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to denounce it. I am not so held in my own State. [Applause in the galleries.)

The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Chair will remind the persons in the galleries that they are here by the courtesy of the Senate and are its guests. They have been reminded more than once that the rules of the Senate do not allow any manifestations of satisfaction with or disagreement to what is said in the Senate; and while it would be a harsh measure, as has been suggested, and it would be much regretted, to clear the galleries, if it is necessary for the purpose of enforcing the rules of the Senate it will have to be done.

MR. INGALLS. The Senator from Indiana has just said that he was in favor of the destruction of slavery and that he was opposed to secession, and yet in the published volume of his own speeches there is a reprint of an address delivered by him in Virginia shortly before the war in which he advocates both.

MR. VOORHEES. Now, will the Senator pardon me a moment?

MR. INGALLS. Certainly.

MR. VOORHEES. I will be perfectly candid. I did not say that I was in favor of the destruction of slavery in connection with the war, but I did say I was glad that it took place. Now, make the most of that.

MR. INGALLS. I will say further than that, that the Senator from Indiana at the time when he delivered that speech had two editions of it prepared, one of them for circulation in the North and one in the South.

MR. VOORHEES. That is not true.

MR. INGALLS. Not true! Why, they are accessible to-day, just as much so

MR. VOORHEES. Get them and show them.

MR. INGALLS. They are just as accessible as the Statutes of the United States.

MR. VOORHEES. Get them and show them. I say it is not true. I have met that on the stump. I have heard campaign falsifiers before.

MR. INGALLS. The Senator pleases to call these campaign rumors because he has heard them for the last fifteen years, and therefore they are not true.

In 1860, after the Senators from South Carolina had withdrawn from this Chamber, and when preparations for war were rife all over the South, and everybody knew that secession was to be, so far as the South could make it, an accomplished fact, the Senator from Indiana wrote a letter, which I shall read. Perhaps he will deny that. It is a letter to Mr. Francis A. Shoup, that he took South with him and filed in the Confederate war department in support of his own application for appointment as a brigadier-general in the Confederate army. The man who received it was

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appointed a brigadier-general in the Confederate army, and he is now an ecclesiastic in Alabama or somewhere in one of the Southern States. I will read what the Senator from Indiana wrote. Anybody can see it, and anybody who knows his handwriting can identify it. This is the letter:

Indianapolis, Ind., December 12, 1860. My friend, Capt. Francis A. Shoup, is about visiting the South with his sister, on account of her health.

I have know Captain Shoup since our boyhood; we were schoolmates. He is a graduate of West Point, and was in the Army as a lieutenant four years. No more honorable or upright gentleman exists. On the disturbing questions of the day his sentiments are entirely with the South, and one of his objects is a probable home in that section.

I take this occasion to say that his sentiments and my own are in close harmony,

D. W. Voorhees.

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I suppose the Senator will say that that is a campaign slander, the vile calumny of the opposition press.

MR. VOORHEES. Mr. President, that is not a campaign slander, but it is

MR. INGALLS. He has trodden it under foot and spat on it.

MR. VOORHEES. Will the Senator pardon me a moment?

MR. INGALLS. Certainly.
MR. VOORHEES. I say it is not a campaign

slander, but it is one of those things the people of Indiana have passed on for now nearly thirty years.

MR. INGALLS. The Democratic party of Indiana have passed upon it, I dare say. [Laughter.]

MR. VOORHEES. They have passed upon it by a very large majority and no

MR. INGALLS. Oh, I know the Knights of the Golden Circle have passed upon it.

MR. VOORHEES. No colporteur or missionary from Kansas can give it any more respectability than the fellows in Indiana have heretofore. I have disposed of them. There was no war when the letter was written; there was not for nearly a year afterwards.

MR. INGALLS. Sumter fell ninety days afterwards.

MR. VOORHEES. No, it did not.
MR. INGALLS. Let me look at the date.
MR. VOORHEES. In December.

MR. INGALLS. December 12, 1860. When did Sumter fall ?

MR. VOORHEES. In April.
MR. INGALLS. In April, 1861 ?
MR. VOORHEES. Yes.

MR. INGALLS. December, January, February, March — four months afterwards.

MR. VOORHEES. Yes; inaccuracy is written on your face.

MR. INGALLS. Within four months from the time the letter was written Sumter had fallen, and yet the Senator from Indiana says:

I take this occasion to say that his sentiments and my own are in close harmony.

That is something I suppose that the Senator regards as the vile expectorations of a partisan press. He spits on it and treads it underfoot and kicks it out of sight. I will say to the Senator from Indiana that that paper was very important and influential in securing Mr. Shoup the appointment of brigadier-general in the Confederate army. When the archives of that government were captured it was sent here to the War Department, and the original is on file to-day.

Jesse D. Bright, from Indiana, was expelled for as small an offense as that from this body, yet the Senator from Indiana ventures to criticise my military record and my right to speak of the relations of George B. McClellan and Hancock to the Democratic party. The Senator from Indiana says that the accusation that he called Union soldiers hirelings and Lincoln dogs, that he said they ought to go to the nearest blacksmith shop and have a collar welded around their necks on which should be inscribed, “My dog. A. Lincoln”, is a campaign calumny and slander which

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