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One on John A MANHATTAN woman when asked how she liked the recent earthquake there replied: "Fine. It's the first thing that has happened at our house since we were married that John didn't blame me for.”—Manhattan (Kan.) Republic.

The Last Bridge
Gushed the Lady, “Of course one agrees
That Bridge is a form of disease;

But I feel I could play

Till the Last Judgment Day, Then cry, 'Gabriel, no trumps! if you please!'"

When Saunders Wanted a Change Bishop Doane, of Albany, who is keenly interested in the abolition of the divorce evil, paused for a moment, in an earnest discussion of divorce, to narrate a pat anecdote.

"The motive of these people," he said, “is like the motive of a Scot who was found weeping one day by his comfortable hearth.

"Eh, Saunders, mon,' said a neighbor, peeping in at the open door, attracted by the sounds of woe, 'what's ailin' ye?'

“'Oh, dear; oh, dear,' sobbed Saunders, ‘Donald Mackintosh's wife is dead.'

Aweel,' said the neighbor, 'what o' that? She's nae relation o' yours.'

“I ken she's no',' wailed Saunders. “I ken she's no'. But it just seems as if everybody's gettin' a change but me.'

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Tha-at So?
This is the burden of my song,

I sing it day and night:
Why are so many always wrong
IV hen I am always right?


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Johnny-Sure, ma'am ; I have de mark on me arm yet.Brooklyn Life.

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A Filler Mary had a little calf

White as whitest snow, Whene'er she put her stocking on,

In that calf would go.

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Why It's So BLOBBS—There seems to be a strange affinity between a colored man and a chicken.

SLOBBS—Naturally. One is descended from Ham and the other from eggs.-Philadelphia Record.

DOCTOR—"Oh, it's all right. I have another patient in the neighborhood, so I can kill two birds with one stone.”Judge.

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Swiss Road Building tween Switzerland and Italy, is at this

moment constructing a branch line from IT is a question whether, quite apart

Brunnen, on the lovely Lake Lucerne, to from its insignificant size, little Switz- Morschach, a quaint little village beyond erland has not even numerically more Axenstein. This important spur line was railroads than any other country on begun last season from Altdorf in Canearth. The lovely little republic has been ton t'ri—where, by the way, the country called "a country of mountains run by folk give a great open-air representation hotel-keepers ;" and certainly every con- of Schiller's "William Tell" in summer, siderable peak, from the Savoy to the which attracts visitors from all parts of Austrian frontier, has its "rack-and- Europe. A road for the tracks has literpinion” system, and other scenic railroads ally to be blasted out of the wall-like are projected or else in actual process of faces of terrific precipices that run sheer construction.

from the level of Lake Lucerne to a For example, the far-famed St. Gott height of three or four thousand feet ; hard Railroad, which pierces the Alps be- and on this account the work is exceed


RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION IN SWITZERLAND. Cutting the roadway at a precarious point on the route between Brunnen and Morschach.


Sprays Huge Tube THE accompanying illustrations show

a machine used in whitewashing a London tube railway. E. P. Grove, head engineer of the Central London Railroad, conceived the idea that the tunnel would be better illuminated if the walls were whitened so as to diffuse the light. The ordinary paint-spraying machines, he decided, would not perform adequate service, as the maker could not meet his exact requirements. With some changes, he has found what he wanted in a machine used for washing hop-fields. The nozzles of this have been increased to forty in

number, the tank being mounted on the Car EQUIPPED WITH WHITEWASH-SPRAYING Device.

car and connected with a motor which drives the pump. An additional tank has

been included for the purpose of keeping ingly costly, difficult, and dangerous.

the whitewash thoroughly mixed. From a The Swiss, when constructing a new railroad of this kind, employ thousands of hugh iron tank forming part of the wa

ter-softening plant in the railroad depot, Italian laborers, who come through the St. Gotthard tunnel from Milan and

and standing close to the track, the car Southern Italy.

tank when empty can readily be refilled.

The car, when at work, progresses at a A scenic railroad is being built up the 13,000-foot Jungfrau ; and at the Eigergletschen station (7,565 ft.) there is a regular workmen's colony, with stores, huts for the men, restaurants, etc. Here the rock-blasters and general laborers live all the year round. A big baking oven supplies fresh bread daily, and the huts are lit with electric light, for which power is obtained from the waterfalls. There is even a small emergency hospital, and minor accidents are treated by the senior engineers.

Among the best known of the scenic railroads of Switzerland are the Rigi, whose summit commands a 300-mile panorama; Pilatus; the Brunig Pass; the Bernese Oberland; the St. Gotthard itself, which cost $52,400,000; the Gornergrat of Zermatt; the Albula, one of the latest of all; the Mont Salève; and the Rochers


de Naye.



