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Mammoth Cunarder Mauretania making her way to sea at night from New York har bor, along new Ambrose

Channel, guided by light-buoys.


(See page 281)

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O annihilate a quarter acknowledged before, but the time

of the distance from not ripe for immediate action. western Canada to Now, however, the recent industrial Liverpool, bring un. awakening of Canada and the great counted millions of influx of home-seekers to her vast acres in the wheat agricultural lands, have brought the mat

belt of the Provinces ter of transportation to a crisis. But a thousand miles nearer to market, and what is the key to the problem, and who cut in half the annual transportation cost will grasp the situation and secure the on fifty million bushels of grain-this is trade, are the questions industrial kings the tremendous opportunity waiting to- are asking themselves to-day, while the day for some commercial titan who will commercial world is alert, and watching cut in twain the North American with keen interest the coming titanic continent.

flict. Keen business men know that a revolu- James J. Hill thinks that he can contion in traffic routes through Canada is trol the situation from the “States" end bound to come. The freight now goes

The freight now goes by building a road through Winnipeg through the Great Lakes and the St. and then north and west. Two CanLawrence River, to Montreal, New York, adians, Vackenzie and Vann of Toronand Boston, and from there to Europe to, believe that the road they are financ

-a long, devious, and expensive route, ing, the Canadian Northern, a belt line requiring considerable rehandling. That running between the Canadian Pacific there are much cheaper and quicker and the proposed route of the Grand ways of shipping from the Canadi- Trunk Pacific, will give them the upper Northwest to Europe, has been hand in the fight for freight. But the Copyright, 1900, by The Technical World Company



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strategic point in this empire-battlefield Liverpool and Europe, instead of down is Hudson Bay; and this is realized to the Great Lakes and thence by rail to some extent, for the Dominion Govern- New York or Boston or Montreal to be ment has now issued charters for as

shipped across the ocean, for the reason many as eight different railroad compa- that over the new route there will be a nies which propose to extend lines to this total saving in transportation cost of vast inland sea from various points in nearly fifty per cent. This saving will be the interior of Canada.

brought about because the Hudson Bay A large share of the grain traffic of route is from 700 to 1,300 miles shorter all western Canada and the Northwest- than the former route, and because the ern United States will eventually, it is greater part of this distance is on the probable, pass through Hudson Bay to water, thus eliminating much of the rail



haul necessary over the old line, with the consequent rehandling of freight How great a saving may be made from the difference in rail haul alone, will be seen from the fact that the average rate

per ton-mile on the Great Lakes is about one-tenth of the corresponding rate on the railroads of the United States. This tremendous reduc

BLUFFS ON LOWER CHURCHILL RIVER. tion in the cost of getting grain to the consumer, means not only a com- will therefore be better for the shipment plete overthrow of present shipping of perishable goods. conditions, but cheaper grain for all Eu- But, strange as it may seem, Hudson rope. The new route also traverses a Bay has been neglected and ignored ever latitude of much colder climate, and since the stalwart Henry Hudson, having

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