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abuse; by bringing subjects of general reading and study into the light of Christianity, and exhibiting historic portraitures, and retracing the most important passages of history so accurately that covert error may be counteracted by the force of open truth. Bearing this end in view, we determine to reject from these pages, however excellent in other respects, all articles that are merely imaginative,-except in the privileged page of verse, --with all excursive speculation and mere wordy moralizing, in order that the monthly Numbers may answer to the long-chosen title of "INSTRUCTER,” and by the blessing of "the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning,” may be equally subservient to the promotion of vital Christianity and of religious truth.

Nov. 5th, 1852.

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THE

YOUTH'S INSTRUCTER

AND

GUARDIAN.

JANUARY, 1852.

THE CASTLE OF ST. ANGELO,

(With an Engraving.) Early in the second century of the Christian era, the Emperor Hadrian, fond of massive structures, and longing to perpetuate his memory by some material monument, resolved to erect a mausoleum for the reception of his body. One of his predecessors, Augustus, had reared such a building in the Campus Martius ; and he fixed on a site just opposite, the skirt of the Marian Mount, on a reach of the Tiber, in the gardens of Domitia, where he resolved that it should arise in solidity and beauty superior to anything of the kind that he had seen in all his travels.

Thus rose the Mole of Hadrian: a vast pile, square at the base, and circular aloft, as it appears in the engraving, but with this difference, that it was surrounded with marble columns, adorned with statues, in marble and in bronze, of men, and horses, and chariots, wrought by the first artists that were yet remaining in the Queen of cities, and rose to a much greater height. Hadrian himself was architect; and the taste which he displayed in the great wall bearing his name in the north of our island, was far surpassed in the preparation of that sumptuous tomb. But the elevation was afterwards reduced, the architectural and sculptural decorations removed, and the span of the “ Mole” shrank under the hands of an envious and a declining posterity. Constantine the Great, intent on the provision of temples for Christian worship, is said to have removed entire orders of column

Vol. XVI. Second Series.

A

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