But the greatest of all scenic railroads is just begun, and that is the one up Mont Blanc itself, the colossal 16,000-foot giant of the Alps. The fare will be as much as $20 for a bare ten-mile run; but then the enormous cost of the undertaking must speed of about two miles an hour. A be borne in mind, and also the fact that mile of the tunnel's surface be passengers can be carried only for a few sprayed twice within this time, someweeks during the entire year.—W. G. thing over 1,000 gallons of the white FITZ-GERALD.

liquid being used in this distance.

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New Rim for Autos THE recent_ Grand Prix automobile

races in France introduced to the world a new invention—the detachable rim. The merit of this novelty is said to lie more in its labor-saving than in its time-saving qualities. This fact is of considerable moment to the autoist, however, when one considers the hard work experienced by him in replacing his tire by the old method. The detachable rim is flanged in the ordinary way. Near the outer edge of the rim six projecting ears are riveted. On the wheel itself, six bolts project. Bolts and ears interlock. In order to inflate the tire, it must first be dismounted. However, an improved model is now being constructed with the special end in view of overcoming this difficulty.



Floorless Bridge NEW JEW MEXICO boasts of an automo

bile bridge believed to be the first of its kind in the world. The bridge was constructed by a mail and passenger stage line to span the Macho, a creek on

the route. The beams are thrown across the chasm, with no other support than the banks. Hence no concern need be had for freshets. Moreover, to save expense, as well as to secure a most effective cattle guard, no floor was laid. The automobile, as the illustration shows, practically runs on a track. This track is constructed in the form of two shallow, narrow troughs, so that the tires fit in with no danger of the machine meeting disaster. The chauffeurs cross the bridge at full speed, with no more concern than if the bridge were of the customary sort. Nervous passengers do not enjoy this feature of the ride, however. In length, the bridge is sixty-four feet, and has proved most satisfactory.


Portable Rock.

Crushers THE "HE work of rehabilitating the street

car system of San Francisco is proving a herculean task. As all of the various cable lines were practically wrecked by shock and fire, they are now Leing converted into electric trolley lines.

In the tearing up of the cable roadbeds, and in the laying of new I-beam rails, a vast amount of ballasting is necessary. To expedite this colossal undertaking, the United Railroads Company have improvised several small portable rock-crushers. These are placed on strong platform cars, and are driven by motors, obtaining power from the overhead trolley wire.

All along the lines of roads are scattered masses of old Belgian blocks, shattered concrete, and broken stone. This



material is all utilized for ballasting the ing on for three years. During this time new roads.

there has been no interference with railThe crushers are placed over the center road traffic in either direction. The new of the track, and deposit the ballast bridge is only one of many improvements where it is most needed and in the re- which, when all are completed, will required quantities. They are moved for- duce the schedule time between Washward as the work progresses. The crush- ington and New York by half an hour. ers are fed from each side of the track and keep several men busily employed.

With the aid of these portable "ballasters,” the roadbeds are very rapidly Barge Pumping Station

” and cheaply made ready for heavy traffic. I working out its reclamation projThis is only another illustration of the ects the National Government is motto, "Necessity is the mother of in- adopting various methods to vention.”

water on the land for irrigation pur



PENNSYLVANIA LINES NEW BRIDGE over SUSQUEHANNA RIVER. Located between Havre de Grace and Perryville. One of the many improvements now under way which are expected to shorten the distance between New York and Washington by over half an hour. The bridge is

double-tracked; length, 4, 154 ft.; clear height above mean low tide at draw-span, 5442 ft.


Big Bridge Finished poses. The engineers have been investi

gating the conditions in North Dakota THE Pennsylvania Railroad's for some time with a view to undertak

bridge over the Susquehanna river, ing irrigation, but owing to the topobetween Perryville and Havre de Grace, graphy of the country, have been unable is one of the finest examples of modern to find any feasible projects for a gravity bridge engineering. Massive stone piers system. Three pumping projects will, support a steel superstructure 4,154 feet however, soon be taken up, known as the in length and containing 10,000 tons of "Buford-Trenton Project," the "Willisthe metal. Eighteen spans are found in ton Project," and the "Nesson Project." this distance-eight of 260 feet each, An interesting feature of this developseven of 200 feet, two of 197 feet, and ment is the proposed utilization of the one draw-span of 280 feet. This last is great lignite beds which extend over so arranged as to give two waterways, large areas of the State. Lignite is each of about 100 feet clear.

a soft coal which has the distinguishThe piers rest on solid foundations. ing feature of air-slaking. It outcrops Deep drilling beneath the river's bed in various places along the Missouri was necessary

in many instances to river, and can be mined, and possireach rock bottom.

bly delivered, for considerably less than The work of construction has been go

$1 a ton.


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