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ment; and moulds public thought, if it does not may be cultivated, but no cultivation will supply guide public energy, in every direction.

the lack of the prime instinct. The journalist, like The growth of journalism must be more and the poet, is born, not made. He must at times more in the direction of greater brains and a work at the highest tension; he must sometimes, higher range of work. It has substantially reached like the race-horse, put his whole force into a fateful its full development in the mere collection of news hour; he must be ready to face the dens of vice and

- using the term here in its limited sense as mean- crime; he must be prepared to encounter rebuffs'; ing the current events of the day. It must discrim- he must be eager to go through fire and flood to be inate, and select, and edit ; its further progress must first on the ground at Johnstown; he must ever be be on a higher standard : it must have a broader armed with what Napoleon called two-o'clock-in-theconception of news as meaning not merely the morning courage. The true journalist will glory in events of the day, but the intellectual, social, and the triumphs of such emergencies; for the man moral movements of the time. It must have a still who fails in the true instinct and quality they will higher realization of its power and of its responsi- be the severest trials, and he had better never unbility in leading public opinion and shaping public dertake them. action, not merely in politics, but in the whole One of the trials of the editor is the ephemeral realm of human activity. In the broader concep- nature of his work. Yet even this has its comtion of journalism there is no limit to its mission, pensatory offset in the wider reading and the. and, without relinquishing the field of every-day immediate effect. A hundred thousand readers interest, its further development will be in the spread over ten or twenty years would be a great direction of higher intellectual effort and leadership. crown and reward in any literature - why not a

This requirement will steadily elevate the stand- hundred thousand readers concentrated in a day? ard of the intellectual outfit in newspapers.

It The editor has the world for his field, and all subwill demand men of the highest grade of culture jects of thought for his themes. He speaks before and special training. Some of them will be regular the orator can get to his feet, and settles opinion members of the staff, some of them will be experts before the statesman makes himself heard. He employed for emergencies. The London

draws the fang even while he gives it play, and papers retain specialists, just as a business house sends his antidote with the poison. When. Coleretains a lawyer; they may or may not be needed for ridge, reporting a midnight speech in the House of a year, but with their retainer they are always at Commons, and dashing off his answer at 2 o'clock command when the exigency comes.

In a great

in the morning, sent it out in the same sheet, he capital, where both journalism and expert ability are established the editorial leader, and showed its posconcentrated, this system is indispensable. In our sibilities. Napoleon regarded four newspapers as country, where both are more scattered, it may not more dangerous than an army of a hundred thoube necessary, but the general methods and results sand men; and newspapers in his day had all the will be the same. We are accustomed to hear that limitations of the hand-press.

How much more the journalist must know everything. In the powerful with the immeasurable resources of toabstract, yes; in the concrete, no. With the day? Jefferson said that he would rather have division of labor, universal knowledge is not essen- newspapers without a government than a governtial in any one man. Each man must know every- ment without newspapers; and the philosophy of thing in his own department, and the more out- the observation is clear. The alertness, vigilance, side the better. Undoubtedly, the broadest in- publicity, and organized public opinion of newsformation and the best faculty for communicating papers are the safeguards of the social and political it — in a word, the ripest knowledge and the best fabric. The editor scourges wrong-doers, dethrones style - a

the most valuable qualities in the political usurpers, unhorses official recreants, uneditorial writer.

frocks pretentious charlatans, pricks social humThus the demands of journalism are constantly bugs, routs old superstitions, moulds popular advancing, and the rewards are commensurate with opinion, stimulates universal education, quickens the service. With these opportunities and rewards, individual aspiration, and leads the van of progress. journalism has great attractions for the young man In this broad realm and in these unlimited possibiliof worthy ambition who is setting out on a career. ties, while the daily grind brings its rasping trials, But it has its trials as well as its triumphs. Unless it is also illuminated by splendid and inspiring the aspirant has natural aptitude for its require. triumphs. — Charles Emory Smith, in The Indements, he had better stay out of it. Native gifts pendent.


Every subscriber for THE AUTHOR should be a subscriber for THE WRITER as well. The two magazines are clos connected, and one is intended to supplement the other.



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THE AUTHOR is published the fifteenth day of every Mrs. D. R. Campbell, who wrote the bright month. It will be sent, post-paid, One Year for One Dollar.

article entitled “ Peculiarities of Genius" in the All subscriptions, whenever they may be received, must begin with the number for January 15, and be for one year.

November AUTHOR, is a resident of Delaware, THE AUTHOR will be sent only to those subscribers who Ohio, and not of Cincinnati. Her address was have paid their subscription fees in advance, and when subscriptions expire the names of subscribers will be taken off the list,

incorrectly given in connection with her article, unless an order for renewal, accompanied by remittance, is re

by the editor's mistake. ceived. Due notice will be given to every subscriber of the expiration of his subscription.

