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V. FOURTH GROUP-Continued.
Excæcaria agallocha, Mull. Eleocarpus sp.
94 Dumpilan. 95 Himbabao 96 Hongo 97 Hopong-Hopong 98 Hugud. 99 Kugao 100 Lagasa 101 Lagnig. 102 Lamio 103 Leptasao. 104 Libas. 105 Ligaa 106 Ligas. 107 Lipote. 108 Lubtob. 109 Lunas. 110 Lunas-na-itim 111 Llapa 112 Maata. 113 Macaturay 114 Maga. 115 Magabagaba . 116 Magarambulo. 117 | Maguilic. 118 Malaaduas 119 Malabago. 120 Malabonga. 121 Malabulac 122 Malacacao 123 Malacamote. 124 Malacauayan 125 Malacna 126 Malaga-api. 127 Malaga-itiman. 128 Malaiba... 129 Malaicmo. 130 Malanbang 131 Malang-dalaga. 132 Malapalitpit 133 Malapapaya 134 Malasamat. 135 Malasambong. 136 | Malasanqui 137 Malasantol. 138 Malatagon 139 Malatigui. 140 Malatubic. 141 Malauban. 142 Manay 143
Matan-cuao. 144 Malibog 145 Matobato 146 | Matungoc. 147 Mauayan 148 | Nanagdong 149 Oonog.. 150
Orihnon 151 Paihot 152 Palang 153 Pamalataguen 154 Pandacaqui. 155 Pangilinon. 156
Payaquitan 157 Pingol 158
Pototan 160 Pugauy 161
Puray. 162 Putad. 163 Quiniang. 164 Quio 165 Rubian.. 166 Sagum-sagum. 167 Salab. 168 Salamungay 169 Salasic 170 Salingogon 171 Sipit-cait. 172 Subian-daga 173 Subo-subo. 174 Sulipa. 175 Supi.. 176 Surug.
Albizzia julibrisin, Durog.
Cupania sp. Aglaia sp.
New species added to above list as investigation continues. A total of 665 species now on list.
CHAPTER II.—The utilization of timber in the State forests. ART. 14. One year from the date of license shall be allowed for the felling and removal of timber. When the time allowed is not sufficient to admit of this, an application for a new license must
be made within such time as will admit the issuing of the same before the expiration of the legal limit of the old license.
Art. 15. Felled timber shall be piled in cleared places in such a manner that measurements may be readily ascertained. Art. 16. The concessioner shall advise the chief of the forest section of the time
the cutting will commence, shall state in what jurisdiction it will be effected, the places where the timber will be piled, and the names and residences of his representatives.
Art. 17. No concessioner holding a license for the ordinary cutting of wood shall be allowed to act at the same time for a concessioner holding a gratuitous license.
ART. 18. The concessioner having cut the wood, shall be held responsible by the State for its value as per official tariff. If, at the expiration of the time of his license, he has not taken the timber out of the forest, in addition to its value he will be held responsible for any damages which may have resulted to be estimated and approved by the forestry official of the district.
ART. 19. The carrier of sawed lumber; transporting same from lumber yards or private warehouses, must be provided with a receipt, signed by the owner of the establishment from which it came, showing in detail the
number and classes of the pieces. These receipts will be shown to the forestry officials when asked for, in order to show where the lumber came from and avoid confusing same with products which are carried direct from the public forests.
ART. 20. Constructors of vessels shall procure licenses and pay the value of the timber used, and must furnish the local forest official with a statement of the timber cut, which statement said official verifies.
ART. 21. After inspection and valuation of timber is made, the order of payment is given, and after said payment is made and receipt shown the concessioner is free to use the timber.
ART. 22. No vessel, whatever its size, built of timber from the public forests can put to sea without having paid for the timber used, except as provided in the regulations governing the gratuitous use of timber.
ART. 23. 1. Owners of mining concessions must pay an annual rent or tax for the ground so occupied, which tax shall be regulated by the greater or less adaptability of the ground to the purposes of forest or agricultural cultivation. A bond of sufficient amount shall also be required to cover any damage which may happen to the trees or forest products from said mining operations, the conditions to be fixed by this office, after due notice.
2. Owners of mining concessions, or their legal representatives, shall procure from this office a license before utilizing state timber in their mining operations.
