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tion, however, the image of a yacht an- day and there is no patience-trying delay. chored off the dock was also quite clearly In the trial mentioned 167 persons developed in the illumination, although it were examined in forty-five minutes and had not been visible in the darkness. on them were found jewels and mer

chandise hidden for the experiment. Watches were discovered sewed in the

lining of one man's coat. In the hem X-Ray for Smugglers of a woman's skirt were found the rings

put there to test the system. A tiny jewM. ALPHONSE LE ROUX has a eled locket was revealed hidden in a plan for capturing smugglers and

young man's mouth, underneath his for detecting smuggled articles sent in

tongue, while under the coils of a all sorts of queer ways through the mail.

woman's hair the X-Ray showed quite M. Le Roux has succeeded in gaining a plainly several watch chains and a brace

let. Another "smuggler” carried several card cases spread out flat against his feet. Right through his shoes and stockings the X-Ray penetrated and the clasps on the card cases stood out good and clear to the eye of the examiner. The buttons on several pairs of gloves betrayed their presence next to the skin, somewhere in the region of the heart, of a French official who tried to fool the little machine by wrapping each glove up first in linen then in tissue paper. The X-Ray saw through his deception immediately. He was accused of "carrying concealed buttons which were perhaps attached to some dutiable articles." He confessed like a man and the X-Ray received another good mark as a detective.

Headed by M. Le Roux (the outsiders DETECTING SMUGGLERS BY X-Ray,

gathered together for the examination

being dismissed) the officials tramped trial, by the French government, of his

over to the postoffice with their X-Ray scheme and it has proved gratifyingly machine, and there proceeded to pry into successful. The plan is to have every envelopes and packages without removpassenger on board a vessel from a for- ing flaps or strings. All sorts of foreign eign port pass in front of the X-Ray articles were found hidden in innocent apparatus and subject himself to a thor- places. ough examination. In this way smug- With every country using the X-Ray gled articles concealed anywhere about at the Customs House and Post Office, the person can be instantly detected. As smuggling would soon cease, for there it is not necessary to remove any of the

seems to be no way to fool this little clothing, the passengers are caused abso

agent. Every means of baffling it were lutely no annoyance, and as all are

tried at M. Le Roux's test. Articles were treated alike they suffer no indignity by being obliged to stand in front of that wrapped in many thicknesses of paper searching penetrating little X-Ray ma

and woollen fabrics and they were hidden chine. The process is quick and the

in all sorts of queer places, but once the expense is more than counterbalanced by X-Ray got busy they might just as well the cutting down of the number of cus

have shouted out their whereabouts, for tom house officials. One man can exam- not a single hidden article escaped detecine all the ships that come to port in a tion.


New Air-Ship Model AUGUST KINDLER, of San Fran

cisco, has constructed the model of a flying machine that is designed to operate somewhat on the same principle as

cinating but elusive problem of aërial navigation. His model, as has been stated, works admirably, and gives a

basis for the inventor's high hopes.



Bones of the Dead ON a little island in the Columbia

river is one of the most notable Indian burial grounds in America. In fact, Memaloose island was considered a sacred spot by the tribes who in the past inhabited the valley of the Columbia. Although situated at a point where the

salmon and other fishing is excellent, no New Air-Ship Model, Propelled From Front.

Indian could be induced to fish from its a railroad locomotive and car. The pro- shores or live there. Two or three years pelling power of Kindler's invention is ago mounds on the island were excavated placed in front, and the gas-filled tube is and found to contain literally thousands forced to change its direction to corre- of skeletons of Indians, showing that the spond with that of the propeller, resem- island had evidently been a cemetery for bling in this respect a train going around centuries. While most of the skeletons a curve. This arrangement, the inventor had become disintegrated and merely a believes, is much more scientific than the litter of skulls and bones, an attempt had scheme of placing the motor power in the been made to preserve some of the bodies rear.

by wrapping them with skins tied about The model, which is here illustrated, by thongs. Apparently some substance is 27 feet in length and eight feet in had been used by the Indians to dry the diameter. Above the frame of the car- flesh—to mummify them, and a number riage are two large balloon gas-bags, their combined lengths covering the distance from the sharp bow of the ship's carriage to its more acute stem. It is the diminutive harbinger of a huge air-ship which will be 250 feet in length, and which will be equipped with gasbags of corresponding proportions.

A public exhibition of the practicability of the idea proved most satisfactory. The model was sent aloft to an altitude of several hundreds of feet, Kindler operating the machine from the earth by means of cords. Kindler is an enthusiast, and believes that he has successfully solved the fas



of the bodies bore a slight resemblance to those which have been found in Egyptian tombs.

