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MUST STAMP OUT ANARCHY. "Tempering every breath of happiness at this reunion is the fearful tragedy of last Friday,” said General Manderson. “I do not exaggerate when I say that the example set by you for forty years has been one of patriotism. You have trained your sons to be sons of Amerića, to know what it is to uphold the flag of our free institutions.
“There remains to be trampled under foot an element of our population, countenanced and sustained by an unbridled press, an unprincipled rostrum, preaching the gospel of discontent. I can find no words in which to fittingly refer to the wretch who has done this thing, but I hold him harmless compared with those who prompted such sentiments. It is for us and for our sons to stamp out anarchy and socialism as we stamped out secession."
LESSONS TO BE DRAWN.
Justice David Brewer of the Supreme Court of the United States, who was one of the speakers at the First Congregational Church, spoke of the popular demand that the anarchists must go. He said in part:
"What shall we do? Many things are suggested. On every side we hear strong language expressive of the public horror at the crime. ‘Anarchists must go; anarchism must be stamped out. Some are eager to take the law into their own hands and deal out summary justice upon all who bear the odious name. They would rejoice to see every anarchist speedily put to death.
"Others are demanding that new legislation be enacted, while executives and legislators are declaring that in the coming winter they will see to it that laws are passed to drive anarchism from our borders. I may not discuss the terms of proposed legislation, as no one foresees either what it may do or what questions may arise out of it.
"But there are lessons to be drawn from the assassination of President McKinley by an anarchist which I wish to notice. One which should be borne home to every citizen of the nation, whether in or out of office, is the necessity of a personal respect for law. We denounce the assassination as a horrible crime. We denounce anarchism as the spirit of lawlessness and its followers as outlaws because they look upon all forms of government as wrong and all men in office as their enemies.
“But while anarchism may be the extreme of lawlessness, and anarchists the worst of outlaws, every breaking of the law breathes, though perhaps in a slight degree, the same spirit of lawlessness. Example is better than precept, and everyone may well remember that he does something toward checking the spirit oi lawlessness and prevent
ing the spirit of anarchism when, in his own life, he manifests a constant and willing obedience in letter and spirit to all the mandates of the law.
“Again, the anarchist declares that all government is wrong. He professes to be the enemy of all rulers. Social institutions, as they are, he denounces, pleading that they are unjust and oppressive. Now, if the workings of the social order are made such as to insure justice and peace and comfort to all, slowly the spirit of anarchism will disappear, for all will feel that society as it exists is a blessing rather than a curse to them.
WORK MUST BE DONE. “And each one of us may in his place and life help to make all those workings of society cleaner and better, gentler and purer—more helpful to those who need, less burdensome to those who toil and richer in all things to all men.
"If the American people shall not spend all its energies in denunciation of this awful crime, or in efforts by force to remove anarchism and anarchists from our midst, but, moved and touched by the sad lesson, shall strive to fill the social life with more sweetness and blessing, then will it be that William McKinley, great in life, will become, partly on account of the circumstances of his death, greater and more influential in the future; an enduring blessing to the nation of which he was the honored ruler."
ANARCHY HAS NO GOD.
Rev. F. W. Gunsaulus, D. D. "Anarchy has no God. Anarchy does not believe in government. Anarchy treats conscience, truth, justice and holiness as fables and farces. You never can have an antidote for the poison of anarchy until you have from ocean to ocean faith in God. The situation is not to be relieved by the enactment of statutes. Our statutes will be just as powerless as our sentiments. The only thing that shall make men support a righteous government is the faith that there rules throughout the universe a God of eternal righteousness, and that ultimately right will conquer wrong. I will be my own judge until I believe that God Almighty is judge of all the earth. Our courts of justice must seek to do His will. One court cannot make a mistake and that court is the court of Jehovah.
“Does any man believe here today that that wretch would have taken the life of William McKinley if he had believed in God? No. What this country needs today to take out of anarchy its heart of evil is the presence and working of the conviction of Almighty God. When we are willing to doubt man's immortality, we doubt America's future. Did the Pilgrim
Fathers sail to this land with the belief that tomorrow we die? Was the Great Remonstrance written against royal intolerance by men believing that tomorrow we die? Did Abraham Lincoln, . when the thunder of Gettysburg shook the windows of the capitol at Washington, go and pray alone because he believed that tomorrow we die? Was there ever anything undertaken, any worthy task finished, that was not finished in the presence of the great idea that man is immortal? It is this unending destiny of the human soul that gives to the brain a breadth of vision and to the heart an abundant faith which presage mighty achievements.”
The opinions of notable foreigners are along the same line.
THE POPE OF ROME.
“The Pope addressed the Catholic Bishops on Sunday and declared that President McKinley was a victim of the excessive freedom granted to the people of the United States.”
The Nachrichten, of Bremen, in an editorial under date of September 17, violently attacks the United States government for what it calls its criminal encouragement of anarchists. It says:
“America is the breeding-ground of state-destroying elements. If liberal institutions do not permit of the curbing of anarchism or if the authorities are indifferent to finding means to do so, then these “liberal institutions are a menace to humanity. America should be made to understand that Europe is not willing to countenance the danger any longer. America has other duties to mankind than land-grabbing.
