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White House is an officer of the Army, distinct titles, though the most important Col. Charles S. Bromwell. He is one relates to his social functions. a rich man—worth, probably, half a mil- Probably the wealthiest officer in the lion dollars. To him a colonel's pay is Navy is Captain Richardson Clover, who merely spending money. But as Chief recently commanded the new battleship Aide to the President, he is a most im- Wisconsin in Asiatic waters. He has reportant and even powerful functionary, turned to Washington, where at present regulating, as he does, all of the social he awaits his promotion to be Rear-Adaffairs of the establishment. The social miral. Captain Clover, if not a millionaides above mentioned are hardly more aire, comes pretty near to the mark. His than ornamental persons; Colonel Brom- home is one of the palaces in Washingwell is the manager. It is he who sends ton, on New Hampshire Avenue close by out all formal invitations from the White Dupont Circle, which is the center of the House, and even the seating of the guests most fashionable district of the Capital. at large dinners is arranged by him. Many rich men are employed in the Officially he is known as the Commis- scientific bureaus of the Government. It sioner of Public Buildings and Grounds is notoriously a fact that science is a poor —so that he may be said to have three paymaster; in fact, the wages are usually

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wretched. But this is not a matter of importance to such volunteers, for example, as Gifford Pinchot, who is a millionaire and, by the way, an intimate friend of President Roosevelt. Mr. Pinchot lives in a white stone palace on Scott Circle, and gives nearly all of his time to the Forestry Bureau, of which he is the head, with the title of Forester. The $4,500 a year which he draws as salary—this particular position being exceptionally well paid—supplies him with pocket money.

Mr. Pinchot is a man of brains and distinction. He is also an excellent tennisplayer, and is a frequent adversary of the President in the tennis court behind the business annex of the White House.

Some time ago he furnished the money to establish a Forestry School at Yale University.

In the Bug Department of the National Museum, toils every day for long hours Dr. Harrison G. Dyer, who is well known as one of the greatest "lepidopterists” living. He is said, also, to know more about mosquitoes than anybody else in America or abroad. Twenty-five dollars a month is his modest stipend, which he fairly earns. Fortunately, however, he is not compelled to live on that income, inasmuch as he has a fortune of more than a quarter of a million, derived from Fifth Avenue land in New York, which was purchased by his father when it was cheap.

spoke at a banquet; and one of the European scientists present, having listened to him with attention, asked who he was. The query was advanced to another American, who replied: "That is Mr. Becker of Washington." The foreigner thereupon gazed at the gentleman in question with augmented interest, and said: “Mr. Booker Washington? You don't say so? Do, please, introduce me!"

Naturally, the story has spread, and has been much enjoyed by Professor Becker's friends—though not, strange to say, by Professor Becker himself.

Doctor Cushman above mentioned is a grand-nephew, and was one of the heirs, of Charlotte Cushman, the great American actress. Though only thirty-nine years of age, he is a scientist of no small distinction-a chemist, and especially an expert in the properties of road materials. During the Spanish War, he saw

service with the Sixth Massachusetts CHARLES H. KEEP.

Volunteers in Porto Rico, and was made Assistant Secretary, U. S. Treasury.

a captain by President McKinley.

Other examples might be mentioned, Among other scientists of wealth in but a sufficiently long list of wealthy men the government service are Dr. Arnold in the public service has here been preHague, Prof. George F. Becker, and sented to give a notion of the extent to Prof. Samuel F. Emmons, all three of the which persons of large means are finding U. S. Geological Survey ; Dr. Harvey W. employment under the Government-not, Wiley, the chemist-in-chief of the Department of Agriculture; and Dr. Allerton S. Cushman, of the Bureau of Roads. Doctor Hague, who is worth about half a million, has made the geology of the Yellowstone National Park his life study. Professor Emmons is an expert in precious metals. He made the first formal and authoritative investigation of the great Leadville field. As for Professor Becker, he is reckoned the greatest goldmining expert living; and his studies went far toward establishing the fact that the wonderful mines of the Rand in South Africa are situated along a deposit which is in reality an ancient beach, the sands of which must have been golden indeed, inasmuch as for many years past they have yielded a large part of the world's entire output of the precious yellow substance.

A story worth telling relates to a visit which Professor Becker made a short time ago to the City of Mexico, where he attended a congress of geologists. As a representative of the United States, he

U. S. Geological Survey.



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as is obvious, for the sake of the small tunity of "doing things," as Mr. Roosepay they are able to earn, but doubtless velt says, afford a more powerful incenin a majority of cases for the gratifica- tive than any desire for gain. But, whattion of ambition in one form or another. ever the motive, theirs seems to be a new With some of them, public spirit fur- kind of aspiration-an aspiration which

— nishes the inspiration; in other instances produces results both substantial and valthe honor, the prestige, and the oppor- uable to the country at large.

A series of elevated crossings. In this case the streets have been depressed, giving roadway beneath the grade

level, for street-car, hauling, and pedestrian service.

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cago safe.

HE railroads of the coun- the Pennsylvania Railroad, and gave the try are spending one hun- company $900,000 in bonds to elevate its dred million dollars to tracks-kind-hearted Philadelphia, which make the streets of Chi- issued $3,500,000 in bonds to induce the

On an aver- Philadelphia & Reading Railroad to

age, five hundred people a come into that city on elevated tracks, year are run over by passing trains, or and which has extended many other valare injured in collisions with steam loco- uable courtesies to the railroads in conmotives, while using Chicago's streets. nection with track elevation. IndianTen years ago Chicago decided that the apolis is paying enormous damage claims elevation of all steam railway tracks was to corporations on account of the rethe only means of protecting her citizens moval of conduits and other obstructions from the deadly grade-crossings. And from her own streets. But Chicago has the railroads are footing the bill

. Last already accomplished the elevation of year over 50,000 men were employed in 800 miles of steam railway tracks within the work of elevating the tracks, and it her borders, and has made the railroads cost the railroads about $5,800,000. pay every cent of the $50,000,000 which

Chicago is not the only city which is it has cost. having her steam railway tracks elevated. Altogether there are 1,600 miles of Philadelphia vacated a whole street for steam railroads ramifying through the

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