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amount as shall be designated by the by-laws, until the value of all the shares of stock in said corporation, and every series thereof, shall be equal to the nominal or par value thereof or of some multiple thereof, at which time said corporations shall cease to exist, and in the meantime to enable the members thereof, by obtaining advances

upon

their shares of stock, to purchase or erect homes for themselves.] Sec. 692. ADVANCEMENTS.—The moneys accumulated

ciation u. Fiske, from time to time shall be offered to such shareholder or 20 D. C. App.; shareholders as shall bid the highest premium for prefer- 520; sec. 687. ence or priority of right to an advancement of the ultimate value of one or more of his or their respective shares. The said premium shall consist of a percentage on the amount of the advance and shall be deemed to be a consideration or bonus paid by the shareholder for the present and immediate use and possession of the future or ultimate value of the share so advanced, and shall not be deemed usurious. The said premium may either be deducted in advance from the amount to be advanced to the shareholder or be made payable in monthly installments, in addition to legal interest on the sum advanced, as the by-laws may provide.

Sec. 693. For every advance made as aforesaid a bond in a penalty equal to the ultimate value of the shares advanced may be required, secured by a first mortgage or deed of trust on real estate, and a pledge of the shares advanced upon, as additional or collateral security, which bond shall be conditioned for the payment at the stated meetings of the corporation of the monthly dues on the shares so advanced upon and the interest on the sum advanced, and the installments of premium, if made so payable, and all fines chargeable upon arrears of payments, until said shares shall reach their ultimate value aforesaid, or said advance be otherwise canceled or discharged.

Sec. 694. PROFITS.—The shares advanced upon shall participate equally with the other shares in the profits and the amounts paid by the advanced shareholders, together with such proportion of the profits accrued or such rate of interest as said by-laws may determine, the same as allowed on shares withdrawn not advanced upon, less all fines and a proportionate part of losses and other charges incurred.

Sec. 695. REDEMPTION OF SHARES.—Where advances from the funds on hand can not be made on satisfactory terms, the shareholders failing to bid therefor, the by-laws may provide for the redemption of shares of stock, with the consent of the shareholders, and in case that can not be done, for the involuntary withdrawal and cancellation of shares, the said shares to be selected by lot, always from the oldest series, until exhausted, or the funds to be applied ratably among the owners of shares of the same series.

Sec. 696. WITHDRAWAL.-A shareholder shall be entitled to withdraw at any time, by giving such notice as the by-laws may require, where no advance has been

made on his shares, in which case he shall be entitled to receive the amount of dues paid in by him on each of his shares, together with such proportion of the profits accrued or such rate of interest as said by-laws may determine, less all fines due and a proportionate part of all losses and other charges incurred: Provided, That not more than one-half of the funds in the treasury at any time shall be applicable to the demands of the withdrawing shareholders without the consent of the board of trustees.

Sec. 697. REPAYMENT OF ADVANCES.-A shareholder who has been advanced may at any time repay his advance upon application to the corporation, whereupon, on settlement of his account, he shall be charged with the full amount of the advance and of the accrued installments of the premium, if that has been added to the advancement and made payable in installments, together with all monthly dues, interest, and fines accrued and charged, and shall receive credit for all monthly dues paid on his shares and the profits thereon the same as are allowed under the by-laws on shares withdrawn not advanced upon, and if the premium has been deducted in advance, with such proportion of the premium as the by-laws may direct, and the balance remaining due, over and above such credits, shall be received by said corporation in satisfaction and discharge of said advance: Provided, That in case of the insolvency of the association, he shall not be entitled to credit for the full amount of dues paid by him, but shall only be entitled to a dividend upon

said amount, in common with the nonadvanced shareholders.

Sec. 698. FORFEITURE.—Any nonadvanced shareholder failing to pay the installments due on his shares and the fines due from him for such time as the by-laws shall determine, shall forfeit his stock, but may, on application, receive a return of the amount paid in on account of his stock, less the accrued fines.

Sec. 699. FORECLOSURE.- In case any advanced shareholder shall fail to pay all dues, interest, or premiums and shall be in arrears for any part of the same for the period of two months, the payment of the same and of the principal of the advance may be enforced by a foreclosure of the securities given for the same, and if upon a statement of account, as in case of a voluntary settlement of said advance, as herein before authorized, there shall be any surplus of the proceeds of sale of the property given as security over the amount found due from such advanced shareholder, together with all costs incurred by the corporation, such surplus shall be paid to said defaulting shareholder, or his assigns, and his shares of stock so advanced upon shall be the property of the corporation.

Sec. 700. REAL ESTATE.—Such corporation shall not invest its funds in any real estate except what is necessary for the conduct of its business, but may purchase such property at sales made upon foreclosure of mortgages or in satisfaction of judgments or other liens held by it: Provided, That such property so purchased be sold within a reasonable time thereafter.

Subchapter VII.-BOARD OF TRADE.

Sec. 701. How INCORPORATED.—Any number of persons, not less than twenty, residing in the District, may associate themselves together as a board of trade, and assemble at any time and place upon which a majority of the members so associating may agree, and elect a president and one or more vice-presidents, as they may see fit, and adopt a name, constitution, and by-laws, such as they may agree upon.

Sec. 702. Such persons shall thereupon become a body corporate and politic in fact and in name, by the name and style or title which they may have adopted, and by that name shall have succession, shall be capable in law to sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, answer and be answered unto, defend and be defended, in all the courts of law and equity; and they and their successors shall have a common seal, and may alter and change the same at their discretion.

Sec. 703. Such corporation, by the name and style which shall be adopted, shall be capable in law of purchasing, holding, and conveying any estate, real or personal, for the use of the corporation, not exceeding in quantity one city lot and building in the District.

