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1884. Re-elected to congress by a majority of 2,000, although his district had again been gerrymandered against him.
1886. Re-elected to congress by a majority of 2,550.
1886. Leads the minority opposition in congress against the "Mills tariff bill.”
1888. Delegate-at-large to the national convention in Chicago that nominated Benjamin Harrison, and serves as chairman of the committee on resolutions. Many delegates wish McKinley to become a nominee, but he stands firm in his support of John Sherman.
1888. Elected to congress for the seventh successive time, receiving a majority of 4,100 votes.
1889. At the organization of the Fifty-first congress, is a candidate for speaker of the house, but is defeated on the third ballot in the Republican caucus by Thomas B. Reed.
1890. Upon the death of William D. Kelley in January McKinley becomes chairman of the ways and means committee and leader of his party in the house. He introduces a bill “to simplify the laws in relation to the collection of revenues,” known as the “customs administration bill.” He also introduces a general tariff bill. The bill becomes a law October 6.
1890. As a result of the gerrymandered congressional district and the reaction against the republican party throughout the country, caused by the protracted struggle over the tariff bill, McKinley is defeated in the election for congress by 300 votes in counties that had previously gone democratic by 3,000.
GOVERNOR OF OHIO. 1891. Nov. 3. Elected governor of Ohio by a plurality of 21,511, polling the largest vote that had ever been cast for governor in Ohio. His opponent is the democratic governor, James E. Campbell.
1892. As delegate-at-large to the national convention at Minneapolis and chairman of the convention, McKinley refuses to permit the consideration of his name and supports the renomination of President Harrison. The roll call results as follows: Harrison 535, Blaine, 182, McKinley 182, Reed 4, Lincoln 1.
1892. Death of William McKinley, Sr., in November.
1893. Unanimously renominated for governor of Ohio and re-elected by a plurality of 80.995, this majority being the greatest ever recorded, with a single exception during the civil war, for any candidate in the history of the state.
1896. June 18. At the Republican national convention in St. Louis is nominated for president on the first ballot, the result of the voting being as follows: McKinley 6611/2, Reed 8472, Quay 607/2, Morton 58, Allison 3572, Cameron 1.
IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. 1896. Nov. 3. Receives a popular vote in the presidential election of 7,104,779, a plurality of 601,854 over his democratic opponent, William J. Bryan. In the electoral college later McKinley receives 271 votes, against 176 for Bryan.
1897. March 4. Inaugurated President of the United States for the twenty-eighth quadrennial term.
1897. March 6. Issues proclamation for an extra session of congress to assemble March 15. The president's message dwells solely upon the need of a revision of the existing tariff law.
1897. May 17. In response to an appeal from the President congress appropriates $50,000 for the relief of the destitution in Cuba.
1897. July 24. The “Dingley tariff bill" receives the president's approval.
1897. Dec. 12. Death of President McKinley's mother at Canton, O.
1898. Both branches of congress vote unanimously (the house on March 8 by a vote of 313 to o and the senate by a vote of 76 to o on the following day) to place $50,000,000 at the disposal of the president to be used at his discretion "for the national defense.”
1898. March 23. The president sends to the Spanish government through Minister Woodford at Vadrid, an ultimatum regarding the intolerable condition of affairs in Cuba.
1898. March 28. The report of the court of inquiry on the destruction of the Maine at Havana, on February 15, is transmitted by the president to congress.
1898. April 11. The president sends a message to congress outlining the situation, declaring that intervention is necessary and advising against the recognition of the Cuban government.
1898. April 21. The Spanish government sends Minister Woodford his passports, thus beginning the war.
1898. April 23. The president issues a call for 125.000 volunteers.
1898. April 24. Spain formally declares that war exists with the United States.
RECOMMENDS DECLARATION OF WAR. 1898. April 25. The President sends message to congress recommending the passage of a joint resolution declaring that war exists with Spain. On the same day both branches of congress passed such a resolution.
1898. May 25. The President issues a call for 75,000 additional volunteers.
1898. June 29. Yale university confers upon President McKinley the degree of LL. D.
1898. July 7. Joint resolution of congress providing for the annexa. tion of Hawaii receives the approval of the president.
1898. Aug. 9. Spain formally accepts the president's terms of peace.
1898. Aug. 12. The peace protocol is signed. An armistice is proclaimed and the Cuban blockade raised.
1898. Oct. 17. The president receives the degree of LL. D. from the University of Chicago.
1898. Dec. 10. The treaty of peace between Spain and the United States is signed at Paris. 1900. March 14. The President signs the "gold standard act.”
