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Corrected Mortality Among Children, Week Ending February 8, 1913.
Under 1 Year of Age.

Under 5 Years of Age.
Diarrhæal Diseases.


The Bronx.

City of New York...

. Includes Small Pox, Measles, Scarlet Fever, Diphtheria and Whooping Cough. Deaths According to Cause, Annual Rate per 1,000 and Age, with Meteorology and

Number of Deaths in Public Institutions for 14 Weeks.

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Total deaths...

1,302 1,216 1,354 1,251, 1,420 1,333 1.481 1,403 1,5192,5121,546'1.461 1,440 1,56% Annual death- 13.13 12.26 13.65 12.62 14.32 13.44 14.93 14.15 14.75 14.68 15.01 14.19 13 98 15.23 Typhoid fever..

14 5 Malarial Fevers

14 9 12
5 6 7 3 4

3 Small-pox

1 Measles


8 Scarlet Fever ....




12 Whooping Cough

"? 4 Diphtheria and

6 3


3 3 5 Croup ....

19 3 30 27 26 22 26

25' 25 33 Influenza.

3 4

8 Cerebro-Spinal


6 5

16 17 14 211 13 I! Meningitis.) 9




5 Tuberculosis Pulmonalis 135 140 163 152

153 175 147


171 180
Other Tubercu-
lous...... 33 18
27 22 25 11 16


24 Acute Bronchitis

11 121
21 18

10 12 20 Pneumonia.


17 89 77 Broncho Pneu115 98 127 135 150


JA monia....

79 102 80

109 87

110 104 37


15 Violent Deaths.

59 73 76 87

81 77 74





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177 279

22€ ! 246
315 354
671 776


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Under one year
Under five years
Five to sixty-five
Sixty-five years

and over...
In Institutions...

204 311 861

237 345 791 284


199 323 763 295

247 243
383: 36

30 263

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or snow...

Mean barometer. 29.97 29.87 29.91 29.93 30.02 29.96 29.81 29.93 215, 2016 mayo 7,5
Mean humidity.. 63.6 63.6 55.3 61.7 71.7 52.9
Inches of rain
2.26in .2din. .99in .65in

.72in 1335ir. 2.335 7211, Mean tempera

ture. (Fahr-151.6° 51.70 48.30° 41.1 336 43% 5 4:3

enheit). Maximum tem

(Fahrenheter 67.0 72.o 66. 55.0 64.0 46. 151. Minimum temperature

32.° 28.0 (Fahrenheit))

132.0 34.° 118..

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Headquarters: S. W. Corner Centre and Walker Streets, Borough of Manhattan

Telephone, 6280 Pranklin
Borough of The Bronx, 3731 Third Avenue...

Telephone, 1973 Tremont Borough of Brooklyn, Flatbush Avenue and Willoughby Street. Telephone, 4720 Main Borough of Queens, 372-374 Fulton Street, Jamaica, L. I..

Telephone, 1200 Jamaica Borough of Richmond, 514-516 Bay Street, Stapleton, S. I...

- Telephone, 440 Tompkinsville Office Hours-9 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Saturdays, 9 a.m. to 12 m.

Manhattan-Willard Parker Hospital, foot of East 16th Street. Telephone, 1600 Stuyvesaat.
The Bronx-Riverside Hospital, North Brother Island. Telephone, 4000 Melrose.
Brooklyn-Kingston Avenue Hospital, Kingston Avenue and Fenimore Street Telephone, 4400 Fia:bush.

Diagnosis Laboratory, Centre and Walker Streets. Telephone, 6280 Frankdin.
Research Laboratory. Chemical Laboratory. Vaccine Laboratory. Drug Laboratory.

Poot of East Sixteenth Street. Telephone, 1600 Stuyvesant.


Manhattan 1. 172 East 3d St. 8. Vanderbilt Clinic 15. 1391 Avenue A 22. 73 Cannon St. 2. 522 East 11th St. 9. 326 East 11th St. 16. 200 East 97th St. 23. 110 Suffolk St. 3. 281 Avenue A 10. 114 Thompson St. 17. 209 Stanton St.

96 Monroe St. 210 East 28th St. 11. 315 East 112th St. 18. 2287 First Ave. 25. 251 Monroe St. 225 East 107th St. 12. 244 Mulberry St. 19. 108 Cherry St. 26. 413 West 40th St.

241 East 40th St. 13. 438 West 48th St. 122 Mulberry St. 27. 74 Allen St. 7. 174 Eldridge St.

14. 78 Ninth Ave. 21. 207 Division St.

Brooklyn 1. 268 South 2d St. 7. 359 Manhattan Ave. 13. 651 Manhattan Ave. 19. 699 Henry St. 2. 660 Fourth Ave. 8. 104 President St. 11. 185 Bedford Ave. 20. 303 Williams Ave. 3. 208 Hoyt St.

