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This broke down, and in succession each “The legs for supporting the wet confloor below gave way beneath a load crete were small and placed directly on which was quadrupling. It was so tre- the shallow tiles; the weight and shock mendous that no construction could have incident to tamping proved too much for withstood it. I see nothing in a hasty the tile, which gave way and precipitated examination to indicate that there was the load on the floors below, which were any serious fault in the design of the unable to withstand the sudden shock work or in the quality of the material. I and, consequently, collapsed. Had the am of the opinion, however, that the work been monolithic and properly reinamount of the reinforcement and its forced the collapse would not have occurplacement are open to discussion. I be- red. This is plainly proven by the fact lieve that the responsibility for the fail- that the corridor floor at the first story, a ure lies with the contractor and the en- monolithic, reinforced floor, is unbroken, gineers who are responsible for the although it withstood the full impact of design and execution of the work.” the falling beams. From such examina

A contractor, however, is inclined to tion as I could give I cannot say whether place the blame upon the system of con- the materials used were good or bad." struction. He says: “It seems that the When the mass of wreckage is cleared construction is quite mongrel in char- away it will be possible to determine acter, being a combination of hollow tiles which of the many views of the cause and concrete, and not reinforced concrete of the disaster is the correct one, and as a whole. Such reinforcement as was who is responsible for the loss of life and used was of an entirely inadequate pro- property. The hotel company has deportion to the requirements and was cided to rebuild the destroyed portion wholly without reinforcement over the with all possible speed and the ruins are hollow tiles, the supports for which were fast disappearing. Public opinion will evidently removed before the cement was not condemn the use of concrete on the perfectly set.

strength of one such disaster.

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The men stand by the conveyor, and sort the material as it is slowly carried past them.

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of street 000 pounds of all sorts of odds and ends, cleaners is hard at work drive up to the plant daily. There, comin New York City, gather- mences a thorough sorting and distributing up every bit of rub- ing of the refuse. Picturesque sons of bish and making the Italy swarm the sorting rooms, where

streets as spick and span they gather around the long slides down as a ship's deck. These workers are a which the rubbish passes to the great municipal staff, and they are employed furnaces, eagerly snatching out buttons, by the city not only for hygienic pur- rags, and other odds and ends which they poses but chiefly for economic reasons. deem valuable. For these prizes they They save the city many thousands of pay the city so much a pound as "rags, dollars a year by supplying fuel for a and many queer' things are stowed away large electric lighting plant.

in their linsey woolsey bags. OccasionalThis is the first time that rubbish has ly an old coat or vest or a disreputable been systematically collected and used as purse slips along the trough, and is fuel; and the big plant where the work quickly snatched out by an alert watcher is done, located at Tompkins and De- who has visions of riches tucked away lancey streets, is attracting general in- in pockets or in the compartments of the terest.

purse. These dreams

are sometimes Hundreds of carts, each carrying 1, realized, for both money and jewels at rare intervals are swept-into-the city's belt, which allows the rags, paper, and huge heaps of rubbish and filthy garbage. wood in all forms to be passed slowly All day long a stream of wagons and of in front of the gang of pickers who resorters passes in and out of the yard's movė all rags and similar refuse. The of this incinerator, and all day long the remaining rubbish, largely of combustible workers are rapidly separating the com- nature, then passes to a small sorting bustible from the non-combustible, feed- space, where the non-combustible matter, ing the huge furnaces with the former such as cans, bottles, wire springs, etc., is and disposing of the latter in various removed. The final sorting space is imways.

mediately adjacent to the furnace doors, Previous to the construction of the through which the combustible material present plant and a smaller incinerator is passed at a regular rate independent at Forty-seventh street, this material was of the demands for steam by the electrtic disposed of by dumping it into the sea light plant.

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or placing it as filler on low land. It is There are two furnaces, each of which estimated that the disposal in this man- is equipped with a top, side, and end ner has cost 30 cents per cubic yard, and doors. One of the furnaces is conthat the incinerator, treated simply as a structed with a single combustible chammeans of destroying the rubbish, will ef- ber and an ash-pit; while the other is fect a saving of $10,000 per year. of the two-story type, being supplied

Features of particular interest in con- with two sets of grates, one above the nection with this novel plant are the con- other, and a lower ash-pit. The side struction and operation of the furnace, doors have been provided for the purpose and the means employed in handling the of removing any non-combustible maunusual fuel. The fuel-conveyor serves terial that might pass unnoticed into to elevate the rubbish from the dumping the furnace through the top doors. Bulky place of the street cleaner to the stoke- rubbish, such as furniture, etc., is fed holes of the furnaces. The conveyor through the end doors. consists of an engine-driven, linked iron Each furnace is operated entirely dis


namo room.

tinct from the other, although the gases from the two pass finally to the same chimney, which carries the smoke to a height (200 feet) sufficient to eliminate any objectionable odor.

It may be of interest to note the results of tests made upon a lot of rubbish. In a certain run of ten hours, during which a total weight of 102,531 pounds of rubbish was used, the average horse-power developed was 232.7. One pound of rubbish fur

Stokers At Work. nishes sufficient heat to

Ramming small rubbish into the incinerating furnace. evaporate 1.6 pounds of water; or 21.6 pounds rubbish fur- be fixed in the usual way. The room in nish one horse-power. An

An analysis which the incinerator and boiler plant are of the rubbish used, showed that 43.8 placed is entirely separated from the dyper cent was combustible material, and

In the dynamo room are 7.4 per cent ash, while 48.8 per cent placed all the apparatus for using the was taken by pickers or discarded as steam, also the steam auxiliaries, and non-combustible. Even the ashes are this room is in charge of the Department made use of, the American Tobacco of Bridges. Company taking them for fertilizer. Strong batteries are being arranged

Under each boiler, entirely distant for, in which to store the electricity genfrom the main incinerator furnace, is erated in the daytime to help out during placed an auxiliary furnace, in which the night. The object of this is to be bulky matter may be burned, or coal may able to run the big furnaces 24 hours a be used in emergency. Thus, when the day and use most of the electricity at proper dampers are closed, boilers may night.

The plant cost $34,000 for the incinerator, and $47,400 for boilers and electric generator.

It won't take many months to cover the expense of equipping this valuable plant, for, besides saving that $10,000 a year previously expended in disposing of the city's rubbish, there will be the doing away with the enormous coal bill contracted every year for the lighting of the Williamsburg bridge and vicinity. It is a profitable venture and one


do well to follow.

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PEN fire places, stoves, steam, people who can afford luxuries, with hot water and even electric furniture and fittings which will make radiators—all are out of date. special heating apparatus urnecessary,

C. Herrgott, a French inventor, even in the coldest weather. At his facproposes to supply the residences of tory in Valdoie, near Belfort, France, M.

Herrgott is making rugs and carpets, curtains, hangings and other so-called thermopile fabrics, which, when properly connected with a supply of electric current, will keep an apartment at almost any desired temperature.

In appearance and texture the electricheating rugs can hardly be distinguished from those of ordinary manufacture. They are woven of wool and the other usual materials, about an invisible and finely divided skeleton of specially prepared metallic threads, which is autoresistant, exactly like an incandescent electric light filament. These threads are very supple, do not buck': in weaving and present a very large heating surface in proportion to their small diameter. All the fabrics are woven so as to produce a fixed degree of temperature from a given current and there is no danger, whatever, of their being destroyed or

even injured by overheating.



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