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Electric Light in Crypt
By Henry Guthrie
HE most modern of industrial 1,900 glow lamps of fifteen to twentyagents-electricity, is being used five normal candle power, 100 Nernst extensively in connection with lamps and about seventy arc lamps of
churches in Germany. The Hoh- six to fifteen amperes have been installed. enzollern crypt of the newly-built .Berlin Electricity is also used as motive cathedral is lighted by electricity; the power, one ten horse power motor acthree bells in that church are rung by the tuating the organ blowers, while two same power.
nine horse power motors are set apart for An interesting feature is the indirect the belt works and three motors for proillumination which has been used pelling fans and to operate an elevator. throughout the cathedral, and it is thought that this form of lighting has been used for the first time, in connec-. tion with churches here. A number of arc lamps are hidden above the cornices in the main cathedral, on the galleries of the cupola, and by means of reflectors distributed uniformly throughout the vast hall the beams of light that are damped by diaphragms. Other illuminants of the same kind . throw their light upward from magnificent candelabra placed on the aisles and this remarkable diffusion of light thus prevents the formation of any disturbing shadows. Hundreds of glow lamps are likewise provided, and are mounted on the same candelabra and on brackets and chandeliers. An extensive use has likewise been made of Nernst lamps, which fill with their soft glow the peaceful vaults of the crypt. No less than
The mechanism serving to ring the to partake in its revolution, when the three bells of the cathedral is especially rope being wound up will draw in the worthy of notice and consists of a long bell. The same mechanism afterwards electrically-driven shaft, to which three separates the disc and drum, so that the discs have been keyed, corresponding rope being wound off can follow the each to one of the bells. A loosely run- swing of the bell to the other side. Bening drum that carries the end of the ing alternately thrown in and out, the ringing rope has been placed beside each mechanism thus produces in a very efof these discs and is pressed by a special fective way the alternate swing of the mechanism against the rigid disc, so as bells.
Paris, in 1855, consumed 1,439,973,000 There are 265 wireless telegraph stacubic feet of gas; in 1905, 13,946,711,000. tions in the world.
In Germany a method has been pat- Red hair_was an object of aversion ented for preserving wood with sulphur, among the Romans.
Destruction of towns by landslides is of To do away with London's smoke it common occurrence in the Caucasus val- is proposed to use electric power genleys.
erated elsewhere, for heating, etc.
The villages of Bilbao, Spain, are almost universally lighted by electricity.
The bituminous coal fields of Alabama cover an area of 8,660 square miles.
In 1905, 7,750 fires were reported in Florida has passed a law prohibiting Greater New York. diving for sponges, as the beds are injured thereby.
The Canadian Pacific Railway has in
stalled on its system a quick-lunch dining Russia, with 109,375 miles of wire, has
car, with counters. the longest telegraph systems in Europe.
Massachusetts has authorized a comThe Pacific cable is laid at an average
pany to build a canal from Boston Hardepth of 2,640 fa'.joms, or three miles.
bor to Narragansett Bay.
Remains of irrigation systens 4,000 years old, have been excavated in South Africa.
The Japanese have begun to buy from America mechanical block-signal safety devices for railroads.
A tree on the Isle of Cos, in the Ægean Oxygen is now used to open closed Sea, is believed to be 20 centuries old. tap-holes in smelting furnaces.
The picturesque stone fences of ConConcrete recently successfully necticut are disappearing, being replaced used in patching a great hole in a ship's by wire fences. bottom.
Sunstroke in Egypt is an evil genius The Emperor of China has the finest which, according to the natives, must be tea gardens in the world.
massaged into the forehead and bitten out.