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New Street Sprinkler Fountain of Bubbles
problem of street sprinkling has 5 a great attraction in England. A been suggested by Mr. John F. McCoy machine is arranged so that 20,000 soap of New Orleans, La. He has patented bubbles a minute may be blown with coal
gas and sent up into the air. The beautiful effect in colors when the sun shines on this fountain may well be imagined. At night artificial lighting and the use of colored fires add to the beauty and interest. The soap bubble is also suggested as a substitute for pigeons or glass balls in marksmanship contests.
To Cure Sea-sickness PAUL KAPPMEIER of Altkloster, 1 Germany, has recently invented a device, called "Neptune's Cap,” which is said to provide a certain mechanical cure for sea-sickness. The device, which is the result of much study and investigation, depends for its efficacy on the fact that the principal cause of sea-sickness is cerebral anaemia, the blood of persons so affected running from the head to the gastric regions. By means of heat, furnished by small electric radi
Novel Street SPRINKLING APPARATUS.
an invention which he says will permit
"Neptune Cap" IN Use.
ators, and by compresses, which act upon certain arteries of the head, a more copious supply of blood is provided for the cranium and the distressing symptoms of sea sickness promptly relieved.
Not What Sister Says SISTER: "Does your dolly talk when you squeeze it?"
Himself a Victim A HARVARD sophomore was reciting a memorized oration in one of the classes in public speaking. After the first two sentences his memory failed, and a look of blank despair came over his face. He began as follows:
"Ladies and Gentlemen: Washington is dead, Lincoln is dead”—then forgetting, he hesitated a moment and continued, "and-I -I am beginning to feel sick myself."-Boston Harvard
The Cause of Similarity BLOBBS : "There seems to be a strange affinity between a colored man and a chicken."
Little Sister: "Yes; but it doesn't say, 'Oh, George, don't !'”—Butterfly.
Shocking She was a pretty little woman from the interior of the State, and she boarded Conductor Mulligan's car to come to St. Johns to visit her sister-in-law. She had but little knowledge of the trolley system, and viewed everything along the route with intense interest. "If I should put my foot on that rail,” said she, pointing to the nearest bit of track, "would I get a shock?” Mulligan smiled. “Not unless you put your other foot on the over-head wire!" replied the suave conductor. The dear woman almost fainted.–St. Johns (Ore.) Review.
"Have yez any porpoise or any shark?". Again the waiter answered in the negative.
"Well, then," said Pat, "bring me a dish of corn beef and cabbage. 'Tis sure I asked for fish."-Selected.
by CARL S. DOW.
Vignetting T is an almost invariable rule : that, sooner or later, the
photographer wishes to make prints of various shapes and sizes, or pictures with the less important objects so printed that they are subordinate to the rest. Or, if he be engaged in portraiture, or in the preparation of prints for half-tone plates. he will make vignetted pictures, which have a promi
nent central figure and the edges gradually fading to white. Common examples are seen in studio portraits.
Vignettes To make a vignette, the negative is
ette. the negative is commonly made as for a “square finish,”
itself is partially, sometimes wholly, prepared for vignetting ; that is, the interposition of a suitable serrated screen during exposure so obscures the light from the lower portion of the figure that the head and shoulders only are prominent. This scheme is advantageous, when the background is to be dark to the extreme edges of the print, but has the disadvantage of making it imperative to always make a vignette from that negative, while the ordinary negative can have either style of print taken from it.
There are three methods of making the vignette, all of which have for their object the shutting off of the light from the edges. To make the change from deep tones to white, gradual, requires constant movement, or the placing of the edge which shuts off the light far enough from the negative to prevent a sharply defined line. A little experimenting will show how the vignette can be made. Cut a circular hole in the cover of a negative box and place it on the face of a printing frame, about one inch from the glass, the vertical sides of the box shutting out the light. Now if the frame is exposed to a north light or placed in the shade, the result will be a fairly satisfactory vignette. If the printing must be accomplished in less time, cover the hole with tissue paper and print in the full sunlight. Another way is to cut the hole of the desired shape in a sheet of cardboard and print in the sun, keeping the cardboard moving slowly to prevent a sharp line. For these ways of vignetting, the hole is often made serrated, the teeth and the spaces making a more gradual change of depth of color. The third method is a device which can be purchased from dealers for a small sum. The “home made” outfit answers all purposes, however.
(Rights of publicution reserved by author.)
exposure for the buildings or trees, the Many a print would have far greater sky is very much over-exposed. This value if the beginner knew how to handle results in intensely white skies. Instanthe deep shadows. The principle of vig- taneous exposures tend to equalize the netting enables one to make a good print density of the different parts of the picfrom a negative of transparent shadows
ture, but of course do not entirely overand dense high lights. A little holding
come the difficulty. A ray filter over the back in the printing, by covering or lens helps greatly, by weakening the parmasking the shadows for a time, or the
ticular rays of light that make the sky prolonged printing of the highlights
over-exposed. The use of Isochromatic will prevent the "bronzing” or “burning
plates is another way to reduce the action up" of the shadows and give more detail of the sky portion, for they are conto the light portions. To hold back the shadows, a piece of paper cut to the shape of the thin part and moved slightly on the negative while printing, should be used during part of the process.
Letters To get the narrow white line around pictures printed as letters or in various shapes, as shown by the initial letters of this and the preceding Chalk Talk, the desired shape is cut out of thin black paper such as comes around dry plates. This paper is used as a mask in the printing; it is placed between the film of the negative and the paper, so the resulting print will have a wider border of white, which may be trimmed to the desired width after toning or developing.
The two illustrations on the accompanying plate are suggestions for this work, the combination of masking and vignetting being particularly effective for certain classes of picture. Instead of a structed chemically to reduce the action white line, a black border can be placed of rays coming from very light objects. around the picture by transferring the By masking the printed picture and print to a frame having clear glass in- printing through a “cloud negative,” fine stead of a negative and black paper of the effects are often produced. This work proper shape covering the picture. If the must be done very carefully especially if mask is mounted on thin tissue paper the the sky line is irregular or contains trees. result is easily accomplished.
The mask must be kept in motion. Prob
ably the most important part is the selecClouds
tion of the cloud negative; it must be of A fact commonly known among pho- such character that the result will be tographers is that with most brands of pleasing and in keeping with the landdry plate if landscapes have the proper scape.