Page images
PDF
EPUB

blindness takes place. Consequently, cases which recover consciousness are, generally speaking, blind for the rest of their lives. The blindness comes on very rapidly and is usually complete at the end of twenty-four or forty-eight hours. In its early stages the visual disturbance may manifest some slight temporary improvement. Poisoning by inhalation usually takes place among varnishers who have worked in small, ill-ventilated quarters. Thus, men who shellac the interior of beer.vats have, on several occasions, become affected. In these cases the symptoms are more chronic. Headache, vomiting and abdominal pain may for several days precede unconsciousness, and the coma may be fatal or the case may recover. When recovery does take place, complete blindess may ensue or there may simply be well marked deterioration of vision due to a partial atrophy of the optic nerves, which condition is permanent, but non-progressive. In spite of the fact that the Department of Health has repeatedly investigated cases of poisoning by methyl alcohol and has, on several occasions, brought criminal proceedings against those who have used it to adulterate spirits, cases of poisoning still occasionally occur, and undoubtedly the main reason for their occurrence is ignorance on the part of the public and of the manufacturers of spirits. To most people alcohol means alcohol and if one alcohol is cheaper than another, they do not hesitate to buy it in preference, and it is in this way that the incompletely rectified article, indistinguishable by taste or smell from grain alcohol, has been used in the manufacture of cheap spirits.

At a meeting of the Board of Health held January 23, 1912, the following additional section of the Sanitary Code was adopted :

Section 66a. No person or corporation shall have, sell or offer for sale any food or drink which contains methyl alcohol (commonly known as wood alcohol), or any preparation or mixture of any kind whatsoever containing the same, intended either for internal or external use by man; nor shall methyl or wood alcohol or any preparation or mixture containing the same be used upon or applied to the person or body of another.

Later this section was deemed too drastic, it having been represented to the Department that no poisonous symptom would arise from the external application of methyl alcohol as rectified at present and in which form it is very extensively used in the arts and manufactures. Accordingly, after a careful and exhaustive review of the literature and a thorough study of all reported cases in which poisoning was supposed to have followed its external use, the Board of Health" on September 17, 1912, amended section 66a so as to read as follows:

Section 66a. No person or corporation shall have, sell or offer for sale. any food or drink which contains methyl alcohol (commonly known as wood alcohol), or any preparation or mixture of any kind whatsoever containing methyl alcohol, intended for internal inse by man.

Any preparation or mixture containing methyl alcohol intended for external use by man, or so used, shall, when offered for sale, sold or used, be conspicuously labeled follows: “This preparation contains methyl (wood) alcohol."

as

MORTALITY OF THE WEEK.

There were 1.568 deaths reported during the past week as against 1,511 deaths reported during the corresponding week of 1912, an increase of 57 deaths. This increase is almost exactly offset by the increase in the population, the rate for the past week being 15.23 against 15.24 in the previous year, a decrease of .01 of a point, which means a decrease of one death.

The infectious diseases, measles, scarlet fever and typhoid fever, showed considerable decreases; on the other hand, diphtheria and croup and influenza showed material increases.

Deaths of children under five years of age showed an increase of 19 deaths, between five and sixty-five years of age an increase of 68 deaths, and above sixty-five years of age a decrease of 30 deaths.

The deaths of adults from lobar pneumonia remained the same; those of broncho pneumonia among young children increased by 20 deaths.

The death rate for the first six weeks of this year was 14.64 per 1,000 as against 15.31 in the corresponding period in 1912.

VITAL STATISTICS

Summary for Week Ending Saturday, 12 M., February 8, 1913.

[blocks in formation]

• Corrected according to borough of residence.

+ The presence of several large institutions, the great majority of whose inmates are non-residents of the city increases considerably

the death-rate of this Borough?
Deaths by Principal Causes, According to Locality and Age.

[graphic]

and Over 65 Years

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

IU

25 114 13 4

267

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Cases of Infectious and Contagious Diseases Reported.

[blocks in formation]

446 338

296

318

[ocr errors]

412

118

338

[merged small][ocr errors]

Tuberculosis... 364 402
485 311 +52 394 365 332 295 497 483

+56

465 Diphtheria

292
and Croup..
332 293 317 309

338 338
280 397 363

470 Measles.

128
175 211 223 276 274

298

393 551 463 472 454 459 Scarlet Fever.. 114 167 182 187 232 259 283 304

301 333

402

291 Smallpox...... Chickenpox...

107
170 204 185 133 149 268

214 278 245

156 Typhoid Fever 62 61 52 56 49

21
36

19 20 19 19 Whooping

22 30 32 32 20 Cough.....

31 45 23 12 26

50 63 63 71 Cer-Spinals

3 II 5 Meningitis..

4 4

9
6
4
6 6

9 9 Total...... 1,071 1,181 1,400 1,213 1,482 1,495 1,636 1,436 1,534 , 1,991 1,933 1,991 2,127 1,790

[merged small][graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed]

Deaths According to Cause, Age and Sex.

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

1. Typhoid Fever.... 4
3. Malarial Fever..
4. Small-pox...
5. Measles..
6. Scarlet Fever....
3: Diphtheria and
Whooping Cough.
Croup

38 9. Influenza...

18 12. Other Epidemic Diseases..

7 13. Tuberculosis Pul

160 monalis... 14. Tuberculous Men

ingitis..... 15. Other forms of 1 Tuberculosis...)

17 16. Cancer, Malignant 'Tumor...

84 17 Simple Meningitis. 9

of which 17a. Cerebro Spinal Meningitis.....

5 18. Apoplexy, Softening of the Brain

31 19. Organic Heart Diseases........

197 20. Acute Bronchitis.. 17 21. Chronic Bronchitis.

