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like. a. Ta Nail with its Head and Body will represent the true Cross more T. p. 41t. exactly then the common Figure which they use for it. Thirdly, they were all alike, perfusa, dipped or befmeared with the fame Blood,

Now the true Crofs is no where to be seen, but all these are now (pretepded at least) still

be exery one of them preserved. I have my self seen a Naib, and a Thorn with their Points all coloured with red, which they confidently told us, is yep the very true Blood of Christ, and I doubt oot but wherever the Iran of the Lance is publickly exposed, (perhaps over the Chappel in St. Peters, ) it is Platina in leje colour'd fo too. But if this be, as they say, the very. Blood af Christ

, why noc. 3. Edit. is it not to be Worshipped with the very fame, Latriâ, divine Worship as 1666.p.543.4: the Blood pretended to be in the Eucharist is? For by their quaint De: vice of Concomitancy, the Body of Christ must be there too with it." Fourthly, Pope Innocent the sixth appointed a solemo Festival for these very three lastry. Hosp. de bebis. ments of Christ's Passion, the Lance, the Nails, and the Crown of Thorns ;. 104 and this abominable Idolatrous Prayer was used that day to the Lance (and might as well have been made to the other two,) Hail, o Triumphal Iron; thou entring the Vital Breaft; (of Christ) openes the gates of Heaven; O happy. Spear, do thou, being made fruitfull by (his) Blood, wound 45 with the love of him, who was wounded by thee. They thus plainly Adored the Lance as highly, (in those days ar least) as chey still Adore che Crofs. And therefore I wonder that this great Doctor should conclude thar an ordioary Cross or Crucifix, (which is but a piece of dry Wood or Scone, or such like fenfeless Matter, and is owo'd by him to be but a meer. Type of a Type,) deserve more to be Worshipped and Adored then any of these three other Relicks, which according to them do fill visibly preserve the very Bload of Christ himself; whcreas the advantage lies so manifestly on their Side.

The Church of England, as I have said, doth still retain the common Figure of a plain Cross upon many of their Churches, and in many publick places, as well as in their little Childrens Books, counting it a grand Memorial of Christ's Passion, that all pious Chriftians, upon the light of it, might often have serious Meditations, and make due Reflections upon the Death and infioire Love of Christ, who died for the ungodly while they were get Sinners, Rom. 5.6, 8. and even Babes may thus be early instructed and taught, that in their whole Life they must not live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them ; 2 Cor. 5. 18. but she hath Wisely, Piously, and most Justly taken away all Images of God himself and the Trinity, aod all publick Crucifixes; all, Delubra, Rood lofts and Statues of the Virgin Mary either alone or with Christ in her Arms,

T. p.412. and of all other Saints or Angels; thereby to abolish the Execrable abuse of them which had been here made in former times. For if the brazen Serpent it felf, which (as is nored above) was first appointed by God's own order, and was really a Type of Christ himself Crucified, yet was broken to pieces by good Hezekiah (who was therefore said to do that which was right in the 1.128.3. 14. C. sight of the Lord) meerly because it was mitused and curo'd to perfect Idola. 2 Reg.18. 3,4. trous Worship; our Church did as righteous a thing (after his pious Example) in quite destroying these gross Representations, which ( as i have shewed) gave, and in Popish Countries do yet give, fuch dangerous, and, in a mander, unavoidable, occasions of the like abominable Idolatrous Practices; I am sure the whole Eastern Church ( as well as both Turks and Jews ) upon all occafions applaud that her glorious Reformation.

As for Pictures we are absolutely of the same Mind, as Sirmondus confesses, Lab. tone. T. 9. that the French once were, (I suppose at the Synod of Paris under Ludovi- p. 105$. cus Pius, or before ) these are also fill retain'd by us as Ornaments of our Churches, and Memoriæ raptum caufa & Jostructionis, only as Memorials of the Saints and of their glorious Deeds, and as occasional Motives to Men of Understanding to follow their great Examples. He there also owns, that P. Gregory expreßly forbad that, Latriâ, Divine Worship and Adoration

Should

1

b.

In Append. ad tract. de Imag

pra. C.

Bello de Imag.

332. A.

Byzanı.