RENOMINATED FOR PRESIDENCY. 1900. June 21. The Republican national convention at Philadelphia unanimously renominates William McKinley for the presidency.
1900. June 21. The president's amnesty proclamation to the Filipinos is published in Manila.
1900. July 10. The United States government makes public a statement of its policy as to affairs in China.
1900. Sept. 10. Letter accepting the presidential nomination and discussing the issues of the campaign is given to the public.
1900. Nov. 6. In the presidential election William McKinley carries twenty-eight states, which have an aggregate of 292 votes in the electoral college, his democratic opponent, William J. Bryan, carrying seventeen states, having 155 electoral votes. His popular plurality is also larger than in the election of 1896.
1901. March 4. Inaugurated president. Shot by Czolsgosz September 6, at Buffalo, N. Y. Dies September 14 at Buffalo. Buried at Canton, O., September 19.
Masterpieces of William McKinley's Eloquence.
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY.
“Mr. President, Gentlemen of the Michigan Republican Club.
"It gives me sincere pleasure to meet with you to-night. I have not met with the Republicans of Michigan since tlie great victory of 1894—the great national victory—and I bring to you my congratulations upon the proud part you bore in that great conflict resulting so triumphantly for Republican principles, and, as I believe, for the best interests of the whole country. I cannot believe that our principles are less dear to us in their triumph than they were in their temporary defeat. I cannot believe that the principles which won a most unprecedented victory from ocean to ocean require now either modification or abandonment. They are dearer and closer to the American heart than they have ever been in the past, notwithstanding the magnificent victory of 1894, and notwithstanding these great principles are cherished in the hearts of the American people, there is still a greater and more significant battle to be fought in the near future, before we can realize those principles in administration and legislation.
“While, in the situation of the country, there is no cause for congratulation, this is not the time to employ terms of distrust or aggravation. Times are bad enough, and the voice of encouragement is more appropriate than that of alarm and exaggeration. The realities are quite ugly enough, and it is the duty of each of us, by word and act, insofar as it can be done, to improve the present condition. But above all, we must not disparage our government. We must uphold it, and uphold it at all times and under all circumstances, notwithstanding that we may not be able to support the measures and policies of the present administration. Home prosperity is the only key to an easy treasury and a high credit. The Republican party never lowered the flag or the credit of the government, but has exalted both. I agree with the president, in his recent message, that a predicament confronts us. When I was here six years ago, reading from his message, it was a condition that confronted us, and that condition was an overflowing treasury, under Republican legislation. Now I come back to you, and it is a predicament that confronts the people of the United States, because of a deficiency created by the legislation of a Democratic congress and administration.
"I am sure, however, that there is wisdom and patriotism ample enough in the country to relieve ourselves from this or any other predicament, and to place us once more at the head of the nations of the world in credit, production and prosperity. The Republican party needs but to adhere faithfully to its principles—to the principles enunciated by its great national conventions, which guided the republic for a third of a century in safety and honor, which gave the country an adequate revenue, and, while doing that, labor received comfortable wages and steady employinent, which guarded every American interest at home and abroad with zealous care-principles, the application of which made us a nation of homes, of independent, prosperous freemen, where all had a fair chance and an equal opportunity in the race of life. You do not have to guess what the Republican party will do. The whole world knows its purposes. It has embodied them in law, and executed them in administration. It has bravely met every emergency, and has ever measured up to every new duty. It is dedicated to the people; it stands for the United States. It practices what it preaches, and fearlessly enforces what it teaches. Its simple code is home and country. Its central idea is the well-being of the people, and all the people. It has no arın which does not take into account the honor of the government, and the material advancement and happiness of the American people. The Republican party is neither an apology nor a reminiscence. It is proud of its past, and it sees greater usefulness in the future.”-Michigan Club, Feb. 22, 1895.
THE M'KINLEY TARIFF OF 1890. "I do not intend to enter upon any extended discussion of the two economic systems wliich clivide parties in this house and the people throughout the country. For two years we have been occupied in both branches of congress and in our discussions before the people with these contending theories of taxation.
“At the first session of the Fiftieth congress the house spent several weeks in an elaborate and exhaustive discussion of these systems. The senate was for as many weeks engaged in their investigation and in debate upon them, while in the political contest of 1888 the tariff in all its phases was the absorbing question, made so by the political platforms of the respective parties, to the exclusion, practically, of