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Cape Fear, ACTION AT. Gen. Braxton indicated that the Nome district would Bragg was in command of the Confederates compare for richness with the celebrated in the Cape Fear region at the time of the KLONDIKE iq. v.) region. In the short fall of Fort Fisher, and General Hoke was season of 1899 the yield in gold from his most efficient leader. He held Fort this section alone was estimated at Anderson, a large earthwork about half- $1,500,000. way between Fort Fisher and Wilming Capital, NATIONAL. The seat of govton. Gen. Alfred Terry did not think it ernment of the United States was perprudent to advance on Wilmington un manently settled in the city of Washingtil he should be reinforced. To effect this, ton, D. C., in the summer of 1800. It General Grant ordered Schofield from seemed like transferring it to a wilderTennessee to the coast of North Caro- ness. Only the north wing of the Capitol lina, where he arrived, with the 23d Corps, was finished, and that was fitted up to acon Feb. 9, 1865, and swelled Terry's force commodate both Houses of Congress. The of 8,000 to 20,000. Schofield, outrank- President's house was finished externally, ing Terry, took the chief command. The but much had to be done on the inside. Department of North Carolina had just There was only one good tavern, and that been created, and he was made its com- was insufficient to accommodate half the mander. The chief object now was to oc- Congressmen. There was only a path cupy Goldsboro, in aid of Sherman's march through an alder swamp along the line to that place. Terry was pushed forward of Pennsylvania Avenue from the Presitowards Hoke's right, and, with gunboats, dent's house to the Capitol. Mrs. Adams attacked Fort Anderson (Feb. 18) and wrote concerning the President's house drove the Confederates from it. The flee that it was superb in design, but then ing garrison was pursued, struck, and dreary bevond endurance. “ I could condispersed, with a loss of 375 men and two tent myself almost anywhere for three guns. The National troops pressed up months,” she said, “but, surrounded with both sides of the Cape Fear River, pushed forests, can you believe that wood is not Hoke back, while gunboats secured tor- to be had, because people cannot be found pedoes in the stream and erected batteries to cut and cart it! ... We have, indeed, on both banks. Hoke abandoned Wil- come into a new country." The public mington, Feb. 22, 1865, after destroying offices had hardly been established in the all the steamers and naval stores there. city when the War-office, a wooden structAmong the former were the Confederate ure, took fire and was burned with many privateers Chickamauga and Tallahassee. valuable papers. Wilmington was occupied by National From time to time there have been troops, and the Confederates abandoned movements in favor of removing the the Cape Fear region.
seat of government from Washington, Cape Nome, a cape extending from the D. C. The first of this kind was in southern part of the western peninsula 1808. The really miserable situation of Alaska, which lies between Kotzebue and condition of the city at that time Sound on the north, and Bering Sea on rendered a removal desirable to most of the south. It is about 2,500 miles north- the members of Congress, and the city west of Seattle, and 175 miles southeast of Philadelphia, anxious to win it back of Siberia. In September, 1898, gold was to the banks of the Delaware, offered to first discovered here by a party of Swedes. furnish every accommodation to Congress Since then it has become the centre of a and the public othces at its own expense. rich gold-mining region, which lies about The new Hall of Representatives, by its the lower course of the Snake River, a ill adaptation whether for speakers or winding stream emerging from a range hearers, occasioned great dissatisfaction. of mountains not exceeding from 700 to A motion for removal occasioned much 1.200 feet in altitude. In October, 1899, discussion in Congress and great exciteNome City had a population of 5,000 in- ment in the District of Columbia, espehabitants living in tents. It is believed cially among land-owners. The Southern that the rapid growth of this town has members objected to Philadelphia because never been equalled. Early prospecting they would there be continually pestered
by anti-slavery politicians and other an- sent the Signers of the Declaration of noyances connected with the subject. A Independence, the Surrender of Burresolution for removal came within a very goyne at Saratoga, the Surrender of few votes of passing. It is believed that Cornwallis at Yorktown, and the Res. it would have been carried but for the ignation of Washington's Commission opposition of the Southern men to Phila- at Annapolis. To these have since been delphia. In more recent years there have added others, of the same general size-been agitations favoring removal to St. namely, the Landing of Columbus, by Louis or some other Western city, on the John Vanderlyn; the Burial of De Soto, ground of having it in a more central by George Powell; the Baptism of Pocalocation geographically.