T. P. 422. should be given to them; and the Cardinal could por deny that Michael Bal.

bus and the Greeks did positively declare "against any such Worship, 000 T. 2. p. 433. withstanding all the Calumny and Reproach with which he brands them.. And

all the School-men-and Patrons of Iconolatry profess the very fame Doctrine, but their common Practice quire contradict it; for I must fill day that I would fain koow, how Ideot's and, even the greatest part of, their other Votaries will

be able lo dicely to distinguish, that Worship ( which is due to God alone ) Belli de culc. from what they call, aliquam, & congruentem Venerationem, fome kind of Sanét. , Veneration, or what is only fitting for a Saint, :orii cultum inferiorém, an Sirmond, ut su: inferior or something leffer; though true Worship still? As for my self i

fhall willingly conform to what I fiod fet down in the very Invective it felf 1. 2. c. 25. p. against the Iconoclasts, making this small alteration in it;": Őre idco Tin eixorce

το χρισ8 ευθέως και παραυτα τον νυν ανάγω, ώhen 1 ee the Piίure of Chrit Crupore Theophacified, I immediately lift up. my Mind to his extream: poor Condition and nem. T. R. p. Condefcenfion; and not suffering my sensible Eyes. to rest intenfe upon the 309. c. d. Hij

Pitture, axortiçw, I dart the intellectual Eye of my Heart with my Mind to the Mystery of his Incarnation ; and for my many Sins which deserve no Pardon, I beseecb his Goodness and Compassion, laying. Glory, be to thee O God; O my Saviour be Mercifull to me a Sinner. For I put that found Send upon rhofe words, λιπών το αιθητών όμμα προς την εικόνα ατενώς βλέπον, for should they be rendred, leaving my sensible Eye intensely looking upon the Picture, I dart up my intellectual Eye to Christ himself in Heaven, it would

be a greater Absurdity then that of the Actor in a Tragedy, who when he Eram. Adag. Solacus p. 7,8. cry’d, CEū, O Jupiter, he pointed to the Earth, : when he said, cô gã, o

Earth, he lifted up his Hands to Heaven ; It is the very fame thing for a Man. to keep his bodily Eyes intense upon the Picture or Image, which sureby ought to be lifted up with his soul to Heaven when he prays to the invisible God or Christ who is there. It seems to me' utterly impossible for a Man to keep his Eyes sleadfastly upon a Picture, and yet at the same time fully to Abstract the Spiritual Eyes of his Mind to God, or Christ, which ought to be a Pure, Simple, Elevated, feraphick Action of his soul alone. Moreover I shall heartily observe what is directed in the same lovective; when I see the Picture of any reputed Saint, 1. shall from my Heart say; Aóza

ο Θεός ταδε 'Aποφόλι ή τεδε Αγία, και ταυτα όπως λέγων, εις Θεόν την δόξαν αναTÉM TW. Glory be to thee O. God of this Apostle, or of this Saint, for say. ing so I refer the Glory to God.

And Now I have done, for it would be an Infinite task for me to persue all the other Particulars which have been started and bended backwards and forwards in this controversy about Images and Pictures; the differing parties often differing even amongst themselves; and it would be as tedious and iskfome a thing for any one to read them when I had done. I have sincerely and impartially, and I hope candidly, let down only my own private thoughts, and I would not willingly be judged an absolute fave to any Party, but, as I really am, à Compassionate lover of every good Christian who heartily desires to serve our God in Spirit and in Iruth. I must verily think with my self that those great Churches

, which perfectly differ from us, have in many things left 11. 48. i. their prst Love, and have hewn out into themselves many broken Cisterns Jer. 2. 13. i that can hold no Water. But God forbid that i fhould rafhly return upon them

their extravagant Anathemas, or peremptorily damn them, that is, deliver them Rom. 14. 4. unto Satan and adjudge them all. to Hell Fire, as they serve us; who am I . 73. va das (poor, private, obscure Creature) that I should judge anothers Servant? For Pl. 98. 9.: my part I will leave them to the righteous Judge of all the World, before Rom. 14. 10. whofe Judgment Stat we Mall, all one day iland. But if what I have done

may any ways contribute to the promoting of true Piery and Devotion, and to the establishing of the true Inward, Spiritual Worship and Adoration of

the one lovisible, Omniscient, Omnipotent, Omniprelent, and most Mercifull PL. 115.1. God; not unto me, not unto me, but unto his moji Holy name alone be always given all Glory and Praise for his Mercy and for his Truth fake, Amen.

