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Some of the other fellows say harsh things about that man—just as I said them about former employers. And they are listless and uninterested, and jump when the bell rings. Sometimes they tell me I'm lucky—when there is no such thing as luck.

They haven't learned—and some of them are 'way past forty, and will never learn.

I'm not a sentimentalist-I believe that "business is business" all around. I'm happy in my work; my digestion and nerves are good. Life is beautiful, and ' richly worth living. I've saved a little



I tumbled to the fact that there is only one fellow in the world who can help me or hinder me. That fellow is myself. He hindered me for a good many years. He's helping me now...

Some folks say I've made a wonderful jump to where I am. They're wrong. I've gone up slowly—very slowly, it has seemed sometimes—in obedience, however, to the law of business gravitationthe law that inexorably says "up" if you're worth it, and “down” if you're not.

I haven't worried about my job since I got the real hang of things.

Once, when I had a good offer from another city, my employer simply said, “I would like you to stay here.” Not a word about advancing my wages to meet money, by the way—maybe I can quit that offer. Not a word for six months and rest after a while, if I want to. after—for I stayed. Then—that much, Won't that be fine? and more!

Yes, things do look different-at forty.


New Island Rises from Ocean

By J. Mayne Baltimore

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BARLY in May, some fisher- the ocean's level, but it kept gradually
Fmen whose field of opera- rising, until it is now estimated to be

tion was in Alaskan wa- nearly 700 feet high. As it is compara-
ters, brought the news to tively a small island, the sides are very

Dawson City that a small steep—in places almost vertical. It was

w island had suddenly arisen terrifically hot—some of it in a semi-molfrom the ocean. According to appar- ten state—and naturally the heat made a ently authentic sources of information, vast commotion in the sea. For a long it is said that this new island was "born" distance in all directions, the waters were on or about the 18th of last April—that heated to a boiling temperature. Vast fateful date so memorable in the history clouds of steam constantly arose from the


NEW ISLAND CAST UP FROM OCEAN'S BED. This rare phenomenon was seen by officers of the U. S. Revenue-Cutter Perry, who visited the island on July 5 and named it after their vessel. It is located in Bering Sea, in the Bogoslof group, about 60 miles northwest of

Unalaska in the Aleutian chain,

of San Francisco. Evidently, therefore, the new island's existence is due to the seismic disturbances so widely prevalent at that time. By some resistless physical power, a vast upheaval took place; stupendous masses of earth and rocin were suddenly forced up far above the surface of the sea. At first, the strangerisland was only a few hundred feet above

surface of the sea, totally obscuring at times the view of the island. At first, the new island itself sent forth blinding clouds of smoke, and stilling fumes, so that the fishermen dared not approach the rugged and abrupt shores.

These were the reports that were first brought down to Dawson City. Credence was not at first given to these fisher

men's stories; but investigations made arrivals as geologists reckon time. Caslater proved beyond all doubt that a new tle Rock poked its rugged nose above the island had suddenly arisen above the sea in 1779. Fire Island's birthday was ocean. That it was a volcanic island in 1883. Perry Island is located about the outlet to subterranean fires—was 60 miles west of the town of Unalaska, equally true.

and though gradually cooling, is probaSeveral vessels early visited the newly bly one of the hottest places on earth tocreated island, but none of them ven- day. However, in spite of the heat and tured very near, nor did any of the crews the fact that the surface of the island was dare place a foot on the still very hot still soft, the officers of the Perry venrocks and earth. More recently, the tured ashore; and with great difficulty United States Revenue-Cutter Perry vis- and no little peril, one of them succeeded

ited the island—in fact has made several in climbing almost to the summit, nearly · visits and made some casual investiga- 700 feet above sea-level. tions.