9. 698 Leonard St. 15. 296 Bushwick Ave. 21. 167 Hopkins St. 4. 325 Hudson Ave. 10. 233 Suydam St. 16. 994 Flushing Ave. 22. 606 Park Ave. 5. 724 Glenmore Ave. 11. 329 Osborne St. 17. 176 Nassau St. 23. 239 Graham Ave. 6. 184 Fourth Ave. 12. 126 Dupont St. 18. 129 Osborn St. 24. 1597 Pitkin Ave. The Bronx-1. 511 East 149th Street. 2. 1351 Webster Avenue. Queens--1. 114 Pulton Avenue, Astoria, L. I. Richmond-1. 689 Bay Street, Stapleton, S. I.

CLINICS FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN Manhattan-Gouverneur Slip. Telephone, 2916 Orchard.

Pleasant Avenue and 118th Street. Telephone, 972 Harlem. Brooklyn—330 Throop Avenue. Telephone, 5319 Williamsburg.

124 Lawrence Street. Telephone, 5623 Main. 1249

Herkimer Street. Telephone, 2684 East New York.
The Bronx-580 East 169th Street. Telephone, 2558 Tremont.

Manhattan-West Side Clinic, 307 West 33d Street. Telephone, 3471 Murray Hill.

East Side Clinic, 81 Second Street. Telephone, 5586 Orchard.
Harlem Italian Clinic, 420 East 116th Street. Telephone, 5584 Harlem.
Southern Italian Clinic, 22 Van Dam Street. Telephone, 412 Spring.

Day Camp, Perryboat “Middletown," foot of East 91st Street. Telephone, 2957 Lenox.
The Bronx-Northern Clinic, St. Pauls Place and Third Avenue. Telephone, 1975 Tremont.

Southern Clinic, 493 East 139th Street. Telephone, 5702 Melrose.
Brooklyn--Main Clinic, Fleet and Willoughby Streets. Telephone. 4720 Main.

Germantown Clinic, 55 Sumner Avenue. Telephone, 3228 Williamsburg.
Browosville Clinic, 362 Bradford Street. Telephone, 2732 East New York.
Eastern District Clinic, 306 South 5th Street, Williamsburg. Telephone. 1293 Williamsburg.

Da (amp, Ferryboat "Rutherford," foot of Pulton St. Tel., 153) Main.
Queens-Jamaica Clinic, 10 Union Avenue, Jamaica. Telephone, 1386 Jamaica.
Richmond-Richmond Clinic, Bay and Elizabeth Streets, Stapleton. Telephone, 440 Tompkins.

Otisville, Orange County, N. Y. (via Erie Railroad from Jersey City). Telephone, 13 Otisville.

TUBERCULOSIS HOSPITAL ADMISSION BUREAU Main:ained by the Department of Health, the Department of Public Charities, and Bellevue and Allied

Hospitais, 426 First Avenue. Teiephone, 8667 Madison Square. Hours 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.


522-B-13 (B) 2000

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Report for Week Ending February 15, 1913

Recent Resolutions of the Board of Health in Regard to Chicken Slaughter Houses,

Protection of Foods, Meat Certification and Tagging. Sausage Factories and Establishments for Preserving Meats.

At a meeting of the Board of Health held February 10, 1913, certain resolutions were adopted, of which what later follows is an abstract. The resolutions are published in full in the City RECORD of February 15, and should be there consulted by those especially interested in any or all of the subjects affected. Full copies of these new rules and regulations will also be supplied upon request addressed to the Com. missioner or Secretary of the Department of Health.

The new regulations or modifications relate to the following subjects:

(1) Chicken slaughter houses and places where chickens are kept for sale in crate lots.

(2) The better protection of food from contamination by dust and flies.

(3) (New). Requiring that after July 1, 1913, all meat brought into the City must be tagged, showing that it has been officially inspected and approved.

(4) Stringent rules and regulations in regard to the management of sausage factories and establishments for smoking and preserving meats.

(5) (New). More stringent rules and regulations relating to slaughter houses.

The Cominissioner of Health has issued the following statement explaining the significance of the new requirements, which constitute a marked advance in the local official control of foods and meat:

(1) CHICKEN SLAUGHTER Houses. For years there have been suspicions of improper practices in the granting of permits to chicken slaughter houses and the manner in which these houses have been conducted has not been entirely satisfactory. As a result of investigations made by the Commissioner, it was discovered that persons not connected with the Department of Health had extorted large sums of money from dealers interested in this industry: In one instance it was found that an Inspector of the Department was involved, and he was dismissed and prosecuted criminally. In order to put a stop to such practices and to minimize further the nuisances arising from this industry, the future granting of permits will be restricted as follows:

(a) The site must not be within 200 feet of an inhabited dwelling, factory, office building, church, hospital or school.

