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EXPANSION AND RECIPROCITY. “The period of exclusiveness is past. The expansion of our trade and commerce is the pressing problem. Commercial wars are unprofitable. A policy of good will and friendly trade relations will prevent reprisals. Reciprocity treaties are in harmony with the spirit of the times; measures of retaliation are not. If, perchance, some of our tariffs are no longer needed for revenue or to encourage and protect our industries at home, why should they not be employed to extend and promote our markets abroad?
“Then, too, we have inadequate steamship service. New lines of steamers have already been put in commission between the Pacific coast ports of the United States and those on the western coasts of Mexico and Central and South America. These should be followed up with direct steamship lines between the eastern coasts of the United States and South American ports. One of the needs of the times is direct commercial lines from our vast fields of production to the fields of consumption that we have but barely touched. Next in advantage to having the thing to sell is to have the convenience to carry it to the buyer.
“We must encourage our merchant marine. We must have more ships. They must be under the American flag, built and manned and owned by Americans. These will not only be profitable in a commercial sense; they will be messengers of peace and amity wherever they go.
“We must build the isthmian canal, which will unite the two oceans and give a straight line of water communication with the western coasts of Central America, South America and Mexico. The construction of a Pacific cable cannot be longer postponed. .
GIVES BLAINE CREDIT. "In the furtherance of these objects of national interest and concern you are performing an important part. This exposition would have touched the heart of the American statesman whose mind was ever alert and thought ever constant for a larger commerce and a truer fraternity of the republics of the new world. His broad American spirit is felt and manifested here He needs no identification to an assemblage of Americans anywhere, for the name of Blaine is inseparably associated with the Pan-American movement, which finds this practical and substantial expression, and which we all hope will be firmly advanced by the Pan-American congress that assembles this autumn in the capital of Mexico.
"The good work will go on. It cannot be stopped. These buildings will disappear, this creation of art and beauty and industry will perish from sight, but their influence will remain to
"Make it live beyond its too short living
With praises and thanksgiving. “Who can tell the new thoughts that have been awakened, the ambitions fired and the high achievements that will be wrought through this exposition?
“Gentlemen, let us ever remember that our interest is in concord, not conflict, and that our real eminence rests in the victories of peace, not those of war. We hope that all who are represented here may be moved to higher and nobler effort for their own and the world's good, and that out of this city may come not only greater commerce and trade for us all, but, more essential than these, relations of mutual respect, confidence and friendship which will deepen and endure.
“Our earnest prayer is that God will graciously vouchsafe prosperity, happiness and peace to all our neighbors and like blessings to all the people and powers of earth.”
ROBERT P. PORTER, THE WELL-KNOWN AMERICAN JOURNALIST AND
CUBAN COMMISSIONER, SAYS OF THIS ADDRESS: “President McKinley's Buffalo speech defined the very essence of reciprocity. We must take from customers some of their products in exchange for our own, else, unguarded by a strong protective tariff, how can they pay for our goods? We have a dozen commercial treaties negotiated by the McKinley administration awaiting ratification by the senate. President McKinley strongly urged the confirmation of these without delay.
“Those who believe in reciprocity as the natural outgrowth of our wonderful industrial development, as the late President did, will be glad to learn that President Roosevelt will vigorously push their ratification. He was never so strong an advocate of protection as the late President, consequently it will be easier for him to change with the new conditions facing the republican party, while by no means abandoning the home markets.
WORDS WERE SIGNIFICANT.
“The republican leaders must realize the significance of President McKinley's last words. Coming from so loyal a protectionist, they would have their effect on the majority of the senate.
"President Roosevelt's opinion also should have weight with those who believe in broader trade relations with the world, and they should wish him success in converting the senate to the theory of the martyred President: 'We sell everything. We can buy wherever buying will
enlarge our sales.' That is true reciprocity. That is the only foreign trade policy for the United States.
"Unless President Roosevelt has materially modified the views he has always expressed he will adhere to these general principles.”
GOLDEN SAYINGS OF M'KINLEY. A noble manhood, nobly consecrated to man, never dies. God puts no nation in supreme place which will not do supreme duty:
Patriotism is above party and national honor is dearer. than any party name.
The American home lies at the very beginning and foundation of a pure national life.
God will not long prosper that nation which will not protect and defend its weakened citizens.
Christian character is the foundation upon which we must build if our citizenship is to be uplifted and our institutions are to endure.
The men who established this government had faith in God and sublimely trusted in him. They besought his counsel and advice in every step of their progress. And so it has been ever since; American history abounds in instances of this trait of piety, this sincere reliance on a higher power in all our national affairs.
Improvement in every walk of life is the outgrowth of thought and discussion and ambition. We do better as we are better ourselves.
Self-government politically can be successfully only if it be accompanied by self-government personally, there must be government somewhere.
The American home where honesty, sobriety, and truth preside, and a simple, every-day virtue without pomp and ostentation is practiced, is the nursery of all true educations.
The want of time is manly men, men of character, culture and courage, of faith and sincerity; the exalted manhood which forges its way to the front by the force of its own merits.
It is the duty of each of us, by word and act, in so far as it can be done, to improve the present condition. But, above all, we must not disparage our government. We must uphold it and uphold it at all times and in all circumstances.
The tomorrows are too full to be crowded with the yesterdays. We must move on and forward. We must learn that every day is a new day, with its own distinctive and commanding duties, and cannot atone" for the yesterdays unimproved.