The new island, in shape, closely reCaptain Donaldson, of the steamer sembles a stupendous bee-hive, with a Homer, not long ago arrived at San base about 900 feet in diameter. From Francisco. The Homer came directly numerous fissures, steam, smoke, and from the Pribilof Islands, and Captain sulphurous fumes constantly rise in colDonaldson brought from the north the umns, which continue to form a cloud first photographs of the new island. The that is visible for more than thirty miles. photographs were taken by an officer of The great cloud is shown in the photothe Perry when the island was still very graph, which was taken from Fire Island, hot, as is shown in the accompanying near by, five of the six officers of the picture. By virtue of being the first Perry being shown stan ling in the fureliving creature to set foot on this new- ground. born island, the officers gave this, the The officers of the Perry have made a latest of the Aleutian islands, the name preliminary survey of the new island and of "Perry Island”—an appropriate chris- taken extensive soundings in the vicinity tening

of the shores, of which they will send an Captain Donaldson, who brought down account to Washington in amplification of the photographs, has not yet seen Perry the very brief official report recently Island, and could not therefore give any made to the Treasury Department. The personal description of the new land. Government will no doubt later cause a

Perry Island is now one of the Bogos- more thorough investigation—surveys, lof group of the Aleutian Islands. It is soundings, etc., to be made, in the intersituated between Fire Island and Castle est of geology, geography, and marine Rock Island—both comparatively recent science.


Hurrying Up the Coal-Mines

By Aubrey Fullerton

19574HOULD another coal strike The unique thing about our fuel sup2003 be ordered, or should the ply is that it all comes, at some stage,

mines be crippled by some from the plant world. Coal was once

possible disaster and the wood; and action similar to that by which k market supply of coal cut prehistoric forests were converted into

w down even temporarily, the mineral fuel is still in progress. Somehand-to-mouth public of the United thing of the kind is going on in every States and Canada would ask, as it has swamp and bog where vegetable matter asked before: Is there no fuel but coal? is decaying and being deposited from A whole continent chiefly dependent year to year in layers of varying thickupon a single section, is not only a tre- ness. If the process were continued mendous risk but an economic anomaly. long enough, the result would be imHave we nowhere in all this region an mense areas of new coal. alternative fuel with which we can warm Peat, then, is incipient coal; and while cur houses, cook our meals, and drive Pennsylvania and Nova Scotia pracour engines ? Nature is usually liberal, tically monopolize the finished aneven prodigal; has she stinted us in one thracite, there are vast tracts of of the chiefest necessities?

bog-land throughout almost all of the


DRYING PEAT IN THE SUN. In the method of using peat here illustrated, much of the moisture is first extracted by pressure; the remainder by

evaporation under action of the sun's rays.

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Northern States and the Canadian prov- year; and in Germany, Holland, and Deninces which have very considerable pos- mark, the fuel in everyday use by a large sibilities as fuel-producers. Wherever portion of the populace is peat. The there has been a dense wood or plant Dutch housewives, of whose neatness all growth, under conditions such that it has the world has heard, will have no other, become wholly or partially submerged, and the less thrifty Irish peasants scarcely there is likely to be a peat deposit more know of any other. or less advanced in the fuel stage. It is Some forty years ago, persistent efnow a matter only of artificially complet- forts were made to establish a peat-fuel ing the process and hurrying up the coal industry in the New England States, mine.

where there are almost unlimited bog Nature's success in making coal has areas. At various times since, similar consisted, first, in a good quality of plant growth as the raw material; and, second, in a heavy and long-continued pressure. If, therefore, the turf deposit of a suitable bog be removed and subjected to sufficient pressure, would the product be an approximation to coal? Or is some other agency besides pressure necessary? In such answer as has been given to these two questions, lies the measure of success that has been reached thus far in the production of peat fuel.

In Europe, peat has for centuries been used as a domestic fuel, and in some places it still competes with locally-mined coal. Ireland has 3,000,000 acres of peat-bog, from which she harvests almost her entire fuel supply ; Russia has 6,700 square miles of bog-land ; Sweden burns

CARTING PEAT INTO BUILDING IN WHICH IT IS TO BE two million tons of prepared peat every



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