hontas, by J. G. Chapman; the EmIn 1816 Congress, by joint resolu- barkation of the Pilgrims, by Robert W. tion, authorized the President of the Weir; President Lincoln Signing the United States to procure, for the or- Emancipation Proclamation, by Frank namenting of the new Capitol, then B. Carpenter, etc. The old Hall of Repbuilding, four large paintings of Revo- resentatives is now used for a national lutionary scenes from the hand of Hall of Statuary, to which each State John Trumbull, a worthy pupil of Ben- has been asked to contribute statues of jamin West. He possessed a large num- two of its most distinguished citizens. ber of portraits of the prominent actors The Capitol has already become the in the events of the Revolution, painted permanent depository of a large colby himself, and these he used in his com- lection of grand paintings and statupositions. These pictures are now in the ary illustrative of the progress of the rotunda of the Capitol, under the magnif- nation. icent dome, and are of peculiar historic The Capitol was made a vast citadel on value, as they perpetuate correct like the arrival of troops there after the close nesses of the men whom Americans de- of April, 1861. Its halls and committeelight to honor. These paintings repre- rooms were used as barracks for the sol
diers: its baseinent galleries were con- retary Root in Washington in regard to a verted into store-rooms for barrels of pork, constitutional recognition of the future re
lations of the United States with Cuba. This conference was held in April.
Capron, ALLYN KISSAM, military officer; born in Brooklyn, N. Y., June 24, 1871; son of Allyn Capron; was educated in his native city; joined the army Oct. 20, 1890. When
hostilities with Spain CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON, 1814.
broke out he entered the
Ist United States Volunbeef, and other provisions for the army; teer Cavalry, popularly known as the and the vaults under the broad terrace“ Rough Riders," and was made a capon the western front of the Capitol were tain. He was killed in the battle of Las converted into bakeries, where 16,000 Guasimas, Cuba, June 24, 1898. loaves of bread were baked every day. Capron, ALLYN, military officer; born The chimneys of the ovens pierced the in Tampa, Fla., Aug. 27, 1846; gradterrace at the junction of the freestone uated at the United States Military pavement and the glossy slope of the Academy in 1867, and entered the glacis; and there, for three months, dense artillery branch. When the Americanvolumes of black smoke poured forth. Spanish War began he accompanied Gen
Capital Punishment. See DEATH eral Shafter's army to Cuba. On July PENALTY; LIVINGSTONE, EDWARD.
1, 1898, he led General Lawton's advance, Capote, DOMINGO MENDEZ, statesman; and fired the first shot of the battle. The born in Cardenas, Cuba, in 1863; received Spanish flag on the fort at El Caney was his education at the University of Havana, carried away by a shot from his battery. where he later served as a professor of law His exposure in the Santiago campaign for many years. Prior to the last Cuban resulted in typhoid fever, from which insurrection he was known as one of the he died near Fort Myer, Va., Sept. 18, most distinguished lawyers on the island. 1898. In December, 1895, he abandoned his practice to join the Cuban forces under Gen. Maximo Gomez. Afterwards he reached the rank of brigadiergeneral, and also served as civil governor of Matanzas and of Las Villas. In November, 1897, he was elected vice-president of the republic of Cuba. After the adoption in convention of the new Cuban constitution early in 1901, he was appointed chairman of a commission of five members selected by the convention to confer with President McKinley and Sec
GOVERNMENT BAKERIES AT THE CAPITOL.