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9. Name in order the waters traversed in sailing from Liverpool, England, to Hongkong, China. 10. A considerable
portion of the boundary line of the United States is along what parallel? 11. Locate definitely the following: 1. Flatland Lake. 2. Sabine Pass, 3. Black Hills. 4. Sebago Lake. 5. Cape Lookout. 6. Montauk Point. 7. Wichita Mountains. 8. Lingayen Bay. 12. The meridian of Minneapolis passes through what States?
13. Name the principal rivers that drain Pennsylvania; where do they rise; at what points do they leave the State, and at what points, if any, do they break through highlands?
14. Name all the waters traversed in going by the two commercial water routes from Duluth to the Atlantic Ocean.
15. Name the principal ranges of mountains crossed in going by rail from New York to San Francisco. State the rail route assumed to be travelled.
16. Bound precisely the following States and Territories: 1. Montana. 2. Arizona. 3. Arkansas. 4. Wisconsin. 6. Pennsylvania. 6. Georgia. (In bounding all contiguous States must be mentioned as well as rivers, mountain ranges, etc.)
17. Name the states west of the Mississippi River drained wholly or in part by it or its tributaries, and give the capital of each.
18. Locate accurately the following cities: 1. Austin. 2. Pensacola. 3. Asheville. 4. Winchester. 5. Allegheny. 6. Iloilo. 7. Oswego. 8. Pasedena. 9. Guthrie. 10. Detroit.
19. Going by water from New Orleans, LA., to Pittsburg, Pa., what States would you pass on the left?
20. How many large islands are there in the Hawaiian group? Which is the largest? Which is the most important?
21. Going westward on the 35th parallel of north latitude from near Newbern, N. C., what States and large rivers would be crossed?
22. Describe the chief mountain system of the Eastern Hemisphere and state what island chains of Asia abound in volcanoes. 23. What are the great river systems of South America? Where are the principal coastal plains?
24. What are the qualifications of a good harbor? Name three of the best harbors on the Atlantic coast; one on the Pacific coast. 25. What has made the Middle Atlantic States the principal commercial section of the United States?
History.—The candidate will be required to be familiar with so much of the history of the United States and the outlines of general history as is contained in the ordinary school histories.
In history of the United States, the examination will include questions concerning early discoveries and settlements; the forms of government in the colonies; the causes, leading events, and results of wars; and prominent events in the history of our Government since its foundation.
In general history, candidates must have a fair knowledge of the general outlines of the history of the following nations: Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman; and of the mediæval and modern history of the European nations.
The following questions show the character of the examination in United States history and general history:
1. What explorations or discoveries did each of the following-named persons make? Give the date
3. Who were the Pilgrims?
6. When and where did each of the following events occur? a. Meeting of the first Colonial Congress. b. Burgoyne's surrender. c. Arnold's treason.
7. Name some important results of each of the following battles of the Revolutionary war: a. Long Island. 6. Trenton. c. Brandywine.
8. Name four additions to the territory of the United States since the Revolutionary war, and give the way each has been acquired. 9. Bound the territory of the United States at the close of the Revolutionary war. 10. What was the “Massacre of Wyoming?"
11. When, where, and for what purpose did the constitutional convention meet? What resulted from its deliberations! 12. What was the "Whisky Insurrection?" 13. What were the "Alien and Sedition" laws? What was their effect?
14. When and where was the last battle of the war of 1812 fought? Name the commanders on each side. 15. What were the two principal political parties in 1860? Their candidates for the Presidency? Their leading doctrines on the slavery question? Parties. Candidates. Principles.
16. With what foreign nations had the United States unfriendly relations during and at the close of the civil war? Give the cause in each
case. 17. Name, with date, three important military events of 1865. 18. What Vice-Presidents have become President? Name the predecessor in each case. 19. Give an account of the “Virginius affair." 20. In what war were the following battles fought? What were the opposing forces? Which side won? a. Ticonderogh. b. Monterey. c. Saratoga. d. Stony Point. e. Spottsylvania. f. Lundy's Lane.
1. Into what general periods is the history of Egypt divided ?
Babylonian king and describe some of his achievements.
8. Into what three general parts was ancient Greece divided, and what was the name of the principal State in each? 9. What was the character of the Spartan people and the nature of their government?
10. What was the character of the Athenian people, and the nature of their government after the expulsion of the tyrants ?
11. Name four great battles of the Græco-Persian war, and give the date of any one of them. 12. What was the name of the great war between the Grecian States, and what States were the leaders in it?
13. Give an outline of the conquests of Alexander the Great. In what century did they occur? 14. What was the nature of the early government of Rome? 15. Give the title of the principal officers of the Roman Republic, and describe their functions.
16. What were the Punic wars? How many in number? Name two great Carthagenian and two great Roman generals. 17. Who was Augustus Cæsar? State briefly the principal events of his career. 18. What was the feudal system, and how did it originate? 19. What is meant by the Renaissance? 20. Who was the leader of the Reformation? Describe briefly its nature and principal events. 21. Who was Oliver Cromwell, and what did he establish? 22. What was the cause of the French Revolution, and what did it effect? 23. Under what two forms of government did Napoleon rule France, and what was the “ Code Napoleon?” 24. When and under what circumstances was the new German Empire founded ? 25. Name some of the more important events of Queen Victoria's reign. Physiology and Hygiene.-
Candidates must be able to pass a satisfactory examination in the general principles of physiology and hygiene with special reference to the nature and the effects of alcoholic drinks and other narcotics upon the human system.
They must be able to state the general effects of alcohol upon the cells and tissues of the body and upon the processes of digestion; its effects on the liver, lungs, and heart; on the blood, blood vessels, and on the nervous system; on the moral powers and the capacity for physical endurance; it hereditary effects; the origin and nature of alcoholic beverages; the general effects of tobacco on the cells and tissues of the young and on the digestive organs; its effects on the throat, on the heart, on the blood, on the nervous system; the effects of opium on the stomach and on the nervous system; the influence of tea and coffee on the system.
Questions similar to the following are likely to be used: 1. What are the two important offices of the bones? Describe the internal minute structure of the bone. 2. Name in order the different parts of the alimentary canal. 3. Indicate by diagram the shape of the human stomach; mark the left side when in position. 4. What is the mucous membrane-its structure; the serous membrane-its use?
5. What in general is the effect of alcohol and tobacco on the living cells; what is the only absolute safeguard against the narcotic appetite?
6. What chronic effect is often produced on the stomach by the habitual use of alcohol? 7. Name in order all the channels through which
passes in respiration; in what part of the circuit does it aerate the blood?
8. What is the average amount of air taken in at one inspiration; what changes are observed in the expired air? 9. What is the usual effect on the stomach of the habitual use of alcohol? 10. Name two well-determined effects of alcohol upon the liver. 11. What is meant by the general circulation of the blood? 12. What are the two systems of channels for the circulation of the blood? Describe the structure of each.
13. Starting with the blood in the right auricle, describe its course through the body until it returns to the same receptacle.
14. What are the three agencies instrumental in returning the blood from the different parts of the system
to the heart? 15. What are the effects of alcohol on the blood; of tobacco?
16. What are the effects of alcohol on the heart; what is the explanation of the fact that alcohol sometimes increases the rapidity of heart-beats? 17. What is the effect of tobacco that produces the disease known as the " tobacco heart?" 18. Describe the structure of the skin; what are the functions of the skin? 19. What is the explanation of the disease "aneurism" when due to alcohol? 20. Under what two heads may we in general class the changes produced by alcohol on the structures of the organs-which of these is due to the stronger beverages?