Seven dollars, sent now, will pay for the first All drafts and money orders should be made payable to

three bound volumes of The WRITER, the first William H. Hills. Stamps, or local checks, should not be sent in payment for subscriptions,

bound volume of The Author, and a subscripThe American News Company, of New York, and the tion for both magazines until the end of 1890. New England News Company, of Boston, are wholesale agents

Those who order both magazines from the for THE AUTHOR. It may be ordered from any newsdealer, or directly, by mail, from the publisher.

beginning, in response to this offer, will find The Author is kept on sale by Damrell & Upham (Old that they have made an excellent investment. Corner Bookstore), Boston; Brentano Bros., New York, Washington, and Chicago; George F. Wharton, New Orleans; John

THE AUTHOR is sent only to subscribers who Wanamaker, Philadelphia ; and the principal newsdealers in other cities.

have paid for it in advance, and names are Advertising rates will be sent on request.

taken from the list immediately when subscripContributions not used will be returned, if a stamped and tions expire, unless an order for renewal, with a addressed envelope is enclosed.

remittance, is received. It is hoped that the Address: THE AUTHOR,

number of names dropped from the list before (P. O. Box 1905.)

BOSTON, MASS. the January Author is mailed may be very

small. VOL. I. DECEMBER 15, 1889.

No. 12.

The first bound volume of The Author, a Renew your subscription promptly.


handsome book of nearly 200 pages, with titlescribe for The WRITER, too.

page and full index, will be ready for delivery about January 1. Its price will be $1.50. The

first bound volume and a subscription for 1890 All subscriptions for The Author must

will be given to any new subscriber for The begin with the January number, and be for one

AUTHOR for $2.25, if the order is received year.

before January 1. A full index and title-page for THE AUTHOR

Most of the subscriptions for THE AUTHOR for 1889 will be sent to subscribers with the

expire with this issue. A great many renewals January number.

have already been received. Those who intend The bound volumes of The Author and to renew their subscriptions will confer a favor THE WRITER will make an invaluable addition

on the publisher by sending in their renewal

orders as to any writer's library.

soon as convenient. By so doing

they will obviate the delay attendant upon reMany improvements in The Author for entering names and mailing back numbers, and 1890 have been planned, and will be carried help the publisher in making his plans for the into effect during the year.

coming year. Single numbers of The Author for any Send the name of a new subscriber with your month of 1889 can still be supplied. Now is own renewal. In that case you need remit only the time to complete your files.

$1.8 instead of $2, for the renewal and the

new subscription. By sending five new subscriptions, with five dollars, you may get the renewal of your own subscription free.

cism of its faults, and suggestions for its improvement are also earnestly desired.


No. 45. — Where can I obtain any literature on marriage reform?

A. M. D. BATH, Me.

Friends of The Author may aid in extending its circulation and influence by sending to the publisher the names of those who would be likely to be interested in the magazine. A sample copy will be sent to any address, if a subscriber makes the request. The more subscribers THE AUTHOR has, the better the magazine will be.





No. 43. — “C.” inquires the meaning of the “salt” of Paracelsus, the great alchemist of the sixteenth century. “Salt" was the foundation of . the first ternary of matter, composed of salt, sulphur and mercury, according to his theory. These terms were symbolical, of course, and some modern occultists translate as follows : “Salt " ( Love ) was the foundation upon which the Diety constructed all things. “Sulphur” ( Wisdom ) the structure; and

Mercury” (Change, Evolution) the plan upon which the universe proceeds towards perfection.

L. U. MCC SANTA Cruz, Calif. No. 44. — There is a dictionary difference be

and “insurance," but it is collateral (see Webster). As applied to the payment

( of a sum at death, or at some time before death, by an organization, the words are synonymous. For instance: “The Equitable Life Assurance Society" and “The New York Life Insurance Company," both of New York City, are in the same business, the insuring of lives. BROOKLYN, N. Y.

No. 44. — In the practice of New York City offices “insured” is the person upon whose life the company issues a policy; “assured” is the beneficiary to whom the proceeds of the policy are payable upon the death of the “insured.” Both terms may apply to the same person - as in the case of a burial fund or endowment policy. In the title of a company the words “ Assurance” and “Insurance” are synonymous.

New YORK, N. Y.

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The first year of The Author has been one of complete success. The enterprise has been profitable to the publisher, and, it is hoped, to the subscribers for the magazine as well. That there was a place for such a periodical the experience of the year has demonstrated, and the editor of THE AUTHOR will do his best to make it fill the place. The magazine is in the hands of its friends, and its future depends altogether upon the support they may give to it. Its possibilities of development are great, and no opportunity to increase its value or extend its usefulness will be overlooked. The enlargement of the magazine is only a question of time. The number of pages will be doubled as soon as the size of the subscription list warrants the publisher in incurring the additional expense, and then many new and attractive features will be introduced. The conductor of THE AUTHOR means that the magazine shall grow steadily from month to month, and he has made plans for its development, which the support of subscribers will enable him to fulfil.

