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Assistant Secretary at the Treasury De- much greater. But Mr. Roosevelt was partment, is found a slightly younger early seized with an ambition to figure man, Charles H. Keep, who is likewise a in public affairs—he was hardly out of manufacturer and supposed to be worth college when he secured an election to nearly, if not quite, a million dollars. He the Legislature of New York Statecomes from Buffalo, N. Y., and is inter- and thus it was that at the beginning of ested in a bank in that city, as well as in the Spanish War he found himself Ascertain large paper mills. A Harvard sistant Secretary of the Navy. man, he was graduated two years later A noteworthy phenomenon, well worth than Mr. Roosevelt. Until recently he mentioning in this connection, is the diswas Secretary of the Lake Carriers' As- position which rich people nowadays are sociation—a great organization control- showing, to send their sons to the military ling transportation on the lakes.

and naval academies at West Point and Speaking of Mr. Roosevelt, it may be Annapalis. Until recently the Army and fairly said that he himself did much Navy were not regarded by the wealthy toward starting the fashion, now fol- and fashionable class as desirable ; but lowed by so many men of wealth, of ideas on the subject seem to have seeking employment in the public service. changed, and at the present time such apSeventeen years ago he was made a Civil pointments are eagerly sought for the Service Commissioner by President Har- scions of millionaire families—evidently rison, and was glad to get that compara

for the sake of the prestige attaching to tively humble position—though not at all, Uncle Sam's uniform, as well as with the of course, for the sake of the salary, idea of doing worthy service for the which was only $3,500 a year.

country which has made them rich. Although he talks so eloquently about There are in our Army and Navy, and the struggle of life, and the joy of the more especially in the latter service, a fight and its reward, Mr. Roosevelt, as a good many very rich men to whom the matter of fact, has never known through scanty pay is of no importance worth personal experience what struggle means. mentioning. What they want is the rank The son of a rich glass importer of New and privilege, as well as social opportunYork, he inherited before he left Har- ity, that go with the shoulder-straps they vard University a very considerable for- wear. Our military and naval attachés tune, one item of which was a house in at foreign capitals, whose business it is the most desirable part of Fifth Avenue, to make a study of whatever is newest in next door to the Gould mansion, which war methods and appliances abroad, are stands in his name to-day, and is as- usually selected from among the wealthy sessed at $125,000—its actual value being officers, simply for the reason that much

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expense is involved in keeping up their At the White House, it might be menpositions properly, and Uncle Sam does tioned, are always half-a-dozen most denot care to foot the bills himself. The lightful assignments of duty—those of War Department would be willing the so-called “social aides” to the Presienough, but Congress is sure to oppose dent. They are always held by young any suggestion of the kind, and will not officers, who are required to do nothing furnish the money.

more arduous than dance well and stand Thus, for instance, our military at- about in statuesque attitudes at receptaché at Berlin for some years past has tions. It is their most particular funcbeen Capt. William S. Biddle, U. S. A., tion to act as beaux for young ladies who who is worth about three-quarters of a may at any time be guests at the Execumillion. Another

tive Mansion, taksubaltern in tle

ing them in to dinservice, lately de

ner, officiating as tailed


dancing partners, duty, is Capt. Ed

or otherwise helpward B. Cassatt,

ing to amuse them. son of the Presi

Naturally, a great dent of the Penn

deal of social pressylvania Railroad,

tige attaches to and himself a man

these positions, the of large means.

holders of which Such assignments

are invited out evas these are neces

erywhere. For sarily of the most

some years past, agreeable charac

and up to the date ter, giving the

of his recent marentrée to courts


Major and to the most ex

Charles McCawclusive foreign so

ley, of the U. S. ciety. It is not sur

Marine Corps, was prising that they

the principal SOshould be regarded

cial aide at the most desirable

White House. by officers who can

The so-called afford to accept

Master of CerePROF. SAMUEL F. EMMONS. them.