F 1 N I S.

p. 310. b.

σοι

T. p. 423.

Apoc. 2. 4.

AN

INDEX to the PREFACE.

A.

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P. 3

P. 4 P. XXI p. IX

p. x P. XI P. XXX P. XXX1

p• XT

P. XI p. XII p• XIV

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P. Ibid

P. XXXIII

P XVI p. XVIII P XXXIX p. xlvis

p. Ibid

pTV P. XII P. XVIII

P. XXX P. XXVIII

p. XXVII

p. xl, p. xliv P. XVI P• XVI P. XVII p. Ibid

ΓΑΠΗ
Arius

"Αζυμον
'Αρτοφόριον
Arcudius, a Traitor
Articles, proposed or ready drawn

Idem
Idem
Idem
Idem. Drawn by Latins

Idem
Αντίτυπα

Idem
Agadah

Idem
Attestations, the fame of the Bailo

Idem, Maronites
Idem, Armenians
Idem, Perotes
Idem, Mengrelians
Idem, Antioch
Idem, Alexandria

Idem, Cophtes
Accidents

Idem
Afcenfion. Symbolical
Auricular Confeilion
Atheisın, Perfect Impossible
Aquinas, in Greek
Advantage of Transubstantiation
Alexander. Patriarchs Power
Abiurdities of Transubstantiation

Luem
Antidorum
Arminians, Freewill
Ages, Ignorant, made Transubftantiation
Ashwednesday. Galata

p. lbid

Crawford

Idem

Idem Cromwell, Richard Cariophiles

Idem
Corydalus

Idem
Καταλλαγή
Corelius
χαρά
Consubstantiation

Idem
Claude
Concomitancy

Idem

Idem
Concealid Mysteries

Idem, Belief

Idem
Councils, Mercenary
Change, Poflible, Actual

Idem

Idem
Idem
Cup, Refused
Canon of the Mass
Caracongelas
Council, Lateran

Idem Lugdun.
Constantinople taken 1 204
Christ's Body Corruptible or not
Cerularius
Chamaterus
Callinicus, Patriarch of Constantinople
Common Enemy
Calvinist
Cruciata, Protestant
Crusado, Protestant
Cabasilas

D.

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p. Ibid P. Ibid p. Ibid

P: XXIE P. XXIX

P. XXX P. XXX P. XXXII

p. xxx

P. Ibid

P. XXXVI

p. XXIX

P. XXX P. XXIV.

p. XXX P: XXXIV p• XXXVIII

P. Ibid

P. xli

P: XXXVII p• XXXIX p. XXXIX

p. xl P. XXXIX

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P. xlu p. lut

p. lix

P. lix

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Ibid

P. XVII

p. Ibid

p. lx

B.

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polic

P.

P: XIV

Idem, hate and cheat the Greeks

Loaf. How changed Fasts

P. XXIII Lunien Taborium

P. XXVIII Figure and Thing the fame

p• XVIII

Legends, their use and Power Feasts

P. XXXV Idem

P. XXXVI Friday, Good, Galate

Liturgies, Memorials Fermented Bread

Idem

p. xlvic French King. Greeks Protector

Life, Good, against Popery and Reform' ReligiForce, set up any thing

XXXVI Fire on Easter-Éve, at Jerusalem

p. lvis

Idem no Christianity without it Fear, make Proselites

M.

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p. liv

on

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G.

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Greek Converts

Idem Latinized
Γλυπτικά
Greeks, Answer to School-Divinity

Idem they have no Books
Idem, their Pomp at their Liturgies
Idem Fafts
Idem Festivals
Idem Latins Advantage thereby
Idem Greeks and Latins together
Idem, Quarrel about the Consecration
Idem not Dispute with the Latins An. 1334 p. xl
Idem, hate the Latins, Subscriptions Answer'd P.
Idem Greeks and Latins against a common Ene-

my
Idem Greeks and Latins Quarrel at Jerusalem p. Ibid

Idem, Greeks are Greeks still Gold not God does all

P. XXIII Genadius

p. XXXIX Gerafimus, Patriarch

P. Xt

P. ix
p. Ibid
P. VII
p. XIII
p. XIV
p. Ibid
p. Ibid
po Ibid
P. XVII
P. XXXVIII

p.lv po xlviit

p. ibid p. xlvo p. xlvic

p. xlix

P. XC

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P. It

Miffioners, Reformid

Idem
Morality, Necessary
Idem

Pilvs11
Idem

P. lix
Money doth all
Mixing Water with Wine

Idem
Memorial only

Idem
Idem, its Effect

p. xlvila
Idem
Μετοσίωσις

P. XXXIIC Idem

P. XXXVIII
Marcus Eugenicus

Idem
Maurocordato
Methodius
Idem, Nectarius's Letter, Latins cheats against Sub-
scriptions