4 22. Pneumonia (ex-) cluding Broncho

167 Pneumonia).....) 22a. Broncho Pneumonia 115 23. Other

Respiratory Diseases..

15 24. Diseases of the

Stomach (Can- 13

cer excepted)..) 25.Diarrhæal diseases (under 5 years))

37 26. Appendicitis and

9 27. Hernia, Intestinal

Obstruction.... 28. Cirrhosis of Liver.. 19 29. Bright's Disease and Ac. Nephritis

134 30. Diseases of Women (not Cancer)

6 31. Puerperal Septi

cæmia.. 32 Other Puerperal

Diseases. 33. Congenital De

bility and Mal- 66

formations..... 34. Old Age...

14 35. Violent Deaths. 81

a. Effects of Heat.
b. Other Accidents. 71

c. Homicide...
35. Suicide
37. All other causes.. 203
38. Ill-defined causes..

[ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed]

* If the deaths under one month, numbering 85 from all causes, be deducted from the total death under one year, the resultant rate will be 57 deaths of infants per 1,000 births (weekly average of 1912).

Corrected Mortality Among Children, Week Ending February 8, 1913.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

• Includes Small Pox, Measles, Scarlet Fever, Diphtheria and Whooping Cough. Deaths According to Cause, Annual Rate per 1,000 and Age, with Meteorology and

Number of Deaths in Public Institutions for 14 Weeks.

[graphic]

Dec. Dec. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Feb. Feb.
28
18. 25

8.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Total deaths... 1,302 1,216 1,354 1,251 1,420 1,333 1.481 1,403 1,519 1,512 1,46 1,461 1,440 1,568 Annual deathrate......

13.13 12.26 13.65 12.62 14.32 13.44 14.93 14.15 14.75 14.68 15.01 14.19 13 98 15.23 Typhoid fever.. 14 5 14 9

6 5 6 7 Malarial Fevers

3

3 1

1
Small-pox
Measles

5
8

8
}

5

10 Scarlet Fever...

7

15
8

15
14

19 17 Whooping Cough

4 3
6

7

3 3 Diphtheria and

5

6 Croup.....) 17 22 26 22 19 3c 27 26 22 26

25 25 33 Influenza..

3
4

8
5 5

6 Cerebro-Spinal

16 17 14

13 15 Meningitis.) 9 2

3 4

6

7 4 5 Tuberculosis Pulmonalis 135 140

166
153
147

158

171 180 Other Tuberculous..... 33 18 27

25 II

16
23

26 12 28 24 29 Acute Bronchitis

II 12

18
10 12 20

13

19 18 Pneumonia..

15 17 89 77 115

98 127 135 150 11 191 150 162 Broncho Pneu

126 130 167 monia.....

69 79
27

102 80
109 87

ΙΠΟ 104 123 106 95 115 Violent Deaths..

81
98
59 73 76 87 78

81
7, 74

60 63 81

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Inquest cases.

205 179
228 170

2'5
231 180

244 192 203 185 181 244 Mean barometer. 29.97 29.87 29.91 29.93 30.02 29.96 29.81 29,93 29.69 30.16 30.19 30.64 29.84 29.91 Mean humidity.. 63.6 63.6 55.3 61.7 71.7 52.9 64.9 16.4 68.

719 66 7 631 56.7 Inches of rain or snow....

2.26in.28in. .99in .65in .72in 1335 in 2.33in .72in. -;8in .81n .62in 3.c.in Mean tempera

ture (Fahr- 56.6° 51.70 48.39 40.1' 48.° 33.4° 41.1° 33.6 43.6 39.9° 41.9 41.o 39.4°25 60

enheit)..... Maximum temperature 67.0 72.0 66.55.° 64.° 46.°

59.' 58.

63.
60.

61. 35 ° (Fahrenheit) Minimum temperature 31.o 35.32.° 28.° 34.° 18.0 32.° 24.

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

1. Typhoid Fever...

4
3. Malarial Fever...
4. Small-pox...
5. Measles.
6. Scarlet Fever....
8:

Whooping Cough.
Diphtheria and
Croup

38 9. Influenza.......

18 12. Other Epidemic Diseases.

7 13. Tuberculosis Pul

160 monalis.... 14. Tuberculous Men

ingitis......... 15. Other forms of Tuberculosis...)

17 16. Cancer, Malignant Tumor.

84 17 Simple Meningitis. 9

of which 17a. Cerebro Spinal Meningitis....

5 18. Apoplexy, Softening of the Brain

31 19. Organic Heart,

Diseases...... 20. Acute Bronchitis..

17 21. Chronic Bronchitis.

4 22. Pneumonia (ex-)

cluding Broncho 167

Pneumonia)..... 22a.Broncho Pneumonia 115 23. Other

Respiratory Diseases..

15 24. Diseases of the

Stomach (Can- 13

cer excepted). 25.Diarrheal diseases (under 5 years) )

37 26. Appendicitis and

9 27. Hernia. Intestinal

Obstruction.... 28. Cirrhosis of Liver.. 19 29. Bright's Disease and Ac. Nephritis

134 30. Diseases of Wom

6 en (not Cancer) 7 31. Puerperal Septi-)

cæmia.. 32 Other Puerperal

Diseases 33. Congenital

bility and Mal- 66

formations.....)
34. Old Age....
35. Violent Deaths... 81

a. Effects of Heat
b. Other Accidents. 71

c. Homicide.
30. Suicide
37. All other causes.... 203
38. Ill-defined causes..

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]
[subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed]

* If the deaths under one month, numbering 85 from all causes, be deducted from the total death under one year, the resultant rate will be 57 deaths of infants per 1,000 births (weekly average of 1912).

[graphic]
« PreviousContinue »