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receive any such permit aforesaid to indorse thereon the date of the interment, disinterment, or disposal, and to preserve, sign, and return the same to the health officer of said District before six o'clock postmeridian of the Saturday following the day of burial, disinterment, or disposal.

Sec. 676. CONVEYANCE THROUGH THE DISTRICT.-No dead body or part of the dead body of any human being shall be in any manner carried or conveyed from, in, to, or through said District by any person, or by means of any boat, vessel, car, stage, or other vehicle, or by any public or private conveyance, without a permit therefor first granted by the health officer of said District: Provided, That bodies or parts of dead bodies aforesaid, except such as have died of Asiatic cholera, yellow fever, typhus fever, smallpox (including varioloid), leprosy, the plague, diphtheria, or scarlet fever, may be brought into said District, or carried through the same in transit, upon a permit of the proper municipal, county, or State authorities of the place at which such person died; and whenever the remains of any deceased person have been conveyed, transferred, or removed beyond the limits of said District it shall be the duty of the person or agent or officer of the corporation having charge of such conveyance, transfer, or removal to detach, date, sign, and return to the health officer the permit authorizing such conveyance, transfer, or removal before six o'clock postmeridian of the Saturday following the day of such conveyance, transfer, or removal of said remains.

Sec. 677. REPORTS OF DEATH.-It shall be the duty of any person or persons having custody or control of the dead body of any human being or any part of such body to report in writing or cause to be reported in writing, to the health officer of said District, within forty-eight hours after the death of the deceased, the name of said deceased and the location of the body or part thereof. No such body or part thereof shall be kept in said District in such manner as to give rise to any offensive odors to the annoyance of any person or persons in the neighborhood or to the public, nor so as to be exposed to the public view; nor shall any such body or part thereof be permitted by the person or persons having custody or control of it to remain unburied for a longer period than one week after death without permission of the health officer, unless it has been cremated or deposited in the vault of some cemetery; nor shall any person publicly exhibit in said District, for pay or otherwise, any dead body of any human being or any part of such body without a permit from the health officer of said District so to do, except such exhibition be in connection with some Government museum or with some institution of learning permanently located in said District.

Sec. 678. PLACE OF BURIAL.—No person shall bury or cause to be buried within said District the body or part of the body of any deceased person, except in such grounds as are now known and used as public or private burial grounds, or such as shall hereafter be designated by the Commissioners of said District and authorized by them to be used as such.

Sec. 679. MODE OF BURIAL.—No body shall be buried in said District in any vault unless the coffin be separately entombed in properly cemented stone or brick work, so as to render such vault air-tight; such vault, after having been sealed, shall not be opened within ten years; no body shall be temporarily deposited in any vault for a longer period than one month, unless such body is in an hermetically sealed metallic case, nor in any instance for a longer period than one year.

Sec. 680. REOPENING GRAVES.—No grave in said District shall be reopened, except for the purpose of disinterment, within ten years after the burial of a person above twelve years of age, or within eight years after the burial of a child under twelve years of age, unless the grave has been, in the first instance, of sufficient depth to permit subsequent interments, in which case a layer of earth of not less than one foot thick shall be left undisturbed over the previously buried coffin, unless such coffin has been separately entombed in properly cemented stone or brick work; but if on reopening any grave the soil be found to be offensive, such soil shall not be disturbed. In no case shall a grave be opened in which has been buried the body of any person who has died of Asiatic cholera, yellow fever, typhus fever, smallpox (including varioloid), leprosy, the plague, tetanus, diphtheria, or scarlet fever.

Sec. 681. DEPTH OF GRAVES.-No coffin shall be buried in said District so that any part thereof is within less than four feet of the ordinary level of the ground, unless it contains the body of a child under twelve years of age, when it shall not be less than three feet below that level.

Sec. 682. CREMATION.-No person shall, in the District of Columbia, build or maintain a crematory or other device for destroying human bodies, except within the limits of some duly established cemetery in said District, unless such person or persons has in writing the consent of the owners of more than one-half of the property within a radius of two hundred feet from the place where such crematory is to be erected and maintained and a permit from the Commissioners of said District, for the erection and maintenance of such crematory or other device; such permit to be for a term of years, not exceeding five, to be specified therein: Provided, That this section shall not apply to such crematories or other devices for destroying human bodies as may have been erected and are in operation at the time of the passage of this law.

Sec. 683. PERMIT TO CREMATE; EMBALMING.-It shall be unlawful for any person or persons to cremate or otherwise to destroy the dead body, or part of the dead body, of any human being in said District before the issue of the burial permit by the health officer of said District, and then only

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when said permit is countersigned by the coroner of said District, authorizing such cremation or destruction. It shall be unlawful for any person or persons to embalm, inject, or by any similar method preserve the dead body, or part of the dead body, of any human being in said District within four hours after death or before the issue of the death certificate; and in case the death is believed to be due to other than natural causes, or the cause thereof is unknown, such embalming, injecting, or preserving shall at no time be done unless such death certificate has been signed or approved by the coroner of said District.

Sec. 684. PENALTY.-Any person who shall violate or aid and abet in violating any of the provisions of this subchapter shall, upon conviction thereof by competent judicial authority, be punished, for each offense, by a fine of not more than two hundred dollars, or by imprisonment for not more than ninety days, or both.

Sec. 685. PROSECUTIONS.—Prosecutions hereunder shall be in the police court of the District of Columbia, in the name of said District: Provided, That any person or persons so tried shall have the privilege, when demanded, of a trial by jury, as in other jury cases in said police court.