This island covers but a few acres. It is located not far from the formation known as the Dalles, where the river rushes through a crevice in the cliffs which line the shore on either side. There is a legend that at one time a great natural bridge spanned the Columbia at The Dalles, but that one of the Indian gods in a fit of anger wrenched it apart and destroyed it. The legend states that Memaloose island was a part of this bridge which was hurled in the river, and this is why it was considered sacred by the natives.

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Tapping an Oil Well THE 'HE extent of the oil deposits of Cali

fornia is so great that while the bulk of the various forms of petroleum is pumped from wells driven at various distances into the earth, some of the deposits are so near the surface that the removal of a few shovelfuls of sand or earth reveals the oil “springs," as they are called locally. When an oil spring is "tapped, it is often drawn off like so much water by means of troughs or wooden conduits, open at the top, and accumulated in the reservoir by gravity. The accompanying photograph shows an oil spring in the

desert foothills and a type of the conduit. The thickness of the petroleum is well illustrated by the picture.

Noiseless Loom

THE loom, whose busy

shuttle is proverbial, is to become silent. A mechanism has been invented which propels the shuttle noiselessly across the shed, obviating the picking motion that makes the whirring sound. The new device works much on the same principle as does an orange seed shot out from between thumb and finger by pressure. In the new invention the shuttle is mounted on wheels. Small fingers protrude about the shuttle race. The fingers give a sinuous motion.


Spring Of PetrOLEUM IN California Desert.

As each wave of motion passes, the shuttle is pressed forward by it. For weaving goods of high grade, the mechanism is particularly valuable.


Automobile on Fire WE

E frequently hear about automobiles

taking fire and being consumed, but seldom is a camera available so that a picture can be taken showing just how they burn. In this instance, however, a photographer happened to be on hand just as the touring car ignited, and made several pictures showing the fire in various stages. The destruction which gasoline will cause is well shown in the view taken after the car began to blaze. The accident occurred in Cleveland, Ohio, the gasoline taking fire from some unknown cause. In fifteen minutes the car was practically a wreck, even the engine in front being so badly damaged that it was useless.


the water is deep enough to float the Small Engines' Power

largest steamship. The dock is set in

the midst of piles, with a machine shop THIS photograph is a striking illustra- containing the necessary repairing tools tion of the saying Multum in parvo,

in the rear. The sides of the dock are for the little engines with which this dry hollow, as well as those of the bottom, dock is equipped have a power to raise

so that it can be sunk low enough to

float a ship into the interior when the 7 water is pumped out by means of the

engines located in the side walls. The tides of Puget Sound, however, have a rise at times of fully eight feet, so it is necessary to lift the keel at least this distance above the surface of the water. In all, less than 100 horse-power are required to raise and lower the dock. The photograph shows a clipper ship of 4,000 tons being repaired in the dock.



do a the slot shutter are opAnimal comes in contact with cord, causing first metal shutter to drop, and the objective to open. Sand bag, which drops on cord, disengages slot shutter.

Man Without Brains a vessel of 5,000 tons completely out of the water. Considering the size of this A mechanical man, that can dock it is notable for its simplicity. Lo- great many things a human being can cated on Puget Sound, it is placed on the do, is the invention of a German. The end of a wooden pier, extending from machine has 305 compartments and the shore to a point in the sound where several electric motors.

Animals Photograph Themselves

By Dr. Alfred Gradenwitz



PHOTOGRAPHIC views of est secrets of the forests of the dark con

animals are obviously quite tinent.
invaluable to the zoologist, Special devices of ingenious construc-
who cannot possibly study tion had to be made, by means of which
every species in nature. In shy animals could be compelled, under

the case of wild animals, certain conditions, to photograph themwhere immediate observation is espe- selves by night, quite unconsciously, with cially difficult for obvious reasons, the the aid of flash lights. This ingenious rôle of photography becomes particularly idea of automatical photography is due important, and it certainly is of interest to Mr. Schillings himself, who developed that Mr. C. G. Schillings, the well-known the process to a high degree of perfection African explorer, should have succeeded in the course of several years of arduous in photographing wild animals in their work in the African forests. It may be free state, thus penetrating into the deep- mentioned that in view of Schillings' suc

cessful result, the same

devices have now been 1

made accessible to the public.

In planning the apparatus referred to, a perfect harmony of all the mechanical parts and an absolute reliability of working, even under the most unfavorable climatic conditions, had to be provided for, inasmuch as it was neces

essary to expose the apparatus to variable atmospheric conditions frequently for days and even weeks at a time.

Moreover, it had to be as simple as possible in construction in order that it might be handled by even the inexperienced. This problem was successfully solved.

Wandering across the glade, the animal touches a string, when a trap shutter, fitted to the objective, is disengaged, and immediately afterwards the flash light and

erated. After the ex


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