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MENTIONED IN THE HOLY SCRIPTURES.
cending on the Orontes. Here Paul and Barnabas came, when sent by the Holy Spirit, to propagate the gospel.
Acts xiii. 3. 4.
SENEH. A rock opposite another called Bozez, near Gibeah. I Sam. xiv. 4.
SEPHAR. A mount of Kedem, or the East. Gen. x. 30.
SEPHARVAIM. Probably they came from mount Sephar, or the land adjoining it, which Wells places west of the Indus, and east of the Caspian sea. 2 Kings xvii. 24. & xix. 34.
SHAALABBIN. A city of Dan. Josh. xix. 42. Judges i. 35. 1 Kings iv. 9.
SHALIM, AND SHALISHA. A district of Ephraim, mentioned 1 Sam. ix. 4. 2 Kings iv. 42. Here Saul sought for his father's asses in vain.
SHAMIR. A city of Judah. Josh. xv. 48. Another in mount Ephraim. Judges x. 12.
SHARAIM. A city of Judah. Josh. xv. 36. but it was afterwards given to the Simeonites. 1 Chron. iv. 31. SHARON. A region lying between mount Tabor and the lake of Tiberias, extending from Cæsarea to Joppa. It was extremely fat and fertile. 1 Chron. xxvii. 29. Song. ii. 1. Isa. xxxiii. 9. xxxv. 2. & lxv. 10. Acts ix. 35. SHARUHEN. A town belonging to Simeon. Josh. xix. 6.
́SHAVEH, VALLEY OF. Mentioned Gen. xiv. 17, 18. lay near to Jerusalem, and is either a part of the valley of Jehoshaphat, or near it. 2 Sam. xviii. 18. Josephus says it was two miles from Jerusalem.
SHEBA. See Beer-sheba. Sheba, a son of Jocktan, settled in Arabia Felix, and gave name to the kingdom. Ps. lxxii. 11.
SHEBAM. A city of Reuben. Numb. xxxii. 3.
SHEBAM. A city of Bashan. Numb. xxxii. 3. Is it not the same as is called Shibmah. ver. 38. and Sibmah. SHEBARIM. A place not far from Ai; and probably meaning some defiles leading to that city. Josh. vii. 5.
SHECHEM. A city of very great antiquity, Gen. xii. 6. and most probably so called from its scite, being a gentle declivity. Abraham sojourned near this place; and Jacob's sons slew Hamor, Shechem his son, and the other men of this city. Gen. xxxiv. I, &c. It lay in the hill-country of Ephraim. Josh. xx. 7. Ps. lx. 8. Acts vii. 16. It is, I think, certain that Shechem was situated at the foot of Gerizim; but that Samaria was built higher up, and at some distance from it. The latter city on being rebuilt by Herod was called Neapolis. See Neapolis and Samaria. SHEMA. A city of Judah. Josh. xv. 26.
SHEN. A place at no great distance from Mizpeh, mentioned I Sam. vii. 12. Between these two places Samuel erected a stone of memorial called Eben-ezer.
SHENIR, or SENIR. A name by which the Amorites called Hermon. Deut. iii. 9. In the other places Senir seems to be a distinct part of the mountain. 1 Chron. v. 23. Ezek. xxvii. 5.
SHICRON. A city on the confines of Dan. Josh. xv. 11.
SHIHON. A city of Issachar. Josh. xix. 19
SHILHIM. A city of Judah. Josh. xv. 32.
SHILOH. A city in the tribe of Ephraim, about ten or twelve miles from Shechem. Here the ark and tabernacle were placed; and as this city was nearly central to all the tribes, and a strong place, here they might assemble in safety for the purpose of worship. It abode here until taken to the camp of Israel in the close of Eli's life, when it fell into the hands of the Philistines. Here Joshua assembled the people to divide by lot the land of Canaan. Josh. xviii. 2—8. xix. 5. xxi. 2. & xxii. 9, 12. Judges xxi. 19, 1 Sam. i. 3, 24. & ii. 14. Ps. lxxviii. 60.
SHIMRON. A city given to the tribe of Zebulon. Josh. xix. 15.
SHINAR, LAND OF. By this, Wells says, is meant the valley along which runs the Tigris, and probably the whole of its extent to the sea. Moses places Babylon and Ezech in this land. Gen. x. 10. Perhaps the land only on the western side of the Tigris is thus called. The city Singara is in this district, and preserves some analogy to the old name.
