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HARPERS' ENCYCLOPÆDIA

OF

UNITED STATES HISTORY

Cabell, JAMES LAURENCE, sanitarian; of the proposed national Constitution. born in Nelson county, Va., Aug. 26, He died Aug. 4, 1818. 1813; graduated at the University of Vir- Cabell, WILLIAM, statesman; born in ginia in 1833; studied medicine in Balti. Licking Hole, Va., March 13, 1730; was a more, Philadelphia, and Paris; and became commissioner to arrange military claims Professor of Anatomy and Surgery in the in 1758. During the trouble between the University of Virginia. He was in charge American colonies and Great Britain, of the Confederate military hospitals dur- prior to the Revolutionary War, he was ing the Civil War. When yellow fever a delegate to all the conventions for securbroke out at Memphis he was appointed ing independence; was also a member of chairman of the National Sanitary Con- the committee which drew up the famous ference, and devised the plan which “declaration of rights." On Jan. 7, 1789, checked the spread of the epidemic. From he was one of the Presidential electors 1879 till the time of his death, which oc. who voted for Washington as the first curred in Overton, Va., Aug. 13, 1889, President of the United States. He died he was president of the National Board of in Union Hill, March 23, 1798. Health.

Cabet, ETIENNE, communist; born in Cabell, SAMUEL JORDAN, military offi. Dijon, France, in 1788; studied law, but cer; born in Amherst county, Va., Dec. applied himself to literature and politics. 15, 1756; was educated at William and In 1840 he attracted much attention Mary College. In 1775 he recruited a com- through his social romance, Voyage en pany of riflemen for the American service, Icarie, in which he described a communiswhich is said to have opened the action tic Utopia. In 1848 he sent an Icarian at Saratoga. During the siege of Charles- colony to the Red River in Texas, but the ton he was captured, and not being able colony did not thrive; and in 1850, as the to procure an exchange remained inactive leader of another colony, he settled in till peace was concluded. He was a Repre- Nauvoo, Ill., whence the Mormons had sentative in Congress in 1785–1803, and been expelled. This colony likewise failed in 1788, as a member of the constitutional to prosper, and was abandoned in 1857. convention, voted against the adoption He died in St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 9, 1856.

CABEZA DE VACA, ALVAR NUÑEZ Cabeza de Vaca, ALVAR NUÑEZ, Span- 1528 he accompanied the expedition of Narish official and author; born in Jerez de vaez to Florida in the capacity of compla Frontera, Spain, probably in 1490. In troller and royal treasurer, and he and

II.-A

three others were all of a party who es- telling me how terrified they were, becaped from shipwreck and the natives. seeching us to be no longer angry, and These four lived for several years among said that they would lead us in the directhe Indians, and, escaping, made their tion it was our wish to go, though they way to the Spanish settlements in north- knew they should die on the way. ern Mexico in the spring of 1536. In the Whilst we still feigned to be disfollowing year Cabeza de Vaca returned to pleased lest their fright should leave them, Spain; in 1540 was appointed governor of a remarkable circumstance happened, Paraguay; in 1543 explored the upper which was that on the same day many Paraguay River, and in 1544 was deposed of the Indians became ill, and the next by the colonists and afterwards impris- day eight men died. Abroad in the counoned and sent to Spain. After trial he try, wheresoever this became known, there was sentenced to be banished to Africa, was such dread that it seemed as if the but was subsequently recalled, granted inhabitants would die of fear at sight many favors by the King, and was made of us. They besought us not to remain judge of the Supreme Court of Seville. angered, nor require that more of them He published two works, one relating to should die. They believed we caused their his experiences in Florida, and the other death by only willing it, when in truth to his administration in Paraguay, both it gave us so much pain that it could not of which are of considerable historical he greater; for, beyond their loss, we value, and have been published in various feared they might all die, or abandon us languages. He died in Seville, some time of fright, and that other people thenceafter 1560.

forward would do the same, seeing what The Journey through New Vexico.- had come to these. We prayed to God, our The following is his narrative of his jour- Lord, to relieve them; and from that time ney through New Mexico in 1535-36, from the sick began to get better. his Relation :

We witnessed one thing with great adWe told these people that we desired to miration, that the parents, brothers, and go where the sun sets; and they said in- wives of those who died had great sympahabitants in that direction were remote. thy for them in their suffering; but, when We commanded them to send and make dead, they showed no feeling, neither did known our coming; but they strove to ex- they weep nor speak among themselves, cuse themselves the best they could, the make any signs, nor dare approach the people being their enemies, and they did bodies until we commanded these to be not wish to go to them. Not daring to taken to burial. disobey, however, they sent two women, While we were among these people, one of their own, the other a captive from which was more than fifteen days, we that people; for the women can negotiate saw no one speak to another, nor did we even though there be war. We followed see an infant smile: the only one that them, and stopped at a place where we cried they took off to a distance, and with agreed to wait. They tarried five days; the sharp teeth of a rat they scratched and the Indians said they could not have it from the shoulders down nearly to found anybody.

the end of the legs. Seeing this cruelty, We told them to conduct us towards the and offended at it, I asked why they did north; and they answered, as before, that so: they said for chastisement, because except afar off there were no people in the child had wept in my presence. These that direction, and nothing to eat, nor terrors they imparted to all those who could water be found. Notwithstanding had lately come to know us, that they all this, we persisted, and said we desired might give us whatever they had; for they to go in that course. They still tried to knew we kept nothing, and would relinexcuse themselves in the best manner pos- quish all to them. This people were the sible. At this we became offended, and most obedient we had found in all the one night I went out to sleep in the woods land, the best conditioned, and, in general, apart from them ; but directly they came comely. to where I was, and remained all night The sick having recovered, and three without sleep, talking to me in great fear, days having passed since we came to the

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