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LETTER IX.

AND GOD SAID, LET THE WATERS BRING FORTH ABUNDANTLY THE MOVING CREA

TURE THAT HATH LIFE, AND FOWL THAT MAY FLY ABOVE THE EARTH IN THE OPEN FIRMAMENT OF HEAVEN. AND GOD CREATED GREAT WHALES, AND EVERY LIVING CREATURE THAT MOVETH, WHICH THE WATERS BROUGHT FORTH ABUNDANTLY, AFTER ITS KIND, AND EVERY WINGED FOWL AFTER HIS KIND: AND GOD SAW THAT IT WAS GOOD. AND GOD BLESSED THEM, SAYING, BE FRUITFUL, AND MULTIPLY, AND FILL THE WATERS IN THE SEAS, AND LET FOWL MULTIPLY IN THE EARTH.-Genesis i. 20—22.

MY DEAR CHILDREN, Though the sun had shone with brightness and glory on all the newly-created beauty of the third day; yet still, up to the morning of the fifth, all was hushed and silent; life had indeed pervaded the vegetable world, yet still it was inanimate ; but now the creative word has gone forth, “ Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly in the open firmament of heaven.” Instantly birds of every wing lighted on the trees of Eden, and the air became vocal with their song; while the great whales and fish sported in the deep. We can have no conception of the exceeding joy and happiness that must have accompanied this fifth day's creation; the Lord himself, in his controversy with Job,

briefly refers to it.—“Doth the eagle mount up at thy command, and make her nest on high? doth the hawk fly by thy wisdom, and stretch her wings towards the south ? gavest thou the goodly wings to the peacock,* or wings and feathers to the ostrich ? What time she lifteth up herself on high, she scorneth the horse and the rider.” Purpose and design mark the whole character of the Lord's creation, and this is strikingly manifest in these allusions.

The first birds and fishes did not pass through the weakness of early life, as all future generations, but came at once into a state of perfect existence.

All was in peace in Eden, for sin had not entered. The eagle and the lark soared on high in happy company, and the vulture and the dove lighted on the same branch; no discord existed then, but all was uninterrupted joy. The sun had opened the flowers of the third day, and perfectly matured the fruit of the varied trees, and now birds of the most dazzling plumage, and sweetest melody, sang in their branches; every bird we now see had its first parent in EDEN; and the same is also true of the fishes OF THE DEEP, for the scriptures record no creation either before or sincethe thorn, indeed, excepted.

But now the shades of evening drew in, and by an instinctive call (wearied with the ceaseless flight of their first day's existence), the feathered tribes seek repose, and again creation is at rest.

* See the marginal reading, Job xxxix. 13.

But let us now, my beloved children, consider the mercies of this day, for they are indeed great and manifold.

Though man has not called into immediate servitude the fowl of the air, and fish of the deep, yoking the ostrich to his chariot, and the whale to his ships ; as he has the animals of the sixth day, yet both kingdoms come to him in untold blessings, for, not only do they supply him with food in boundless varieties, but they also minister to his comfort in many other ways. I will just enumerate a few :

Before the illumining property of the carburetted hydrogen gas was applied to light our streets, and great places of resort, oil, both sperm and common, was in general use; and it was the "great whale" of two different species that supplied both, as I shall show you when we come to this part of the subject. Large fleets go out annually to procure this valuable commodity. But the whale also aids us in other ways; that tough, and yet elastic bone, which bears the name of whalebone, comes from this fish, singular fringed plates of it hanging down from the upper jaw. The uses of whalebone are various; light, strong, and elastic, it answers admirably for umbrellas, &c., and then by a fine process shavings are peeled from it, and made into plat, which is manufactured into hats and bonnets of most durable texture.

And as to the birds, their feathers are useful to us in two different ways.—First, for beds and pillows; and then the larger feathers of the wings for writing; for, though steel pens have increased to the

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