Croup
9. Influenza..
12. Other Epidemic

Diseases..... 13. Tuberculosis Pul

monalis... 14. Tuberculous Men

ingitis... 15. Other forms of

Tuberculosis... 16. Cancer, Malig

nant Tumor... 17. Simple Meningitis.

of which 17a Cerebro Spinal)

Meningitis.... 18. Apoplexy, Soften

ing of the Brain 19. Organic Heart

Diseases...... 20. Acute Bronchitis. 21. Chronic Bronchitis. 22. Pneumonia (ex-)

cluding Broncho

Pneumonia)..... 132.Broncho Pneumonia 23. Other

Respira-) tory Diseases.. 24. Diseases of the

Stomach (Can

cer excepted).. 35.Diarrheal diseases

(under 5 years), 36. Appendicitis and 27. Hernia, Intestinall

Ubstruction..... 28. Cirrhosis of Liver.. 29. Bright's Disease

and Ac. Nephritis 30. Diseases of Wom

en (not Cancer) 31. Puerperal Septi

cæmia.. 39. Other Puerperal

Diseases .. 33. Congenital

bility and Mal

formations..... 34. Old Age.. 35. Violent Deaths..

a. Effects of Heat. b. Other Accidents.

c. Homicide.... 36. Suicide 37. All other causes.... 38. 11l-defined causos..

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* If the deaths under one month, numbering 98, from all causes, be deducted from the total deaths under one year, the resultant rate will be 37 deaths of infants per 1,000 births (weekly average July 1, 1913, to July 1, 1913).

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