Sec. 104. OFFICERS. The president, vice-president, , secretary, and treasurer shall be ex officio members of the board of directors, and, together with the directors elected, shall manage the business of the corporation.

Sec. 705. ELECTIONS.—All officers shall be elected by a plurality of votes given at any election, and a general election of officers shall be held at least once in each year; but in case of any accidental failure or neglect to hold such general election the corporation shall not thereby lapse or terminate, but shall continue and exist, and the old officers shall hold over until the next general election of officers provided for in the constitution adopted.

Sec. 706. TENURE OF OFFICE.—The officers shall hold their offices for the time which shall be prescribed in the constitution adopted by the corporation and until others shall be elected and qualified as prescribed by such constitution.

Sec. 707. BY-LAWS.Such corporation shall have the right to admit as members such persons as they may see fit, and expel any members as they may see fit; and in all cases a majority of the members present at any stated meetings shall have the right to pass, and also the right to repeal, any by-law of the corporation; and in all cases the constitution and by-laws adopted by the corporation shall be binding upon and control the same until altered, changed, or abrogated in the manner that may be prescribed in such constitution.

Sec. 708. FINES.Such corporation may inflict fines upon any of its members, and collect the same, for breach of the provisions of the constitution or by-laws; but no fine shall in any case exceed twenty-five dollars. Such fines may be collected by action of debt, brought in the name of the corporation, before a justice of the peace, against the person upon whom the fine shall have

been imposed. R.S. D.C., 605. Sec. 109. WHAT BUSINESS TO BE CARRIED ON.-Such

corporation shall have no power or authority to do or carry on any business excepting such as is usual in the management and conduct of boards of trade or chambers of commerce and is provided for in the preceding sections of this subchapter.

Subchapter IX.-STREET RAILWAYS.

Sec. 710. REMOVAL OF DISUSED TRACKS.-- Whenever the track or tracks, or any part thereof, of any street railway company in the District of Columbia shall not have been regularly operated for railway purposes upon a schedule (approved by the Commissioners) as required by its charter for a period of three months, the Commissioners of said District, in their discretion, may thereupon notify such company to remove said unused tracks and to place the street in good condition; and if such company shall neglect or refuse to remove said tracks and place the street in good condition within sixty days after such notice, the said company shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be liable to a fine of ten dollars for each and every day during which said tracks are permitted to remain upon the street or streets, or said roadway shall remain out of repair, which fine shall be recovered in the police court of said District, in the name of said District, as other fines and penalties are now recovered in said court. (34 Stat., 534.)

Sec. 711. Using OTHER COMPANY'S LINES.-It shall be unlawful for any street railway company operating its system or parts of its system over any portion of the underground electric lines owned and operated by another street railway company in the city of Washington to continue such operation, or to enter into reciprocal trackage relations with any other company, as provided for under existing law, unless its motive power for the propulsion of its cars shall be the same as that of the company whose tracks are used or to be used. For every violation of this subchapter the company violating it shall be subject to a fine of ten dollars for every car operated in violation of the provisions of this subchapter, said fine to be collected and applied in the same manner as is provided by the preceding section.

Sec. 712. FREE TRANSFERS.-All street railway companies within the District of Columbia now operating their systems, or parts of their systems, in the city of Washington by use of the tracks of one or more of such companies, under a reciprocal trackage agreement, as provided for under existing law, which shall be compelled to discontinue the use of the tracks of another company, shall issue free transfers to their patrons from one system to the other at such junctions of their respective lines as may be provided for by the Commissioners of the District of Columbia.

Subchapter X.-SAVINGS BANKS. SEC. 713. All savings banks, or savings companies, or trust companies, or other banking institutions, organized under authority of any Act of Congress to do business in the District of Columbia, or organized by virtue of the laws of any of the States of this Union, and having an office or banking house located within the District of Columbia where deposits or savings are received, shall be, and are hereby, required to make to the Comptroller of the Currency and to publish all the reports which national banking associations are required to make and publish under the provisions of sections fifty-two hundred and eleven, fifty-two hundred and twelve, and fifty-two hundred and thirteen of the Revised Statutes of the United States, and shall be subject to the same penalties for

failure to make Conroy : Up such reports as are therein provided, which penalties may 34 L. R., 517, 518. be collected by suit before the supreme court of the District of Columbia. And the Comptroller shall have power when in his opinion it is necessary, to take possession of any such bank or company, for the reasons and in the manner and to the same extent as are provided in the laws of the United States with respect to national banks: Provided, however, That banking institutions having offices or banking houses in foreign countries as well as in the District of Columbia shall only be required to make and publish the reports provided for in this section semiannually: And provided further, That all publications authorized or required by said section fifty-two hundred and eleven of the Revised Statutes, and all other publications authorized or required by existing law to be made in the District of Columbia, shall be printed in two or more daily newspapers of general circulation, published in the City of Washington, one of which shall be a morning newspaper. Act of June 25, 1906 (34 Stat., Part I, p. 458.)

(Repealed 34 Stat., 458.) Sec. 713. REPORT TO

TO COMPTROLLER.--All savings banks or savings companies or institutions organized under authority of any Act of Congress to do business in the District of Columbia shall be, and are hereby, required to make to the Comptroller of the Currency and publish, all the reports which national banking associations are required to make and publish under the provisions of sections fiftytwo hundred and eleven, fifty-two hundred and twelve, and fifty-two hundred and thirteen of the Revised Statutes, and shall be subject to the same penalties for failure to make or publish such reports as are therein provided, which penalties may be collected by suit before the supreme court of the District of Columbia.- Act of June 30, 1902 (32 Stat., Part I, p. 534).

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