The success of any periodical depends upon the approval with which it meets from those for whose use it is designed. The Author has been received with cordial favor, and its future now looks bright. The test of its permanent popularity is in the promptness with which subscriptions are renewed. The publisher respectfully asks friends of the magazine to send in their renewals as soon as may be convenient, and, if possible, to send with the order for renewal one or more new subscriptions. Expressions of opinion regarding THE AUTHOR, criti

E. P. A.

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Carroll. -"Lewis Carroll," the author of "Alice in Wonderland ” and “Thro’ the Looking Glass," is really Rev. C. L. Dodgson, of Oxford, and is a good-looking, white-haired old gentleman of over sixty summers. He has worshipped children all his life, and is never happier than when accompanied by one or two little dots, and listening to


their baby prattle. To those of his small friends whose education is so far advanced as to permit of their being able to read he sends quaint notes, conceived in a humorous strain, and written with a typewriter. Young and old readers of “Alice in Wonderland" will be glad to learn that he has written another story, entitled “Sylvie and Bruno," and that it will speedily be published. — Rochester Democrat and Chronicle.

Henley. — Last August a paragraph was printed in this department regarding Mr. W. E. Henley, the editor of the Scots Observer, sent in by a picturesquely inaccurate English correspondent. This item has been widely copied, and Mr. Henley very justly objects to the misinformation it contained. Here is his correction, and accompanying sarcasm : "I am much obliged to you for the interest you are pleased to take in me; and assuming that interest to be real, — assuming that you had rather publish true news than false, - I take for granted that you will permit me to correct your information by a liberal use of the negative particle, as thus: “Mr. William Ernest Henley, whose verses have been published by Scribner, is not a Scotchman,' and 'is not a protégé of Robert Louis Stevenson.' He has not had literary greatness thrust upon him,' and he has not ‘had to pay a fearful physical price for his mental development. He did not' begin life as a laborer,' he was not unconscious of latent intellectual powers,' he was not. unversed in the primary elements of education,' he has never been a man of dissipated habits.' He did not meet with a terrible accident,' neither of his lower limbs' having ever been crushed beneath a boulder’; and though it is certainly true that while at a hospital for treatment' he met Robert Louis Stevenson,' it is certainly untrue that Robert Louis Stevenson was ever ' a patient in the same institution.' And then began the mental existence which has led 'the Mr. Henley of your correspondent's dream.stage by stage upward to the rank of poet.' Did it? I hear of it with a certain interest. It is so brilliant with novelty – it is so strange, and startling, and untrue! Again, ‘his limbs are still completely paralyzed, and he does all his work in an invalid chair.' Are they, indeed ? And does he, really? To one whose ‘limbs' are utterly guiltless of paralysis, and who has not sat in an invalid chair these fifteen years at least, it is permissible to receive such statements with a mild surprise, and even (it may be) a little gentle unbelief." Current Literature for December.

Sangster. Sometimes the life-work of a poet lies not far from, and almost parallel with, the track

of daily duty. To such an estate Margaret Elizabeth Munson was born at New Rochelle, Long Island, February 22, 1838. She was principally educated at home, and early displayed a strong literary bent. When twenty years of age she married Mr. George Sangster. The labors of her pen gradually impelled her toward editorial work, till in 1871 Mrs. Sangster became associate editor of Hearth and Home, which position she held until 1873. She then accepted a similar chair on The Christian at Work, laboring for that excellent religious weekly for six years. In 1879 Mrs. Sangster transferred her pen to the service of the Christian Intelligencer, which she assisted in edit. ing until 1888, in the mean time, in 1882, assuming the editorial control of Harper's Young People. On the death of Miss Booth she was, early this year, appointed as the editor of Harper's Bazar, a responsible and lucrative position. During the entire period of her editorial work Mrs. Sangster has been writing

The natural inclination of her mind was toward religious things, and her connection with the press always has been characterized by the exertion of a strong moral influence. Her poetry, like her prose, is oftenest directed to the moral sense, the devotional spirit. The home, the family, and the influences emanating from domestic shrine and circle naturally enlist her pen. Mrs. Sangster's poems that are generally deemed most successful are “Our Own," "The Sin of Omission,” and “Are the Children at Home?” She has published collections of verse, entitled “ Poems of the Household ” (1883), and “Home Fairies and Heart Flowers” (1887). Besides several books for the Sunday-school library, Mrs. Sangster has given the world a “ Manual of Missions of the Reformed Church in America ” (1878). She is still a frequent contributor to the periodical press, her poetry being widely copied whenever it appears. Allen G. Bigelow, in the Magazine of Poetry.