U.S. Geological Survey.

monies at the



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White House is an officer of the Army, distinct titles, though the most important Col. Charles S. Bromwell. He is one relates to his social functions. a rich man—worth, probably, half a mil- Probably the wealthiest officer in the lion dollars. To him a colonel's pay is Navy is Captain Richardson Clover, who merely spending money. But as Chief recently commanded the new battleship Aide to the President, he is a most im- Wisconsin in Asiatic waters. He has reportant and even powerful functionary, turned to Washington, where at present regulating, as he does, all of the social he awaits his promotion to be Rear-Adaffairs of the establishment. The social miral. Captain Clover, if not a millionaides above mentioned are hardly more aire, comes pretty near to the mark. His than ornamental persons ; Colonel Brom- home is one of the palaces in Washingwell is the manager. It is he who sends ton, on New Hampshire Avenue close by out all formal invitations from the White Dupont Circle, which is the center of the House, and even the seating of the guests most fashionable district of the Capital. at large dinners is arranged by him. Many rich men are employed in the Officially he is known as the Commis- scientific bureaus of the Government. It sioner of Public Buildings and Grounds is notoriously a fact that science is a poor —so that he may be said to have three paymaster; in fact, the wages are usually

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wretched. But this is not a matter of Some time ago he furnished the money to importance to such volunteers, for ex- establish a Forestry School at Yale Uniample, as Gifford Pinchot, who is a mil- versity. lionaire and, by the way, an intimate In the Bug Department of the Nafriend of President Roosevelt. Mr. tional Museum, toils every day for long Pinchot lives in a white stone palace on hours Dr. Harrison G. Dyer, who is well Scott Circle, and gives nearly all of his known as one of the greatest "lepidoptime to the Forestry Bureau, of which he terists” living. He is said, also, to know is the head, with the title of Forester. more about mosquitoes than anybody else The $4,500 a year which he draws as sal- in America or abroad. Twenty-five dolary—this particular position being ex- lars a month is his modest stipend, which ceptionally well paid-supplies him with he fairly earns. Fortunately, however, pocket money.

he is not compelled to live on that inMr. Pinchot is a man of brains and dis- come, inasmuch as he has a fortune of tinction. He is also an excellent tennis- more than a quarter of a million, derived player, and is a frequent adversary of the from Fifth Avenue land in New York, President in the tennis court behind the which was purchased by his father when business annex of the White House. it was cheap.

spoke at a banquet; and one of the European scientists present, having listened to him with attention, asked who he was. The query was advanced to another American, who replied: "That is Mr. Becker of Washington.” The foreigner thereupon gazed at the gentleman in question with augmented interest, and said: "Mr. Booker Washington ? You don't say so? Do, please, introduce me!"

Naturally, the story has spread, and has been much enjoyed by Professor Becker's friends—though not, strange to say, by Professor Becker himself.

Doctor Cushman above mentioned is a grand-nephew, and was one of the heirs, of Charlotte Cushman, the great American actress. Though only thirty-nine years of age, he is a scientist of no small distinction-a chemist, and especially an expert in the properties of road materials. During the Spanish War, he saw

service with the Sixth Massachusetts CHARLES H. KEEP.

Volunteers in Porto Rico, and was made Assistant Secretary, U. S. Treasury.

a captain by President McKinley.

Other examples might be mentioned, Among other scientists of wealth in but a sufficiently long list of wealthy men the government service are Dr. Arnold in the public service has here been preHague, Prof. George F. Becker, and sented to give a notion of the extent to Prof. Samuel F. Emmons, all three of the which persons of large means are finding U. S. Geological Survey; Dr. Harvey W. employment under the Government—not, Wiley, the chemist-in-chief of the Department of Agriculture; and Dr. Allerton S. Cushman, of the Bureau of Roads. Doctor Hague, who is worth about half a million, has made the geology of the Yellowstone National Park his life study. Professor Emmons is an expert in precious metals. He made the first formal and authoritative investigation of the great Leadville field. As for Professor Becker, he is reckoned the greatest goldmining expert living; and his studies went far toward establishing the fact that the wonderful mines of the Rand in South Africa are situated along a deposit which is in reality an ancient beach, the sands of which must have been golden indeed, inasmuch as for many years past they have yielded a large part of the world's entire output of the precious yellow substance.

A story worth telling relates to a visit which Professor Becker made a short time ago to the City of Mexico, where he attended a congress of geologists. As a representative of the United States, he

U.S. Geological Survey.



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