3. Applications for said licenses shall be forwarded through the mining bureau, in which application shall be described the mining concessions they possess or represent, the forest or forests in which the timber is to be cut, the kinds of woods desired, and the approximate quantity; also the uses to which the timber is to
ART. 24. 1. Those who may desire to engage in the business of burning charcoal in the public forests shall comply with the forestry regulations in everything which relates to the utilization of the forest products, and must provide themselves with the necessary licenses.
2. After felling trees, and before commencing the process of burning for charcoal, the party interested shall present to the local forestry official an itemized statement of the timber felled, which will be verified and valued by that official, who will give the order of payment. After payment the party is at liberty to proceed with the burning, exercising care to do so at a sufficient distance from standing timber so as not to cause damage, and he shall be held responsible for any damage so caused.
ART. 25. Concessioners shall notify the local forestry official, or in his absence the president of the respective town, where the wood is being piled. Upon failure to do as prescribed a penalty will be incurred of 25 per cent of the value of the wood.
ÅRT. 26. Constructors of vessels and charcoal burners who fraudulently report to the forestry official the number of pieces of wood cut will pay, in addition to the value of the excess, a fine of 25 per cent of its value.
CHAPTER III.—The gratuitous use of state timber. ART. 27. 1. Licenses for the free use of timber shall be issued without charge by this office.
2. Said licenses shall be issued to needy residents of towns upon application, to which application shall be attached a certificate, signed by the president or alcalde of the town, stating the circumstances and actual need in each particular case. No charge shall be made for this certificate.
3. Said timber must be used exclusively in the construction of houses in which the parties making application are going to live or have place of business or for repair of same, for the manufacture of their implements of industry, in the construction of one or two bancas for the purpose of fishing or for the transportation of their agricultural products.
4. The amount of timber thus conceded to needy residents by gratuitous license shall not exceed 1,000 cubic feet.
Art. 28. Tree species of the superior and first groups, as laid down in the official tariff on state timber, are not to be cut under a gratuitous license.
Art. 29. Timber for the construction of bridges, government buildings, and other works of a public character undertaken by the government may be obtained by gratuitous license issued by this office, application being made by the proper official.
Art. 30. Needy residents, and those persons in charge of the construction of public works, desiring licenses for the gratuitous use of state timber, shall send their applications, with other documents, to the chief forestry official of the district or section, and in case there is no such official available, to the district commander, who will forward same with the necessary indorsements to this office.
ART. 31. When the work referred to in article 29 is done by contract the contractor must procure an ordinary license and comply with all the requirements of same.
ART. 32. Six months from date of license shall be allowed needy residents in which to fell and remove said timber. One year from date of license for such purpose shall be allowed persons engaged in the construction of public works. When there is not sufficient time in which to finish said work, a new license should be solicited, in time so that it may be issued before the expiration of the old license.
ART. 33. There shall be attached to applications for gratuitous licenses to cut timber for public works a statement of the number of pieces, classes, and dimensions of the wood required.
Art. 34. A concessioner shall notify the chief forestry official of the respective section, of the time and place of cutting, and where the timber is to be stacked, and the location of the public works for which the timber was granted.
Art. 35. A gratuitous license shall not be issued to timber dealers nor to those holding an ordinary license.
Art. 36. The concessioner, after cutting is finished, shall notify in writing the chief of the forest section, inclosing a statement of the timber cut.
Art. 37. Timber can not be taken out of the jurisdiction of the town where cut unless accompanied by a manifest authenticated by the local forestry official, or in his absence by the president of the town (no charge shall be made for this authentication). The concessioner shall, as per foregoing article, remit this manifest to the forestry official of the section after said timber has arrived at the location of abovementioned public works. Said timber shall be detained in case of failure to show a proper manifest, and, in addition, a fine of from 1 to 5 per cent of the value of the wood so detained shall be imposed.
ART. 38. The chief forestry official of the forest section or the ranger of the precinct shall see that the cutting is carried on in conformity with these regulations and terms of license. He shall compare the statements received from the concessioner and inspect and measure the wood piled or used in said public works.
ART. 39. The concessioner shall be considered, as per article 30 of these regulations, as an appointee of the district commander or other competent authority, and also as his representative in the execution of said public work, and shall be held personally responsible for any violation of these regulations.
ART. 40. The concessioner is prohibited from giving away or selling a single piece of wood cut under this form of license, not even under the pretext that it is surplus wood. The wood must be used for the purpose for which it was granted, and should there be any surplus said surplus shall be deposited in the presidencia of the town at the order of the chief of the forest section, who will immediately arrange for its sale at public auction. In such a case the concessioner shall have no right to indemnity of any character, not even for expense of felling, hewing, or transportation, etc.