SHITTIM. The same as Abel-Shittim, which see. Numb. xxv. 1. Josh. ii. 1. & iii. 1.
SHOCHOH. A city of Judah, not far from Azekah; for between these two places the Philistines encamped, when Goliath defied the hosts of Israel in Ephes-dammim. 1 Sam. xvii. 1. 1 Chron. xi. 13. Eusebius places it in the road from Eleutheropolis, which was north of Lachish to Jerusalem.
SHOPHAN. A city in the tribe of Gad. Numb. xxxii. 35.
SHUNEM. A city of Issachar. Josh. xix. 18. Near to this city Saul encamped prior to his last fatal battle with the Philistines, 1 Sam. xxviii. 4. and here dwelt the great woman whose son Elisha raised to life. 2 Kings iv. 8—37. Abishag, who was taken to give David heat, was of this city. 1 Kings i. 3.
SHUR. A city over against the Red Sea, and Kadesh-barnea, and seems to have given name to the adjoining wilderness. Gen. xvi. 7. xx. 1. & xxv. 18. 1 Sam. xv. 7. & xxvii. 8.
SHUSHAN. The metropolis of the kingdam of Persia. Dan. viii. 2. Esther i. 2. Neh. i. 1. Here was a magnificent palace. This city is the same as the Greeks called Susa, situated in the province named Susiana, near to the
INDEX OF PLACES
Persian gulf, south. When Alexander conquered this city, he found fifty thousand talents of uncoined gold, and abundance of silver, and jewels of inestimable value.
SIBMAH. A town or city of Reuben, famous for its vines, and not far from Jazer, in connexion with which it is generally mentioned. Josh. xiii. 19. Isa. xvi. 8, 9. Jer. xlviii. 32.
SIBRAIM. A place between Damascus and Hamath. Ezek. xlvii. 16.
SICHAR. This occurs as the name of the old city Shechem. Josh. iv. 5. See Shechem.
SIDDIM, PLAIN OR VALLEY OF. Gen. xiv. 3, 8. meant the land where the five cities stood, and which is now the Salt or Sea of Sodom.
SIDON, or ZIDON. A well-known city of Phoenicia, and very ancient. Tyre is called "the daughter of Sidon," and of course Sidon was the mother-city. It is called Sidon the Great in the time of Joshua. It had the primacy over the other cities for a long period; but at length Tyre became chief. Its inhabitants became wealthy by their commerce; and of course lived in ease and luxury. It still subsists under the name of Seyde, and has a considerable trade with the countries to the west of it.
SIHON, KINGDOM OF. It lay from south to north, between the river Arnon, which bounded it from the Moabites, and the river Jabbok, which bounded it from the kingdom of Og; and from east to west, between the mountains which parted it from the Ammonites, and the Jordan, which separated it from Canaan. The city Heshbon was its capital, which see.
SIHOR. A river which is said to be before Egypt, Josh. xiii. 3. and must be in the south border of the land allotted to Judah. With Reland I conceive, it can neither be a branch of the Nile, nor the river which washes Rhinocolura; but some torrent on the south-west point of Judah. 1 Chron. xiii. 5. Isa. xxiii. 3. Jer. ii. 18. Another is mentioned Josh., xix. 26. in Asher, Sihor, or Shihor-Libnath.
SILOAM, POOL OF. It lay in the valley of Jehoshaphat, near to the king's gardens, south-east of Zion. Neh. iii. The tower of Siloam was probably nearly opposite it, which fell and killed many. Luke xiii. 4. It is supposed to be called the lower pool. Isa. xxii. 9. and the king's pool. Neh. ii. 14. The Rabbins maintain, that the fountain of this pool is called Gihon. 1 Kings i. 33. Isa. viii. 6. Hezekiah stopped up the upper water-course of Gihon, and brought the water to the city. 2 Chron. xxxii. 30. To this pool our Lord sent the blind man to wash, and he received his sight. Josh. ix. 7, 11.
SIN. A desert between Elim and Sinai. Exod. xvi. 1. & xvii. 1. Numb. xxxiii. 11, 12. Also a city of Egypt called by the Greeks Pelusium. Ezek. xxx. 15, 16. It was a frontier city, and hence called the strength of Egypt. SINAI. A mountain in Arabia Petræa, where God gave the law by Moses to the people of Israel. It had two tops, the lower of which is called Horeb, and the mount of God, where he appeared to Moses in a flame of fire in a bush. Exod. iii. 1. & xix, xx.
