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popular of these is staining—etching the handsome piece is a table scarf, six feet design and decorating it with different- in diameter. The peacock is used as a colored dyes.
motive in decoration. It is surrounded The Misses Rose and Minnie Dolese by clusters of eyes and feathers, the blue have won special recognition for their of the eyes blending with the old rose work in illuminated leather; much of of the feathers. their decorating is done in Japanese pat- There are many other women earning terns. A very fetching piece is done in a comfortable living and receiving recchrysanthemums, heightened by touches ognition as craft workers; but the work of green and dull blue.
already mentioned goes to show that this Miss Bertha Bennett is another Chica- country is already sufficiently cultured to go woman who works in leather quite appreciate excellent handicraft, and that as successfully as with metal. She has many women are now teaching the gosrevived some of the designs conceived pel of William Morris by their handiby the Florentines centuries ago. A work.
from now, Ten times ten decades hence, Who then will care that I have lived
In want or opulence?
Who then will shed a tear
As by my grave he strays,
In those far-distant days?
And yet, though none may trace
The influence to its source, No life doth ever cease to work
With good or evil force.
And other lives shall be,
As I have lived and thou,
-PHILIP B. STRONG.
ITTLE known to the outside stantly at work-namely, the Naval world, there is in the Brooklyn Flag-Making Establishment. To supply Navy Yard a picturesque and in- the hundreds of vessels, ranging from
teresting department in which the great battleships down to the tiny many skilled needlewomen are kept con
launches, with their prescribed quota of bunting, requires the constant manufacture of many thousands of flags. To cut out, sew, and complete these, Uncle Sam maintains an extensive plant going at full blast all the year round, and employing nearly half a hundred skilled needlewomen and a few men. The Flag Room is on the third floor of the Bureau of Equipment Building. On entering the large room, the visitor's first impression is a blaze of color. Rolls of bright bunting are heaped up, waiting to be cut, while long lines of electrically driven sewing-machines, with women operators, are reeling off and putting the finishing touches to American and foreign ensigns of many different hues and i-atterns.
Last year this flag factory cost the FIVE-Foot CENTERPIECE OF THE Costa Rican FLAG.
Government $60,000; $43,000 of this Requires over two weeks to make,
amount was for material alone, and $17,
000 for labor. The number of flags whose waters the vessel may enter while turned out during the year was 50,- on a cruise, and to observe the proper 000, including 300 distinctive and special etiquette. The foreign complement conkinds. A good idea of the number of tains forty-three flags, each 25 feet long flags that must be carried by a single ship and 13 feet wide. Certain of these are can be gathered from a large pile, full of animal shapes, curious designs, shoulder high and 15 feet long, just fin- and marine landscapes. They are, thereished for the new battleship Connecticut. fore, difficult to make, and require a surAbout one-half of the lot is composed of prising length of time to finish.
the foreign flags, encased in thick paper This flag manufacturing establishment bags. The name of the country is sten- is under the supervision of Mr. Thomas ciled on the bottom. The remainder, in- Maloy, officially termed Master Flagcluding the flags for ordinary use, signal maker, and Miss M. A. Woods, Quarter sets, the international code, etc., are not Woman Flagmaker. Besides critically wrapped, but tied in round bundles and inspecting the finished output, these offilettered. The pile contains 250 different' cials also test all the bunting. This comes flags, the regulation number every ship from Lowell, Mass., in lots of several of our Navy has to carry, the material thousand yards at a time. One day a samand making of which cost Uncle Sam ple lot of bunting is soaked and washed just $2,500 for each ship. This sum, in soap and water. The next day multiplied by the number of ships in the the same process is followed with service, foots up to many thousands. It salt water. It is then exposed to is necessary to equip them for all forms the weather for ten days, thirty hours of ceremonial and official occasions, sa- of which time must be in the bright sun. luting and signaling, both at home and This is for the color and fading test. The in foreign waters. With an extensive ar- last test is for tensile strength. For this ray of flags stored on board, the ship is test a strip two inches wide of the warp prepared to meet all high-rank officials of is placed in the machine, and must withany nation who may come aboard, or into stand a pulling strain of 65 pounds, while
The final sewing is done on the machines by the women. Each machine is swifly run by a small electric motor. Some of the women excel in sewing on the stars; others are skilled in finishing certain other parts of the flag. Nearly all have been many years in the establishment. The pay runs from $1.20 to $2 a day.
The thousands of white stars used on the flags are cut out by an ingenious machine, specially devised for this purpose, operated by electricity. Only a few years ago, the stars were cut out by hand. Now a plunger, fitted with steel knives the shape and size of the star wanted, with a single down stroke cuts out from 50 to 100 stars at a time. Pressing the foot on a pedal operates the machine. Some
eight different sizes of stars are used, CenterPIECE OF THE Flag of Salvador. each having a special cutting die. RunOne of the most difficult and expensive to make. ning the machine for only an hour a day,
furnishes enough stars for several days. two inches of the filling must sustain a Two men sew on the flax raven head45-pound strain.
ing and the wooden toggs to the finished The flags are cut out from measure- flags. Afterwards the heading is stamped ments arranged on chalk-mark lines and with the name of the ensign and date of metal markers on the floor. Large strips contract. and certain designs can be more conve- The largest flag made is the United niently stitched in this way. Daily this States ensign No. 1, which is 36 feet checkered section of the floor is covered long by 19 feet wide, and costs $40 to at all hours with several different flags, turn out. The President's flag requires with the men and women cutters at work. the longest time of any to make, as it
takes one woman a whole month to fin- the sea, with the morning sun just apish it. This consists of a blue ground pearing in the background. The whole with the coat-of-arms of the United is surrounded with draped flags, with States in the center. The life-sized eagle, staffs surmounted with spears, battlewith long, outstretched wings, and other axes, swords, trumpets, etc. From 100 emblems, are all hand-embroidered and to 200 different pieces are used in these involve the most patient work. This flag
This flag different ensigns, all of which are pais made in two sizes, 10 feet by 14 feet, tiently sewed on by hand. A separate and 3 feet by 5 feet. The embroidery corps of land embroiderers do nothsilk used on this and other designs costs ing but this kind of work, and it occupies $9 a pound.
the time of one woman sixteen days to The foreign flags are the most showy complete the Salvador design. The cost and difficult to make. This is notably of making the Costa Rican flag is $45; true of the flags of the Central and South that of Salvador, $52.50, the most exAmerican republics, two of the most tedious being those of Salvador and Costa Rica. The
LIBERTAD former has for a centerpiece a regular landscape
SETIEMBRE consisting of a belching volcano and a rising sun, set in a varied design of draped banners, cactus branches, cornucopias, and a swastika, or symbolic design, in the ground of a rayed diamond, with the date of the independence of the nation inscribed at the top. Costa Rica has two ships in full sail on each side of a dividing chain
Star-Cutting Machine AT WORK, AND MAN SEWING ON HEADING OF of mountains rising from