(b) In the Boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn, no sites shall be approved when at a greater distance than 200 feet from the water front, except in the localities set aside by law as slaughter house districts.

(2) PROTECTION OF Foods. Section 46 of the Sanitary Code was amended so as to read as follows:

Section 46. No food, except fruits and vegetables that are peeled, pared or cooked before consumption, shall be kept, sold or offered for sale or be displayed or transported unless protected from dust, dirt, flies or other contamination. The term "food" as herein used shall include every article of food and every beverage used by man, and all confectionery:

This section of the Sanitary Code is more stringent than that which it supersedes, because it not only includes foods displayed outside of stores, but also those exposed within stores, bakeries, restaurants, factories and other places. The protection of foods from infection by flies will minimize the danger of transmission of typhoid fever and other diseases by foods.

(3) MEAT CERTIFICATION AND TAGGING. After July 1, 1913, no meat products shall be brought into New York City, held, kept or offered for sale as food unless bearing a tag or other approved mark denoting inspection and approval by the Department of Health of The City of New York or by the Federal or State authorities. At the present time it is possible to ship into the City from the interior of the State meats which have not been inspected, and the City has neither a sufficient force nor proper facilities to inspect such meat. It is not praclicable under ordinary circumstances to determine whether or not an animal is healthy and fit for human food except by post mortem examination. Post mortem examinations are made of all animals slaughtered in The City of New York, and no carcasses of animals slaughtered outside the City will henceforth be allowed to enter unless they have been inspected and passed in accordance with the provisions of the Act of Congress relating to the Federal inspection of meat and meat products intended for interstate commerce, or have been inspected and passed in accordance with the laws of a State or the ordinance of a municipal division thereof which maintains a system of post mortem inspection and marking of the standard maintained by The City of New York. If the meat trade of the State with this City is to continue, it will be necessary for the State to establish an adequate system of official inspection. (4) SalsAGE MANUFACTORIES AND ESTABLISHMENTS FOR SMOKING AND PRESERVING

MEATS. Permits will hereafter be required for such establislıments. The term "sausage" and “sausage meat" are defined as follows:

Sausage or sausage meat shall be held to be a comminuted meat from cattle or swine, or a mixture of such meats, either fresh, salted, pickled or smoked, with or without added salt and spices, and with or without the addition of edible animal fats, blood and sugar.

All animal tissues used as containers, such as casings or stomachs, must be clean and sound, and impart to the contents no other substance than salt.

Each applicant for a permit to manufacture sausages or to smoke and preserve meats shall file with his application a statement showing all materials and foodstuffs used or intended to be used in such manufacture, together with the source or sources from which the same were obtained, and shall, whenever required by the Board of Health or the Sanitary Superintendent, furnish further statements giving like information,

Under the heading of equipment, specific regulations are made as to floors, walls and ceilings, tables, lighting and ventilation. Adequate toilets and wash rooms are required and individual towels must be provided.

Under the heading of methods, the new regulations require strict cleanliness and workmen must exchange their street clothes for clean washable suits. The use of lungs and cows' udders is prohibited and the working over of sausages is forbidden. Coloring matter is prohibited, as are also preservatives except salt, sugar, saltpeter and spices, vinegar and wood smoke.

(5) SLAUGHTER House REGULATIONS. The Federal Government, through its Bureau of Animal Industry of the Department of Agriculture, maintains in this city an elaborate system of meat inspection in all establishments in which cattle are killed for shipment to other states or to foreign countries. In those establishments in which meat is prepared for sale only in this City or State, the Federal Government exercises no supervision, inspection being mainlained by the Department of Health of New York City. The Board of Health has now adopted more stringent rules and regulations for such establishments, so that, as far as possible, with the limited force of Inspectors, the consumers in the City will receive the same protection in regard to their meat as is guaranteed by Federal inspection to those who use meat shipped from other states.

No animals shall be slaughtered except under the supervision of an Inspector of the Department of Health. The employees shall be cleanly in their habits and clothing All knives and other tools shall be thoroughly cleaned at least once a day and shall be kept clean during use. The rooms in which meat is prepared, packed or otherwise handled, shall be well ventilated, suitably lighted, free from odors, and shall be kept free from flies and other vermin. Poisonous exterminators may be used only under the supervision of an Inspector. Butchers, after handling diseased carcasses, shall cleanse their hands of all grease by means of hot water and soap and properly disinfect them before handling healthy carcasses. All butchers' implements used in dressing diseased carcasses shall be sterlized following the slaughter of any animal affected with an infectious disease, all slaughtering to cease until the implements are disinfected or other clean implements are provided. Skins and hides from animals condemned for tuberculosis or any other diseases infectious to man (except those animals showing lesions of anthrax or charbon, regardless of the extent of the discase), but showing no outward appearance of the disease, may be removed for tanning or other uses in the arts. Whenever an animal is condemned on account of anthrax

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