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1989 NASA AUTHORIZATION

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
SPACE SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS -

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
SCIENCE, SPACE, AND TECHNOLOGY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
ONE HUNDREDTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

MARCH 3, 8, 9, 10, 22, 23, 24, 29, 30, 31, 1988

[No. 121]

VOLUME II

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Science, Space, and Technology

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1988

86-904

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office

U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402

COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, SPACE, AND TECHNOLOGY

ROBERT A. ROE, New Jersey, Chairman GEORGE E. BROWN, JR., California

MANUEL LUJAN, JR., New Mexico* JAMES H. SCHEUER, New York

ROBERT S. WALKER, Pennsylvania MARILYN LLOYD, Tennessee

F. JAMES SENSENBRENNER, JR., DOUG WALGREN, Pennsylvania

Wisconsin DAN GLICKMAN, Kansas

CLAUDINE SCHNEIDER, Rhode Island HAROLD L. VOLKMER, Missouri

SHERWOOD L. BOEHLERT, New York BILL NELSON, Florida

TOM LEWIS, Florida RALPH M. HALL, Texas

DON RITTER, Pennsylvania DAVE MCCURDY, Oklahoma

SID MORRISON, Washington NORMAN Y. MINETA, California

RON PACKARD, California BUDDY MACKAY, Florida

ROBERT C. SMITH, New Hampshire TIM VALENTINE, North Carolina

PAUL B. HENRY, Michigan ROBERT G. TORRICELLI, New Jersey HARRIS W. FAWELL, Illinois RICK BOUCHER, Virginia

D. FRENCH SLAUGHTER, JR., Virginia TERRY L. BRUCE, Illinois

LAMAR SMITH, Texas RICHARD H. STALLINGS, Idaho

ERNEST L KONNYU, California JAMES A. TRAFICANT, JR., Ohio

JACK BUECHNER, Missouri JIM CHAPMAN, Texas

JOEL HEFLEY, Colorado LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana

CONSTANCE A. MORELLA, Maryland HENRY J. NOWAK, New York

CHRISTOPHER SHAYS, Connecticut
CARL C. PERKINS, Kentucky
C. THOMAS MCMILLEN, Maryland
DAVID E. PRICE, North Carolina
DAVID R. NAGLE, Iowa
JIMMY HAYES, Louisiana
DAVID E. SKAGGS, Colorado
PAUL E. KANJORSKI, Pennsylvania
GEORGE J. HOCHBRUECKNER, New York

HAROLD P. HANSON, Executive Director
ROBERT C. KETCHAM, General Counsel

CAROLYN C. GREENFELD, Chief Clerk
R. THOMAS WEIMER, Republican Staff Director

SUBCOMMITTEE ON SPACE SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS

BILL NELSON, Florida, Chairman GEORGE E. BROWN, JR., California

ROBERT S. WALKER, Pennsylvania HAROLD L. VOLKMER, Missouri

RON PACKARD, California NORMAN Y. MINETA, California

ROBERT C. SMITH, New Hampshire ROBERT G. TORRICELLI, New Jersey D. FRENCH SLAUGHTER, JR., Virginia JAMES A. TRAFICANT, JR., Ohio

ERNEST L. KONNYU, California JIM CHAPMAN, Texas

JACK BUECHNER, Missouri CARL C. PERKINS, Kentucky

JOEL HEFLEY, Colorado C. THOMAS MCMILLEN, Maryland

CONSTANCE A. MORELLA, Maryland DAVID R. NAGLE, Iowa

TOM LEWIS, Florida
JIMMY HAYES, Louisiana
JAMES H. SCHEUER, New York
RALPH M. HALL, Texas
BUDDY MACKAY, Florida
DAVID E. SKAGGS, Colorado

LILLIAN M. TRIPPETT, Counsel
David D. CLEMENT, Minority Counsel

*Ranking Republican Member.

(II)

CONTENTS

124

147

WITNESSES

March 3, 1988:

Dr. James C. Fletcher, Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space

Administration; accompanied by Dale D. Myers, Deputy Administrator,

and Thomas Campbell, Comptroller ....

March 8, 1988:

Adm. Richard H. Truly, Associate Administrator for Space Flight, Na-

tional Aeronautics and Space Administration; accompanied by Arnold

D. Aldrich, Director, National Space Transportation System (NSTS);

and Joseph B. Mahon, Deputy Associate Administrator for Space Flight

(Flight Systems) .........

George A. Rodney, Associate Administrator for Safety, Reliability, Main-

tainability, and Quality Assurance, National Aeronautics and Space

Administration; accompanied by James H. Ehl, Deputy Associate Ad-
ministrator for Safety, Reliability, Maintainability, and Quality Assur-

ance....

March 9, 1988:

Dr. Lennard A. Fisk, Associate Administrator for Space Science and

Applications, National Aeronautics and Space Administration; accom-

panied by Samuel W. Keller, Deputy Associate Administrator for Space
Science and Applications; and Ronald M. Konkel, Director, Administra-

tion and Resources Management Division

March 10, 1988:

Andrew J. Stofan, Associate Administrator for Space Station, National

Aeronautics and Space Administration; accompanied by Dr. Frank

Martin, Deputy Associate Administrator for Space Station; Thomas L.