SION. The name by which mount Hermon was anciently called. Deut. iv. 48. Also the mount on which David built a city, called the city of David. It is called "the mount of the Lord," and "the holy mount." Here was the royal palace, and a bridge leading to the temple.
SIRION. The Sidonian name of Hermon, which see.
SMYRNA. A famous city in the Lesser Asia, built on the side of a hill, the river Meles running near it. Antigonus and Lysimachus greatly enlarged, and beautified it; and it is even yet a strong aud large city, where many European merchants reside. Here was one of the seven churches of Asia. Rev. ii. 8-12.
SOCOH. The name of two towns in Judah, built by Rehoboam. Josh. xv. 35, 48. 1 Sam. xvii. 1. 1 Kings iv. 10. 2 Chron. xi. 7. & xxviii. 18.
SODOM. The chief city of the plain, so infamous for the crimes of its inhabitants; and so memorable for its total destruction. Gen. xviii. 17-33. & xix. 1-30. Its pride and abundance are mentioned as leading on to its ruin. It is used figuratively by the prophets to denote any wicked place. Some think that it and the other cities were overwhelmed, not only by a descending tempest, but an earthquake.
SOREK. A brook, or valley in Dan, near to Eshtaal. In this valley Delilah dwelt, who enticed and betrayed Samson. This valley was famous for its vines; but see note Isa. v. 2.
SPAIN. A country on the Atlantic Ocean, west, and separated from France by the Pyrenees on the north, and surrounded by the Mediterranean, east and south, forming the south-west point of the continent of Europe. Paul purposed to visit this country; but we have no account that he ever did do so. Rom. xv. 24, 28.
SUCCOTH. A place in mount Gilead, near Penuel, and which fell to Gad. Gen. xxxiii. 17. Josh. xiii. 27. Judges viii. 5. Ps. lx. 8. Another place in Egypt. Exod. xii. 37. & xiii. 20. Numb. xxxiii. 5.
SYENE. A city of Upper Egypt on the borders of Nubia. It is only mentioned Ezek. xxxix. 10.
SYRIA. In the Hebrew it is called Aram, and supposed to be so called from Aram, the son of Shem, who settled here. This country lay east and north-east of the Holy-Land, having Phoenicia and the Mediterranean sea, west, and the Euphrates, east. That part of it lying between Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon, was called Cœlo-Syria.
MENTIONED IN THE HOLY SCRIPTURES.
SYRACUSE. A city on the east coast of Sicily, ancient and well fortified. Marcellus, the Roman general, stormed and took it, and Archimedes, the celebrated mathematician, was slain by a common soldier. Here Paul landed after he sailed from Malta, and with his companions spent three days. Acts xxviii. 11, 12.
SYRO-PHOENICIA. That part of Syria, which joined Phoenicia is so called. Mark vii. 26.
TAANACH. A city in the half-tribe of Manasseh, west of the Jordan. It is mentioned 1 Kings iv. 12. Josh. xii. 21. As it is mentioned with Megiddo, it could not be far from that city, and on the west side the Jordan. It is called Tanach. Josh. xxi. 25.
TAANATH-SHILOH. A place on the confines of Ephraim. Josh. xvi. 6. Some think that it was opposite to Shiloh, and at no great distance.
TABBATH. A place mentioned Judges vii. 2. and from circumstances it appears to have been in the tribe of Ephraim.
TABERAH. A station of the Israelites, and so called from the "fire of the Lord," which burnt among them. Numb. xi. 1—3. Deut. ix. 22. This place lay between mount Sinai and Kadesh; and of course north, or north-east of Sinai.
TABOR. A high mountain in Galilee, on the confines of Zebulon and Naphtali, rising about thirty stadia, in ascent, according to Josephus. It is generally supposed to be the mount, where our Lord was transfigured. Mat. xvii. 1-8. It is mentioned, Judges iv. 6. & viii. 18. Ps. lxxxix. 13. Jer. xlvi. 18. Near to this mount were two cities, Aznoth-Tabor, Josh. xix. 34. in the tribe of Naphtali; and Chisloth-Tabor, Josh. xix. 12. in Zebulon. Mount Tabor is a full mile in height, and a mile and a half in diameter. It is a single mountain, separate from all others, though there are several smaller ones near it to the north. It has the form of a low sugar-loaf; and is entirely covered with green terebinths, shrubs, and odoriferous plants, which perfume the air. On the top is a plain, three thousand paces in circumference, where are now the remains of a castle, and of a handsome church built by Helena to commemorate the transfiguration. Pilgrims still visit it.