Art. 41. Should any person with a proper license for cutting timber for his personal and exclusive use or for public work cut a greater quantity than is allowed in said license, or takes different classes from those specified, or applies them to a different object than that stated by the concessioner, or speculates in them, shall pay the value of the timber and, in addition, a fine of three times its value.
ART. 42. Presidents or alcades of towns shall carefully attend to all who desire certificates referred to in the twenty-seventh article and shall exercise care not to make any false statements as to the needs of the applicants, under a penalty of $20 fine for the first offense and an indictment before the courts in case of repetition.
Art. 43. Concessioners of gratuitous licenses shall notify the local forest official, or in his absence the president or alcade of the town of the different places where the wood is being piled. Failure to do so shall render concessioner liable to a fine equal to 25 per cent of the value (as per official tariff) of the wood so piled.
CHAPTER IV.-Firewood for the market. Art. 44. 1. Licenses to cut firewood for the market, to be cut in the State forests, shall be issued from this office.
2. Applications for said licenses shall be delivered to the chief of the forest district or section, who will forward same to this office with the necessary remarks.
3. District commanders may issue such licenses, after having received the proper information concerning the circumstances of each particular case from the chief of the forest section of the locality where the wood is to be cut.
4. District commanders shall notify this office, and also the chief forestry official of the province, of the number of licenses issued by their order.
5. One year from date of license shall be allowed for the cutting, splitting, and removal of firewood.
6. When said period is not sufficient, a new license shall be solicited, in time to allow of its issue before the expiration of the old license.
ART. 45. The tree species of the third, fourth, and fifth groups only can be used for firewood, and those cutting other species shall render themselves liable to a fine of four times the value of the wood, which shall be measured and valued as timber, as per official tariff.
ART. 46. When there is a great amount of firewood cut, the concessioner shall localize his cutting and pile the wood beyond the forest, to avoid danger of fire when wood becomes dry.
ART. 47. When the forest consists of dead and dry timber as a result of fire, all may be cut down, but if the forest is composed of live trees, those to be cut must be selected and cut down close to the ground. In falling, care must be taken that the adjacent standing trees are not injured.
ART. 48. When it is not convenient for the concessioner to pay the value of the products utilized in the office of the internal revenue of the province, on account of its distance from the place of cutting, payment may be made to the president or alcalde of the nearest town, who shall receive the amount, give a receipt to the concessioner, and send a copy of this receipt to the nearest forestry official.
The sums thus collected by presidents or alcaldes shall be turned into the office of internal revenue.
Art. 49. The concessioners shall notify the local forestry official, or in his absence the president of the town, where the wood is being piled. If said notice is not properly given a fine of 25 per cent of the value of the firewood shall be imposed.
ART. 50. 1. Firewood cut in the forests of the State shall be divided into two classes.
The first class, whether pieces are round or split, is known in the market under the name of "rajas," from 75 centimeters to 14 meters long, and from 20 to 40 centimeters in circumference.
2. All firewood in small sticks not of these dimensions belong to the second class.
ART. 51. All pieces exceeding the maximum dimensions fixed for firewood shall be designated as timber, paid for by cubic feet, as per official tariff.
ART. 52. 1. Firewood of the first class, destined for home consumption, shall be charged for at the rate of $1 per thousand "rajas," and when intended for export at the rate of $2 per thousand "rajas.".
2. Firewood of small size belonging to the second class, destined for home consumption, shall be charged for at the rate of 20 cents per cubic meter, and when intended for export at the rate of 40 cents per cubic meter.
Proportional charge will be made for fractions of a thousand or cubic meter.
CHAPTER V.-Caoutchouc, gum elastic, gutta-percha, gum mastic, rosin (black and white),
and balao. ART. 53. One year from date of license shall be allowed for the harvesting of this class of products. When said period of time is not sufficient, a new license shall be solicited in time to allow its issue before the expiration of the old license.
Art. 54. 1. In extracting these products the concessioner shall make cuttings or incisions into the trunks of the trees at least 25 centimeters above the ground. The felling of said trees without permission is absolutely prohibited.
2. These incisions should be made with a very sharp instrument, penetrating the bark and the first layers of wood.
3. The incisions shall be cut horizontally and 25 centimeters in length.
4. When the flow of the juices is obstructed at the opening, the concessioner will be permitted to recut the outer edges, and to enlarge the incision or cutting by 25 centimeters, prolonging it upward.
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