Sec. 686. DISINTERMENT BY ORDER OF COURT.-Nothing herein shall be construed to interfere with or prevent the disinterment of any body when such disinterment is ordered by one of the justices of the supreme court of the District of Columbia, or by the coroner of said District, [for judicial purposes ] after due notice to the Commissioners of the District of Columbia. The provisions hereof shall not be held to interfere with the disposal of the ashes of bodies which have been cremated. (32 Stat., 534.)

Subchapter VII.-BUILDING ASSOCIATIONS.

550.

Croissant v. Sec. 687. CERTIFICATE OF ORGANIZATION.- Any five Realty Co.

29 D. C. App., or more persons who desire to form an incorporated build576; 25 D.C.App:, ing, or homestead association, all being citizens of the 207: 20 D. C. App. United States, and a majority of them residents of the

16 D. C. APP, District of Columbia, may make, sign, seal, and acknowl1; 19 D. c. App:, edge, before some officer authorized to take the acknowl

edgment of deeds, and file for record in the office of the recorder of deeds, a certificate, in writing, to the same effect as that required in subchapter four of this chapter, aforesaid, for the formation of the corporations therein mentioned.

Sec. 688. When such certificate shall have been filed for record as aforesaid, the persons who have signed and acknowledged the same, and their successors, shall become and be a body politic and corporate, in fact and in law, by the name stated in the certificate, and by that name have succession and be capable of suing and being sued in the courts of the District, and of purchasing, holding, and conveying such real estate as may be necessary to the conduct of its business, and to make reasonable by-laws not inconsistent herewith.

Sec. 689. POWERS AS TO STOCK.—Such corporation shall have power, in its certificate of incorporation or in its by-laws, to provide that its shares of stock may be issued in series; to limit the number of shares which each stockholder may be allowed to hold; to prescribe the entrance fee to be paid by each stockholder at the time of subscribing, and to regulate the installments to be paid on each share and the times at which they shall be payable. It shall also have power to enforce the payment of all installments and other dues by such fines and forfeitures as its by-laws may from time to time provide.

Sec. 690. Any person applying for membership or stock after a month from the time of the incorporation may be required to pay on subscribing such bonus or assessment as may be fixed by said by-laws in order to place said new members or stockholders on a footing with the original members and others holding stock at the time of such application.

Sec. 691. OBJECTS.—The object of such corporation shall be the accumulation of a capital in money to be derived from the savings and accumulations by the members thereof, to be paid into said corporation in such sums and at such times as may be designated by the bylaws of said corporation, from which the members thereof may obtain advances upon their shares of stock: Provided, That the Comptroller of the Currency, in addition to the powers conferred upon him by law for the examination of national banks, is further authorized, whenever he may deem it useful, to cause examination to be made into the condition of any building association incorporated under the provisions of this chapter, as well as any other building or loan association located or doing business in the District of Columbia. The expenses necessarily incurred in making any such examination shall not exceed the sum of twenty-five dollars for the first five hundred thousand dollars or fractional part thereof of assets and the sum of ten dollars for each additional two hundred and fifty thousand dollars or fractional part thereof of assets, and be paid by such association to the Comptroller of the Currency at the time of the making of such' examination: And provided further, That every building or loan association located and doing business in the District of Columbia shall make to the Comptroller of the Currency at least one report during each year, according to the form which may be prescribed by him, verified by the oath or affirmation of the president or secretary of such association and attested by the signature of at least three of the directors. The said Comptroller shall also have power to take possession of any company or association whenever in his judgment it is insolvent or is knowingly violating the laws under which such company is incorporated, and to liquidate the same in the manner provided in the laws of the United States in respect to national banks: Provided further, That from and after the first day of July, anno Domini nineteen hundred and nine, no person, company, association, copartnership, or corporation shall conduct or carry on in the District of Columbia the kind of business named in this Act, without strict compliance in all particulars with the provisions of this Act: Provided, That building associations heretofore organized and in actual operation before the passage of this Act need not be incorporated. Any person, officer, or agent of any company, firm, or corporation who shall willfully violate any of the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall on conviction thereof be punished by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or by imprisonment not longer than two years, or by both said punishments, in the discretion of the court. That any willful false swearing in regard to any certificate, or report, or public notice required by the provisions of this Act shall be perjury, and shall be punished as such according to the laws of the District of Columbia. And any misappropriation of any of the money of any corporation or company, formed under or availing itself of the privileges of this Act, or of any building or loan association located or doing business in the District of Columbia, or any money, funds, or property intrusted to any such corporation, company, or association, shall be held to be larceny and shall be punished as such under the laws of said District."

Sec. 2. That there be added to the Code of Law of the District of Columbia a new section, to stand as section six hundred and ninety-one a, and to read as follows:

SEC. 691a. That any building association incorporated or unincorporated, organized and existing under the laws of any State or Territory, except the District of Columbia, to do or now doing, in the District of Columbia, a building association business or otherwise operating as a building association, shall be subject to all the provisions of the foregoing section of this Act in respect of the powers of the Comptroller of the Currency hereunder, and, any such association or corporation shall at all times keep on deposit with the Comptroller of the Currency in money or stocks, bonds or mortgages or other securities to be approved by said officer not less than ten per centum of its capital and surplus as security for its depositors and creditors, and as a guarantee for the faithful performance of its contracts, and may also make such further deposit of its assets as above described with the Comptroller for such purpose as it may from time to time desire so to do.- Act of March 4, 1909 (35 Stat., Part I, p. 1058).

(Repealed.) [Sec. 691. OBJECTS.-The object of such corporation shall be the accumulation of a capital in money, to be derived from the savings and accumulation by the members thereof, to be paid into said corporation in periodical installments, in fixed and certain sums, and in such

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