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Thittemore, J. S. McCullough, Jacob Thompson, second assistant superintendent of public instruction; B. D. Monroe, assistant attorney general; Mrs. Alfred Bayliss, Mrs. E. S. Johnson, and the two plumbers who opened the casket.
IDENTIFICATION IS POSITIVE.
The identification of the remains was positive. The features are said to have been extremely pallid, and it is said that this condition was due to a film that has crept over the face. The beard could be plainly seen and the chin was prominent, while the hair had begun to fall out. The headrest had decayed, letting the head fall back.
The shirt front was well preserved, as was also the black silk stock that Lincoln wore about his neck. The rest of the clothing had commenced to fall to pieces.
BURIAL BENEATH MASONRY.
At 11:45 of the above date the wooden box containing the casket was carried from the north side of the monument to Memorial Hall on the south side. Six laborers performed this duty. An hour later, after identification had been made, the casket was taken back to the north side of the monument and then lowered to the vault beneath. Workmeni then began the task of securing the casket under the mass of masonry.
Newspaper men were excluded from Memorial Hall when the casket was opened and the greatest secrecy was maintained. Even the glass in the single door opening into the room was covered with paper to guard against the intrusion of curious eyes. The two plumbers wlio opened the metallic casket were Leon P. Hopkins, of Springfield, who performed the same duty seventeen years ago, and Charles L. Willey, also of Springfield.
OFFICIAL REPORT OF TRANSFER. The following official report of the transfer was given to the public this afternoon by Acting Governor Brenholt:
“At a meeting of the commissioners of the Lincoln monument held this day, in pursuance of a call by Acting Governor Brenholt, at the Memorial Hall of the monument, it was agreed that the casket of Abraham Lincoln be opened for identification prior to placing the casket in the permanent vault.
"In the presence of several members of the Lincoln Guard of Honor the casket was opened and the remains viewed by the persons present and fully identified. It was found that the remains were in a good state of preservation. After which the casket was resealed and consigned in our presence to the place prepared for the same in the monument.
“It was agreed that this statement be given to the public througlı the press, together with the certificate of the Lincoln Guard of Honor, which is subjoined herewith.
“JOHN J. BRENHOLT,
CERTIFICATE OF IDENTIFICATION. "We, the undersigned, do hereby certify that on this twenty-sixth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and one, we were present at the Lincoln monument in Oak Ridge Cemetery at Springfield, in the State of Illinois, and by request of the commissioners of the Lincoln monument, acting in their official capacity, under their appointment, by virtue of an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, we personally viewed the remains of Abraham Lincoin, the casket having been opened for that purpose by direction of said commissioners.
"We further certify that the remains so viewed by us are in fact those of Abraham Lincoln; that we saw the same before they were first laid to rest; that we were each personally present at the same place on the fourteenth day of April, in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, and then viewed the remains, and we again identify them as the same.
“We further certify that we were present at the place and day first mentioned, and saw the same casket containing these sacred remains placed in their final resting place in the Lincoln monument, under the direction of said commissioners.
"GEORGE N. BLACK,
"Secretary and Member of the National Lincoln Monument Association.
“J. N. REECE,
“CLINTON L. CON KLING,
CHRONOLOGY OF LINCOLN'S LIFE. Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809, in the county of La Rue, in the state of Kentucky.
He first attended school at Little Pidgeon Creek in the winter of 1819. Three or four years later he attended Crawiord's school in the same locality.
In 1826 he received his last schooling under the tuition of Mr. Swaney. To reach this “institution of learning,” he walked four miles and a half each way.
Later, as a "hired boy,” he taught himself as best he could with his rude surroundings, often “siphering” on a wooden fire shovel or anything else that came in his way.
His reading was very limited, being confined to two or three books, but fortunately he had access to the great fountain of Biblical literature.
Obtaining access to the “Revised Statutes of Indiana," which could not be loaned from the constable's office, he early laid the foundation for legal study.
In 1831, he went to New Orleans on a flat-boat, with a little cargo of pork, hogs and corn. It was here that he first saw some of the abominations of slavery and the slave trade. The workings of the system greatly depressed him, and drew from him the emphatic and almost prophetic exclamation, “If I ever get a chance to liit slavery, I'll hit it hard."
It was after his return from this trip that he found an English grammar, and mastered it by the light of pine knots during the long winter evenings.