TADMOR. A city built by Solomon, and said to be in the Wilderness, 2 Chron. viii. 4. and as it is joined with other cities he built in the land of Hamath, it was at no very great distance from Hamath. The Greeks called it Palmyra. It was situated in a fertile district, which was surrounded on all hands by sandy deserts, and called an Oasis; and one similar is found amid the sands in Egypt, and many such in Africa. This city lay about half way between the Mediterranean and the Euphrates; and became a famous mart of trade. The people amassed wealth, and increased the strength and splendour of their city. The Romans suffered them to enjoy freedom for some time; and Hadrian gave to them the fine pillars, which remain to this day. In a word, this city became so powerful, that Odenaphus brought a powerful army into the field against the Persians, recovered Mesopotamia, and penetrated to Ctesiphon, their capital. He being murdered, Zenobia, his wife claimed the government of the east, and for some time exercised it. Aurelian marched against her, and at last took the city and Zenobia; and on a second revolt, he gave it up to the plunder of his troops. From this period began its decay; and it has ages ago become a heap of magnificent ruins.
TAHAPANES. A city of Egypt, with great probability supposed to be the same as the Greeks called Taphnæ, or Daphnæ Pelusiæ. It is mentioned in connexion with Migdol, and Wells places it north of this city. Jer. xliv. 1. Ezek. xxx. 18.
TAHATH, A station of the Israelites. Numb. xxxiii. 26.
TAHTIM-HODSHI. When Joab numbered the people, the officers went from Jazer to the land of TahtimHodshi, or the "low lands," which Wells places about the lake Semechon, north of the Lake Genneserath. 2 Sam. xxiv. 5-7.
TAMAR. This city is mentioned Ezek. xlvii. 19. & xlviii. 28. and as it is placed in the south, and in connexion with Kadesh, it seems to have been situated at the southern extremity of the Dead Sea.
TAPPUAH. A city of Judah, and so called from its abounding with the apple-tree. Josh. xii. 17. & xv. 34. Also another in the confines of Ephraim and Manasseh. Josh. xvi. 8. comp. xviii. 7.
TARAH. A station of the Israelites. Numb. xxxiii. 27.
TARSHISH. From comparing the scriptures where this term occurs as the name of a country, it is clear, different countries are so called. 1. Cilicia, or part of it, where was situated Tarsus, and where it is probable Tarshish the son of Javan settled. Gen. x. 4. 2. A place and city on the coast of Spain, near Cadiz, and called Tartessus, and probably peopled by the descendants of Tarshish. To this place Jonah intended to flee, as being at a great distance both from Judea and Nineveh, Jonah i. 3. & iv. 2. and to this refer what the prophets Ezek. xxvii. 12. & Jer. x. 9. say; for here anciently these articles abounded. "Ships of Tarshish," mean such vessels as were employed in the trade to Tarshish, or fit to undertake such a distant voyage. 1 Kings x. 22. & xxii. 49. Isa. ii. 16. & xxiii. 1, 14. y
INDEX OF PLACES
Ps. xlviii. 8. 3. It is supposed to mean a place in the East Indies to which Solomon sent his fleets, and whence he derived his wealth. 2 Chron. ix. 21. & xx. 36, 37. Michaelis however contends, that his vessels sailed down the Red Sea, and coasted Africa, to Tartessus in Spain; but surely the Tyrians, who knew the shorter voyage up the Mediterranean, would have informed him of it, unless we suppose that they traded along the African coast until they came to Spain.
TARSUS. A noble city of the province of Cilicia, in the south-east part of the Lesser Asia. It was the metropolis, and had the freedom of a Roman colony. Here were many Jews, and here the great apostle Paul was born, and by his birth was a citizen of Rome. Strabo celebrates this city for the learning of its professors, some of whom taught at Alexandria, others at Athens, and even in Rome, with the highest approbation.
TEKOAH. A city of Judah, situated on a hill, as Jerome informs us, and about nine miles south of Bethlehem. Rehoboam fortified it on the revolt of the ten tribes. 2 Chron. xi. 6. In the wilderness adjoining it, the Ammonites and their allies were conquered by Jehoshaphat. 2 Chron. xx. 20. Here the prophet Amos was born. Amos i. 1. TEL-ABIB. The name of a place, where the captive Jews resided, Ezek. iii. 15. on the river Chebar, or the Chaboras, in the upper part of Mesopotamia. See Chebar.