“President Roosevelt can earn the gratitude of the whole world if his first act is the extermination of the anarchists."
Some of the English papers are also severe upon what they call American leniency or American carelessness. They claim that although there is much talk of measures for repressing the teachings of organized lawlessness, much agitation concerning the surveillance and punishment of its promoters, still nothing is done.
The Manchester Guardian says: "America has received a sharp admonition for her boast of 'free speech. We at least sent to prison the creature, Most, who is now gloating over the attack upon President McKinley. Moreover, in England we have a law of treason which would insure the hanging of Czolgosz (whether his victim died or not). Both America and France might go so far in protecting their presidents without invalidating their republican principles.
“The enactment of sterner laws against anarchy and the surveillance of its own anarchists is a duty which each country owes to itself.”
FROM LABOUCHERE. In a late issue of London Truth, after paying a beautiful tribute to President McKinley, Mr. Labouchere remarks that the state clearly has the right to silence any propaganda that endangers its own safety, though he adds that it may not be expedient to use this right. Society has the unquestionable right to stop the preaching of doctrines which aim at the destruction of organized society itself. If there ever should come a time when it would be a question whether the anarchists were to destroy society or society should destroy the anarchists, the latter would have a short shrift. But, as Mr. Labouchere says, that time is far off, and at present any measures designed to repress freedom of opinion should be used with the greatest caution, for they are apt to have an effect precisely the opposite of what is intended. On the other hand, to inculcate the idea of exterminating all rulers, or "even to enunciate vague general principles which may lead any crack-brained enthusiast to the conclusion that he will benefit humanity by shooting the first public official he comes across, whether it be a policeman or a President, is clearly a crime in itself, and must be dealt with as such if it assumes serious proportions."
OPINIONS OF THE LAW MAKERS. Senators and congressmen intend to put down anarchy in America if stringent laws can accomplish this end. They favor also legislation making an attempt on the life of the President treason. An amendment to the constitution looking to this end is strongly favored, and the RecordHerald herewith presents the views of a great many of the nation's lawmakers concerning these two most vital subjects:
CHARLES R. SCHIRM, CONGRESSMAN FIRST MARYLAND DISTRICT.
"Baltimore, Sept. 9.—I am thoroughly in sympathy with the proposition to make it treason to attempt the life of the President. A bill to amend the constitution to that effect will scarcely meet with opposition. But I am willing to go further and make it a treasonable offense to conspire against the President's life. Mere conspiracy to do those acts which constitute treason has not in itself been held to be treason. Some overt act has been necessary.
"The time, however, has come when drastic measures must be used in dealing with anarchists. The miserable creatures who select their victims and their tools are no less guilty than those who execute their plans. Such a provision as suggested may, by arousing fear of being suspected of conspiracy, prevent such disgraceful spectacles as were witnessed in Chicago and Paterson, where the attempted assassination was applauded and the would-be assassin toasted. These exhibitions of sympathy are little short of giving aid and comfort to the enemies of our country.
“I favor a federal statute making it a crime to advocate, in any meeting, the destruction of our government by force, punishable by banishment from the country, and in case of the return to the country of any one so banished the imposition of a term of years at hard labor.”
CHARLES CURTIS, UNITED STATES SENATOR. "Topeka, Kan.—I favor the enactment of laws that will prevent such crimes. The punishment cannot be too severe. It should be a crime for any person to attend an anarchistic meeting or belong to an anarchistic organization. Our immigration laws should be amended so as to keep anarchists out of this country, and we should have a uniform naturalization law.”
WILLIAM ALDEN SMITH.
"Grand Rapids, Mich.—The attempt to take the life of President McKinley was a cowardly culmination of anarchistic utterances and writings. I favor such legislation as will make similar attempts high treason against the government and all persons, whether principals or accessories, punishable accordingly. Our national government has been too tolerant with its foes, and I hope the present awful calamity will result in the enactment of stringent laws and their rigid enforcement.”
SENATOR WILLIAM BROWN. “Let those talk who will about free speech—the supreme court has held that the crime of polygamy could not be indulged in under pretense of religious right, no more than the crime of human sacrifice could be indulged in as a pretense of religious liberty. What school is this of which we are talking ? The school that deals death to our government and murder for our Presidents.
"What is anarchy? For a moment look at it—without government, turn the feeble-minded and the insane, the deaf and mute and blind out to wander among the people—then swing open the doors of your penitentiaries and jails and let the weak and vicious mingle and fight and scramble and row until no hearthstone is safe and no home protectedthat is anarchy, and the man or woman who teaches it in this country enters into a conspiracy to commit murder and destroy government.
“I believe that the red flag of anarchy, red with the blood of our martyred McKinley, should never again be permitted to float under the same sky with our Stars and Stripes. I shall never rest till our statute books read that to teach anarchy is to teach murder, and the teacher is made punishable as accessory before the fact."