Tupper. Edith Sessions Tupper frequently seen now in the magazines and journals of New York and Chicago, attached to dramatic stories and very clever verse was born at Panama, in western New York. Her family are the well-known Sessions of Chautauqua County, and her father and uncle are famous state politicians. Her first literary work was done for the Buffalo Express. For nearly two years she has been connected with the Chicago Herald, of which paper she is now the New York correspondent. She began her work on the Herald doing special local sketches and interviews. She won the $300 prize lately offered by


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some of his most charming poems are anent books. In this connection might be mentioned his “ Bookhunter,” and two pieces recently printed in the Century Magazine. He is particularly successful in the line of children's verses, having, among other things, contributed in this vein a series of ten month poems to St. Nicholas. Mr. Sherman has published “Madrigals and Catches” (1887), and “New Waggings of Old Tales" (1888), the latter being in conjunction with Mr. John Kendrick Bangs. He has in preparation a treatise upon the elements of architecture, a volume of children's poems, and a collection of miscellaneous pieces. "The last will contain his “Greeting to Spring," one of the most exquisite lyrics of the day. Clinton Scollard, in the Magazine of Poetry.


the Chicago Tribune for the best story, over 250 competitors. “By a Hair's Breadth” is now between covers, and selling well throughout the country. Margaret Sullivan awarded her the prize, and advised her to go on with novel-writing, as she had a remarkable gift for the making of Wilkie-Collins plots. The recently issued story, “By Whose Hand,” is said to be successful over all her other publications, and fully justifies the statement of the Chicago Herald, that "her undoubted talents are of such an order that she may reasonably expect to attain high rank among the fictionists of her time.” In addition to prose ability, the lady is a charming versifier. She is tall, dignified, has brown hair, and frank, expressive eyes. — Current Literature.

Sherman.– Frank Dempster Sherman was born in Peekskill, N. Y., May 6, 1860. He obtained his early education in the town of his birth, and received the degree of Ph. B. from Columbia College in 1884. He was made a Fellow of this institution in 1887, and is at present connected with it as Instructor of the Department of Architecture. During the winter of 1884 and '85 he attended lectures at Harvard University, where he would have taken a degree had not family interests called him for a time from the pursuance of literature. He was married in November, 1887, to Miss Joliet Mersereau Durand, daughter of Rev. Cyrus B. Durand, of Newark, N. J. Like Arthur Sherburne Hardy, Mr. Sherman writes the practical and ideal in letters, being both mathematician and poet. His taste for figures he inherits from his father, a man of rare powers; his poetic gift comes from his mother, to whose memory he has paid a most beautiful tribute in “An Old Song,” which appeared in Lippincott's Magazine for August, 1888. Though no American has touched so piquantly the spirit of love in youth with blithe “patrician rhymes," it is in another direction, as Mr. Howells pointed out in a recent number of Harper's, that Mr. Sherman's best and most natural expression reveals itself. He is a literary descendant of Herrick and Carew. Ile believes in the lyric, and never hesitates to pro. nounce such a belief. Every poem from his pen shows that his creed in regard to technique is the same as that proclaimed by Mr. Dobson in his Ars Victrix.” Poetry with him is never a thing to be " thrown off,” as many are fond of expressing it, but something to be as carefully moulded as the most symmetrical statue. A sprightliness of fancy, a delicacy of touch, and a rare melody characterize all of his work, and his choice of epithet is unfailingly happy. Mr. Sherman is a true bibliophile, and

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Edgar Saltus has been dangerously ill at the Cavendish Hotel, in London. He suffers from terrible facial neuralgia, and morphine affords him the only relief from pain.

The Critic for November 30 contains a long and interesting article on "The Home of Charlotte Brontë,” by Mrs. L. B. Walford.

Marion Crawford and wife will spend the winter at Washington, Mrs. Crawford's father, General Berdan, having taken apartments at the Shoreham.

Nym Crinkle (A. C. Wheeler) has discontinued writing for the Mirror, and is now furnishing an admirable essay for each number of The Theatre Magazine.

The new edition, just issued, of Mr. Cable's “ The Silent South” has some fresh matter, and contains a portrait of the author.

A new magazine, to be called the Gotham Monthly, will be published in New York City next year. The first number is to make its appearance in January

The January number in the Great Writers' Series will be a biography of Balzac by Frederick Wedmore.

The Society Review is the title of a new weekly about to be issued in New York City. It will be edited by William de Wagstaffe, who planned The New York Saturday Review, and was its promoter. He will be assisted by the majority of the staff of The Saturday Review, all the more attractive features of which will be perpetuated in the new venture.

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