TELAIM. A city of Judah, where Saul assembled the people to fight against the Amalekites. 1 Sam. xv. 4. Josh. xv. 24.
THEBEZ. A city not far from Shechem, and about thirteen miles from Scythopolis or Beth-shan. Abimelech took the city; but while he was besieging the tower, a woman threw down a piece of a mill-stone and broke his skull. Judges ix. 50,
THELASSAR. A city of Syria or of Mesopotamia. 2 Kings xix. 12. Isa. xxxvii. 12. It is thought to be the same as Elassar. Gen. xiv. 1, 9.
THESSALONICA. This was the chief city of Macedonia, and very large and populous, having a good harbour, and carrying on trade to a great extent. The people were wealthy and luxurious. Here Paul preached with success, and the first epistles which he wrote were addressed to the church here. It is now called Salonichi, and is still a large city.
THRACE. A province of Europe, north of Macedonia, and extending east of the Propontis and Bosphorus, which separate Europe from the Lesser Asia. It is supposed to have been inhabited by Tiras and his descendants. Gen. x. 2.
THREE-TAVERNS. Places of entertainment about thirty-miles from Rome, where the christians of Rome came to meet Paul, and which token of kindness greatly encouraged him. Acts xxviii. 15.
THYATIRA. An ancient city of Lydia, in the Lesser Asia, on the river Lycus, in a well watered and fruitful plain. It lay between Sardis and Pergamus, thirty miles from the former, and eighteen from the latter, south. Sir P. Rycaut visited it, and found many proofs of its ancient splendour and greatness.
TIBERIAS. A city of Galilee, from which the lake or sea of Galilee was called the lake of Tiberias. The Jews declare that this city existed in the time of Joshua, and is the same as is called Rakkath. Josh. xix. 35. It was rebuilt by Herod the Great, and called Tiberias in honour of the emperor Tiberius. By degrees it increased in population, splendour, and magnificence, so as to become the chief city not only of Galilee, but after the destruction of Jerusalem, of the land of Israel. It was the seat of a famous university which continued many ages. The Jerusalem Talmud is supposed to have been written there. This city stood on the western shore of the lake.
TIBHATH. A city of Syria Zobah. 1 Chron. xviii. 8.
TIMNATH. A city which fell to the tribe of Judah. It was very ancient, as Judah went here to see his sheepshearers. Gen. xxxviii. 12. Josh. xv. 10, 57. 2 Chron. xxviii. 18.
TIMNATHA. A city of Dan. Josh. xix. 53. The Philistines took it. Judges xiv. 1.
TIMNATH-SERAH. A city of mount Ephraim, which the tribes gave to Joshua, and where he was buried. Josh. xix. 50. & xxiv. 30.
TIPHSAH. A city on the west side of the Euphrates, to which Solomon's dominion extended east, and to Azah or Gaza west. 2 Kings xv. 16. It is called by the Greek writers, Thapsacus; and near to this city was a bridge over the river.
TIRZAH. A city often mentioned in the history of the kings of Israel, and supposed to be in Ephraim; but nothing is said, whence to collect where it stood. It was the royal city, until Omri built Samaria. That it was a pleasant and delightful place in the time of Solomon may be inferred from his comparison. Song vi. 4.
TOB. A region of Syria, not far from Gilead. To this place Jephthah fled from his brethren. Judges xi. 3. I is thought to be the same as called Ish-tob. 2 Sam. x. 6, 8.
TOCHEN. A city in the tribe of Simeon. 2 Chron. iv. 32.
TOGARMAH. A son of Gomer, who is supposed to have settled in Cappadocia; and hence the house of Togarmah is said to be in the north-quarters. See Gen. x. 3. Ezek. xxvii. 14. & 38. 6.
MENTIONED IN THE HOLY SCRIPTURES.
It is called El-tolad. Josh. xv. 30. & xix. 4.
It was on the east side the Jordan, over against Suph, to which
TOLAD. A city of Simeon. 1 Chron. iv. 29. TOPHEL. The name of a place. Deut. i. 1. places the camp of the Israelites might extend.
TOPHET. The name of a place near Jerusalem, rendered infamous by idolatry. 2 Kings xxiii. 19. Jer. vii. 31. Isa. xxx. 33. See Gehenna.