The Black Hawk war broke out in 1832, and Lincoln enlisted. Although without military experience, his personal popularity made hini captain of his company.
After the war was over he became a candidate for the state legislature, and although he was defeated, the campaign was of great service to him in the way of experience.
He began the study of law with borrowed books, and put his own knowledge into practice by drawing up legal papers, and also conducting sinall cases without remuneration.
Many volumes pertaining to the sciences now found their way into his hands, and also some of the standard works of literature.
He then sought and obtained the post of deputy surveyor of Sangamon county, and in this work he became an expert. He was often sought for as a referee when trouble arose concerning boundary lines, etc.
From 1833 to 1836 he was the postmaster of New Salem, having received the appointment as a Jackson democrat.
It was during this time he again became a candidate for the legislature. His campaign was personally conducted, and this time he was the victorious candidate.
It was at this session of the legislature that he met his great opponent, Stephen A. Douglas. In time, he fully accorded him the title of “The Little Giant.”
In August of 1835, Lincoln met with a terrible loss, being no less than the death of Ann Rutledge, the beautiful girl to whom he was betrothed. Nearly thirty years afterward he spoke lovingly of her to an old friend. “The death of this fair girl," said Mr. Herndon, “shattered Lincoln's happiness. He threw off his infinite sorrow only by leaping wildly into the political arena."
In 1836 he was again a candidate for the legislature. He was selfnominated, for this was before the days of caucuses and conventions. In the New Salem Journal he announced his platform, which contained a suffrage plank to the effect that all men and women who either bore arms, or paid taxes, should be allowed to vote.
Lincoln was elected in triumph. Sangamon county, which had usually gone democratic, voting the whig ticket by more than four hundred majority.
In 1837 Mr. Lincoln moved to Springfield, where his active life as a lawyer began, the state capital having been moved about that time from Vandalia.
In November of 1823 he was married to Miss Mary Todd.
One year later he took his seat as a member of the Thirtieth Congress. Other notable members at this time were Ex-President John Quincy Adams, Andrew Johnson, Alex. H. Stephens, besides Robert Toombs, Robert B. Rhett and others. In the senate were Daniel Webster, Simon Cameron, Lewis Cass, John C. Calhoun and Jefferson Davis.
At the close of his congressional services in 1849, Mr. Lincoln returned to Springfield and resumed the practice of law, although his fees were considered by his legal brethren “ridiculously small."
During the contest in Kansas, in 1855, Lincoln's views on the subject of slavery were fully expressed in a radical letter to Mr. Speed.
In 1858 Lincoln held his notable debates with Stephen A. Douglas.
In 1860 Abraham Lincoln received the nomination of the republican party for the Presidency; Stephen A. Douglas was the nominee of the democratic party and these two prominent men were again rivals.
Threatening times succeeded his election with the whole country aroused by threats of secession.
In March of 1861 he was inaugurated amidst the most ominous conditions that a new president was ever called upon to face.
He delivered an inaugural address which for wisdom and consistency has never been surpassed,
Following the fall of Fort Sumter, Mr. Lincoln issued, on the 15th day of April, a call for 75,000 volunteers.
Four days later he issued a proclamation for the blockade of southern ports.
In 1862 he met with the terrible loss by death of his son Willie. In the midst of this great trial his thoughts reverted to his own mother, whom he lost when a child. "I remember her prayers,” he said, “they have always followed me—they have clung to me all my life.”
During the long war he was everywhere busy doing everything possible for the comfort of the soldiers, especially the sick and wounded.
On January 1, 1863, the emancipation proclamation was issued.
Following logically the policy of the emancipation act, he began the • experiment of introducing colored troops into the armies of the United States.
In 1864 Abraham Lincoln was again elected President of the United States.
About the middle of August, 1864, an attempt was made upon Lincoln's life one evening as he was riding back from the Soldiers' Home. The bullet of the would-be assassin passed through the silk hat which the President wore, but at his request the matter was kept
On March 4, 1865, Mr. Lincoln was again inaugurated as President of the United States.
The great rebellion was brought to a successful close with great rejoicing over General Lee's surrender.
On the afternoon before his death he signed a pardon for a soldier who was under a death sentence. This act of mercy was his last official order.
On the 14th of April he fell by the hand of an assassin and the nation was in mourning.