Moser, Director, Space Station Program Office; and Margaret G. Finar-

elli, Director, Policy Division ......

March 22, 1988:

Hon. Robert G. Torricelli, Representative in Congress from the Ninth

District of the State of New Jersey.....

John W. Aaron, Assistant Administrator for Exploration, National Aero

nautics and Space Administration ..........

Dr. William F. Ballhaus, Jr., Associate Administrator for Aeronautics

and Space Technology, National Aeronautics and Space Administra-

tion; accompanied by Dr. Robert Rosen, Deputy Associate Administra-

tor for Aeronautics and Space Technology; Frederick P. Povinelli, As-

sistant Associate Administrator for Management; and Edmund L. San-

chez, Deputy Director for Resources.

March 23, 1988:

Dale D. Myers, Deputy Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space

Administration; accompanied by C. Thomas Newman, Assistant Deputy

Administrator, and Al V. Diaz, Assistant Associate Administrator for

Space Science and Applications; Dr. Charles W. Cook, Deputy Assistant

Secretary for Space Plans and Policy, U.S. Air Force; Courtney A.

Stadd, Director of Commercial Space Transportation, Department of

Transportation; and Raymond G. Kammer, Deputy Director, National

Bureau of Standards, Department of Commerce ......

Dr. Maxime A. Faget, President and Chief Executive Officer, Space In-

dustries, Inc.; accompanied by Dr. Joseph P. Allen IV, Executive Vice

President; David H. Langstaff, Senior Vice President and Chief Finan-

cial Officer; and James C. Calaway, Vice President .......

(III)

Page

491

515

554

565

592

611

622 647

681

692

March 24, 1988:

Dr. Noel W. Hinners, Associate Deputy Administrator (Institution), Na

tional Aeronautics and Space Administration; accompanied by Gen.
Billie J. McGarvey, Assistant Associate Administrator for Facilities
Management; and Charles Tulip, Jr., Director, Institutional Program

Analysis Division..
Robert O. Aller, Associate Administrator for Space Operations, National

Aeronautics and Space Administration; accompanied by Charles T.
Force, Deputy Associate Administrator for Space Operations; and
Ronald R. Dapice, Director, Administration and Resources Manage

ment Division ...... March 29, 1988:

Hon. Wes Watkins, Representative in Congress from the Third District of

the State of Oklahoma...... James T. Rose, Assistant Administrator for Commercial Programs, Na

tional Aeronautics and Space Administration.. Courtney A. Stadd, Director of Commercial Space Transportation, Depart

ment of Transportation. Gregg R. Fawkes, Director of Commercial Space Programs, Department

of Commerce James M. Beggs, Chairman of the Board, SPACEHAB; accompanied by

Richard K. Jacobson, President and Chief Executive Officer; and Ches

ter M. Lee, Executive Vice President.........

Dr. Randolph H. Ware, President, External Tanks Corporation .......... March 30, 1988:

Dale D. Myers, Deputy Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space

Administration; accompanied by Edward A. Frankle, Deputy General
Counsel; Kenneth S. Pedersen, Deputy Associate Administrator for Ex-
ternal Relations; and Edward L. Tilton III, Assistant Associate Admin-

istrator for Space Flight........
David H. Langstaff, Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer,

Space Industries, Inc.........
John J. McKenna, Managing Director, Shearson Lehman Hutton, Inc.;

accompanied by Roger McDaniel, Senior Vice President, and Edward

Zughaft, Vice President.....
Jan A. Bijvoet, Senior Research Scientist, University of Alabama; and

John E. Pike, Associate Director for Space Policy, Federation of Ameri

can Scientists....
March 31, 1988:
Adm. Richard H. Truly, Associate Administrator for Space Flight, Na-

tional Aeronautics and Space Administration; accompanied by J.R.
Thompson, Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center

APPENDIXES
1. Material related to NASA review of proposed Commercially Developed

Space Facility (CDSF).. 2. NASA letter dated December 31, 1987, regarding potential NASA utiliza

tion of Industrial Space Facility. 3. Responses to additional questions submitted by Dr. Maxime A. Faget,

Space Industries, Inc....... 4. Commercial space launch license issued to Conatec, Inc......... 5. Anticipated licensing actions submitted by Courtney A, Stadd, Depart

ment of Transportation ...... 6. Letters from Department of Defense and National Aeronautics and Space

Administration regarding application of Martin Marietta Corp.
7. Statements for the record submitted by Space Science Working Group, the

American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers, Inc., and American Institute of Aeronautics and

Astronautics .....
8. Additional information for the record submitted by James T. Rose, Nation-

al Aeronautics and Space Administration...... 9. Responses to additional questions submitted by James M. Beggs, SPACE

HAB, Inc ....... 10. Draft Request for Proposal (RFP) for the lease of a Commercially Devel

oped Space Facility (CDSF).

738

759

808

843

923

925 931

934

935

937

968

974

982

Page 11. Responses to additional questions submitted by Roger McDaniel, Shearson Lehman Hutton .......

1082 12. Additional information for the record submitted by Jan A. Bijvoet, Uni

versity of Alabama; Dr. W.C. Hymer, Penn State University, Russell J. Ramsland, Jr., Microgravity Research Associates, Inc.; and Final Report of the Microgravity Materials Science Assessment Task Force .......... ...... 1087

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