TRACHONITIS. The same country as is called Argob. Deut. iii. 13. and called Trachonitis by the Greeks, from its being rough and mountainous. It lay east of Iturea, and with it made up the tetrarchy of Herod Antipas.
TROAS. A province and city of Lesser Asia, in Phrygia Minor. Here Paul came, and had a door opened for him by the Lord. 2 Cor. ii. 12. Strabo asserts that it is the same place with Troy; celebrated in the immortal work of Homer.
TROGYLLIUM. A promontory, as it were the foot of mount Mycala, opposite to, and five miles from, Samos, to which Paul coming, goes on to Trogyllium to harbour there. Acts xx. 15.
TYRE. A well known city of Phoenicia, of vast strength, wealth and power. Its inhabitants were princes; and they lived in splendour and luxury. They opposed long Nebuchadnezzar with success; and when he took the city,. they had removed their wealth and people to an island at no great distance, where they built New Tyre. They resisted Alexander, but having carried a mole from the main land to the city, he took and dealt severely with it. The prophecies against it have long been fulfilled.
ULAI. A river of Susiana a province in Persia, called by the Greeks Ulæus. Dan. viii. 2. 16. It ran by the city and the palace of Shushan.
UMMAH. A city of Asher. Josh. xix. 30.
UPHAZ. The name of a place producing gold, which some think to be the same as Ophir. It is mentioned in connexion with Tarshish. Jer. x. 9. Dan. x. 5. See Ophir.
UR. A city or district of Chaldea or Mesopotamia. Gen. xi. 28. Neh. ix. 7. Wells places Ur between the Tigris and Nisibis, a city among the mountains in the northern part. Terah, Abraham, and Lot left this place, and came to Haran. Acts vii. 1-4.
UZ. A son of Aram, and a region which he and his posterity peopled. Gen. x. 23. Josephus makes it the same as the Trachonitis, lying between Colo-Syria and Palestine. Wells thinks it included not only the land about Damascus, but a part of Arabia Deserta; and that Job was the chief of this country. See note Job i. 1.
ZAANAN.' A city of Judah, Micah i. 11. and supposed to be the same as Zenan. Josh. xv. 37.
ZAANANIM. A city or region on the confines of Naphtali, Josh. xix. 33. It is probably the same place, to which Heber the Kenite removed, Judges iv. 11. and was near to Kadesh of Naphtali.
ZAIR. A city of Edom, 2 Kings viii. 21. Its situation is unknown, but seems to have been on the confines of Edom.
ZALMON. A mount near Shechem, overshadowed with trees. Judges ix. 48. Here Abimelech and his men cut down wood, with which they burnt the tower of Shechem.
ZALMONAH. A station of the Israelites. Numb. xxxiii. 41.
ZAPHON. A place given to the tribe of Gad. Josh. xiii. 27. It was a part of the kingdom of Sihon.
ZANOAH. The name of two towns or cities of Judah. Josh. xv. 34, 56. Neh. iii. 13. & xi. 30. 1 Chron. iv. 18. ZARED. A brook or valley in the land of Moab. Numb. xxi. 12. Deut. ii. 13, 14.
ZAREPHATH. A town which lay between Tyre and Sidon. 1 Kings xvii. 9, 10. Obad. i. 20. It is now called Sarphan, and Maundrel says it is about three hours' journey from Sidon towards Tyre; but it is chiefly in ruins.}
ZARETH-SHAHAR. A city of Reuben, built on a mountain. Josh. xiii. 19.
ZARETAN. This was a town in the land of Manasseh, on this side the Jordan. It is called Zartanah. 1 Kings iv. 12. and is said to be near Beth-shan, which was in the northern parts of Manasseh. From Adam to Zaretan the waters of the Jordan were dried. up, when the Israelites entered Canaan, Josh. iii. 16. and from Zaretan upwards they stood on a heap. In the clay ground between Zaretan and Succoth the brazen vessels for the temple were cast 1 Kings vii. 46.
ZEBOIM. A city in the plain of Sodom. Gen. x. 19. & xiv. 2. Also a valley mentioned 1 Sam. xiii. 18. which was in the tribe of Benjamin. It is also the name of a city. Neh. xi. 34. and probably the valley derived its name
ZEDAD. A place or city on the northern boundary of the Holy land. Numb. xxxiv. 8. Ezek. xlvii. 15. Simon thinks it was on the side of mount Lebanon. Comp. Hebrew. 1 Sam. xxiii. 26.