P. XIC Idem, Greeks and Latins differ about the Euchaa, rilt

P. XITL Modes inexplicable

P. XXIX Mars

P. XX Morinus, how changes come

P. XXX Idem

p. XXXIII Idem his four Remarks

F. XXXII
Idem
Idem

Idem
MSS. Bury-Abby

P. XXXV
Idem, Genadius

p. XXXIŠ Michael Paleologus

P. XXXVII Mass Priests Power

p. xivic Mice, cat the Hoftia

p. xlip

P. XI P. VI

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p. Ibid p. xlip P. xlo

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P. XXV

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Idem, Joan

P. XI

P. Iz p. Ibid P. XII P. XIV P. XVI

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P. Ibid

P. XVII P. XVIII

P. IX

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P. Ibid

P. XV

P. XVII p• XXIV

p. XV

p. Ibid

P. XXX

P. Ibid P. loni p. lix

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P. VI p. XX P. XIV

p. lx

T.

P. XX

Symbolum, Athanasii Corrupt Pascatius. Opinion broacht

P. XXXIII Subscriptions with the Blood of Christ Idem

P. XXXIX

Idem, Grecks Form not Drawn by them Popery, and against it

Idem Popes and Patriarchs Power

Idem Idem

Idem, Drawn by Latins Pyxis

P. XXXI

Idem Polish Union

Idem Protestant join to Convert Infidels

Idem Idem, Calumniated

Sneath, the Apothecary Idem

p.lv

Symbolical History Idem

Idem

P

Ibid Idem, Obstructions

p.lv Synaxis Idem, Rule

Idem Idem, Rule

Silence, of things in former Ages, no proof of their Idem, Crufado

Belief

XXVIII Philotheus against Niceph. Gregoras

P. X
Idem

p. xl Pala mas

P. XI
Superstition

P: XXXV Idem p. XXVIII Schifm, Greek and Latins

p. XXXVII Parthenius

Soldan, of Ægypt
Idem

Slaves, Converted
Priests Pomp, Garments
Patriarch of Alexandria Joakim

p. XVIII
Patriarchs at the French Embassadors
Pliny, of the Christians

p. XXVII Transubstantiation Peter Lombard

P. XXXIV Idem, Latins Explication of the Modes Patriarchs, after Constantinople was taken

Idem, by Christ's Words or Invocation Priest, Wicked can Traosubstantiate

P. XIV Idem

p. XVI Idem, may do Good

Idem

P. XXIX Idem, when first moved

p. XXXIII R. Idem

P. XXXVIII

Idem, its Absurdities Richard Cromwell

Tradition

P. XXIII Rock, was Christ

p. XXIX
Turks, Allahyenerter

P. XXVII Rites, Mysterius

P. XXIII

Idem, Head of the Greek Church Idem, Innocent taken from the Jews and Hea

P. XXIII

Idem, Opinion of the Metusotes thens

P. XXVII

Idem, Opinion of the Greeks Rule for Christians

Idem, Turks are Turks still

p. lv Idem, half Christians S.

Tobacco, hardly taken up, hardly left off Seminaries, divide the Reform'd

U. Idem, their Arts

P. XXXIV
Sacraments, Buried with St. Basil

p. 1
Viaticum, without Pomp

P. XVII Sacrifice, for Quick and Dead xlvii Ubiquity

p. XXXIV Synod, Florentina

Vicarious Communion
Idem, Sub Constantino Ultimo
Idem, Photius

Idem, several against Florence
Schoolmen

P. XXXI

Woodroot Idem

p. I.

Witnelles, not Parties Idem

p. XIII P. XXX Winc and Water mixt

p. xlvin Sacraments, Matter and form

P. XXXI

Idem

P: XII P. Ibid

p. x1 p. xlli P. Ibid

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